summon


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sum·mon

 (sŭm′ən)
tr.v. sum·moned, sum·mon·ing, sum·mons
1.
a. To call together; convene: summon a meeting of officials. See Synonyms at call.
b. To request to appear; send for: summon a doctor to help an injured man.
2. To order to take a specified action; bid: summon the captain to surrender.
3.
a. To bring to mind or remember. Often used with up: We tried to summon up an image of our childhood friend.
b. To cause one to think of (something); evoke. Often used with up: "Badly cured hippie fur ... maté, and paraffin heating oil are the scents that summon up my remembrance of the late sixties" (Judith Thurman).
4. To bring into existence or readiness. Often used with up: "He summoned up a smile, though it seemed to take all his strength" (Colin Turnbull).

[Middle English somonden, from Old French somondre, from Vulgar Latin *summonere, from Latin summonēre, to remind privately, hint to : sub-, secretly; see sub- + monēre, to warn; see men- in Indo-European roots.]

sum′mon·er n.

summon

(ˈsʌmən)
vb (tr)
1. (Law) to order to come; send for, esp to attend court, by issuing a summons
2. to order or instruct (to do something) or call (to something): the bell summoned them to their work.
3. to call upon to meet or convene
4. (often foll by up) to muster or gather (one's strength, courage, etc)
[C13: from Latin summonēre to give a discreet reminder, from monēre to advise]
ˈsummonable adj

sum•mon

(ˈsʌm ən)

v.t.
1. to call for the presence of, as by command, message, or signal.
2. to call upon to do something specified.
3. to call or notify to appear at a specified place, esp. before a court: to summon a witness.
4. to call together by authority, as for deliberation or action: to summon parliament.
5. to call into action; rouse; call forth (often fol. by up): to summon all one's courage.
[1175–1225; < Old French semondre, somondre < Vulgar Latin *summonere, Latin summonēre to remind unofficially =sum- sum- + monēre to remind, warn]
sum′mon•a•ble, adj.
sum′mon•er, n.

summon


Past participle: summoned
Gerund: summoning

Imperative
summon
summon
Present
I summon
you summon
he/she/it summons
we summon
you summon
they summon
Preterite
I summoned
you summoned
he/she/it summoned
we summoned
you summoned
they summoned
Present Continuous
I am summoning
you are summoning
he/she/it is summoning
we are summoning
you are summoning
they are summoning
Present Perfect
I have summoned
you have summoned
he/she/it has summoned
we have summoned
you have summoned
they have summoned
Past Continuous
I was summoning
you were summoning
he/she/it was summoning
we were summoning
you were summoning
they were summoning
Past Perfect
I had summoned
you had summoned
he/she/it had summoned
we had summoned
you had summoned
they had summoned
Future
I will summon
you will summon
he/she/it will summon
we will summon
you will summon
they will summon
Future Perfect
I will have summoned
you will have summoned
he/she/it will have summoned
we will have summoned
you will have summoned
they will have summoned
Future Continuous
I will be summoning
you will be summoning
he/she/it will be summoning
we will be summoning
you will be summoning
they will be summoning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been summoning
you have been summoning
he/she/it has been summoning
we have been summoning
you have been summoning
they have been summoning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been summoning
you will have been summoning
he/she/it will have been summoning
we will have been summoning
you will have been summoning
they will have been summoning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been summoning
you had been summoning
he/she/it had been summoning
we had been summoning
you had been summoning
they had been summoning
Conditional
I would summon
you would summon
he/she/it would summon
we would summon
you would summon
they would summon
Past Conditional
I would have summoned
you would have summoned
he/she/it would have summoned
we would have summoned
you would have summoned
they would have summoned
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.summon - call in an official matter, such as to attend court
vouch - summon (a vouchee) into court to warrant or defend a title
send for, call - order, request, or command to come; "She was called into the director's office"; "Call the police!"
demand - summon to court
2.summon - ask to come; "summon a lawyer"
page - contact, as with a pager or by calling somebody's name over a P.A. system
buzz - call with a buzzer; "he buzzed the servant"
send for, call - order, request, or command to come; "She was called into the director's office"; "Call the police!"
convoke, convene - call together; "The students were convened in the auditorium"
beckon - summon with a wave, nod, or some other gesture
3.summon - gather or bring together; "muster the courage to do something"; "she rallied her intellect"; "Summon all your courage"
gather, pull together, collect, garner - assemble or get together; "gather some stones"; "pull your thoughts together"
4.summon - make ready for action or use; "marshal resources"
gather, pull together, collect, garner - assemble or get together; "gather some stones"; "pull your thoughts together"

summon

verb
1. send for, call, bid, invite, rally, assemble, convene, call together, convoke Howe summoned a doctor and hurried over.
2. (often with up) gather, muster, draw on, invoke, mobilize, call into action We couldn't even summon up the energy to open the envelope.

summon

verb
2. To demand to appear, come, or assemble:
3. To call forth or bring out (something latent, hidden, or unexpressed):
Translations
يَسْتَدْعي، يَدْعو إلى
svolatzavolatpovolatpředvolat
indkaldetilkalde
haastaakutsuakutsua koolle
beidézmegidézodahívösszehív
boîa; stefna
出頭を命ずる召喚する召集する呼び出す
izsauktsasaukt
çağırmak

summon

[ˈsʌmən] VT [+ servant, doctor etc] → llamar; [+ meeting] → convocar; [+ aid] → pedir (Jur) → citar, emplazar
to be summoned to sb's presenceser llamado a la presencia de algn
they summoned me to advise themme llamaron para que les aconsejara
to summon a town to surrenderhacer una llamada a una ciudad para que se rinda
summon up VT + ADV [+ courage] → armarse de, cobrar; [+ memory] → evocar

summon

[ˈsʌmən] vt
(= call for) [+ doctor, waiter, secretary, servant] → faire venir, appeler
(LAW)citer à comparaître
to summon a witness → citer un témoin à comparaître
to be summoned before sb/sth → être cité(e) à comparaître devant qn/qch
[+ courage] → rassembler
summon up
vt fus
[+ courage, energy] → rassembler
to summon up the courage to do sth → trouver le courage de faire qch
He eventually summoned up the courage to ask Melanie out → Il finit par trouver le courage d'inviter Melanie à sortir avec lui.
(= evoke) [+ memories] → rassembler

summon

vt
servant etc(herbei)rufen, kommen lassen, herbeizitieren; police, fire brigade etc(herbei)rufen; helpholen; memberszusammenrufen; meeting, Parliamenteinberufen; to summon somebody to do something (= order)jdn auffordern, etw zu tun; the King summoned his ministersder König rief seine Minister zusammen; he was summoned backer wurde zurückgerufen; to be summoned into somebody’s presencezu jdm befohlen or zitiert (iro)werden; a bell summoned them to their workeine Glocke rief sie zur Arbeit
(Jur) → vorladen; summon the next witness!rufen Sie den nächsten Zeugen (auf)!
to summon the courage/strength to do somethingden Mut/die Kraft aufbringen, etw zu tun

summon

[ˈsʌmən] vt (meeting) → convocare; (aid, doctor, servant) → chiamare (Law) to summon a witnesscitare un testimone
summon up vt + adv (courage, interest) → trovare
to summon up all one's courage → farsi coraggio, armarsi di coraggio
to summon up all one's strength → fare appello a tutte le proprie forze
I couldn't summon up the courage to tell him → non ho trovato il coraggio di dirglielo

summon

(ˈsamən) verb
to order to come or appear. He was summoned to appear in court; The head teacher summoned her to his room; A meeting was summoned.
References in classic literature ?
Indeed, the man who had come up the stairway to summon him had hurried away without hearing the refusal.
Placing himself at an angle of the works, where he might be a spectator of the scene without, he awaited the result with as much patience as he could summon.
Be, if thy spirit summon thee to such a mission, the teacher and apostle of the red men.
The young men, who for the most part have been huddled near the door, summon their resolution and advance; and the shrinking Jurgis is poked and scolded by the old folks until he consents to seat himself at the right hand of the bride.
If it succeeded, well and good; if not, he would summon Tom before him, and--his teeth clenched and his blood boiled--then he would break the fellow down, or--there was a dire inward whisper, to which his soul assented.
He wanted to summon the guides at once and leave at two in the morning, as he supposed the custom was; but I explained that nobody was looking at that hour; and that the start in the dark was not usually made from the village but from the first night's resting-place on the mountain side.
She had ventured once alone to Randalls, but it was not pleasant; and a Harriet Smith, therefore, one whom she could summon at any time to a walk, would be a valuable addition to her privileges.
He snuffed round the prostrate group, and then he ran up to me; it was all he could do,--there was no other help at hand to summon.
Her companion rose up, but he hadn't time to express his feelings further, for a horse's feet were heard on the flags, and having knocked gently, young Linton entered, his face brilliant with delight at the unexpected summon she had received.
Clare, sent to summon the son into the father's presence.
Sessions and Old Bailey had now to summon their favourite, specially, to their longing arms; and shouldering itself towards the visage of the Lord Chief Justice in the Court of King's Bench, the florid countenance of Mr.
Will soon come to London," said I, after casting about for a precise form of words, "or summon me anywhere else?