summon


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sum·mon

 (sŭm′ən)
tr.v. sum·moned, sum·mon·ing, sum·mons
1.
a. To call together; convene: summon a meeting of officials. See Synonyms at call.
b. To request to appear; send for: summon a doctor to help an injured man.
2. To order to take a specified action; bid: summon the captain to surrender.
3.
a. To bring to mind or remember. Often used with up: We tried to summon up an image of our childhood friend.
b. To cause one to think of (something); evoke. Often used with up: "Badly cured hippie fur ... maté, and paraffin heating oil are the scents that summon up my remembrance of the late sixties" (Judith Thurman).
4. To bring into existence or readiness. Often used with up: "He summoned up a smile, though it seemed to take all his strength" (Colin Turnbull).

[Middle English somonden, from Old French somondre, from Vulgar Latin *summonere, from Latin summonēre, to remind privately, hint to : sub-, secretly; see sub- + monēre, to warn; see men- in Indo-European roots.]

sum′mon·er n.

summon

(ˈsʌmən)
vb (tr)
1. (Law) to order to come; send for, esp to attend court, by issuing a summons
2. to order or instruct (to do something) or call (to something): the bell summoned them to their work.
3. to call upon to meet or convene
4. (often foll by up) to muster or gather (one's strength, courage, etc)
[C13: from Latin summonēre to give a discreet reminder, from monēre to advise]
ˈsummonable adj

sum•mon

(ˈsʌm ən)

v.t.
1. to call for the presence of, as by command, message, or signal.
2. to call upon to do something specified.
3. to call or notify to appear at a specified place, esp. before a court: to summon a witness.
4. to call together by authority, as for deliberation or action: to summon parliament.
5. to call into action; rouse; call forth (often fol. by up): to summon all one's courage.
[1175–1225; < Old French semondre, somondre < Vulgar Latin *summonere, Latin summonēre to remind unofficially =sum- sum- + monēre to remind, warn]
sum′mon•a•ble, adj.
sum′mon•er, n.

summon


Past participle: summoned
Gerund: summoning

Imperative
summon
summon
Present
I summon
you summon
he/she/it summons
we summon
you summon
they summon
Preterite
I summoned
you summoned
he/she/it summoned
we summoned
you summoned
they summoned
Present Continuous
I am summoning
you are summoning
he/she/it is summoning
we are summoning
you are summoning
they are summoning
Present Perfect
I have summoned
you have summoned
he/she/it has summoned
we have summoned
you have summoned
they have summoned
Past Continuous
I was summoning
you were summoning
he/she/it was summoning
we were summoning
you were summoning
they were summoning
Past Perfect
I had summoned
you had summoned
he/she/it had summoned
we had summoned
you had summoned
they had summoned
Future
I will summon
you will summon
he/she/it will summon
we will summon
you will summon
they will summon
Future Perfect
I will have summoned
you will have summoned
he/she/it will have summoned
we will have summoned
you will have summoned
they will have summoned
Future Continuous
I will be summoning
you will be summoning
he/she/it will be summoning
we will be summoning
you will be summoning
they will be summoning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been summoning
you have been summoning
he/she/it has been summoning
we have been summoning
you have been summoning
they have been summoning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been summoning
you will have been summoning
he/she/it will have been summoning
we will have been summoning
you will have been summoning
they will have been summoning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been summoning
you had been summoning
he/she/it had been summoning
we had been summoning
you had been summoning
they had been summoning
Conditional
I would summon
you would summon
he/she/it would summon
we would summon
you would summon
they would summon
Past Conditional
I would have summoned
you would have summoned
he/she/it would have summoned
we would have summoned
you would have summoned
they would have summoned
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.summon - call in an official matter, such as to attend court
vouch - summon (a vouchee) into court to warrant or defend a title
send for, call - order, request, or command to come; "She was called into the director's office"; "Call the police!"
demand - summon to court
2.summon - ask to come; "summon a lawyer"
page - contact, as with a pager or by calling somebody's name over a P.A. system
buzz - call with a buzzer; "he buzzed the servant"
send for, call - order, request, or command to come; "She was called into the director's office"; "Call the police!"
convoke, convene - call together; "The students were convened in the auditorium"
beckon - summon with a wave, nod, or some other gesture
3.summon - gather or bring together; "muster the courage to do something"; "she rallied her intellect"; "Summon all your courage"
gather, pull together, collect, garner - assemble or get together; "gather some stones"; "pull your thoughts together"
4.summon - make ready for action or use; "marshal resources"
gather, pull together, collect, garner - assemble or get together; "gather some stones"; "pull your thoughts together"

summon

verb
1. send for, call, bid, invite, rally, assemble, convene, call together, convoke Howe summoned a doctor and hurried over.
2. (often with up) gather, muster, draw on, invoke, mobilize, call into action We couldn't even summon up the energy to open the envelope.

summon

verb
2. To demand to appear, come, or assemble:
3. To call forth or bring out (something latent, hidden, or unexpressed):
Translations
يَسْتَدْعي، يَدْعو إلى
svolatzavolatpovolatpředvolat
indkaldetilkalde
haastaakutsuakutsua koolle
beidézmegidézodahívösszehív
boîa; stefna
出頭を命ずる召喚する召集する呼び出す
izsauktsasaukt
çağırmak

summon

[ˈsʌmən] VT [+ servant, doctor etc] → llamar; [+ meeting] → convocar; [+ aid] → pedir (Jur) → citar, emplazar
to be summoned to sb's presenceser llamado a la presencia de algn
they summoned me to advise themme llamaron para que les aconsejara
to summon a town to surrenderhacer una llamada a una ciudad para que se rinda
summon up VT + ADV [+ courage] → armarse de, cobrar; [+ memory] → evocar

summon

[ˈsʌmən] vt
(= call for) [+ doctor, waiter, secretary, servant] → faire venir, appeler
(LAW)citer à comparaître
to summon a witness → citer un témoin à comparaître
to be summoned before sb/sth → être cité(e) à comparaître devant qn/qch
[+ courage] → rassembler
summon up
vt fus
[+ courage, energy] → rassembler
to summon up the courage to do sth → trouver le courage de faire qch
He eventually summoned up the courage to ask Melanie out → Il finit par trouver le courage d'inviter Melanie à sortir avec lui.
(= evoke) [+ memories] → rassembler

summon

vt
servant etc(herbei)rufen, kommen lassen, herbeizitieren; police, fire brigade etc(herbei)rufen; helpholen; memberszusammenrufen; meeting, Parliamenteinberufen; to summon somebody to do something (= order)jdn auffordern, etw zu tun; the King summoned his ministersder König rief seine Minister zusammen; he was summoned backer wurde zurückgerufen; to be summoned into somebody’s presencezu jdm befohlen or zitiert (iro)werden; a bell summoned them to their workeine Glocke rief sie zur Arbeit
(Jur) → vorladen; summon the next witness!rufen Sie den nächsten Zeugen (auf)!
to summon the courage/strength to do somethingden Mut/die Kraft aufbringen, etw zu tun

summon

[ˈsʌmən] vt (meeting) → convocare; (aid, doctor, servant) → chiamare (Law) to summon a witnesscitare un testimone
summon up vt + adv (courage, interest) → trovare
to summon up all one's courage → farsi coraggio, armarsi di coraggio
to summon up all one's strength → fare appello a tutte le proprie forze
I couldn't summon up the courage to tell him → non ho trovato il coraggio di dirglielo

summon

(ˈsamən) verb
to order to come or appear. He was summoned to appear in court; The head teacher summoned her to his room; A meeting was summoned.
References in classic literature ?
We appeal now to the sacred bond of sorrow, and summon the great multitude who labor under similar afflictions to take their places in the march.
The trumpet's brazen throat should pour heavenly music over the earth, and the herald's voice go forth with the sweetness of an angel's accents, as if to summon each upright man to his reward.
Therefore let the trumpet, if possible, split its brazen throat with a louder note than ever, and the herald summon all mortals, who, from whatever cause, have lost, or never found, their proper places in the wold.
But I did not summon you to discuss my actions, but to give you advice- or an order if you prefer it.
When night cometh, then take I good care not to summon sleep.
I will summon all the eagles of the air together, and order them to catch the mare and bring her to you.
In a moment the King of the Foxes stood before him and said: 'I know already what you want, and will summon all the foxes of the world together to find the mare who has hidden herself in a hill.
Go summon the regiment of the Slayers, and, Mopo, see that thou fail me not.
Now this is my plan--to summon the Bees in the name of Umhlangana, not the Slayers in the name of Chaka.
Even Ali, who had hastened to obey the Count's summons, went forth from his master's presence in charmed amazement at the unusual animation and pleasure depicted on features ordinarily so stern and cold; while, as though dreading to put to flight the agreeable ideas hovering over his patron's meditations, whatever they were, the faithful Nubian walked on tiptoe towards the door, holding his breath, lest its faintest sound should dissipate his master's happy reverie.
The first three remained constantly in a small waiting-room, ready to obey the summons of a small golden bell, or to receive the orders of the Romaic slave, who knew just enough French to be able to transmit her mistress's wishes to the three other waiting-women; the latter had received most peremptory instructions from Monte Cristo to treat Haidee with all the deference they would observe to a queen.
Sneerers and prophane wits may perhaps laugh at her first fright; yet my graver reader, when he considers the time of night, the summons from her bed, and the situation in which she found her master, will highly justify and applaud her conduct, unless the prudence which must be supposed to attend maidens at that period of life at which Mrs Deborah had arrived, should a little lessen his admiration.