substance


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Related to substance: Pure substance

sub·stance

 (sŭb′stəns)
n.
1.
a. That which has mass and occupies space; matter.
b. A material of a particular kind or constitution.
c. A drug, chemical, or other material (such as glue) that one is dependent on or uses habitually and that is often illegal or subject to government regulation: Which substance was he abusing?
2. The most important part or idea of what is said or written; the essence or gist: the substance of the report.
3.
a. That which is real or practical in quality or character; practical value: a plan without substance.
b. Significance or importance: Did he accomplish anything of substance?
4. Density; body: Air has little substance.
5. Material possessions; goods; wealth: a person of substance.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin substantia, from substāns, substant-, present participle of substāre, to be present : sub-, sub- + stāre, to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: substance2, core, gist, purport
These nouns denote the essential import or significance of something spoken or written: the substance of his complaint; the core of a scientific article; the gist of her argument; the purport of a document.

substance

(ˈsʌbstəns)
n
1. the tangible matter of which a thing consists
2. a specific type of matter, esp a homogeneous material with a definite composition
3. the essence, meaning, etc, of a written or spoken thought
4. solid or meaningful quality
5. (General Physics) material density: a vacuum has no substance.
6. material possessions or wealth: a man of substance.
7. (Philosophy) philosophy
a. the supposed immaterial substratum that can receive modifications and in which attributes and accidents inhere
b. a thing considered as a continuing whole that survives the changeability of its properties
8. (Christian Churches, other) Christian Science that which is eternal
9. a euphemistic term for any illegal drug
10. in substance with regard to the salient points
[C13: via Old French from Latin substantia, from substāre, from sub- + stāre to stand]
ˈsubstanceless adj

sub•stance

(ˈsʌb stəns)

n.
1. that of which a thing consists; physical matter or material: form and substance.
2. a kind of matter of definite chemical composition: a metallic substance.
3. the actual matter of a thing, as opposed to the appearance or shadow; reality.
4. substantial or solid character or quality: claims lacking in substance.
5. consistency; body.
6. the meaning or gist, as of speech or writing.
7. possessions, means, or wealth.
9. Philos. that which exists by itself and in which accidents or attributes inhere.
Idioms:
in substance,
a. concerning the essentials; substantially.
b. actually; really.
[1250–1300; Middle English < Latin substantia=sub- sub- + stant-, s. of stāns, present participle of stāre to stand + -ia -ia (see -ance); calque of Greek hypóstasis]
syn: See matter.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.substance - the real physical matter of which a person or thing consistssubstance - the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists; "DNA is the substance of our genes"
matter - that which has mass and occupies space; "physicists study both the nature of matter and the forces which govern it"
body substance - the substance of the body
living substance, protoplasm - the substance of a living cell (including cytoplasm and nucleus)
component part, part, portion, component, constituent - something determined in relation to something that includes it; "he wanted to feel a part of something bigger than himself"; "I read a portion of the manuscript"; "the smaller component is hard to reach"; "the animal constituent of plankton"
chemistry - the chemical composition and properties of a substance or object; "the chemistry of soil"
material, stuff - the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object; "coal is a hard black material"; "wheat is the stuff they use to make bread"
phlogiston - a hypothetical substance once believed to be present in all combustible materials and to be released during burning
mixture - (chemistry) a substance consisting of two or more substances mixed together (not in fixed proportions and not with chemical bonding)
atom - (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
chemical element, element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
activator - (biology) any agency bringing about activation; a molecule that increases the activity of an enzyme or a protein that increases the production of a gene product in DNA transcription
substrate - the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
element - one of four substances thought in ancient and medieval cosmology to constitute the physical universe; "the alchemists believed that there were four elements"
medium - an intervening substance through which something is achieved; "the dissolving medium is called a solvent"
medium - (biology) a substance in which specimens are preserved or displayed
fluid - a substance that is fluid at room temperature and pressure
volatile - a volatile substance; a substance that changes readily from solid or liquid to a vapor; "it was heated to evaporate the volatiles"
essence - any substance possessing to a high degree the predominant properties of a plant or drug or other natural product from which it is extracted
2.substance - the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; "the gist of the prosecutor's argument"; "the heart and soul of the Republican Party"; "the nub of the story"
cognitive content, mental object, content - the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned
bare bones - (plural) the most basic facts or elements; "he told us only the bare bones of the story"
hypostasis - (metaphysics) essential nature or underlying reality
haecceity, quiddity - the essence that makes something the kind of thing it is and makes it different from any other
quintessence - the purest and most concentrated essence of something
stuff - a critically important or characteristic component; "suspense is the very stuff of narrative"
3.substance - the idea that is intended; "What is the meaning of this proverb?"
idea, thought - the content of cognition; the main thing you are thinking about; "it was not a good idea"; "the thought never entered my mind"
semantics - the meaning of a word, phrase, sentence, or text; "a petty argument about semantics"
implication, significance, import - a meaning that is not expressly stated but can be inferred; "the significance of his remark became clear only later"; "the expectation was spread both by word and by implication"
tenor, strain - the general meaning or substance of an utterance; "although I disagreed with him I could follow the tenor of his argument"
undercurrent, undertone - a subdued emotional quality underlying an utterance; implicit meaning
denotation, reference, extension - the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to; "the extension of `satellite of Mars' is the set containing only Demos and Phobos"
reference - the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to; "he argued that reference is a consequence of conditioned reflexes"
connotation - an idea that is implied or suggested
4.substance - material of a particular kind or constitution; "the immune response recognizes invading substances"
physical entity - an entity that has physical existence
5.substance - considerable capital (wealth or income)substance - considerable capital (wealth or income); "he is a man of means"
capital - wealth in the form of money or property owned by a person or business and human resources of economic value
pocketbook - your personal financial means; "that car is too expensive for my pocketbook"
wherewithal - the necessary means (especially financial means)
6.substance - what a communication that is about something is about
communication - something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups
body - the central message of a communication; "the body of the message was short"
corker - (dated slang) a remarkable or excellent thing or person; "that story was a corker"
reminder - a message that helps you remember something; "he ignored his wife's reminders"
petition, request, postulation - a formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority
memorial - a written statement of facts submitted in conjunction with a petition to an authority
latent content - (psychoanalysis) hidden meaning of a fantasy or dream
subject, theme, topic - the subject matter of a conversation or discussion; "he didn't want to discuss that subject"; "it was a very sensitive topic"; "his letters were always on the theme of love"
digression, divagation, excursus, parenthesis, aside - a message that departs from the main subject
meaning, signification, import, significance - the message that is intended or expressed or signified; "what is the meaning of this sentence"; "the significance of a red traffic light"; "the signification of Chinese characters"; "the import of his announcement was ambiguous"
hokum, meaninglessness, nonsense, nonsensicality, bunk - a message that seems to convey no meaning
drivel, garbage - a worthless message
acknowledgement, acknowledgment - a statement acknowledging something or someone; "she must have seen him but she gave no sign of acknowledgment"; "the preface contained an acknowledgment of those who had helped her"
refusal - a message refusing to accept something that is offered
info, information - a message received and understood
counseling, counselling, guidance, counsel, direction - something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
dedication, commitment - a message that makes a pledge
commendation, approval - a message expressing a favorable opinion; "words of approval seldom passed his lips"
disapproval - the expression of disapproval
respects - (often used with `pay') a formal expression of esteem; "he paid his respects to the mayor"
discourtesy, disrespect - an expression of lack of respect
insertion, interpolation - a message (spoken or written) that is introduced or inserted; "with the help of his friend's interpolations his story was eventually told"; "with many insertions in the margins"
statement - a message that is stated or declared; a communication (oral or written) setting forth particulars or facts etc; "according to his statement he was in London on that day"
statement - a nonverbal message; "a Cadillac makes a statement about who you are"; "his tantrums are a statement of his need for attention"
humor, wit, witticism, wittiness, humour - a message whose ingenuity or verbal skill or incongruity has the power to evoke laughter
opinion, view - a message expressing a belief about something; the expression of a belief that is held with confidence but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof; "his opinions appeared frequently on the editorial page"
instruction, direction - a message describing how something is to be done; "he gave directions faster than she could follow them"
proposal - something proposed (such as a plan or assumption)
offering, offer - something offered (as a proposal or bid); "noteworthy new offerings for investors included several index funds"
submission, entry - something (manuscripts or architectural plans and models or estimates or works of art of all genres etc.) submitted for the judgment of others (as in a competition); "several of his submissions were rejected by publishers"; "what was the date of submission of your proposal?"
narration, narrative, story, tale - a message that tells the particulars of an act or occurrence or course of events; presented in writing or drama or cinema or as a radio or television program; "his narrative was interesting"; "Disney's stories entertain adults as well as children"
promotion, promotional material, publicity, packaging - a message issued in behalf of some product or cause or idea or person or institution; "the packaging of new ideas"
sensationalism - subject matter that is calculated to excite and please vulgar tastes
shocker - a sensational message (in a film or play or novel)
7.substance - a particular kind or species of matter with uniform properties; "shigella is one of the most toxic substances known to man"
matter - that which has mass and occupies space; "physicists study both the nature of matter and the forces which govern it"
food, nutrient - any substance that can be metabolized by an animal to give energy and build tissue
nutrient - any substance (such as a chemical element or inorganic compound) that can be taken in by a green plant and used in organic synthesis
philosopher's stone, philosophers' stone, elixir - hypothetical substance that the alchemists believed to be capable of changing base metals into gold
allergen - any substance that can cause an allergy
assay - a substance that is undergoing an analysis of its components
pyrectic, pyrogen - any substance that can cause a rise in body temperature
pyrogen - any substance characterized by its great flammability
hydrocolloid - a substance that forms a gel with water
adulterant, adulterator - any substance that lessens the purity or effectiveness of a substance; "it is necessary to remove the adulterants before use"
propellant, propellent - any substance that propels
denaturant - any substance that serves as a denaturing agent
inhibitor - a substance that retards or stops an activity
ferment - a substance capable of bringing about fermentation
agent - a substance that exerts some force or effect
carcinogen - any substance that produces cancer
digestive - any substance that promotes digestion
fomentation - a substance used as a warm moist medicinal compress or poultice
fuel - a substance that can be consumed to produce energy; "more fuel is needed during the winter months"; "they developed alternative fuels for aircraft"
lube, lubricant, lubricating substance, lubricator - a substance capable of reducing friction by making surfaces smooth or slippery
humectant - any substance that is added to another substance to keep it moist
inoculant, inoculum - a substance (a virus or toxin or immune serum) that is introduced into the body to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease
jelly - any substance having the consistency of jelly or gelatin
leaven, leavening - a substance used to produce fermentation in dough or a liquid
refrigerant - any substance used to provide cooling (as in a refrigerator)
lysin - any substance (such as an antibody) or agent that can cause lysis
poison, poisonous substance, toxicant - any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism
chemical irritant - a substance producing irritation
antigen - any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
ligand - a substance (an atom or molecule or radical or ion) that forms a complex around a central atom
metabolite - any substance involved in metabolism (either as a product of metabolism or as necessary for metabolism)
vehicle - any substance that facilitates the use of a drug or pigment or other material that is mixed with it

substance

noun
1. material, body, stuff, element, fabric, texture The substance that causes the problem comes from the barley.
2. importance, significance, moment, meaningfulness, concreteness It is questionable whether anything of substance has been achieved.
3. meaning, main point, gist, matter, subject, theme, import, significance, essence, pith, burden, sum and substance, gravamen (Law) The substance of his discussions doesn't really matter.
4. truth, fact, reality, certainty, validity, authenticity, verity, verisimilitude There is no substance in any of these allegations.
5. wealth, means, property, assets, resources, estate, affluence mature men of substance

substance

noun
1. That which occupies space and can be perceived by the senses:
2. That from which things are or can be made:
Idiom: grist for one's mill.
3. A basic trait or set of traits that define and establish the character of something:
4. The most central and material part:
Law: gravamen.
5. The general sense or significance, as of an action or statement:
6. The thread or current of thought uniting or occurring in all the elements of a text or discourse:
Translations
عُنْصُرمَادَةمادَّه
látkasubstancehmota
substansmassematerialestof
ainemateriasubstanssivaraydin
tvar
anyaglényegtartalomvagyon
efni
物質骨子実体本質
물질
substancija
substanceviela
substancia
snov
ämneresurssubstans
สาร
chất

substance

[ˈsʌbstəns]
A. N
1. (physical)
1.1. (= solution, chemical) → sustancia f
a sticky substanceuna sustancia pegajosa
see also illegal
1.2. (= solidity) → corporeidad f; [of fabric] → cuerpo m
line the fabric to give it more substanceponle un forro a la tela para darle más cuerpo
2. (fig)
2.1. (= basis) (to allegation) → base f, fundamento m
the rumours are completely without substancelos rumores no tienen ninguna base or ningún fundamento
2.2. (= profundity) (to book, plot, argument) → enjundia f, sustancia f
there wasn't much substance in or to his lecturessus conferencias no tenían mucha enjundia or sustancia
issues of substanceasuntos fundamentales or de importancia
2.3. (= gist, essence) [of speech, writing] → esencia f
the substance of his talkla esencia de su charla
I agree with the substance of his proposalsestoy de acuerdo en lo esencial de sus propuestas
the dispute was about style not substancela discusión fue sobre forma, no sobre fondo
what he is saying in substance is thaten esencia, lo que está diciendo es que ...
the Court agreed in substance with this argumentel tribunal estuvo de acuerdo con este argumento en lo esencial
2.4. a man/woman of substance (= wealthy person) → un hombre/una mujer de fortuna
B. CPD substance abuse Nabuso m de estupefacientes, toxicomanía f
substance abuser Ntoxicómano/a m/f

substance

[ˈsʌbstəns] n
(= matter) → substance f
harmful substances → des substances nocives
(= gist) [speech, talk, book] → substance f
to lack substance [book, film] → manquer de substance
(= truth) → fondement m
There is no substance in any of these allegations → Toutes ces allégations sont sans fondement.
to lack substance [allegations, accusation] → être sans fondement
(= significance) issues of substance → des problèmes de fond
(= wealth) a man of substance → un homme qui a de la fortunesubstance abuse ntoxicomanie fsubstance abuser ntoxicomane mfsub-standard substandard [ˌsʌbˈstændərd] adj [goods] → de qualité inférieure; [service] → de qualité inférieure; [housing] → inférieur(e) aux normes requises

substance

n
Substanz f, → Materie f, → Stoff m; what is this substance?was ist das für eine Substanz?; he rubbed a yellow substance on the wounder strich eine gelbe Masse auf die Wunde
no pl (= subject matter)Substanz f, → Gehalt m; (= essence)Kern m; in substanceim Wesentlichen; I agree with the substance of his proposalsim Wesentlichen stimme ich seinen Vorschlägen zu
no pl (= weight, importance)Gewicht nt; the book lacks substancedas Buch hat keine Substanz; there is some substance in his claimseine Behauptung ist nicht unfundiert
no pl a man of substanceein vermögender Mann

substance

[ˈsʌbstns] n (gen) → sostanza
to lack substance (argument) → essere debole (accusation) → essere privo/a di fondamento (film, book) → essere scarso/a di contenuto
a man of substance → un uomo benestante
in substance → sostanzialmente, fondamentalmente

substance

(ˈsabstəns) noun
1. a material. Rubber is a tough, stretchy substance obtained from the juice of certain plants.
2. as a scientific term, an element, compound or mixture.

substance

مَادَة látka substans Substanz ουσία sustancia aine substance tvar sostanza 物質 물질 substantie stoff substancja substância вещество ämne สาร madde chất 物质

sub·stance

n. sustancia, líquido; droga;
ground ______ fundamental;
___ abuseabuso de drogas;
___ dependencedependencia de drogas;
___ withdrawal syndromesíndrome de abstinencia de drogas.

substance

n sustancia
References in classic literature ?
I have come to this lonely place and here is this other," was the substance of the thing felt.
No matter how many wrong notes he struck, he never lost the intention of a passage, he brought the substance of it across by irregular and astonishing means.
As the Huron used his native language, the prisoners, notwithstanding the caution of the natives had kept them within the swing of their tomahawks, could only conjecture the substance of his harangue from the nature of those significant gestures with which an Indian always illustrates his eloquence.
Higginson, and the outpouring of a psalm from the general throat of the community, was to be made acceptable to the grosser sense by ale, cider, wine, and brandy, in copious effusion, and, as some authorities aver, by an ox, roasted whole, or at least, by the weight and substance of an ox, in more manageable joints and sirloins.
And here his descendants have been born and died, and have mingled their earthly substance with the soil, until no small portion of it must necessarily be akin to the mortal frame wherewith, for a little while, I walk the streets.
Methinks that what they call my shadow here on earth is my true substance.
Assuming the blubber to be the skin of the whale; then, when this skin, as in the case of a very large Sperm Whale, will yield the bulk of one hundred barrels of oil; and, when it is considered that, in quantity, or rather weight, that oil, in its expressed state, is only three fourths, and not the entire substance of the coat; some idea may hence be had of the enormousness of that animated mass, a mere part of whose mere integument yields such a lake of liquid as that.
This dried material they would then grind to a fine powder, and after they had mixed it up well with a mysterious but inoffensive brown rock which they brought in and ground up by the hundreds of carloads for that purpose, the substance was ready to be put into bags and sent out to the world as any one of a hundred different brands of standard bone phosphate.
In some more genial season, perchance, a faint shadow flits across the landscape of the mind, cast by the WINGS of some thought in its vernal or autumnal migration, but, looking up, we are unable to detect the substance of the thought itself.
We directed him to draw out whatever was at the end of that chain; which appeared to be a globe, half silver, and half of some transparent metal; for, on the transparent side, we saw certain strange figures circularly drawn, and though we could touch them, till we found our fingers stopped by the lucid substance.
Those of them which have been most labored with that view, seem in substance to amount to this: "It is not true, because the exigencies of the Union may not be susceptible of limitation, that its power of laying taxes ought to be unconfined.
Will it be said that the alterations ought not to have touched the substance of the Confederation?

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