sugar


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sug·ar

 (sho͝og′ər)
n.
1. A sweet crystalline or powdered substance, white when pure, consisting of sucrose obtained mainly from sugarcane and sugar beets and used in many foods, drinks, and medicines to improve their taste. Also called table sugar.
2. Any of a class of water-soluble crystalline carbohydrates, including sucrose and lactose, having a characteristically sweet taste and classified as monosaccharides, disaccharides, and trisaccharides.
3. A unit, such as a lump or cube, in which sugar is dispensed or taken.
4. Slang Sweetheart. Used as a term of endearment.
v. sug·ared, sug·ar·ing, sug·ars
v.tr.
1. To coat, cover, or sweeten with sugar.
2. To make less distasteful or more appealing.
v.intr.
1. To form sugar.
2. To form granules; granulate.
3. To make sugar or syrup from sugar maple sap. Often used with off.

[Middle English sugre, from Old French sukere, from Medieval Latin succārum, from Old Italian zucchero, from Arabic sukkar, from Persian shakar, from Sanskrit śarkarā, grit, ground sugar.]

sug′ar·er n.

sugar

(ˈʃʊɡə)
n
1. (Elements & Compounds) Also called: sucrose or saccharose a white crystalline sweet carbohydrate, a disaccharide, found in many plants and extracted from sugar cane and sugar beet: it is used esp as a sweetening agent in food and drinks. Formula: C12H22O11.
2. (Cookery) Also called: sucrose or saccharose a white crystalline sweet carbohydrate, a disaccharide, found in many plants and extracted from sugar cane and sugar beet: it is used esp as a sweetening agent in food and drinks. Formula: C12H22O11.
3. (Elements & Compounds) any of a class of simple water-soluble carbohydrates, such as sucrose, lactose, and fructose
4. informal chiefly US and Canadian a term of affection, esp for one's sweetheart
5. (Banking & Finance) rare a slang word for money
6. (Recreational Drugs) a slang name for LSD
vb
7. (Cookery) (tr) to add sugar to; make sweet
8. (Cookery) (tr) to cover or sprinkle with sugar
9. (Biochemistry) (intr) to produce sugar
10. sugar the pill sugar the medicine to make something unpleasant more agreeable by adding something pleasant: the government stopped wage increases but sugared the pill by reducing taxes.
[C13 suker, from Old French çucre, from Medieval Latin zuccārum, from Italian zucchero, from Arabic sukkar, from Persian shakar, from Sanskrit śarkarā]
ˈsugarless adj
ˈsugar-ˌlike adj

Sugar

(ˈʃʊɡə)
n
(Biography) Alan (Michael). Baron. born 1947, British electronics entrepreneur; chairman of Amstrad (1968–2008); noted for his BBC series The Apprentice (from 2005)

sug•ar

(ˈʃʊg ər)

n.
1. a sweet, crystalline substance, C12H22O11, obtained from the juice or sap of many plants, esp. commercially from sugarcane and the sugar beet; sucrose.
2. any other plant or animal substance of the same class of carbohydrates, as fructose or glucose.
3. (sometimes cap.) an affectionate or familiar term of address (sometimes offensive when used to strangers, subordinates, etc.).
v.t.
4. to cover, sprinkle, mix, or sweeten with sugar.
5. to make agreeable.
v.i.
6. to form sugar or sugar crystals.
7. to make maple sugar.
8. sugar off, (in making maple sugar) to complete the boiling down of the syrup in preparation for granulation.
[1250–1300; Middle English sugre, sucre (n.) < Middle French sucre < Medieval Latin succārum < Italian zucchero < Arabic sukkar, akin to Persian shakar, Greek sákcharon (see sacchar-)]
sug′ar•less, adj.
sug′ar•like`, adj.
usage: Definition 3 is an affectionate term of address used to a child, sweetheart, etc. However, when used in the workplace or in social interactions with strangers, it is sometimes perceived as insulting.

sug·ar

(sho͝og′ər)
1. Any of a class of crystalline carbohydrates, such as sucrose, glucose, or lactose, that dissolve in water and have a characteristic sweet taste.
2. Sucrose.

sugar


Past participle: sugared
Gerund: sugaring

Imperative
sugar
sugar
Present
I sugar
you sugar
he/she/it sugars
we sugar
you sugar
they sugar
Preterite
I sugared
you sugared
he/she/it sugared
we sugared
you sugared
they sugared
Present Continuous
I am sugaring
you are sugaring
he/she/it is sugaring
we are sugaring
you are sugaring
they are sugaring
Present Perfect
I have sugared
you have sugared
he/she/it has sugared
we have sugared
you have sugared
they have sugared
Past Continuous
I was sugaring
you were sugaring
he/she/it was sugaring
we were sugaring
you were sugaring
they were sugaring
Past Perfect
I had sugared
you had sugared
he/she/it had sugared
we had sugared
you had sugared
they had sugared
Future
I will sugar
you will sugar
he/she/it will sugar
we will sugar
you will sugar
they will sugar
Future Perfect
I will have sugared
you will have sugared
he/she/it will have sugared
we will have sugared
you will have sugared
they will have sugared
Future Continuous
I will be sugaring
you will be sugaring
he/she/it will be sugaring
we will be sugaring
you will be sugaring
they will be sugaring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sugaring
you have been sugaring
he/she/it has been sugaring
we have been sugaring
you have been sugaring
they have been sugaring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sugaring
you will have been sugaring
he/she/it will have been sugaring
we will have been sugaring
you will have been sugaring
they will have been sugaring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sugaring
you had been sugaring
he/she/it had been sugaring
we had been sugaring
you had been sugaring
they had been sugaring
Conditional
I would sugar
you would sugar
he/she/it would sugar
we would sugar
you would sugar
they would sugar
Past Conditional
I would have sugared
you would have sugared
he/she/it would have sugared
we would have sugared
you would have sugared
they would have sugared
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sugar - a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservativesugar - a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative
caramelized sugar, caramel - burnt sugar; used to color and flavor food
lump sugar - refined sugar molded into rectangular shapes convenient as single servings
loaf sugar, sugar loaf, sugarloaf - a large conical loaf of concentrated refined sugar
cane sugar - sugar from sugarcane used as sweetening agent
granulated sugar - sugar in the form of small grains
beet sugar - sugar from sugar beets used as sweetening agent
corn sugar - dextrose used as sweetening agent
brown sugar - unrefined or only partly refined sugar
sweetener, sweetening - something added to foods to make them taste sweeter
2.sugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animalssugar - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
ribose - a pentose sugar important as a component of ribonucleic acid
beet sugar - sugar made from sugar beets
cane sugar - sucrose obtained from sugar cane
deoxyribose - a sugar that is a constituent of nucleic acids
invert sugar - a mixture of equal parts of glucose and fructose resulting from the hydrolysis of sucrose; found naturally in fruits; sweeter than glucose
macromolecule, supermolecule - any very large complex molecule; found only in plants and animals
maple sugar - sugar made from the sap of the sugar maple tree
monosaccharide, monosaccharose, simple sugar - a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates
oligosaccharide - any of the carbohydrates that yield only a few monosaccharide molecules on complete hydrolysis
polyose, polysaccharide - any of a class of carbohydrates whose molecules contain chains of monosaccharide molecules
jaggary, jaggery, jagghery - unrefined brown sugar made from palm sap
wood sugar, xylose - a sugar extracted from wood or straw; used in foods for diabetics
3.sugar - informal terms for moneysugar - informal terms for money    
money - the most common medium of exchange; functions as legal tender; "we tried to collect the money he owed us"
Verb1.sugar - sweeten with sugar; "sugar your tea"
dulcify, dulcorate, edulcorate, sweeten - make sweeter in taste

sugar

noun
Related words
adjective saccharine

Sugars

Edible sugars  beet sugar, brown sugar, cane sugar, caster sugar, crystallized sugar, demerara sugar, granulated sugar, icing sugar, jaggery, maple sugar, muscovado sugar, palm sugar, powdered sugar, panocha, refined sugar, white sugar
Biochemical sugars  aldose, arabinose, deoxyribose, dextrose or grape sugar, fructose or laevulose, galactose, glucose, invert sugar, lactose or milk sugar, maltose, mannose, raffinose, rhamnose, ribose, sorbose, trehalose, triose, xylose or wood sugar

sugar

verb
To make superficially more acceptable or appealing:
Translations
سُكَّرسُكَّريُحَلِّي، يُغَطّي بالسُّكَّر
захар
sucre
cukrsladit
sukkersødeindsukrekomme sukker påskat
sukero
sokerisokeroidakaunistellakultanenpehmentää
šećer
cukormegcukroz
gula
sykursykra
砂糖糖質糖類
설탕
apteptas glajumibe cukrauscukranendrėcukraus žnyplėscukringas
cukurssaldinātuzkaisīt cukuru
zahăr
sladkorcukrčeksladilosladkati
šećersladorшећер
sockersockra
น้ำตาล
şekerşeker koymak/katmak
цукор
đường

sugar

[ˈʃʊgəʳ]
A. N
1.azúcar m or f
to put sugar in sthechar azúcar en algo
how many sugars do you take? (in general) → ¿cuánta or cuánto azúcar tomas?; (offering tea, coffee) → ¿cuánta or cuánto azúcar quieres?, ¿cuántos terrones quieres?
2. (US) hi, sugar!¡oye, preciosidad!
3. oh sugar!¡mecachis!
B. VT [+ tea etc] → azucarar, echar azúcar a
see also pill
C. CPD sugar basin N (Brit) → azucarero m
sugar beet Nremolacha f azucarera
sugar bowl Nazucarero m
sugar candy Nazúcar m candi
sugar cane Ncaña f de azúcar
sugar cube Nterrón m de azúcar
sugar daddy N viejo adinerado amante o protector de una joven
sugar loaf Npan m de azúcar
sugar lump Nterrón m de azúcar
sugar mill Ningenio m azucarero
sugar plantation Nplantación f azucarera
sugar refinery Ningenio m azucarero
sugar tongs NPLtenacillas fpl para azúcar

sugar

[ˈʃʊgər]
n
(= food) → sucre m
Do you take sugar? → Est-ce que vous prenez du sucre?
(= term of endearment) → mon chou
Yes, sugar → Oui, mon chou.
modif [company, industry] → sucrier/ière; [growers, plantation] → de canne à sucre; [content, intake, levels] → en sucre; [intake, levels] → de sucre sugar factory
vtsucrersugar basin n (British)sucrier msugar beet nbetterave f à sucresugar bowl nsucrier msugar cane ncanne f à sucresugar-coated [ˌʃʊgərˈkəʊtɪd] adjdragéifié(e)sugar cube nsucre m, morceau m de sucresugar daddy sugar-daddy [ˈʃʊgərdædi] npapa m gâteausugared almond ndragée fsugar factory nraffinerie f de sucresugar-free [ˌʃʊgərˈfriː] adjsans sucresugar lump nmorceau m de sucresugar pea nmange-tout m inv, pois m mange-toutsugar refinery nraffinerie f de sucre

sugar

n
Zucker m
(inf: = term of affection) → (meine) Süße, (mein) Süßer, Schätzchen nt (all inf)
vtzuckern, süßen; (fig) criticism etcversüßen, mildern; to sugar the pilldie bittere Pille versüßen

sugar

in cpdsZucker-;
sugar basin
nZuckerdose f
sugar beet
nZuckerrübe f
sugar bowl
nZuckerdose f
sugar candy
nKandis(zucker) m; (US: = sweet) → Bonbon nt or m
sugar cane
nZuckerrohr nt
sugar-coated
adjmit Zucker überzogen
sugar-coating
n
(Cook) → Zuckerguss m
(fig)Beschönigen nt, → Beschönigung f
sugar cube
nZuckerwürfel m
sugar daddy
n (inf) she’s looking for a sugarsie sucht einen alten Knacker, der sie aushält (inf)
sugar diabetes
nZuckerkrankheit f, → Diabetes m (spec), → Zucker m (inf)

sugar

:
sugar-free
adjohne Zucker
sugar loaf
nZuckerhut m; Sugar Loaf Mountainder Zuckerhut
sugar maple
nZuckerahorn m
sugarplum
nBonbon nt or m, → Süßigkeit f; sugar fairyZuckerfee f
sugar shaker
sugar tongs
plZuckerzange f

sugar

[ˈʃugəʳ]
1. nzucchero
2. vt (tea) → zuccherare
to sugar the pill (fig) → indorare la pillola

sugar

(ˈʃugə) noun
the sweet substance that is obtained from sugar-cane, or from the juice of certain other plants, and used in cooking and for sweetening tea, coffee etc. Do you take sugar in your coffee?
verb
to sweeten, cover or sprinkle with sugar.
ˈsugary adjective
1. tasting of sugar, or containing a lot of sugar. sugary foods.
2. too sweet or sentimental. a sugary story.
ˈsugariness noun
ˈsugar-cane noun
a type of tall grass from whose juice sugar is obtained.
ˌsugar-ˈcoated adjective
covered with icing. sugar-coated biscuits.
ˈsugar-free adjective
not containing sugar.
sugar lump
a small cube of sugar used for sweetening tea etc.
sugar tongs
an instrument for lifting sugar lumps. a pair of sugar tongs.

sugar

سُكَّر cukr sukker Zucker ζάχαρη azúcar sokeri sucre šećer zucchero 砂糖 설탕 suiker sukker cukier açúcar сахар socker น้ำตาล şeker đường

sug·ar

n. azúcar, carbohidrato que consiste esencialmente de sucrosa;
beet ___, cane ___sucrosa;
fruit ___fructosa;
grape ___glucosa;
milk ___lactosa.

sugar

n azúcar m&f
References in classic literature ?
And to the rest she added a pint of milk, two eggs, four spoons of sugar, nutmeg, and some crackers, put it in a deep dish, and baked it till it was brown and nice, and next day it was eaten by a family named March.
Grandmother hunted up her fancy cake-cutters and baked gingerbread men and roosters, which we decorated with burnt sugar and red cinnamon drops.
It was pronounced a great success--excellent if it had only contained a little less vanilla or a little more sugar, if it had been frozen a degree harder, and if the salt might have been kept out of portions of it.
The thief is leaning against the foot of the sugar sapling, that you can see over them bushes; his right leg is in a line with the bark of the tree, and," tapping his rifle, "I can take him from where I stand, between the angle and the knee, with a single shot, putting an end to his tramping through the woods, for at least a month to come.
We remained there undisturbed during the Winter; and on the first day of May, 1770, my brother returned home to the settlement by himself, for a new recruit of horses and ammunition, leaving me by myself, without bread, salt or sugar, without company of my fellow creatures, or even a horse or dog.
A party of leaden dragoons were galloping along one of the shelves, in equipments and uniform of modern cut; and there were some sugar figures, with no strong resemblance to the humanity of any epoch, but less unsatisfactorily representing our own fashions than those of a hundred years ago.
At the head, where sits the bride, is a snow-white cake, with an Eiffel tower of constructed decoration, with sugar roses and two angels upon it, and a generous sprinkling of pink and green and yellow candies.
So, now, old coon," said he to the man at the bar, "get us hot water, and sugar, and cigars, and plenty of the real stuff and we'll have a blow-out.
But perhaps the worst of all was, that there wasn't any sugar, coffee, tea, or tobacco.
It was Tommy Drake and Fanny Marsh that furnished the sugar - nice children, the nicest at the post, I think.
However, they got a lump of sugar occasionally--they were fond of that.
None had stolen anything--not money, anyway--a little sugar, or cake, or honey, or something like that, that "Marse Percy wouldn't mind or miss" but not money--never a cent of money.