superfluidity


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su·per·flu·id

 (so͞o′pər-flo͞o′ĭd)
n.
A fluid, such as liquid helium, that flows with little or no friction at temperatures close to absolute zero.

su′per·flu·id′i·ty (-flo͞o-ĭd′ĭ-tē) n.

superfluidity

(ˌsuːpəfluːˈɪdɪtɪ)
n
(General Physics) physics the state of being or property of becoming a superfluid
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References in periodicals archive ?
Moving to the atomic scale, LCLS has provided the first direct evidence of superfluidity in nanometer-sized quantum systems, and has imaged the process of electron charge transfer to better understand how to harness photosynthesis for energy generation.
Pitaevsky developed a phenomenological theory of superfluidity of matter (the <<Ginzburg-Pitaevsky theory>>) [1, 32], Investigations in the physics of superfluid liquids allow humanity to penetrate deeper into the complex and often unknown processes occurring in matter at ultralow temperatures in the lowest and orderly energy state of its atoms.
However, these outlines would fail to explain IB's at low spin, where the blocking of the pairing contributions of the odd nucleon is predicted to reduce the nuclear superfluidity, there by increasing the moment of inertia of the odd-A nucleus.
The author covers superfluidity and the order parameter, quantum turbulence, Higgs, renormalization, the Halper-Huang scalar field, the dynamics of spacetime, black holes, the big bang, the creation of matter, and a wide variety of other related subjects over the course of the bookAEs eleven chapters.
Explore exotic superfluidity in two dimensional long-range interacting systems and, especially, realize soft-core interacting many-body systems that are predicted to show supersolidity.
The team also observed how roton excitations affect the superfluidity by dragging a laser speckle pattern across the superfluid.
IN CONTRAST, the Rolex Learning Center aspires to a near-total fluidity that might be thought of as the architectural equivalent of superfluidity, the physical state in which substances flow without internal friction, at zero viscosity.
The human machine is one that fancies itself more than a machine, more than a laboring animal, its superfluidity at odds with modern technology.
Still superfluidity at temperatures much higher than absolute zero (-273.
By cooling fermions, in addition to bosons, researchers can explore a variety of phenomena such as Bose-Einstein condensation, Cooper pairing of fermions, ultracold atomic interactions and superfluidity in dilute atomic gases.
Among the topics are nuclear magnetic resonance, from electron interaction to nuclear superfluidity, resistance in superconductors, novel phases of vortices, predicting and explaining Tc and other properties of BCS superconductors, a theory perspective on the evolution of high-temperature superconductivity, superfluidity in a gas of strongly interacting fermions, and BCS from nuclei and neutron stars to quark matter and cold atoms.
Russian condensed-matter theorist Lev Landau explained that superfluidity occurs when the atoms join up in a quantum state, which forces them to lose their separate identities and act as one, and he developed a mathematical explanation of that behavior.