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Related to structural linguistics: historical linguistics
n. (used with a sing. verb)
A method of synchronic linguistic analysis employing structuralism, especially in demonstrating contrasts between formal structures, such as different phonemes or sentence structures, that make up systems, such as phonology or syntax.
(Linguistics) (functioning as singular) a descriptive approach to a synchronic or diachronic analysis of language on the basis of its structure as reflected by irreducible units of phonological, morphological, and semantic features
a usu. synchronic approach to language study in which a language is analyzed as a network of formal systems, each composed of elements defined in terms of their contrasts with other elements in the system.