sudden


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms, Wikipedia.

sud·den

 (sŭd′n)
adj.
1. Happening without warning; unforeseen: a sudden storm.
2. Happening or done without delay; hasty or immediate: a sudden decision.
3. Characterized by sharp change in elevation; precipitous: a sudden drop in the ocean floor.
Idiom:
all of a sudden
Very quickly and unexpectedly; suddenly.

[Middle English sodain, from Old French, from Vulgar Latin *subitānus, from Latin subitāneus, from subitus, from past participle of subīre, to approach stealthily : sub-, secretly; see sub- + īre, to go; see ei- in Indo-European roots.]

sud′den·ly adv.
sud′den·ness n.

sudden

(ˈsʌdən)
adj
1. occurring or performed quickly and without warning
2. marked by haste; abrupt
3. rare rash; precipitate
n
4. archaic an abrupt occurrence or the occasion of such an occurrence (in the phrase on a sudden)
5. all of a sudden without warning; unexpectedly
adv
chiefly poetic without warning; suddenly
[C13: via French from Late Latin subitāneus, from Latin subitus unexpected, from subīre to happen unexpectedly, from sub- secretly + īre to go]
ˈsuddenness n

sud•den

(ˈsʌd n)

adj.
1. happening, coming, made, or done quickly, without warning, or unexpectedly: a sudden attack.
2. occurring without transition from the previous form, state, etc.; abrupt: a sudden turn.
3. impetuous; rash.
adv.
4. Literary. suddenly.
Idioms:
all of a sudden, without warning; unexpectedly; suddenly.
[1250–1300; < Middle French < Latin subitāneus going or coming stealthily =subit(us) taking by surprise]
sud′den•ly, adv.
sud′den•ness, n.

sudden

  • all of a sudden - Is the grammatically correct version; do not say "all of the sudden."
  • coup de main - A sudden and unexpected movement or attack.
  • sudden - From Latin sub-, "up to," and ire, "come, go," making subitus, "come or go up stealthily."
  • vicissitude - A sudden or unexpected change in life.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.sudden - happening without warning or in a short space of time; "a sudden storm"; "a sudden decision"; "a sudden cure"
fast - acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly; "fast film"; "on the fast track in school"; "set a fast pace"; "a fast car"
gradual - proceeding in small stages; "a gradual increase in prices"

sudden

sudden

adjective
Happening quickly and without warning:
Translations
فُجائيمُفَاجِئ
náhlý
pludseligbrat
äkillinenyhtäkkinen
nagaonenadaniznenadan
skyndilegur
突然の
갑작스러운
netikėtas
negaidītspēkšņs
nenaden
plötslig
ทันทีทันใด
anianîapansız
bất ngờđột ngộtthình lình

sudden

[ˈsʌdn]
A. ADJ
1. (= hasty, swift) → repentino; (= unexpected) → inesperado
a sudden drop in temperatureun descenso repentino de la temperatura
a sudden increase in unemploymentun aumento repentino del número de parados
with sudden enthusiasmcon un entusiasmo repentino
this is all so sudden!¡todo esto es tan repentino!
his death was suddensu muerte ocurrió de repente, su muerte fue inesperada
she looked startled by his sudden appearanceparecía asustada cuando él apareció de repente
when the soldiers came it was very suddenla llegada de los soldados ocurrió de improviso
all of a suddende pronto, de repente
2. (= abrupt) [movement] → brusco
B. CPD sudden death N (Tennis) → muerte f súbita
they had to go to sudden death (Tennis) → tuvieron que recurrir a la muerte súbita (Ftbl) (penalty shoot-out) → tuvieron que recurrir a los goles; (extra time) → tuvieron que recurrir a la prórroga de desempate
sudden death extra time Nprórroga f de desempate
sudden death goal Ngol m de desempate
sudden death play-off Ndesempate m instantáneo
sudden infant death syndrome N (Med) → síndrome m de la muerte súbita infantil

sudden

[ˈsʌdən] adj [change, movement, attack, decision, impulse, desire] → soudain(e); [death] → subit(e)
It was all very sudden → Tout a été très soudain.
a sudden change → un changement soudain
all of a sudden → soudain, tout à coupsudden death n (SPORT) (also sudden-death play-off) → mort f subitesudden infant death syndrome nmort f subite du nourrisson

sudden

adjplötzlich; movement alsojäh, abrupt; drop, silence alsojäh; (= unexpected) bend, change of directionunerwartet; there was a sudden bendda war plötzlich eine Kurve, da war eine unerwartete Kurve; this is all so suddendas kommt alles so plötzlich
n all of a sudden(ganz) plötzlich, urplötzlich (inf)

sudden

:
sudden death
n (Ftbl: at end of drawn game) → Sudden Death m, Spielverlängerung bis zum entscheidenden Tor; sudden-death (overtime) (US Sport) → Sudden Death m, Spielverlängerung bis zum entscheidenden Punktgewinn; sudden-death (play-off) (Sport) → Ausscheidungsrunde f
sudden infant death syndrome
n (Med) → plötzlicher Kindstod

sudden

[ˈsʌdn] adjimprovviso/a
this is so sudden! → non me l'aspettavo!
all of a sudden → all'improvviso, improvvisamente

sudden

(ˈsadn) adjective
happening etc quickly and unexpectedly. a sudden attack; His decision to get married is rather sudden!; a sudden bend in the road.
ˈsuddenness noun
ˈsuddenly adverb
He suddenly woke up; Suddenly she realized that the stranger had a gun.
all of a sudden
suddenly or unexpectedly. All of a sudden the lights went out.

sudden

مُفَاجِئ náhlý pludselig plötzlich ξαφνικός repentino äkillinen soudain nagao improvviso 突然の 갑작스러운 plotseling plutselig nagły repentino внезапный plötslig ทันทีทันใด ani bất ngờ 突然的

sudden

a. súbito-a, imprevisto-a, repentino-a;
___ deathmuerte ___.

sudden

adj súbito
References in classic literature ?
Nothing of her ever comes to light - no grating, no lifebuoy, no piece of boat or branded oar - to give a hint of the place and date of her sudden end.
It is precisely the proudest and most obstinate men who are the most liable to shift their position and contradict themselves in this sudden manner; everything is easier to them than to face the simple fact that they have been thoroughly defeated, and must begin life anew.
IT was a sight that some people remembered better even than their own sorrows--the sight in that grey clear morning, when the fatal cart with the two young women in it was descried by the waiting watching multitude, cleaving its way towards the hideous symbol of a deliberately inflicted sudden death.
The old woman smiled satirically as she opened the door--then looked back, with a sudden change of humor.
This unwelcome information put a sudden check to all our well-laid plans, for it meant that we should virtually be prisoners in the palace of Salensus Oll until the time that he should see fit to give us the final examination for efficiency.
He had noted Mohammed Beyd's sudden interest in the girl, and judging the man by his own standards, had guessed at the basis of the Arab's sudden change of attitude toward the prisoner.
Rose's sacrifice was a failure in one respect, for, though the elders loved her the better for it, and showed that they did, the boys were not inspired with the sudden respect which she had hoped for.
His body was reaching eagerly forward, his hand stretched out like a wand, and at brief sudden intervals he continued his cries.
Always of a sedate, taciturn disposition, he now fell into so deep a dejection that nothing could hold his attention, yet anything--a footfall, the sudden closing of a door--aroused in him a fitful interest; one might have called it an apprehension.
Levin answered, and repeated an inquiry about Madame Apraksina's sudden death.
A backward glance gave me a glimpse of the first of the Sagoths at the far end of a considerable stretch of canyon through which we had just passed, and then a sudden turning shut the ugly creature from my view; but the loud howl of triumphant rage which rose behind us was evidence that the gorilla-man had sighted us.
As we are very far from believing in any such heathen goddess, or from encouraging any superstition, so we wish Mr John Fr , or some other such philosopher, would bestir himself a little, in order to find out the real cause of this sudden transition from good to bad fortune, which hath been so often remarked, and of which we shall proceed to give an instance; for it is our province to relate facts, and we shall leave causes to persons of much higher genius.

Full browser ?