summer


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sum·mer 1

 (sŭm′ər)
n.
1.
a. In the Northern Hemisphere, the usually warmest season of the year, occurring between spring and autumn and constituting June, July, and August. In the Southern Hemisphere, it constitutes December, January, and February.
b. The season extending from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox.
2. A period of fruition, fulfillment, happiness, or beauty.
3. A year: a girl of 13 summers.
v. sum·mered, sum·mer·ing, sum·mers
v.tr.
To lodge or keep during the summer: summered the herd in the south meadow.
v.intr.
To pass the summer: They summered at a beach resort.
adj.
1. Relating to or occurring in summer: summer heat; summer attire.
2. Grown during the season of summer: summer crops.

[Middle English sumer, from Old English sumor; see sem- in Indo-European roots.]

sum′mer·ly adv. & adj.

sum·mer 2

 (sŭm′ər)
n.
1. A heavy horizontal timber that serves as a supporting beam, especially for the floor above.
2. A lintel.
3. A large, heavy stone usually set on the top of a column or pilaster to support an arch or lintel.

[Middle English, beam, pack animal, from Anglo-Norman sumer, from Vulgar Latin *saumārius, from Late Latin sagmārius, pertaining to a packsaddle, packhorse, from sagma, packsaddle; see sumpter.]

summer

(ˈsʌmə)
n
1. (Physical Geography) (sometimes capital)
a. the warmest season of the year, between spring and autumn, astronomically from the June solstice to the September equinox in the N hemisphere and at the opposite time of year in the S hemisphere
b. (as modifier): summer flowers; a summer dress. aestival
2. (Physical Geography) the period of hot weather associated with the summer
3. a time of blossoming, greatest happiness, etc
4. chiefly poetic a year represented by this season: a child of nine summers.
vb
5. (intr) to spend the summer (at a place)
6. (Agriculture) (tr) to keep or feed (farm animals) during the summer: they summered their cattle on the mountain slopes.
[Old English sumor; related to Old Frisian sumur, Old Norse sumar, Old High German sumar, Sanskrit samā season]
ˈsummerless adj
ˈsummer-ˌlike adj
ˈsummerly adj, adv
ˈsummery adj
ˈsummeriness n

summer

(ˈsʌmə)
n
1. (Architecture) Also called: summer tree a large horizontal beam or girder, esp one that supports floor joists
2. (Architecture) another name for lintel
3. (Architecture) a stone on the top of a column, pier, or wall that supports an arch or lintel
[C14: from Anglo-Norman somer, from Old French somier beam, packhorse, from Late Latin sagmārius (equus) pack(horse), from sagma a packsaddle, from Greek]

sum•mer1

(ˈsʌm ər)

n.
1. the warm season between spring and autumn, in the Northern Hemisphere from the June solstice to the September equinox, and in the Southern Hemisphere from the December solstice to the March equinox.
2. hot, usu. sunny weather.
3. the hotter half of the year (opposed to winter).
4. the period of greatest development, perfection, beauty, etc.: the summer of life.
5. a year: a girl of fifteen summers.
adj.
6. of or characteristic of summer.
7. suitable for or done during the summer: summer sports.
v.i.
8. to spend or pass the summer.
v.t.
9. to keep, feed, or manage during the summer: to summer sheep in high pastures.
[before 900; Middle English sumer, Old English sumor, c. Old Frisian sumur, Old Saxon, Old High German, Old Norse sumar; akin to Skt samā half-year, year, Old Irish sam-, Welsh haf summer]
sum′mer•less, adj.
sum′mer•like, sum′mer•ly, adj.

sum•mer2

(ˈsʌm ər)

n.
1. a principal beam or girder, as one used to support joists.
2. a stone laid upon a pier, column, or wall, from which one or more arches spring.
3. a beam or lintel.
[1275–1325; Middle English somer < Anglo-French; Old French somier packhorse, beam]

sum·mer

(sŭm′ər)
The usually warmest season of the year, occurring between spring and autumn. In the Northern Hemisphere, it extends from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox.

summer

Summer is the season between spring and autumn.

If you want to say that something happens every year during this season, you say that it happens in summer or in the summer.

The room is stifling hot in summer and freezing in winter.
The town is full of tourists in the summer.

Be Careful!
Don't say that something happens 'in the summers' or 'in summers'.

summer


Past participle: summered
Gerund: summering

Imperative
summer
summer
Present
I summer
you summer
he/she/it summers
we summer
you summer
they summer
Preterite
I summered
you summered
he/she/it summered
we summered
you summered
they summered
Present Continuous
I am summering
you are summering
he/she/it is summering
we are summering
you are summering
they are summering
Present Perfect
I have summered
you have summered
he/she/it has summered
we have summered
you have summered
they have summered
Past Continuous
I was summering
you were summering
he/she/it was summering
we were summering
you were summering
they were summering
Past Perfect
I had summered
you had summered
he/she/it had summered
we had summered
you had summered
they had summered
Future
I will summer
you will summer
he/she/it will summer
we will summer
you will summer
they will summer
Future Perfect
I will have summered
you will have summered
he/she/it will have summered
we will have summered
you will have summered
they will have summered
Future Continuous
I will be summering
you will be summering
he/she/it will be summering
we will be summering
you will be summering
they will be summering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been summering
you have been summering
he/she/it has been summering
we have been summering
you have been summering
they have been summering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been summering
you will have been summering
he/she/it will have been summering
we will have been summering
you will have been summering
they will have been summering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been summering
you had been summering
he/she/it had been summering
we had been summering
you had been summering
they had been summering
Conditional
I would summer
you would summer
he/she/it would summer
we would summer
you would summer
they would summer
Past Conditional
I would have summered
you would have summered
he/she/it would have summered
we would have summered
you would have summered
they would have summered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.summer - the warmest season of the yearsummer - the warmest season of the year; in the northern hemisphere it extends from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox; "they spent a lazy summer at the shore"
June 21, midsummer, summer solstice - June 21, when the sun is at its northernmost point
time of year, season - one of the natural periods into which the year is divided by the equinoxes and solstices or atmospheric conditions; "the regular sequence of the seasons"
canicular days, canicule, dog days - the hot period between early July and early September; a period of inactivity
2.summer - the period of finest development, happiness, or beauty; "the golden summer of his life"
figure of speech, trope, image, figure - language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense
time of life - a period of time during which a person is normally in a particular life state
Verb1.summer - spend the summer; "We summered in Kashmir"
spend, pass - pass time in a specific way; "how are you spending your summer vacation?"

summer

noun
Related words
adjective aestival or estival

summer

noun
The season occurring between spring and autumn:
Translations
лято
estiu
létoletní
sommer
somero
suvi
تابستان
kesäsuvi
ljetoljetovati
nyárnyári
musim panas
sumar
여름
aestas
vasaravasariškasvasaros stovyklapavėsinė
vasara
sommersommar
vară
letnýlеtо
poletje
летољето
sommar
ฤดูร้อน
літо
mùa hèmùa hạ

summer

[ˈsʌməʳ]
A. Nverano m, estío m (liter, poet)
to go away for the summerirse fuera todo el verano
a summer's dayun día de verano
in summeren verano
I like to go walking in (the) summerme gusta ir a la playa en verano
in the summer of 1987en el verano de 1987
to spend the summer in Spainveranear en Españapasar el verano en España
a girl of 17 summers (liter) → una chica de 17 primaveras or abriles
B. CPD [clothing, residence, holiday] → de verano; [weather, heat] → veraniego
summer camp Ncolonia f or campamento m de vacaciones
summer holidays NPLvacaciones fpl de verano, veraneo msing
summer school Nescuela f de verano
summer season Ntemporada f veraniega, temporada f estival, temporada f de verano
summer time N (Brit) (daylight saving) → hora f de verano
see also summertime
C. VI [birds] → pasar el verano
we summered in Maineveraneamos or pasamos el verano en Maine

summer

[ˈsʌmər]
nété m
this summer → cet été
in the summer → en été, pendant l'été
in summer → en été
modif [afternoon, evening, day, night, season, months] → d'été; [break, recess, vacation] → d'été; [breeze, sun, heat] → d'été; [clothing, collection, dress] → d'été; [exhibition, activities] → d'été; [flowers, fruit] → d'été; [weather] → estival(e)
summer clothes → des vêtements d'étésummer camp n (US)colonie f de vacancessummer holidays nplgrandes vacances fplsummer house summerhouse [ˈsʌmərhaʊs] n
(in garden)pavillon m
(= summer residence) → résidence f d'étésummer job njob m d'étésummer school nuniversité f d'étésummer term ntroisième trimestre msummer time summertime [ˈsʌmərtaɪm] n
(= season) → été m
in summertime → en été
(by clock)heure f d'été

summer

nSommer m; in (the) summerim Sommer; two summers agoim Sommer vor zwei Jahren; a girl of seventeen summers (liter)ein Mädchen von siebzehn Lenzen (liter); a summer’s dayein Sommertag m
adj attrSommer-; summer resortFerien- or Urlaubsort m(für die Sommersaison)
viden Sommer verbringen; (birds also)übersommern

summer

:
summer camp
nSommerlager nt, → Ferienlager nt
summer collection
n (Fashion) → Sommerkollektion f
summer fallow
n (Agr) → Sommerbrache f
summer holidays
pl (esp Brit) → Sommerferien pl, → Sommerurlaub m
summerhouse
nGartenhaus nt, → (Garten)laube f
summer house
n (US) → Ferienhaus nt/-wohnung f
summer lightning
summer sales

summer

:
summer school
nSommerkurs m
summertime
nSommer m, → Sommer(s)zeit f; (= daylight-saving time)Sommerzeit f
summerweight
adjsommerlich; summer coatSommermantel m

summer

[ˈsʌməʳ]
1. nestate f
in (the) summer → d'estate
in the summer of 1995 → nell'estate del 1995
last/next summer → l'estate scorsa/prossima
2. adj (gen) → estivo/a, d'estate

summer

(ˈsamə) noun
the warmest season of the year. I went to Italy last summer; (also adjective) summer holidays.
ˈsummery adjective
like, or appropriate for, summer. summery weather; summery clothes.
ˈsummer camp noun
a place where children go during the summer vacation to take part in activities such as camping and sport.
ˈsummerhouse noun
a small building for sitting in, in a garden.
ˈsummertime noun
the season of summer.

summer

الصَّيْف léto sommer Sommer καλοκαίρι verano kesä été ljeto estate 여름 zomer sommer lato verão лето sommar ฤดูร้อน yaz mùa hè 夏天

summer

n verano
References in classic literature ?
On one side was an old, brown house, looking rather bare and shabby, robbed of the vines that in summer covered its walls and the flowers, which then surrounded it.
The two were walking in the fields on a summer afternoon and had stopped to sit upon a grassy bank.
LAST summer I happened to be crossing the plains of Iowa in a season of intense heat, and it was my good fortune to have for a traveling companion James Quayle Burden--Jim Burden, as we still call him in the West.
His eyes gathered in and reflected the light and languor of the summer day.
Paul seals sing when they are heading back to their beaches in the summer.
But she was not altogether easy to bring up, and gave her parents much trouble and anxiety, for all summer she insisted on spending in the cellar, and in the winter she would sleep outside in the snow, and the colder it was the happier she seemed to be.
The shining drops of dew the Elves bring each day And place in my bosom, so soon pass away; But a star would glitter brightly through the long summer hours, And I should be fairer than all my sister flowers.
Summer was now past and gone, and the better part of autumn likewise.
A few summer weeks among mountains, a lifetime among green meadows and placid slopes, with outlines forever new, because continually fading out of the memory--such would be my sober choice.
craving heart, for the lost flowers And sunshine of my summer hours
Lucullus answered Pompey well; who, when he saw his stately galleries, and rooms so large and lightsome, in one of his houses, said, Surely an excellent place for summer, but how do you in winter?
They could then see the faint summer fogs in layers, woolly, level, and apparently no thicker than counterpanes, spread about the meadows in detached remnants of small extent.