striatum


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striatum

(straɪˈeɪtəm)
n
(Anatomy) anatomy a striped mass of white and grey matter in the brain which controls movement and balance
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.striatum - a striped mass of white and grey matter located in front of the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere; consists of the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus
basal ganglion - any of several masses of subcortical grey matter at the base of each cerebral hemisphere that seem to be involved in the regulation of voluntary movement
caudate, caudate nucleus - a tail-shaped basal ganglion located in a lateral ventricle of the brain
lenticular nucleus, lentiform nucleus - a basal ganglion shaped like a lens and including the outer reddish putamen and the inner pale yellow pallidum
References in periodicals archive ?
The ventral striatum is involved in processing reward and motivation, whilst the dorsal anterior cingulate is implicated in anticipating rewards and drug craving.
The results showed that in lean adolescents, glucose ingestion increased cerebral blood flow in the striatum, insula, anterior cingulate cortex, and the prefrontal cortex, all of which are regions of the brain that reside in the corticostriatal-limbic circuitry undergoing significant developmental changes during adolescence, said Dr.
InnerVoice seeks to stimulate mirror neuron and dorsal striatum activity: the combination of which encourages imitation, increases engagement, and stimulates communication behaviors.
Now a new study has shown levels of dopamine in a part of the brain called the striatum - found towards the side of the brain and involved in motivation - were lower in regular cannabis users.
The neuroprotective anti-inflammatory effects of melatonin were consistent with the substantial reduction in infarct volume throughout the cortex and striatum and recovery of mitochondrial enzyme activities.
The focus is on how the interplay between glutamate and dopamine, particularly at the level of medium spiny neurons in the striatum and at the level of output from the substantia nigra, contributes to the fine-tuning of analogue inhibitory signaling through the basal ganglia.
Histochemistry experiments confirmed that the anticholinesterase compound(s) present in POEE are orally bioavailable, inducing meaningful AChE inhibition in the hippocampus CA1 (~33%) and CA3 (~20%), and striatum (~17%).
The protein is found in every cell in the body, but it turns deadly only in brain cells--particularly cells in the striatum, a part of the brain that helps control movement.
We assessed the clinical relevance and performed molecular characterization of 36 multidrug-resistant strains of Corynebacterium striatum.
2]R levels may be involved with alcohol addiction, because the levels of these receptors were reduced in the striatum of the brains of alcoholic subjects (Heinz et al.
Topics include the influence of structural substrates in synaptic plasticity, artificial synapses in neuronal networks, two models of dopamine deafferentiation through synaptic alterations of the striatum, control system modeling in research on seratonin function and behavior, tetanus-derived protein in the analysis of neuronal networks, special nerve endings of the central nervous system for release of bioactive molecules, vesicle pools and their regulation by calcium-dependent regulation, properties of parallel fiber synapsis in vivo, field CA3 of the hippocampus, and the organization of the central nervous system.
striatum, both of which have a neat compact hab it, a profusion of flowers in June and July and are also at home in a rockery.