struggle


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strug·gle

 (strŭg′əl)
v. strug·gled, strug·gling, strug·gles
v.intr.
1. To exert muscular energy, as against a material force or mass: struggled with the heavy load.
2.
a. To be strenuously engaged with a problem, task, or undertaking: struggled for years before breaking through as an actor.
b. To have difficulty or make a strenuous effort doing something: struggled to be polite.
c. To move or progress with difficulty: struggled up the steep slope.
3. To contend or compete: "Right and wrong ... will ever continue to struggle" (Abraham Lincoln).
v.tr.
To move or place (something) with an effort: struggled the heavy desk into the elevator.
n.
1. The act of struggling: the rat's struggle to escape the snake's coils.
2. A strenuous effort in the face of difficulty: the struggle for civil rights.
3. Strife, contention, or combat: armed struggle.
4. Something that is difficult to do or achieve: Getting him to agree will be a struggle.

[Middle English struglen.]

strug′gler n.
strug′gling·ly adv.

struggle

(ˈstrʌɡəl)
vb
1. (intr; usually foll by for or against; may take an infinitive) to exert strength, energy, and force; work or strive: to struggle to obtain freedom.
2. (intr) to move about strenuously so as to escape from something confining
3. (intr) to contend, battle, or fight
4. (intr) to go or progress with difficulty
n
5. a laboured or strenuous exertion or effort
6. (Military) a fight or battle
7. the act of struggling
8. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the struggle South African the radical and armed opposition to apartheid, esp by the military wings of the ANC and the PAC
[C14: of obscure origin]
ˈstruggler n
ˈstruggling adj
ˈstrugglingly adv

strug•gle

(ˈstrʌg əl)

v. -gled, -gling,
n. v.i.
1. to contend vigorously with an adversary or adverse conditions.
2. to contend resolutely with a task or problem.
3. to make strenuous efforts; strive.
4. to advance with great effort: to struggle through heavy snow.
v.t.
5. to bring, put, etc., by struggling.
6. to make (one's way) with great effort.
n.
7. an act or instance of struggling.
8. a war, fight, conflict, or contest of any kind.
[1350–1400; Middle English struglen, stroglen, frequentative v. (see -le) formed on a base of obscure orig.]
strug′gler, n.

Struggle

 

See Also: BEHAVIOR, FUTILITY, LIFE

  1. (In his efforts with the numbing pain,) he was like a man wrestling with a creature of the air —Stephen Crane
  2. Like the tiny coral insect, working deep under the dark waters, we strive and struggle, each for our own little ends —Jerome K. Jerome
  3. Struggle along … stopping and starting like a blown newspaper —J. G. Farrell
  4. (The coalition Israeli government) struggled like two cats in a bag —Ebra Ames
  5. Struggle like a fish —Leo Tolstoy
  6. Struggling like a fly trapped in a glass of water —Anon
  7. Struggling like a moth to break its chrysalis —Rumer Godden
  8. Struggling through life like a wearied swimmer trying to touch the horizon —Israel Zangwill

struggle


Past participle: struggled
Gerund: struggling

Imperative
struggle
struggle
Present
I struggle
you struggle
he/she/it struggles
we struggle
you struggle
they struggle
Preterite
I struggled
you struggled
he/she/it struggled
we struggled
you struggled
they struggled
Present Continuous
I am struggling
you are struggling
he/she/it is struggling
we are struggling
you are struggling
they are struggling
Present Perfect
I have struggled
you have struggled
he/she/it has struggled
we have struggled
you have struggled
they have struggled
Past Continuous
I was struggling
you were struggling
he/she/it was struggling
we were struggling
you were struggling
they were struggling
Past Perfect
I had struggled
you had struggled
he/she/it had struggled
we had struggled
you had struggled
they had struggled
Future
I will struggle
you will struggle
he/she/it will struggle
we will struggle
you will struggle
they will struggle
Future Perfect
I will have struggled
you will have struggled
he/she/it will have struggled
we will have struggled
you will have struggled
they will have struggled
Future Continuous
I will be struggling
you will be struggling
he/she/it will be struggling
we will be struggling
you will be struggling
they will be struggling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been struggling
you have been struggling
he/she/it has been struggling
we have been struggling
you have been struggling
they have been struggling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been struggling
you will have been struggling
he/she/it will have been struggling
we will have been struggling
you will have been struggling
they will have been struggling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been struggling
you had been struggling
he/she/it had been struggling
we had been struggling
you had been struggling
they had been struggling
Conditional
I would struggle
you would struggle
he/she/it would struggle
we would struggle
you would struggle
they would struggle
Past Conditional
I would have struggled
you would have struggled
he/she/it would have struggled
we would have struggled
you would have struggled
they would have struggled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.struggle - an energetic attempt to achieve somethingstruggle - an energetic attempt to achieve something; "getting through the crowd was a real struggle"; "he fought a battle for recognition"
attempt, effort, try, endeavor, endeavour - earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something; "made an effort to cover all the reading material"; "wished him luck in his endeavor"; "she gave it a good try"
duel - any struggle between two skillful opponents (individuals or groups)
scramble, scuffle - an unceremonious and disorganized struggle
joust, tilt - a combat between two mounted knights tilting against each other with blunted lances
2.struggle - an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals)struggle - an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals); "the harder the conflict the more glorious the triumph"--Thomas Paine; "police tried to control the battle between the pro- and anti-abortion mobs"
class struggle, class war, class warfare - conflict between social or economic classes (especially between the capitalist and proletariat classes)
insurrection, revolt, uprising, rising, rebellion - organized opposition to authority; a conflict in which one faction tries to wrest control from another
counterinsurgency, pacification - actions taken by a government to defeat insurgency
group action - action taken by a group of people
strife - bitter conflict; heated often violent dissension
tug-of-war - any hard struggle between equally matched groups
turf war - a bitter struggle for territory or power or control or rights; "a turf war erupted between street gangs"; "the president's resignation was the result of a turf war with the board of directors"
fighting, combat, fight, scrap - the act of fighting; any contest or struggle; "a fight broke out at the hockey game"; "there was fighting in the streets"; "the unhappy couple got into a terrible scrap"
feud - a bitter quarrel between two parties
warfare, war - an active struggle between competing entities; "a price war"; "a war of wits"; "diplomatic warfare"
3.struggle - strenuous effort; "the struggle to get through the crowd exhausted her"
elbow grease, exertion, effort, travail, sweat - use of physical or mental energy; hard work; "he got an A for effort"; "they managed only with great exertion"
grappling, hand-to-hand struggle, wrestle, wrestling, grapple - the act of engaging in close hand-to-hand combat; "they had a fierce wrestle"; "we watched his grappling and wrestling with the bully"
Verb1.struggle - make a strenuous or labored effort; "She struggled for years to survive without welfare"; "He fought for breath"
labor, labour, tug, push, drive - strive and make an effort to reach a goal; "She tugged for years to make a decent living"; "We have to push a little to make the deadline!"; "She is driving away at her doctoral thesis"
flounder - behave awkwardly; have difficulties; "She is floundering in college"
attempt, essay, try, assay, seek - make an effort or attempt; "He tried to shake off his fears"; "The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps"; "The police attempted to stop the thief"; "He sought to improve himself"; "She always seeks to do good in the world"
2.struggle - to exert strenuous effort against opposition; "he struggled to get free from the rope"
endeavor, endeavour, strive - attempt by employing effort; "we endeavor to make our customers happy"
3.struggle - climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
climb - move with difficulty, by grasping
4.struggle - be engaged in a fight; carry on a fight; "the tribesmen fought each other"; "Siblings are always fighting"; "Militant groups are contending for control of the country"
bear down - exert full strength; "The pitcher bore down"
fistfight - fight with the fists; "The man wanted to fist-fight"
join battle - engage in a conflict; "The battle over health care reform was joined"
tug - struggle in opposition; "She tugged and wrestled with her conflicts"
fight down, oppose, fight, fight back, defend - fight against or resist strongly; "The senator said he would oppose the bill"; "Don't fight it!"
get back, settle - get one's revenge for a wrong or an injury; "I finally settled with my old enemy"
fight back - defend oneself
battle, combat - battle or contend against in or as if in a battle; "The Kurds are combating Iraqi troops in Northern Iraq"; "We must combat the prejudices against other races"; "they battled over the budget"
war - make or wage war
attack, assail - launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with; "Hitler attacked Poland on September 1, 1939 and started World War II"; "Serbian forces assailed Bosnian towns all week"
duel - fight a duel, as over one's honor or a woman; "In the 19th century, men often dueled over small matters"
joust - joust against somebody in a tournament by fighting on horseback
chickenfight, chicken-fight - fight while sitting on somebody's shoulders
tourney - engage in a tourney
feud - carry out a feud; "The two professors have been feuding for years"
skirmish - engage in a skirmish
bandy - exchange blows
fence - fight with fencing swords
box - engage in a boxing match
spar - fight with spurs; "the gamecocks were sparring"
tussle, scuffle - fight or struggle in a confused way at close quarters; "the drunken men started to scuffle"
wrestle - engage in a wrestling match; "The children wrestled in the garden"
wage, engage - carry on (wars, battles, or campaigns); "Napoleon and Hitler waged war against all of Europe"

struggle

verb
1. strive, labour, toil, work, strain, go for it (informal), make every effort, go all out (informal), bend over backwards (informal), go for broke (slang), bust a gut (informal), give it your best shot (informal), break your neck (informal), exert yourself, make an all-out effort (informal), work like a Trojan, knock yourself out (informal), do your damnedest (informal), give it your all (informal), rupture yourself (informal) They had to struggle against all kinds of adversity.
2. fight, battle, wrestle, grapple, compete, contend, scuffle, lock horns We were struggling for the gun when it went off.
3. have trouble, have problems, have difficulties, fight, come unstuck The company is struggling to find visitors.
noun
1. problem, battle, effort, trial, strain Life became a struggle.
2. effort, labour, toil, work, grind (informal), pains, scramble, long haul, exertion a young lad's struggle to support his poverty-stricken family
3. fight, battle, conflict, clash, contest, encounter, brush, combat, hostilities, strife, skirmish, tussle He died in a struggle with prison officers.
4. ordeal, test, suffering, trouble(s), trial, nightmare, torture, agony, hardship, anguish, tribulation(s) Losing weight was a terrible struggle.

struggle

verb
To strive in opposition:
noun
1. The use of energy to do something:
Informal: elbow grease.
2. A vying with others for victory or supremacy:
3. A state of open, prolonged fighting:
Translations
كِفَاحكِفاح، نِضالنضاليَتَحَرَّك بِصُعوبَهيُحاوِل الإفْلات بِعُنْف
zápasitzmítat sebojprodírat seúsilí
kæmpekampstritte imod
kamppaillakamppailutaistelu
borbaboriti se
harcolküzdküzdelemviaskodik
baráttabrjótastbrjótast umstríîa, berjast viî
奮闘奮闘する苦闘苦闘する闘争
고투열심히 노력하다
iš visų jėgų stengtisšiaip ne taip verstisstengtis ištrūktivos sudurti galą su galu
ārā u.tml.)cīņacīnītiescīnīties/lauzties (uz priekšukarot
bojboriti se
kampkämpa
ความพยายามพยายาม
mücadelemücadele etmekçabalamakcanını dişine takıp uğraşmakçırpınmak
cố gắngcuộc đấu tranh

struggle

[ˈstrʌgl]
A. N
1. (lit) → pelea f, forcejeo m
there were signs of a strugglehabía señales de haberse producido una pelea or un forcejeo
two men went up to him and a struggle broke outdos hombres se acercaron a él y se desencadenó una pelea
he lost his glasses in the struggleperdió las gafas en la pelea or refriega
to put up a struggleoponer resistencia, forcejear
he handed over his wallet without a struggleentregó su billetera sin oponer resistencia
2. (fig) → lucha f (for por) her struggle to feed her childrensu lucha por poder dar de comer a sus hijos
I had a struggle to persuade herme costó trabajo persuadirla
he finally lost his struggle against cancerfinalmente perdió su lucha contra el cáncer
the struggle for survivalla lucha por la supervivencia
there is a fierce power struggle going on behind the sceneshay una intensa lucha por el poder entre bastidores
local shopkeepers are not giving up without a strugglelos tenderos del barrio no van a rendirse sin luchar
see also class D
see also uphill
B. VI
1. (= scuffle) → forcejear
stop struggling!¡deja de forcejear!
he struggled to get free from the ropesforcejeó para soltarse de las cuerdas
we were struggling for the gun when it went offforcejeábamos para hacernos con la pistola cuando se disparó
to struggle with sbforcejear con algn
2. (= move with difficulty)
to struggle freelograr soltarse con dificultad
I struggled into my costumelogré ponerme el disfraz como pude
we struggled through the crowdnos abrimos paso a duras penas entre la multitud
she struggled to her feetlogró ponerse de pie
the bus was struggling up the hillel autobús subía con dificultad la cuesta
he was struggling with his luggagecargaba con su equipaje con gran esfuerzo
3. (= fight against odds) → luchar
to struggle to do sthluchar por hacer algo, esforzarse por hacer algo
to struggle against sthluchar contra algo
he struggled against the disease for 20 yearsluchó contra la enfermedad durante 20 años
we could see she was struggling for breathveíamos como respiraba con dificultad
to struggle in vainluchar en vano
4. (= have difficulties) → tener problemas
they were struggling to pay their billstenían problemas or iban apurados para pagar las facturas
the economy is strugglingla economía está en apuros
he's struggling in his present classse ve apurado en la clase en la que está ahora
I struggled through the bookme costó terminar de leer el libro, tuve problemas para terminar de leer el libro
she has struggled with her weight for yearsha tenido problemas con su peso durante años
struggle along VI + ADV
1. (lit) → avanzar con dificultad or penosamente
2. (fig) (financially) → ir apurado
struggle on VI + ADV
1. (= keep moving) we struggled on for another kilometreconseguimos avanzar otro kilómetro a duras penas
2. (fig) → seguir bregando
many old people choose to struggle on alonemuchas personas mayores prefieren seguir bregando solas
struggle through VI + ADV we'll struggle through somehowsaldremos adelante de algún modo

struggle

[ˈstrʌgəl]
n
(to achieve or obtain sth)lutte f
a struggle for survival → une lutte pour la survie
power struggle → lutte f de pouvoir
(= scuffle) → lutte f
(= difficult task)
It was a struggle → Ça a été laborieux.
Reading was a struggle for him → Il peinait pour lire., La lecture lui coûtait beaucoup.
to have a struggle to do sth → avoir beaucoup de mal à faire qch
vi
(= try hard) → lutter, se battre
to struggle to do sth (= try hard) → se battre pour faire qch
He struggled to get custody of his daughter → Il s'est battu pour obtenir la garde de sa fille.
(= move with difficulty)
She struggled to her feet → Elle se leva avec difficulté., Elle peina pour se lever.
(= have difficulty) → se débattre dans les difficultés
The company is struggling → La compagnie se débat dans les difficultés.
to struggle financially → se débattre dans les difficultés financières
to struggle to do sth → avoir du mal à faire qch
(= put up a fight) → se débattre
He struggled, but he couldn't escape → Il s'est débattu, mais il n'a pas pu s'échapper.
(= scuffle) → lutter
We were struggling for the gun when it went off → Nous luttions pour nous emparer du pistolet lorsque le coup est parti.
to struggle with sb → se battre avec qn
She struggled with her attacker → Elle s'est battue avec son assaillant.

struggle

n (lit, fig)Kampf m(for um); (fig: = effort) → Anstrengung f; without a strugglekampflos; to put up a strugglesich wehren; the struggle for survival/existenceder Überlebens-/Daseinskampf; the struggle to feed her seven childrender Kampf, ihre sieben Kinder zu ernähren; the struggle to find somewhere to liveder Kampf or die Schwierigkeiten, bis man eine Wohnung gefunden hat; it is/was a strugglees ist/war mühsam; she finds life a strugglesie findet das Leben mühsam; I had a struggle to persuade himes war gar nicht einfach, ihn zu überreden
vi
(= contend)kämpfen; (in self-defence) → sich wehren; (= writhe)sich winden; (financially) → in Schwierigkeiten sein, krebsen (inf); (fig: = strive) → sich sehr bemühen or anstrengen, sich abmühen; the police were struggling with the burglarzwischen der Polizei und dem Einbrecher gab es ein Handgemenge; to struggle to do somethingsich sehr anstrengen, etw zu tun; to struggle for somethingum etw kämpfen, sich um etw bemühen; to struggle against somebody/somethinggegen jdn/etw kämpfen; to struggle with somebodymit jdm kämpfen; to struggle with something (with problem, difficulty, question)sich mit etw herumschlagen; with injury, mortgage, debts, feelingsmit etw zu kämpfen haben; with doubts, one’s consciencemit etw ringen; with luggage, language, subject, homework, wordssich mit etw abmühen; to struggle with lifees im Leben nicht leicht haben; this firm/team/family is strugglingdiese Firma/Mannschaft/Familie hat (schwer) zu kämpfen; are you struggling?hast du Schwierigkeiten?; can you manage? — I’m strugglingschaffst dus? — mit Müh und Not; he was struggling to make ends meeter hatte seine liebe Not durchzukommen
(= move with difficulty)sich quälen; to struggle to one’s feetmühsam aufstehen or auf die Beine kommen, sich aufrappeln (inf); to struggle to get upsich hochquälen; he struggled through the tiny windower zwängte sich durch das kleine Fenster; to struggle on (lit)sich weiterkämpfen; (fig)weiterkämpfen; to struggle along/through (lit, fig)sich durchschlagen or -kämpfen

struggle

[ˈstrʌgl]
1. n (fight) → lotta; (effort) → sforzo
he lost his glasses in the struggle → ha perso gli occhiali nella zuffa
a power struggle → una lotta per il potere
the struggle for survival → la lotta per la sopravvivenza
without a struggle (surrender) → senza opporre resistenza (without difficulty) → senza problemi
to have a struggle to do sth → avere dei problemi a fare qc
2. vi (physically) → lottare
to struggle with sth/sb → lottare con qc/qn
to struggle to one's feet → alzarsi con sforzo
to struggle through the crowd → avanzare a fatica tra la folla
3. vt to struggle to do sthlottare per fare qc
to struggle to make ends meet (fig) → faticare a sbarcare il lunario
struggle on vi + adv (fighting) → continuare a lottare; (walking) → avanzare a fatica; (living) → tirare avanti
struggle through vi + adv (fig) they managed to struggle throughsono riusciti a farcela

struggle

(ˈstragl) verb
1. to twist violently when trying to free oneself. The child struggled in his arms.
2. to make great efforts or try hard. All his life he has been struggling with illness / against injustice.
3. to move with difficulty. He struggled out of the hole.
noun
an act of struggling, or a fight. The struggle for independence was long and hard.
struggle along
to have only just enough money to live.

struggle

كِفَاح, يُكَافِحُ úsilí, usilovat kæmpe, kamp abmühen (sich), Kampf αγώνας, αγωνίζομαι esforzarse, forcejear, lucha kamppailla, kamppailu lutte, lutter borba, boriti se lotta, lottare 苦闘, 苦闘する 고투, 열심히 노력하다 worstelen, worsteling besvær, streve walczyć, walka esforçar-se, esforço бороться, борьба kamp, kämpa ความพยายาม, พยายาม mücadele, mücadele etmek cố gắng, cuộc đấu tranh 挣扎

struggle

n. lucha, esfuerzo;
vt. luchar, esforzarse.
References in classic literature ?
But I lost her when I was a little older than you are, and for years had to struggle on alone, for I was too proud to confess my weakness to anyone else.
The water is up in Wine Creek," cried Joe Wel- ling with the air of Pheidippides bringing news of the victory of the Greeks in the struggle at Mara- thon.
We have killed too many of them," and he looked about on the ground where many of the uncanny creatures were still twitching in the death struggle.
Those dogs, she said, went down into the hole after the badger and killed him there in a terrific struggle underground; you could hear the barks and yelps outside.
I thought of course I had lost it in the heat of the struggle, but it was stolen.
When men struggle for the single life God has given them," said the scout, sternly, "even their own kind seem no more than the beasts of the wood.
The savage, perceiving their defenceless situation, without offering violence to the family attempted to captivate the Negro, who, happily proved an over-match for him, threw him on the ground, and, in the struggle, the mother of the children drew an ax from a corner of the cottage, and cut his head off, while her little daughter shut the door.
Henceforth, you will at least have the sense of healthy and natural effort for a purpose, and of lending your strength be it great or small--to the united struggle of mankind.
The ejected officer -- fortunate in the unkindly shove that sends him forth betimes, to struggle amid a struggling world -- may return to himself, and become all that he has ever been.
Stranger than I can express, certainly, was the effort to struggle against my new lights; it would doubtless have been, however, a greater tension still had it not been so frequently successful.
And now it is struck; for, starting from his trance into that unspeakable thing called his flurry, the monster horribly wallowed in his blood, over-wrapped himself in impenetrable, mad, boiling spray, so that the imperilled craft, instantly dropping astern, had much ado blindly to struggle out from that phrensied twilight into the clear air of the day.
For a few minutes the struggle was intensely critical; for while they still slacked out the tightened line in one direction, and still plied their oars in another, the contending strain threatened to take them under.