study


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stud·y

 (stŭd′ē)
n. pl. stud·ies
1.
a. The effort to acquire knowledge, as by reading, observation, or research: The study of language has overturned many misconceptions.
b. An act or effort made in the pursuit of knowledge: applied himself to his studies.
c. A branch of knowledge or department of learning: the study of geography; graduate studies.
2.
a. Attentive examination or analysis: The new drug is still under study.
b. A detailed examination, analysis, or experiment investigating a subject or phenomenon: conducted a study of children's reading habits.
c. A document or publication presenting the results of such an endeavor.
3.
a. A literary work treating a particular subject or character: The novel is a study of Irish childhood.
b. A preliminary sketch, as for a work of art or literature.
4. Medicine A diagnostic test.
5. Music A composition intended as a technical exercise.
6. A state of mental absorption: She is in a deep study.
7. A room intended or equipped for studying or writing.
8. A noteworthy or interesting example: He is a study in contradictions.
v. stud·ied, stud·y·ing, stud·ies
v.tr.
1.
a. To apply one's mind purposefully to the acquisition of knowledge or understanding of (a subject).
b. To take (a course) at a school.
2. To try to memorize: studied the lines for her role in the play.
3.
a. To perform a study of; investigate: We need to study the problem further.
b. To read or look at carefully: studied the map; studied his expression.
c. To give careful thought to; contemplate: Let's study our next move.
4. Medicine To perform a diagnostic test on (a part of the body, for example).
v.intr.
1. To apply oneself to learning, especially by reading: studied for the exam.
2. To pursue a course of study: studied at Yale.
3. To ponder; reflect.

[Middle English studie, from Old French estudie, from Latin studium, from studēre, to study.]

study

(ˈstʌdɪ)
vb, studies, studying or studied
1. (Education) to apply the mind to the learning or understanding of (a subject), esp by reading: to study languages; to study all night.
2. (tr) to investigate or examine, as by observation, research, etc: to study the effects of heat on metal.
3. (tr) to look at minutely; scrutinize
4. (tr) to give much careful or critical thought to
5. (Education) to take a course in (a subject), as at a college
6. (tr) to try to memorize: to study a part for a play.
7. (intr) to meditate or contemplate; reflect
n, pl studies
8.
a. the act or process of studying
b. (as modifier): study group.
9. (Building) a room used for studying, reading, writing, etc
10. (often plural) work relating to a particular discipline: environmental studies.
11. an investigation and analysis of a subject, situation, etc: a study of transport provision in rural districts.
12. a product of studying, such as a written paper or book
13. (Art Terms) a drawing, sculpture, etc, executed for practice or in preparation for another work
14. (Music, other) a musical composition intended to develop one aspect of performing technique: a study in spiccato bowing.
15. (Theatre) theatre a person who memorizes a part in the manner specified: a quick study.
16. in a brown study in a reverie or daydream
[C13: from Old French estudie, from Latin studium zeal, inclination, from studēre to be diligent]

stud•y

(ˈstʌd i)

n., pl. stud•ies, n.
1. application of the mind to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading, investigation, or reflection.
2. the acquisition of knowledge or skill in a particular branch of learning, science, or art: the study of law.
3. Often, studies. a student's work at school or college: to pursue one's studies.
4. something studied or to be studied.
5. a detailed investigation and analysis of a subject, phenomenon, etc.
6. a written account of such an investigation.
7. a well-defined, organized branch of learning or knowledge.
8. zealous endeavor or assiduous effort.
9. the object of such endeavor or effort.
10. deep thought; reverie.
11. a room set apart for private study, reading, writing, or the like.
12. a musical composition whose purpose is to improve a player's technique.
13.
a. a literary composition executed for exercise or as an experiment in a particular method of treatment.
b. such a composition dealing in detail with a particular subject, as a single main character.
14. a work of art produced as an educational exercise, as a memorandum of things observed, or as a guide for a finished work.
15. a person in relation to the speed at which he or she can memorize something, esp. an actor in regard to learning lines: a quick study.
v.i.
16. to apply oneself to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading or investigation.
17. to apply oneself; endeavor.
18. to think deeply, reflect, or consider.
19. to take a course of study, as at a college.
v.t.
20. to apply oneself to acquiring a knowledge of (a subject).
21. to examine or investigate carefully and in detail.
22. to observe attentively; scrutinize: to study a person's face.
23. to read carefully or intently.
24. to endeavor to learn or memorize, as a part in a play.
25. to give thought to; consider.
[1250–1300; (n.) Middle English studie < Old French estudie < Latin studium <stud(ēre) to be busy with, devote oneself to]

study

- Based on Latin studium, "painstaking application, zeal" (from studere, "to be zealous"), study's earliest uses are surprising: "affection, friendliness," an "occupation or pursuit," and "a state of reverie or abstraction; state of perplexity."
See also related terms for occupation.

study


Past participle: studied
Gerund: studying

Imperative
study
study
Present
I study
you study
he/she/it studies
we study
you study
they study
Preterite
I studied
you studied
he/she/it studied
we studied
you studied
they studied
Present Continuous
I am studying
you are studying
he/she/it is studying
we are studying
you are studying
they are studying
Present Perfect
I have studied
you have studied
he/she/it has studied
we have studied
you have studied
they have studied
Past Continuous
I was studying
you were studying
he/she/it was studying
we were studying
you were studying
they were studying
Past Perfect
I had studied
you had studied
he/she/it had studied
we had studied
you had studied
they had studied
Future
I will study
you will study
he/she/it will study
we will study
you will study
they will study
Future Perfect
I will have studied
you will have studied
he/she/it will have studied
we will have studied
you will have studied
they will have studied
Future Continuous
I will be studying
you will be studying
he/she/it will be studying
we will be studying
you will be studying
they will be studying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been studying
you have been studying
he/she/it has been studying
we have been studying
you have been studying
they have been studying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been studying
you will have been studying
he/she/it will have been studying
we will have been studying
you will have been studying
they will have been studying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been studying
you had been studying
he/she/it had been studying
we had been studying
you had been studying
they had been studying
Conditional
I would study
you would study
he/she/it would study
we would study
you would study
they would study
Past Conditional
I would have studied
you would have studied
he/she/it would have studied
we would have studied
you would have studied
they would have studied
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.study - a detailed critical inspectionstudy - a detailed critical inspection  
examination, scrutiny - the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)
resurvey - a new survey or study
2.study - applying the mind to learning and understanding a subject (especially by reading); "mastering a second language requires a lot of work"; "no schools offer graduate study in interior design"
learning, acquisition - the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge; "the child's acquisition of language"
3.study - a written document describing the findings of some individual or groupstudy - a written document describing the findings of some individual or group; "this accords with the recent study by Hill and Dale"
document, papers, written document - writing that provides information (especially information of an official nature)
assay - a written report of the results of an analysis of the composition of some substance
case study - a careful study of some social unit (as a corporation or division within a corporation) that attempts to determine what factors led to its success or failure
white book, white paper - a government report; bound in white
blue book - a report published by the British government; bound in blue
green paper - a preliminary report of government proposals that is published in order to stimulate discussion
progress report - a report of work accomplished during a specified time period
position paper - a report that explains or justifies or recommends some particular policy
medical report - a report of the results of a medical examination of a patient
4.study - a state of deep mental absorption; "she is in a deep study"
engrossment, immersion, absorption, concentration - complete attention; intense mental effort
5.study - a room used for reading and writing and studying; "he knocked lightly on the closed door of the study"
house - a dwelling that serves as living quarters for one or more families; "he has a house on Cape Cod"; "she felt she had to get out of the house"
room - an area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling; "the rooms were very small but they had a nice view"
6.study - a branch of knowledge; "in what discipline is his doctorate?"; "teachers should be well trained in their subject"; "anthropology is the study of human beings"
occultism - the study of the supernatural
communication theory, communications - the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered (as print or radio or television etc.); "communications is his major field of study"
major - the principal field of study of a student at a university; "her major is linguistics"
frontier - an undeveloped field of study; a topic inviting research and development; "he worked at the frontier of brain science"
genealogy - the study or investigation of ancestry and family history
allometry - the study of the relative growth of a part of an organism in relation to the growth of the whole
bibliotics - the scientific study of documents and handwriting etc. especially to determine authorship or authenticity
ology - an informal word (abstracted from words with this ending) for some unidentified branch of knowledge
knowledge base, knowledge domain, domain - the content of a particular field of knowledge
science, scientific discipline - a particular branch of scientific knowledge; "the science of genetics"
architecture - the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings; "architecture and eloquence are mixed arts whose end is sometimes beauty and sometimes use"
applied science, engineering science, technology, engineering - the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems; "he had trouble deciding which branch of engineering to study"
futuristics, futurology - the study or prediction of future developments on the basis of existing conditions
arts, humanistic discipline, humanities, liberal arts - studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills); "the college of arts and sciences"
theology, divinity - the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth
military science - the discipline dealing with the principles of warfare
escapology - the study of methods of escaping (especially as a form of entertainment)
graphology - the study of handwriting (especially as an indicator of the writer's character or disposition)
numerology - the study of the supposed occult influence of numbers on human affairs
protology - the study of origins and first things; "To Christians, protology refers to God's fundamental purpose for humanity"
theogony - the study of the origins and genealogy of the gods
7.study - preliminary drawing for later elaborationstudy - preliminary drawing for later elaboration; "he made several studies before starting to paint"
design - a preliminary sketch indicating the plan for something; "the design of a building"
rough drawing, draft - a preliminary sketch of a design or picture
drawing - a representation of forms or objects on a surface by means of lines; "drawings of abstract forms"; "he did complicated pen-and-ink drawings like medieval miniatures"
vignette - a small illustrative sketch (as sometimes placed at the beginning of chapters in books)
8.study - attentive consideration and meditation; "after much cogitation he rejected the offer"
lucubration - laborious cogitation
musing, reflection, rumination, thoughtfulness, contemplation, reflexion - a calm, lengthy, intent consideration
9.study - someone who memorizes quickly and easily (as the lines for a part in a play); "he is a quick study"
memoriser, memorizer - a person who learns by rote
10.study - a composition intended to develop one aspect of the performer's technique; "a study in spiccato bowing"
musical composition, opus, piece of music, composition, piece - a musical work that has been created; "the composition is written in four movements"
Verb1.study - consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaningstudy - consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning; "analyze a sonnet by Shakespeare"; "analyze the evidence in a criminal trial"; "analyze your real motives"
anatomize - analyze down to the smallest detail; "This writer anatomized the depth of human behavior"
diagnose, name - determine or distinguish the nature of a problem or an illness through a diagnostic analysis
diagnose - subject to a medical analysis
survey, appraise - consider in a comprehensive way; "He appraised the situation carefully before acting"
survey - make a survey of; for statistical purposes
compare - examine and note the similarities or differences of; "John compared his haircut to his friend's"; "We compared notes after we had both seen the movie"
check, check into, check out, check over, check up on, suss out, look into, go over - examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition; "check the brakes"; "Check out the engine"
assay - analyze (chemical substances)
reexamine, review - look at again; examine again; "let's review your situation"
audit, scrutinise, scrutinize, inspect - examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification; "audit accounts and tax returns"
screen - examine methodically; "screen the suitcases"
trace, follow - follow, discover, or ascertain the course of development of something; "We must follow closely the economic development is Cuba" ; "trace the student's progress"
investigate, look into - investigate scientifically; "Let's investigate the syntax of Chinese"
sieve, sift - check and sort carefully; "sift the information"
look at, view, consider - look at carefully; study mentally; "view a problem"
2.study - be a student; follow a course of study; be enrolled at an institute of learning
major - have as one's principal field of study; "She is majoring in linguistics"
3.study - give careful consideration to; "consider the possibility of moving"
meditate, mull, mull over, muse, ponder, chew over, think over, excogitate, reflect, ruminate, speculate, contemplate - reflect deeply on a subject; "I mulled over the events of the afternoon"; "philosophers have speculated on the question of God for thousands of years"; "The scientist must stop to observe and start to excogitate"
factor in, factor out, factor - consider as relevant when making a decision; "You must factor in the recent developments"
equate, liken, compare - consider or describe as similar, equal, or analogous; "We can compare the Han dynasty to the Romans"; "You cannot equate success in financial matters with greed"
deliberate, moot, debate, consider, turn over - think about carefully; weigh; "They considered the possibility of a strike"; "Turn the proposal over in your mind"
4.study - be a student of a certain subject; "She is reading for the bar exam"
audit - attend academic courses without getting credit
train, prepare - undergo training or instruction in preparation for a particular role, function, or profession; "She is training to be a teacher"; "He trained as a legal aid"
practice, practise, drill, exercise - learn by repetition; "We drilled French verbs every day"; "Pianists practice scales"
5.study - learn by reading books; "He is studying geology in his room"; "I have an exam next week; I must hit the books now"
larn, learn, acquire - gain knowledge or skills; "She learned dancing from her sister"; "I learned Sanskrit"; "Children acquire language at an amazing rate"
memorise, memorize, con, learn - commit to memory; learn by heart; "Have you memorized your lines for the play yet?"
bone, bone up, grind away, mug up, swot, swot up, cram, drum, get up - study intensively, as before an exam; "I had to bone up on my Latin verbs before the final exam"
6.study - think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposesstudy - think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes; "He is meditating in his study"
cerebrate, cogitate, think - use or exercise the mind or one's power of reason in order to make inferences, decisions, or arrive at a solution or judgments; "I've been thinking all day and getting nowhere"

study

verb
1. learn, cram (informal), swot (up) (Brit. informal), read up, hammer away at, bone up on (informal), burn the midnight oil, mug up (Brit. slang), lucubrate (rare) The rehearsals make it difficult for her to study for her law exams.
2. examine, survey, look at, scrutinize, peruse Debbie studied her friend's face for a moment.
3. contemplate, read, examine, consider, go into, con (archaic), pore over, scrutinize, peruse, apply yourself (to) I invite every citizen to carefully study the document.
noun
1. examination, investigation, analysis, consideration, inspection, scrutiny, contemplation, perusal, cogitation the use of maps and visual evidence in the study of local history
2. piece of research, survey, report, paper, review, article, inquiry, investigation, essay, commentary, critique the first study of English children's attitudes
3. learning, lessons, school work, academic work, reading, research, cramming (informal), swotting (Brit. informal), book work She gave up her studies to have a family.
4. office, room, studio, workplace, den, place of work, workroom I went through the papers in his study.
Quotations
"Of making many books there is no end; and much study is a weariness of the flesh" Bible: Ecclesiastes

study

noun
1. A careful considering of a matter:
2. The act of examining carefully:
Informal: going-over.
3. The condition of being so lost in solitary thought as to be unaware of one's surroundings:
4. Repetition of an action so as to develop or maintain one's skill:
verb
1. To apply one's mind to the acquisition or production of knowledge:
2. To look at carefully or critically:
Informal: case.
Idiom: give a going-over.
Translations
دِراسَهقِطْعَه موسيقِيَّه تَدْريبيَّهيَدْرُسيَدْرُسُيَفْحَص
studovatstudovnazkoumatetudapracovna
studerestuderenstudieundersøgearbejdsværelse
studi
opiskellaopiskelututkimustyöhuoneopetella
učiti
tanulmánytanulmányozásdolgozószobaetûdtanul
æfingetýðaetÿîa, æfinglæra, stunda nám, stúderalærdómur; rannsókn
勉強する
공부하다
etiudasstudijavimasstudijos
etīdeizpētītizstudētkabinetsmācības
etudaštúdiumštudovňa
študiratidelovna sobaproučitiraziskavaraziskovati
studera
เรียน
çalışmaketüdincelemeköğrenim yapmak/görmekokumak
học

study

[ˈstʌdɪ]
A. N
1. (gen) → estudio m; [of text, evidence etc] → investigación f, estudio m
my studies show thatmis estudios demuestran que ...
to make a study of sthrealizar una investigación de algo
his face was a study (hum) → ¡si le hubieras visto la cara!
see also brown E
2. (= room) → biblioteca f, despacho m
B. VT
1. (gen) → estudiar; (as student) → estudiar, cursar
2. (= examine) [+ evidence, painting] → examinar, investigar
C. VIestudiar
to study to be an agronomistestudiar para agrónomo
to study under sbestudiar con algn, trabajar bajo la dirección de algn
to study for an examestudiar or preparar un examen
D. CPD study group Ngrupo m de estudio
study tour Nviaje m de estudios

study

[ˈstʌdi]
n
(= activity of studying) → étude f
(= piece of research) → étude f
Recent studies suggest that → Des études récentes suggèrent que ...
to make a study of sth → étudier qch, faire une étude de qch
(= room) → bureau m
(ART)étude f
modif [area, guide] → d'étude; [group] → d'études study leave
npl (SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY)études fpl
business studies → études fpl commerciales
vt
(at university, college) [+ law, sciences, maths, languages, art] → étudier
I plan to study biology → J'ai l'intention de faire des études de biologie., J'ai l'intention d'étudier la biologie.
He'd studied chemistry at university → Il avait étudié la chimie à l'université., Il avait fait des études de chimie.
(= scrutinize) [+ photograph, face, menu] → étudier
(= examine carefully) [+ document, report, wildlife] → étudier
viétudier
I've got to study tonight → Je dois étudier ce soir.
to study for an exam → préparer un examenstudy hall n (US)étude f, permanence fstudy leave ncongé m d'éducation studiesstudy period n (British)heure f de permanencestudy tour nvoyage m d'études

study

n
(= studying, branch of study, esp Univ) → Studium nt; (at school) → Lernen nt; (of situation, evidence, case)Untersuchung f; (of nature)Beobachtung f; the study of cancerdie Krebsforschung; the study of Chinesedas Chinesischstudium; African studies (Univ) → afrikanische Sprache und Kultur, Afrikanistik f; modern French studiesfranzösische Sprache und Landeskunde; to make a study of somethingetw untersuchen; (academic) → etw studieren; to spend one’s time in studyseine Zeit mit Studieren/Lernen verbringen; fond of studylernbegierig; during my studieswährend meines Studiums; his face was a study (inf)sein Gesicht war sehenswert
(= piece of work)Studie f (→ of über +acc); (Art, Phot) → Studie f (→ of +gen); (Liter, Sociol) → Untersuchung f (→ of über +acc); (Mus) → Etüde f
(= room)Arbeits- or Studierzimmer nt
vtstudieren; (Sch) → lernen; nature also, starsbeobachten; author, particular tune, text etcsich befassen mit; (= research into)erforschen; (= examine)untersuchen; clue, evidenceprüfen, untersuchen
vistudieren; (esp Sch) → lernen; to study to be a teacher/doctorein Lehrerstudium/Medizinstudium machen; to study for an examsich auf eine Prüfung vorbereiten, für eine Prüfung lernen; to study under somebodybei jdm studieren

study

:
study group
nArbeitsgruppe or -gemeinschaft f
study hall
nStudien- or Lesesaal m
study tour
nInformationsreise f
study visit
nStudienreise f

study

[ˈstʌdɪ]
1. n (activity, room) → studio
to make a study of sth → fare uno studio su qc
his face was a study! (fig) → ha fatto una faccia!
it repays closer study → vale la pena di studiarlo a fondo
2. vt (gen) → studiare; (examine, evidence, painting) → esaminare, studiare
3. vistudiare
she's studying to be a doctor → studia medicina
to study under sb (Univ) → essere uno degli studenti di qn (subj, artist, composer) → essere allievo/a di qn
to study for an exam → prepararsi a un esame

study

(ˈstadi) verb
1. to give time and attention to gaining knowledge of a subject. What subject is he studying?; He is studying French; He is studying for a degree in mathematics; She's studying to be a teacher.
2. to look at or examine carefully. He studied the railway timetable; Give yourself time to study the problem in detail.
noun
1. the act of devoting time and attention to gaining knowledge. He spends all his evenings in study; She has made a study of the habits of bees.
2. a musical or artistic composition. a book of studies for the piano; The picture was entitled `Study in Grey'.
3. a room in a house etc, in which to study, read, write etc. The headmaster wants to speak to the senior pupils in his study.

study

يَدْرُسُ studovat studere studieren μελετώ estudiar opiskella étudier učiti studiare 勉強する 공부하다 studeren studere studiować estudar учиться studera เรียน çalışmak học 学习

stud·y

n. estudio;
double-blind ___ -ies___ -s de doble incógnita, de doble desconocimiento;
vt. estudiar.

study

n (pl -dies) estudio; double-blind — estudio doble ciego; electrophysiology — (EPS) estudio electrofisiológico (EEF); sleep — estudio del sueño
References in classic literature ?
He keeps his grandson shut up, when he isn't riding or walking with his tutor, and makes him study very hard.
Louise is the daughter of a rich man but she is not ashamed to study.
My bedroom, originally a linen-closet, was unheated and was barely large enough to contain my cot-bed, but it enabled me to call the other room my study.
Do you think it worth while to take it up again and study some more?
Pray you, if it be, give it to me, for I am slow of study.
Those who made it their business to study his expressions, on seeing it, would have fled.
It is dull enough to confuse the eye in following, pronounced enough to constantly irritate and provoke study, and when you follow the lame uncertain curves for a little distance they suddenly commit suicide--plunge off at outrageous angles, destroy themselves in unheard of contradictions.
This person--a gray-headed man, of quiet and most respectful deportment --found it necessary to explain that his master still remained in his study, or private apartment; on entering which, an hour before, he had expressed a wish on no account to be disturbed.
And here, some six months ago -- pacing from corner to corner, or lounging on the long-legged tool, with his elbow on the desk, and his eyes wandering up and down the columns of the morning newspaper -- you might have recognised, honoured reader, the same individual who welcomed you into his cheery little study, where the sunshine glimmered so pleasantly through the willow branches on the western side of the Old Manse.
From the moment Ichabod laid his eyes upon these regions of delight, the peace of his mind was at an end, and his only study was how to gain the affections of the peerless daughter of Van Tassel.
This study was exhibited in the Paris Salon of 1879, but did not take any medal; they do not give medals for studies.
But as soon as I had finished the entire course of study, at the close of which it is customary to be admitted into the order of the learned, I completely changed my opinion.