sulfa drug


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

sulfa drug

n.
Any of a group of synthetic organic compounds, derived chiefly from sulfanilamide, chemically similar to PABA and capable of inhibiting bacterial growth and activity by interfering with the metabolic processes in bacteria that require PABA. Also called sulfonamide.

sulfa drug

(ˈsʌlfə)
n
(Pharmacology) any of a group of sulfonamide compounds that inhibit the activity of bacteria and are used in medicine to treat bacterial infections

sul′fa drug`



n.
any of a group of drugs closely related in chemical structure to sulfanilamide, having a bacteriostatic effect: used in the treatment of various wounds, burns, and infections.
[1935–40]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sulfa drug - antibacterial consisting of any of several synthetic organic compounds capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria that require PABA
antibacterial, antibacterial drug, bactericide - any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
Sulamyd, sulfacetamide - a topical sulfonamide (trade name Sulamyd) used to treat eye infections
sulfadiazine - a sulfa drug used in treating meningitis and pneumonia and other infections
sulfamethazine, sulfamezathine - a sulfa drug used like sulfadiazine and also in veterinary medicine
Gantanol, sulfamethoxazole - a sulfonamide (trade name Gantanol) used to treat infections (especially infections of the urinary tract)
sulfanilamide - a white odorless crystalline sulfa drug; the parent compound of most of the sulfa drugs
sulfapyridine - sulfa drug derived from pyridine and sulfanilamide
Gantrisin, sulfisoxazole - a sulfonamide (trade name Gantrisin) used to treat infections of the urinary tract
Thiosulfil - trade name for a sulfonamide antibacterial
Translations

sulfa drug

[ˈsʌlfədrʌg] N (US) → sulfamida f
References in periodicals archive ?
In this case, the sulfa drug must be converted by liver enzymes to a reactive molecule that can link to proteins in the body to be of sufficient size to effectively stimulate immune cells.
Domagk, whose work was more benign, headed a team that developed the first sulfa drug, Prontosil.
Analysis of data from a multicenter longitudinal study of infected infants in New York City showed that prophylaxis with a rather common sulfa drug did prevent this complication of HIV infection.
It should not be taken during pregnancy or by those with sulfa drug allergy.
That poisonous sulfa drug killed 107 people, mostly children, before a horrified nation realized the nature and extent of the tragedy.
9:45 SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF THE SULFA DRUG 4-AMINO-N-P-TOLYLBENZENESULFONAMIDE FOR POTENTIAL USE AS AN INEXPENSIVE ANTIBIOTIC **.
To treat most cases, the patients received a sulfa drug as first-line treatment: for 88 (78.
Fortunately for us, even with MRSA community-acquired infection, if the patient is stable and doesn't warrant hospital admission, he or she can be treated orally with a sulfa drug as an outpatient.
Daily doses of the sulfa drug trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) help AIDS patients fend off recurrences of a life-threatening form of pneumonia more effectively than do monthly treatments with aerosolized pentamidine, according to a pair of studies comparing the two widely used preventive medications.
Reported treatment included home remedies and a nonprescription, locally available, cream containing a sulfa drug.
In other microorganisms, sulfa drug resistance has resulted from specific point mutations in the dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) gene.