RBF is a zoonotic systemic illness caused by infection from either the gram-negative bacillus Streptobacillus
moniliformis, commonly found in the United States, or the gram-negative rod Spirillum minus, commonly seen in Asia.
Human infections by Streptobacillus
moniliformis are assumed to be caused by rats on the basis of epidemiologic information.
Rat bite fever (RBF) is a systemic febrile illness caused by either Streptobacillus
moniliformis, common in Western countries, or Spirillum minus, which is the most prevalent pathogen in Asia [1,2].
Lung, liver, and epiglottis tissue collected postmortem was positive for Streptobacillus
moniliformis DNA by polymerase chain reaction.
The rodent-borne infectious diseases of greatest medical importance include leptospirosis, hantavirus, monkeypox, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, and the rat-bite fever bacterium, Streptobacillus
Rat bite fever is an acute febrile illness caused by Streptobacillus
moniliformis, which colonizes the nasopharynx of a substantial percentage of domestic and wild rats.
Rat bite fever is an infectious bacterial disease caused by Streptobacillus
moniliformis Levaditi, Nicolau, and Poincloux (Fusobacterales: Fusobacteriaceae) and Spirillum minus Carter (Spirochaetales: Spirillaceae) and transmitted mostly through bites and scratches from rats and mice.
Rat-bite fever is a disease caused by two different bacteria, Streptobacillus
moniliformis and Spirillum minus, and may actually be two zoonotic diseases rather than one.
psittaci Birds Listeria Amphibians Tularemia Mammals (especially rabbits) Leptospirosis Mammals Campylobacter Reptiles Enterobacter Reptiles Streptobacillus
Mammals Pasterurella Mammals, birds Colibacilla Birds Yersinia pestis Mammals (rodents and fleas) Tuberculosis Mammals, birds Staphylococcus Mammals, birds Viral LCM (lymphocytic choriomeningitis) Mammals Rabies Mammals (rarely reported in birds of prey) Monkey Pox Potentially any mammal Yeast Candida Reptiles Fungal Dermatophytes (ringworm) Mammals Cryptococcus Birds Protozoan Giardia All species potential Coccidia All species potential
Two recent cases of fatal Streptobacillus
moniliformis infection--or rat-bite fever--underscore the importance of considering this diagnosis in sick patients with rat exposures, and also the need to prevent infection among those with routine rat exposures, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Today, of course, we want to control Mother Nature and predict the outcome, so we know exactly what the bacterial cultures are, namely Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptobacillus
thermophilus,'' he says.
Dogs as vectors of Streptobacillus