suffix


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suffix

Suffixes are morphemes (specific groups of letters with particular semantic meaning) that are added onto the end of root words to change their meaning. Suffixes are one of the two predominant kinds of affixes—the other kind is prefixes, which come at the beginning of a root word.
There is a huge range of suffixes in English, which can be broadly categorized as either inflectional or derivational.
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suf·fix

 (sŭf′ĭks)
n.
An affix added to the end of a word or stem, serving to form a new word or functioning as an inflectional ending, such as -ness in gentleness, -ing in walking, or -s in sits.
tr.v. suf·fixed, suf·fix·ing, suf·fix·es
To add as a suffix.

[New Latin suffīxum, from Latin, neuter of suffīxus, past participle of suffīgere, to fasten underneath, affix : sub-, sub- + fīgere, to fix, fasten; see dhīgw- in Indo-European roots.]

suf′fix·al adj.
suf′fix·al·ly adv.
suf′fix·a′tion (sŭf′ĭk-sā′shən), suf·fix′ion (sə-fĭk′shən) n.

suffix

n
1. (Grammar) grammar an affix that follows the stem to which it is attached, as for example -s and -ness in dogs and softness. Compare prefix1
2. anything that is added at the end of something else
vb
3. (Grammar) (tr) grammar to add (a morpheme) as a suffix to the end of a word
4. (tr) to add (something) at the end of a sentence, comment, or piece of writing
[C18: from New Latin suffixum, from Latin suffixus fastened below, from suffīgere, from sub- + fīgere to fasten]
suffixal adj
suffixion n

suf•fix

(n. ˈsʌf ɪks; v. ˈsʌf ɪks, səˈfɪks)

n.
1. an affix that follows the element to which it is added, as -ly in kindly.
2. something added to the end of something else.
v.t.
3. to add as a suffix.
4. to affix at the end of something.
[1595–1605; < New Latin suffīxum, n. use of neuter of Latin suffīxus, past participle of suffīgere to attach on top of =suf- suf- + fīgere to attach (see fix)]
suf•fix•al (ˈsʌf ɪk səl, səˈfɪk-) adj.
suf`fix•a′tion (səˈfɪk ʃən) n.

suffix


Past participle: suffixed
Gerund: suffixing

Imperative
suffix
suffix
Present
I suffix
you suffix
he/she/it suffixes
we suffix
you suffix
they suffix
Preterite
I suffixed
you suffixed
he/she/it suffixed
we suffixed
you suffixed
they suffixed
Present Continuous
I am suffixing
you are suffixing
he/she/it is suffixing
we are suffixing
you are suffixing
they are suffixing
Present Perfect
I have suffixed
you have suffixed
he/she/it has suffixed
we have suffixed
you have suffixed
they have suffixed
Past Continuous
I was suffixing
you were suffixing
he/she/it was suffixing
we were suffixing
you were suffixing
they were suffixing
Past Perfect
I had suffixed
you had suffixed
he/she/it had suffixed
we had suffixed
you had suffixed
they had suffixed
Future
I will suffix
you will suffix
he/she/it will suffix
we will suffix
you will suffix
they will suffix
Future Perfect
I will have suffixed
you will have suffixed
he/she/it will have suffixed
we will have suffixed
you will have suffixed
they will have suffixed
Future Continuous
I will be suffixing
you will be suffixing
he/she/it will be suffixing
we will be suffixing
you will be suffixing
they will be suffixing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been suffixing
you have been suffixing
he/she/it has been suffixing
we have been suffixing
you have been suffixing
they have been suffixing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been suffixing
you will have been suffixing
he/she/it will have been suffixing
we will have been suffixing
you will have been suffixing
they will have been suffixing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been suffixing
you had been suffixing
he/she/it had been suffixing
we had been suffixing
you had been suffixing
they had been suffixing
Conditional
I would suffix
you would suffix
he/she/it would suffix
we would suffix
you would suffix
they would suffix
Past Conditional
I would have suffixed
you would have suffixed
he/she/it would have suffixed
we would have suffixed
you would have suffixed
they would have suffixed

suffix

A word or word part that is added to the end of another word, such as “-ness” in “dampness.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.suffix - an affix that is added at the end of the word
affix - a linguistic element added to a word to produce an inflected or derived form
ending, termination - the end of a word (a suffix or inflectional ending or final morpheme); "I don't like words that have -ism as an ending"
Verb1.suffix - attach a suffix to; "suffix words"
affix - attach or become attached to a stem word; "grammatical morphemes affix to the stem"
prefix - attach a prefix to; "prefixed words"
Translations
لاحِقَه في نِهايَة الكَلِمَه
přípona
endelse
sufikso
päätesuffiksi
dometaksufiks
képzõragtoldalék
skeyta viðviðskeytiviîskeyti
priesaga
piedēklis
suffiksendingsuffigere
sufix
prípona
pripona
son ek

suffix

[ˈsʌfɪks]
A. Nsufijo m
B. VTañadir como sufijo (to a)

suffix

[ˈsʌfɪks] nsuffixe m

suffix

n (Ling) → Suffix nt, → Nachsilbe f; (in code etc) → Zusatz m
vtanfügen, anhängen (→ to an +acc)

suffix

[ˈsʌfɪks] nsuffisso

suffix

(ˈsafiks) noun
a small part added to the end of a word that changes the meaning. goodness; quickly; advisable; misty; yellowish.

suffix

n. gr. sufijo.
References in periodicals archive ?
The equity-linked note is a fully principal-protected note, but did not have the 'emr' suffix assigned when the rating was assigned in 2008.
These suffixes in English language are classified as stress-shifting since "primary stress shifts whenever a "shifter" suffix is attached to the root of the word.
For male diminutives, the most productive suffix is the '-ko/-cko' suffix and its variants '-cik', '-cok' and '-cek'.
When FDA released the draft guidance, the agency asked for feedback on whether products that demonstrate interchangeability should use the same suffix as their reference product, or if they should be given a unique suffix.
Laudanna, Burani and Cermele (1994), for instance, posed that productivity can be computed as the proportion of complex words that present a particular suffix over the total words that end with the same letter pattern, i.
It was derived from 'yas-' meaning (1) 'young' or 'fresh' and (2) 'green' with the suffix -(s)il weakening the feature of the object (Bang, 1915).
It should also be noted that one and the same suffix, but with different meanings, may occur at more than one level.
If the dental bearing suffix doesn't have K1 or K2, then it is deep groove ball type.
Productivity and frequency are not necessarily interrelated features in a suffix: it happens that a suffix that is not productive anymore occurs very frequently in a given corpus, while another one that is productive at present is rare in the same body of texts.
Out of the 1,687 recursive formations resulting from word-forming suffixation, 835 display a base prefix and a word-forming suffix whereas the remaining 852 comprise a base suffix and a word-forming suffix.
ses plural of -sis, a suffix but a headword in W3 as with other -fixes in this list
However, a very related problem on sets of strings, also solved with suffix arrays, is treated by Babenko and Starikovskaya in [2].