sulfonamide


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to sulfonamide: sulfanilamide, Sulfonamide drugs

sul·fon·a·mide

 (sŭl-fŏn′ə-mīd′, -mĭd)
n.
1. Any of a group of organic sulfur compounds containing the radical SO2NH2 and including the sulfa drugs.

sulfonamide

(sʌlˈfɒnəmaɪd)
n
(Elements & Compounds) the US preferred spelling of sulphonamide

sul′fa drug`



n.
any of a group of drugs closely related in chemical structure to sulfanilamide, having a bacteriostatic effect: used in the treatment of various wounds, burns, and infections.
[1935–40]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sulfonamide - antibacterial consisting of any of several synthetic organic compounds capable of inhibiting the growth of bacteria that require PABA
antibacterial, antibacterial drug, bactericide - any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
Sulamyd, sulfacetamide - a topical sulfonamide (trade name Sulamyd) used to treat eye infections
sulfadiazine - a sulfa drug used in treating meningitis and pneumonia and other infections
sulfamethazine, sulfamezathine - a sulfa drug used like sulfadiazine and also in veterinary medicine
Gantanol, sulfamethoxazole - a sulfonamide (trade name Gantanol) used to treat infections (especially infections of the urinary tract)
sulfanilamide - a white odorless crystalline sulfa drug; the parent compound of most of the sulfa drugs
sulfapyridine - sulfa drug derived from pyridine and sulfanilamide
Gantrisin, sulfisoxazole - a sulfonamide (trade name Gantrisin) used to treat infections of the urinary tract
Thiosulfil - trade name for a sulfonamide antibacterial
Translations
sulfonamid

sulfonamide

n sulfonamida
References in periodicals archive ?
Because of the potential risk for birth defects, a 2011 committee opinion from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommended that sulfonamide antibiotics and nitrofurantoin may be prescribed in the first trimester of pregnancy only when other antimicrobial therapies are deemed clinically inappropriate.
The synthesized sulfonamide, 3, was dissolved in DMF and LiH was added as an activator.
Other research has suggested that sulfonamide resistance genes are associated with human activities and could be a base for measurement," Durso says.
Daraprim (pyrimethamine) is an antiparasitic indicated for the treatment of toxoplasmosis when used conjointly with a sulfonamide.
Allergies to sulfonamide antibiotics occur in about 3% of patients who are prescribed the drugs.
Pilar Tornero and colleagues used patch testing and control oral challenge in patients with previous fixed drug eruptions to trimethoprim-sulfame-thoxazole or an unknown sulfonamide (Contact Dermatitis 2004;51:5762).
Individuals with allergy to sulfa drugs are not only at risk for type I allergic reaction (allergic shock) and other hypersensitivity reactions to antibacterial sulfonamide agents but also they may be in a higher risk of cross reactions to nonantibacterial sulfonamides.
Babies suffering from congenital toxoplasmosis can be treated with sulfonamide and pyrimethamine.
i,s] is the pair correlation function for the molecules of the solvent i in the 1,4-dioxane + water mixtures around the sulfonamides, r, the distance between the centers of the molecules of sulfonamide and 1,4-dioxane or water, and [r.
Sulfonamide anti-bacterial, as well as sulfa drug analogs (thiazide diuretics, hypoglycemic sulfonylureas and celecoxib) and dapsone have been reported to cause photosensitivity within the spectrum of both UVB and UVA (3).