stroma


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stro·ma

 (strō′mə)
n. pl. stro·ma·ta (-mə-tə)
1. The connective tissue framework of an organ, gland, or other structure, as distinguished from the tissues performing the special function of the organ or part.
2. The spongy, colorless framework of a red blood cell or other cell.
3. The colorless semiliquid material inside a chloroplast, in which the thylakoid membranes are embedded and where the dark reactions of photosynthesis occur.
4. A dense mass of fungal hyphae on or in which reproductive structures develop.

[Late Latin strōma, mattress, covering, from Greek, bed; see ster- in Indo-European roots.]

stro′mal adj.
stro·mat′ic (-măt′ĭk) adj.

stroma

(ˈstrəʊmə)
n, pl -mata (-mətə)
1. (Biology) the gel-like matrix of chloroplasts and certain cells
2. (Zoology) the fibrous connective tissue forming the matrix of the mammalian ovary and testis
3. (Botany) a dense mass of hyphae that is produced by certain fungi and gives rise to spore-producing bodies
[C19: via New Latin from Late Latin: a mattress, from Greek; related to Latin sternere to strew]
stromatic, ˈstromatous adj

stro•ma

(ˈstroʊ mə)

n., pl. -ma•ta (-mə tə)
the supporting framework of an organ, tissue, or cell.
[1825–35; < Late Latin strōma mattress]
stro•mat′ic (-ˈmæt ɪk) stro′mal, stro′ma•tous, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.stroma - a mass of fungal tissue that has spore-bearing structures embedded in it or on it
plant tissue - the tissue of a plant
2.stroma - the dense colorless framework of a chloroplaststroma - the dense colorless framework of a chloroplast
plant tissue - the tissue of a plant
3.stroma - the supporting tissue of an organ (as opposed to parenchyma)
animal tissue - the tissue in the bodies of animals
Translations

stro·ma

n. estroma, armazón de tejido que sirve de soporte a un órgano.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a statement, Atlantis, which is developing the 6MW MeyGen Phase 1A and 86MW Phase 1B Project Stroma in Scotland s Pentland Firth, said it would offer potential investors an interest in a unique portfolio of tidal power projects.
This process leads to the second stage, stromal oedema, which arises from the ability of the endothelium to pump out fluid from the stroma resulting in symptoms of reduced vision.
The fibrous septae separating the tubules were pauci-cellular and lacked the appearance of ovarian stroma.
Biopsy was performed and showed small fragments of fibrotic and hyalinized stroma containing dilated tubular structures.
Inverted papilloma shows a thickened epithelium bound by an intact basement membrane growing endophytically into the underlying stroma (figure 1).
reported that VEGF, Flk-1 and Flt-1 were differentially expressed in the endometrial epithelium and stroma during the proliferative and secretory phases (3).
CTI) (NASDAQ and MTA: CTIC) today announced data showing treatment with pacritinib, an investigational oral multikinase inhibitor in Phase 3 clinical development, preferentially killed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells with FLT3 mutations, overcame stromal protection and suppressed leukemic outgrowth from stroma adherent AML cells in both medium-term (7-14 days) and long-term (5-6 weeks) assays.
The new layer is located at the back of the cornea between the corneal stroma and Descemet's membrane.
The study shows that the new layer, is located at the back of the cornea between the corneal stroma and Descemet's membrane, makes an important contribution to the sieve-like trabecular meshwork in the cornea.
Elland-based Waxman Renewables teamed up with Stroma NX to help install TiSUN solar thermal solutions for homes in Jibou, Romania.
They use the case-based approach, is familiar to most practitioners, to cover DNA synthesis and repair, RNA transcription and translation, chromosomal dynamics and stability, cell surface receptors and signal transduction, nuclear hormone receptors, mechanisms of cell death, cancer metabolism, cancer stroma, immunological response to cancer, and hematopoietic stem cells.
Freddie Stroma isn't the only "Harry Potter" star to have been eyed for the role in the highly anticipated film adaptation of "Fifty Shades of Grey.