substitute


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sub·sti·tute

 (sŭb′stĭ-to͞ot′, -tyo͞ot′)
n.
1. One that takes the place of another; a replacement: "Fantasies are more than substitutes for unpleasant reality" (Barbara Grizzuti Harrison).
2. Grammar A word or construction used in place of another word, phrase, or clause.
v. sub·sti·tut·ed, sub·sti·tut·ing, sub·sti·tutes
v.tr.
1. To put or use (a person or thing) in place of another: "substituting moral power for physical force" (Elizabeth Cady Stanton).
2. Chemistry To replace (one or more atoms or groups in a compound) by other atoms or groups.
v.intr.
To take the place of another: "Only art can substitute for nature" (Leonard Bernstein).

[Middle English, from Old French substitut, from Latin substitūtus, past participle of substituere, to substitute : sub-, in place of; see sub- + statuere, to cause to stand; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]

sub′sti·tut′a·bil′it·y n.
sub′sti·tut′a·ble adj.
sub′sti·tu′tive (-to͞o′tĭv, -tyo͞o′-) adj.

substitute

(ˈsʌbstɪˌtjuːt)
vb
1. (often foll by for) to serve or cause to serve in place of another person or thing
2. (Chemistry) chem to replace (an atom or group in a molecule) with (another atom or group)
3. (Logic) logic maths to replace (one expression) by (another) in the context of a third, as replacing x + y for x in 3x = k gives 3x + 3y = k
4. (Mathematics) logic maths to replace (one expression) by (another) in the context of a third, as replacing x + y for x in 3x = k gives 3x + 3y = k
n
5.
a. a person or thing that serves in place of another, such as a player in a game who takes the place of an injured colleague
b. (as modifier): a substitute goalkeeper. Often shortened to: sub
6. (Grammar) grammar another name for pro-form
7. (Education) Canadian another name for supply teacher
8. (Nautical Terms) nautical another word for repeater5
9. (Military) (formerly) a person paid to replace another due for military service
[C16: from Latin substituere, from sub- in place of + statuere to set up]
ˌsubstiˈtutable adj
ˌsubstiˌtutaˈbility n
Usage: Substitute is sometimes wrongly used where replace is meant: he replaced (not substituted) the worn tyre with a new one

sub•sti•tute

(ˈsʌb stɪˌtut, -ˌtyut)

n., v. -tut•ed, -tut•ing,
adj. n.
1. a person or thing acting or serving in place of another.
2. (formerly) a person who, for payment, served in an army or navy in the place of a conscript.
3. a word that functions as a replacement for any member of a class of words or constructions, as do in He doesn't know but I do.
v.t.
4. to put (a person or thing) in the place of another.
5. to take the place of; replace.
6. to replace (one or more elements or groups in a chemical compound) by other elements or groups.
v.i.
7. to act as a substitute.
adj.
8. of or pertaining to a substitute or substitutes.
9. composed of substitutes.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin substitūtus, past participle of substituere to put in place of =sub- sub- + -stituere, comb. form of statuere to set up, erect (compare statue)]
sub′sti•tut`a•ble, adj.
sub`sti•tut`a•bil′i•ty, n.
sub`sti•tu′tion, n.
sub`sti•tu′tion•al, adj.

substitute


Past participle: substituted
Gerund: substituting

Imperative
substitute
substitute
Present
I substitute
you substitute
he/she/it substitutes
we substitute
you substitute
they substitute
Preterite
I substituted
you substituted
he/she/it substituted
we substituted
you substituted
they substituted
Present Continuous
I am substituting
you are substituting
he/she/it is substituting
we are substituting
you are substituting
they are substituting
Present Perfect
I have substituted
you have substituted
he/she/it has substituted
we have substituted
you have substituted
they have substituted
Past Continuous
I was substituting
you were substituting
he/she/it was substituting
we were substituting
you were substituting
they were substituting
Past Perfect
I had substituted
you had substituted
he/she/it had substituted
we had substituted
you had substituted
they had substituted
Future
I will substitute
you will substitute
he/she/it will substitute
we will substitute
you will substitute
they will substitute
Future Perfect
I will have substituted
you will have substituted
he/she/it will have substituted
we will have substituted
you will have substituted
they will have substituted
Future Continuous
I will be substituting
you will be substituting
he/she/it will be substituting
we will be substituting
you will be substituting
they will be substituting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been substituting
you have been substituting
he/she/it has been substituting
we have been substituting
you have been substituting
they have been substituting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been substituting
you will have been substituting
he/she/it will have been substituting
we will have been substituting
you will have been substituting
they will have been substituting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been substituting
you had been substituting
he/she/it had been substituting
we had been substituting
you had been substituting
they had been substituting
Conditional
I would substitute
you would substitute
he/she/it would substitute
we would substitute
you would substitute
they would substitute
Past Conditional
I would have substituted
you would have substituted
he/she/it would have substituted
we would have substituted
you would have substituted
they would have substituted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.substitute - a person or thing that takes or can take the place of anothersubstitute - a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another
equivalent - a person or thing equal to another in value or measure or force or effect or significance etc; "send two dollars or the equivalent in stamps"
ersatz - an artificial or inferior substitute or imitation
successor - a thing or person that immediately replaces something or someone
succedaneum - (medicine) something that can be used as a substitute (especially any medicine that may be taken in place of another)
2.substitute - an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced
bench - the reserve players on a team; "our team has a strong bench"
athlete, jock - a person trained to compete in sports
bench warmer - (sports) a substitute who seldom plays
pinch hitter - (baseball) a substitute for the regular batter
3.substitute - someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult)substitute - someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult); "the star had a stand-in for dangerous scenes"; "we need extra employees for summer fill-ins"
compeer, equal, peer, match - a person who is of equal standing with another in a group
locum, locum tenens - someone (physician or clergyman) who substitutes temporarily for another member of the same profession
stunt man, stunt woman, double - a stand-in for movie stars to perform dangerous stunts; "his first job in Hollywood was as a double for Clark Gable"
alternate, surrogate, replacement - someone who takes the place of another person
Verb1.substitute - put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items; "the con artist replaced the original with a fake Rembrandt"; "substitute regular milk with fat-free milk"; "synonyms can be interchanged without a changing the context's meaning"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
shift - move and exchange for another; "shift the date for our class reunion"
reduce - simplify the form of a mathematical equation of expression by substituting one term for another
truncate - replace a corner by a plane
retool - provide (a workshop or factory) with new tools
subrogate - substitute one creditor for another, as in the case where an insurance company sues the person who caused an accident for the insured
2.substitute - be a substitute; "The young teacher had to substitute for the sick colleague"; "The skim milk substitutes for cream--we are on a strict diet"
exchange, interchange, change - give to, and receive from, one another; "Would you change places with me?"; "We have been exchanging letters for a year"
3.substitute - act as a substitute; "She stood in for the soprano who suffered from a cold"
cover - help out by taking someone's place and temporarily assuming his responsibilities; "She is covering for our secretary who is ill this week"
supercede, supersede, supervene upon, supplant, replace - take the place or move into the position of; "Smith replaced Miller as CEO after Miller left"; "the computer has supplanted the slide rule"; "Mary replaced Susan as the team's captain and the highest-ranked player in the school"
Adj.1.substitute - capable of substituting in any of several positions on a team; "a utility infielder"
secondary - being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate; "the stone will be hauled to a secondary crusher"; "a secondary source"; "a secondary issue"; "secondary streams"
2.substitute - serving or used in place of another; "an alternative plan"
secondary - being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate; "the stone will be hauled to a secondary crusher"; "a secondary source"; "a secondary issue"; "secondary streams"
3.substitute - artificial and inferior; "ersatz coffee"; "substitute coffee"
artificial, unreal - contrived by art rather than nature; "artificial flowers"; "artificial flavoring"; "an artificial diamond"; "artificial fibers"; "artificial sweeteners"

substitute

verb
1. replace, exchange, swap, change, switch, commute, interchange They were substituting violence for dialogue.
2. (with for) stand in for, take the place of, cover for, take over from, relieve, act for, double for, fill in for, hold the fort for, be in place of, deputize for Her parents are trying to be supportive but they can't substitute for Jackie as a mother.
noun
1. replacement, reserve, equivalent, surrogate, deputy, relief, representative, sub, temporary, stand-by, makeshift, proxy, temp (informal), expedient, locum, depute (Scot.), stopgap, locum tenens She is seeking a substitute for the man who broke her heart.
adjective
1. replacement, reserve, temporary, surrogate, second, acting, alternative, additional, fall-back, proxy They had fallen for their substitute teacher.
Usage: Although substitute and replace have the same meaning, the structures they are used in are different. You replace A with B, while you substitute B for A. Accordingly, he replaced the worn tyre with a new one, and he substituted a new tyre for the worn one are both correct ways of saying the same thing.

substitute

noun
One that takes the place of another:
Informal: fill-in, pinch hitter, sub.
verb
1. To give up in return for something else:
Informal: swap.
2. To act as a substitute:
Informal: pinch-hit, sub.
Translations
náhradanahraditnáhradnídosadit
erstatningerstattereserveudskifte med
korvata jokusijainen
nadomjestaknadomjestiti
setja í staîinnstaîgengill, varamaîur
代用代用する
대신하다대체물
pakaitalaspavaduojantis
aizstājējsaizstātaizvietotaizvietotājs
nadomesteknadomestiti
ersättaersättning
แทนที่คนหรือสิ่งที่เข้าแทนที่
cái thay thếthay thế

substitute

[ˈsʌbstɪtjuːt]
A. N
1. (= thing, artificial product) → sucedáneo m
it may replace saccharin as a sugar substitutepuede reemplazar a la sacarina como sucedáneo del azúcar
he uses honey as a substitute for sugarusa miel como sustituto del azúcar
a correspondence course is a poor or no substitute for personal tuitionun curso por correspondencia no puede sustituir a la enseñanza cara a cara
there's no substitute for being informedno hay nada como estar informado
2. (= person) → sustituto/a m/f, suplente mf (Sport) → suplente mf
to be a poor or no substitute for sbno poder sustituir a algn
friends are no substitute for parentslos amigos no pueden sustituir a los padres
he seems to be looking for a mother substituteparece que está buscando a alguien que reemplace a su madre
to come on as (a) substitute (Sport) → entrar como suplente
B. VT (gen, Sport) → sustituir
the striker was substituted by JohnstonJohnston sustituyó al delantero
to substitute margarine for butter; substitute butter with margarinesustituir la mantequilla por margarina
C. VI to substitute for sth/sb (gen, Sport) → sustituir a algo/algn
D. CPD substitute goalkeeper Nportero/a m/f suplente
substitute teacher N (US) → profesor(a) m/f suplente

substitute

[ˈsʌbstɪtjuːt]
n
(= person) (replacing worker)remplaçant(e) m/f; (replacing parent, child)substitut m
a substitute for a parent → le substitut d'un parent
(SPORT) (= player) → remplaçant(e) m/f
to come on as a substitute → rentrer en remplacement
(= thing) → substitut m, succédané m
a substitute for sth → un substitut de qch
a sugar substitute → un substitut du sucre
to be no substitute for sth → ne pas remplacer qch
there is no substitute for ... → rien ne remplace ...
vt
(= use instead) to substitute A for B → remplacer B par A
You can substitute sugar for honey → Vous pouvez remplacer le miel par du sucre.
Numbers had been substituted for letters → Des lettres avaient été remplacées par des nombres.
to substitute B with A → remplacer B par A
If your first choice hotel is unavailable, we may substitute it with one of equal quality → Si votre hôtel de premier choix est complet, nous pouvons le remplacer par un autre, de qualité égale.
[+ player] → remplacer
He was substituted after 25 minutes → Il a été remplacé au bout de 25 minutes.
to substitute A for B → remplacer B par A
The coach substituted him for Alan Smith → L'entraîneur l'a fait rentrer pour remplacer Alan Smith.
modif [parent, family, father] → de substitution; [activity, topic] → de rechange; [staff member, delegate] → de substitution, de remplacement; [material, ingredient, source] → de substitution, de remplacementsubstitute teacher n (US)suppléant(e) m/f

substitute

nErsatz m no pl; (= representative also)Vertretung f; (Sport) → Ersatzspieler(in) m(f), → Auswechselspieler(in) m(f); to find a substitute for somebodyfür jdn Ersatz finden; to use something as a substituteetw als Ersatz benutzen; substitutes’ bench (Sport) → Auswechsel- or Ersatzbank f; coffee substituteKaffee-Ersatz m; various coffee substitutesverschiedene Sorten Kaffee-Ersatz; there’s no substitute for …es gibt keinen Ersatz für …, … kann man durch nichts ersetzen
adj attrErsatz-; substitute drugErsatzdroge f
vt to substitute A for BB durch A ersetzen; (Sport also) → B gegen A austauschen or auswechseln; substitute 3 for Xsetze für X 3 ein, substituiere 3 für X
vi to substitute for somebodyjdn vertreten, für jdn einspringen; to substitute for somethingetw ersetzen

substitute

[ˈsʌbstɪˌtjuːt]
1. n (person) → sostituto/a; (teacher) → supplente m/f; (thing) → surrogato
coffee substitute → surrogato di caffè
there's no substitute for butter → non c'è niente di meglio del burro
2. vt to substitute sb/sth (for)sostituire qn/qc (con or a)
3. vi to substitute for sbsostituire qn

substitute

(ˈsabstitjuːt) verb
to put in, or to take, the place of someone or something else. I substituted your name for mine on the list.
noun
a person or thing used or acting instead of another. Guesswork is no substitute for investigation; She is not well enough to play in the tennis match, so we must find a substitute; (also adjective) I was substitute headmaster for a term.
ˌsubstiˈtution noun
the act of substituting, or process of being substituted.

substitute

بَدِيل, يَحِلُّ مَحَلَّ náhrada, nahradit erstatning, erstatte Ersatz, ersetzen υποκαθιστώ, υποκατάστατο sustituir, sustituto korvata joku, sijainen remplaçant, substituer à nadomjestak, nadomjestiti sostituire, sostituto 代用, 代用する 대신하다, 대체물 plaatsvervanger, vervangen erstatning, erstatte podstawić, substytut substituir, substituto заменитель, заменять ersätta, ersättning แทนที่, คนหรือสิ่งที่เข้าแทนที่ yedek, yerine geçmek cái thay thế, thay thế 替代, 替代品

sub·sti·tute

n. sustituto-a; reemplazo;
v. sustituir, reemplazar.

substitute

n sustituto, (person) sustituto -ta mf; salt — sustituto de (la) sal; vt sustituir; You can substitute tortillas for bread..Puede sustituir el pan por las tortillas; [Note: The order of the two objects tortillas and bread is reversed when translating to Spanish. It may be helpful to think of sustituir as a synonym for the English verb to replace. The sentence above would then read: You can replace bread with tortillas..Puede sustituir el pan por las tortillas.]
References in classic literature ?
It was for sale as were also the coat hang- ers, patent suspender buttons, cans of roof paint, bottles of rheumatism cure, and a substitute for cof- fee that companioned the honey in its patient will- ingness to serve the public.
As every word uttered by Natty Bumppo was not to be received as rigid truth, we took the liberty of putting the "Horican" into his mouth, as the substitute for "Lake George.
She, in fact, felt a reverence for the pictured visage, of which only a far-descended and time-stricken virgin could be susceptible; and this forbidding scowl was the innocent result of her near-sightedness, and an effort so to concentrate her powers of vision as to substitute a firm outline of the object instead of a vague one.
Marija has apparently concluded about two hours ago that if the altar in the corner, with the deity in soiled white, be not the true home of the muses, it is, at any rate, the nearest substitute on earth attainable.
And little Eliza seconds the effort, by toddling up to her father, and trying to pull the book out of his hand, and install herself on his knee as a substitute.
I have heard some of my townsmen say, "I should like to have them order me out to help put down an insurrection of the slaves, or to march to Mexico--see if I would go"; and yet these very men have each, directly by their allegiance, and so indirectly, at least, by their money, furnished a substitute.
Huck found a spring of clear cold water close by, and the boys made cups of broad oak or hickory leaves, and felt that water, sweet- ened with such a wildwood charm as that, would be a good enough substitute for coffee.
Pardon me, madam: no need of explanation; your own fine sense must inform you that one of your frowns would be a sufficient substitute for capital punishment.
Hindley is a detestable substitute - his conduct to Heathcliff is atrocious - H.
It was the first substitute I thought of for the personal letter which the pressure of innumerable occupations, all crowding on me together after my long absence, did not allow me leisure to write.
They knitted worthless things; but, the mechanical work was a mechanical substitute for eating and drinking; the hands moved for the jaws and the digestive apparatus: if the bony fingers had been still, the stomachs would have been more famine-pinched.
I ought to have made it, perhaps, but I couldn't azackly' - that was always the substitute for exactly, in Peggotty's militia of words - 'bring my mind to it.