The patients were classified into three groups: (a) PJP (19 cases): included patients with PJP and patients with diagnosis of PJP plus another pulmonary infection/disease; (b) patients with CAP (18 cases); and (c) other diagnosis (23 cases of lower respiratory infection: nine cases of tuberculosis, five cases of histoplasmosis, two cases of nocardiosis, one case of cryptococcosis, one case of disseminated strongyloidiasis
, one case of pulmonary embolism, and three undiagnosed cases).
2,5] Predisposing risk factors associated with strongyloidiasis
include immunosuppressive therapy, malignancy, transplants, diabetes, alcoholism, hypochlorhydria, tuberculosis, malnourishment, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
It is estimated that the global prevalence of strongyloidiasis
is between 30 to 100 million.
in domestic cats has been associated with S.
Gastrointestinal symptoms of strongyloidiasis
include diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, bloating, nausea, and anorexia.
The differential diagnosis includes other parasites (uncinariasis, gnathostomiasis, strongyloidiasis
, myiasis), dermatophytosis, phytophotodermatitis, erythema chronicum migrans, granuloma annulare, and bullous impetigo.
Wheeze is characteristic of parasites in a lung migration phase (eg, strongyloidiasis
and ascariasis) or asthma.
is a parasitic disease caused by a soil transmitted intestinal nematode, Strongyloides stercoralis.
In June 2015, the Pinal County Public Health Services District in Arizona was notified of a suspected strongyloidiasis
infection in a resident of a long-term-care facility for developmentally disabled persons.
Although the treatments for Strongyloidiasis
and Giardiasis are well established, even in HIV-infected patients, this is not the case for cryptosporidiosis.
is one of the most neglected tropical diseases.
It is an anthelmintic drug that is FDA-approved for onchocerciasis and strongyloidiasis
, both parasitic diseases.