superlative


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superlative adjective

Superlative adjectives are adjectives that describe the attribute of a person or thing that is the highest (or lowest) in degree compared to the members of the noun’s group. Superlative adjectives are similar to comparative adjectives, except they express the most extreme degree of comparison, and they are only used when talking about groups of three or more people or things.

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su·per·la·tive

 (so͝o-pûr′lə-tĭv)
adj.
1. Of the highest order, quality, or degree; surpassing or superior to all others.
2. Excessive or exaggerated.
3. Grammar Of, relating to, or being the extreme degree of comparison of an adjective or adverb, as in best or brightest.
n.
1. Something of the highest possible excellence.
2. The highest degree; the acme.
3. Grammar
a. The superlative degree.
b. An adjective or adverb expressing the superlative degree, as in brightest, the superlative of the adjective bright, or most brightly, the superlative of the adverb brightly.

[Middle English superlatif, from Old French, from Late Latin superlātīvus, from Latin superlātus, past participle of superferre, to carry over a person or thing, exaggerate : super-, super- + lātus, past participle of ferre, to carry; see telə- in Indo-European roots.]

su·per′la·tive·ly adv.

superlative

(suːˈpɜːlətɪv)
adj
1. of outstanding quality, degree, etc; supreme
2. (Grammar) grammar denoting the form of an adjective or adverb that expresses the highest or a very high degree of quality. In English the superlative degree is usually marked by the suffix -est or the word most, as in loudest or most loudly. Compare positive10, comparative3
3. (of language or style) excessive; exaggerated
n
4. a thing that excels all others or is of the highest quality
5. (Grammar) grammar the superlative form of an adjective
6. the highest degree; peak
[C14: from Old French superlatif, via Late Latin from Latin superlātus extravagant, from superferre to carry beyond, from super- + ferre to bear]
suˈperlatively adv
suˈperlativeness n

su•per•la•tive

(səˈpɜr lə tɪv, sʊ-)

adj.
1. of the highest kind or order.
2. of or designating the highest degree of comparison of adjectives and adverbs, used to show the extreme or greatest in quality, quantity, or intensity, as in smallest, best, and most carefully, the superlative forms of small, good, and carefully. Compare comparative (def. 4), positive (def. 22).
n.
3. a superlative person or thing.
4. the utmost degree; acme.
5.
a. the superlative degree.
b. the superlative form of an adjective or adverb.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Old French < Late Latin superlātīvus= Latin superlāt(us), past participle of superferre to carry over, to a higher degree (super- super- + ferre to bear1) + -īvus -ive]
su•per′la•tive•ly, adv.
su•per′la•tive•ness, n.
Positive, comparative, superlative, - Positive is the ordinary form of a word, with comparative conveying a sense of greater intensity of the adjective and superlative reflecting the greatest intensity of the adjective.
See also related terms for positive.

superlative

Used to describe an adjective or adverb expressing the highest degree of comparison, for example, “brightest” or most brightly.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.superlative - an exaggerated expression (usually of praise); "the critics lavished superlatives on it"
congratulations, extolment, kudos, praise - an expression of approval and commendation; "he always appreciated praise for his work"
best - (superlative of `good') having the most positive qualities; "the best film of the year"; "the best solution"; "the best time for planting"; "wore his best suit"
worst - (superlative of `bad') most wanting in quality or value or condition; "the worst player on the team"; "the worst weather of the year"
most - the superlative of `much' that can be used with mass nouns and is usually preceded by `the'; a quantifier meaning the greatest in amount or extent or degree; "made the most money he could"; "what attracts the most attention?"; "made the most of a bad deal"
least - the superlative of `little' that can be used with mass nouns and is usually preceded by `the'; a quantifier meaning smallest in amount or extent or degree; "didn't care the least bit"; "he has the least talent of anyone"
most - (superlative of `many' used with count nouns and often preceded by `the') quantifier meaning the greatest in number; "who has the most apples?"; "most people like eggs"; "most fishes have fins"
fewest - (superlative of `few' used with count nouns and usually preceded by `the') quantifier meaning the smallest in number; "the fewest birds in recent memory"
closest, nearest, nighest - (superlative of `near' or `close') within the shortest distance; "that was the time he came nearest to death"
2.superlative - the highest level or degree attainablesuperlative - the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development; "his landscapes were deemed the acme of beauty"; "the artist's gifts are at their acme"; "at the height of her career"; "the peak of perfection"; "summer was at its peak"; "...catapulted Einstein to the pinnacle of fame"; "the summit of his ambition"; "so many highest superlatives achieved by man"; "at the top of his profession"
degree, stage, level, point - a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process; "a remarkable degree of frankness"; "at what stage are the social sciences?"
3.superlative - the superlative form of an adjective or adverb; "`fastest' is the superlative of the adjective `fast'"; "`least famous' is the superlative degree of the adjective `famous'"; "`most surely' is the superlative of the adverb `surely'"
adjective - a word that expresses an attribute of something
adverb - a word that modifies something other than a noun
Adj.1.superlative - highest in quality
superior - of high or superior quality or performance; "superior wisdom derived from experience"; "superior math students"

superlative

superlative

adjective
Surpassing all others in quality:
Translations
أفْعَل التَّفْضيلدَرجَة التَّفْضيل بين الصِّفات
superlativsuperlativní
superlativhøjeste grad
erinomainenhäikäisevähuippusuperlatiivisuperlatiivinen
superlativ
felsõfokfelsõfokú
efsta stigefsta stig, hástighástigs-
vispārākā pakāpevispārāks
superlatívsuperlatívny
presežnik
superlativ
üstünlüküstünlük derecesi

superlative

[sʊˈpɜːlətɪv]
A. ADJ
1. (= outstanding) → excepcional
superlative winesvinos de excepcional calidad
2. (Gram) → superlativo m
B. N
1. (Gram) → superlativo m
in the superlativeen el superlativo
2. (fig) the critics were reaching for superlativeslos críticos se deshacían en elogios
he tends to talk in superlativestiende a hablar en términos muy elogiosos de todo

superlative

[sˈpɜːrlətɪv]
adj
(= excellent) [performance, wine, view, achievement, quality] → sans pareil(le)
(LINGUISTICS) [form] → superlatif/ive
n (LINGUISTICS)superlatif m
in the superlative → au superlatif

superlative

adj (= excellent)überragend, unübertrefflich; happinessgrößte(r, s), höchste(r, s); indifferencehöchste(r, s); (Gram) → superlativisch, im Superlativ; (= exaggerated) styleüberschwänglich
nSuperlativ m; to speak in superlativeszu Superlativen greifen

superlative

[suˈpɜːlətɪv]
1. adj (superb, quality, achievement) → eccellente; (indifference) → sommo/a (Gram) → superlativo
2. n (Gram) → superlativo
to talk in superlatives → fare largo uso di superlativi nel parlare

superlative

(suˈpəːlətiv) adjective
(of an adjective or adverb) of the highest degree of comparison. `Biggest' is a superlative adjective.
noun
(an adjective or adverb of) the superlative degree. `Best' and `worst' are the superlatives of `good' and `bad'; She is the prettiest girl in the room; We'll go by different roads to see who will arrive (the) soonest / most quickly.
References in classic literature ?
Not only that, but the subtle insanity of Ahab respecting Moby Dick was noways more significantly manifested than in his superlative sense and shrewdness in foreseeing that, for the present, the hunt should in some way be stripped of that strange imaginative impiousness which naturally invested it; that the full terror of the voyage must be kept withdrawn into the obscure background (for few men's courage is proof against protracted meditation unrelieved by action); that when they stood their long night watches, his officers and men must have some nearer things to think of than Moby Dick.
I know not with what fine and costly material the heidelburgh Tun was coated within, but in superlative richness that coating could not possibly have compared with the silken pearl-colored membrane, like the line of a fine pelisse, forming the inner surface of the Sperm Whale's case.
It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of Light, it was the season of Darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair, we had everything before us, we had nothing before us, we were all going direct to Heaven, we were all going direct the other way--in short, the period was so far like the present period, that some of its noisiest authorities insisted on its being received, for good or for evil, in the superlative degree of comparison only.
But a man raised from the station of a private citizen to the rank of chief magistrate, possessed of a moderate or slender fortune, and looking forward to a period not very remote when he may probably be obliged to return to the station from which he was taken, might sometimes be under temptations to sacrifice his duty to his interest, which it would require superlative virtue to withstand.
With his father, the superlative degree returned infallibly.
Poyser was smoking his pipe, and his good-nature was therefore at its superlative moment, Hetty seized the opportunity of her aunt's absence to say, "Uncle, I wish you'd let me go for a lady's maid.
This genius Marheyo possessed in a superlative degree, as he abundantly evinced by the use to which he put those sorely bruised and battered old shoes.
It does very well till you get across the water, where, as everything is obscure, it is certain to deal in the superlative.
He fancied this was because of the sardonic pleasure its superlative phrases gave him, but the truth was it held him.
For martyrdoms, I reckon them amongst miracles; because they seem to exceed the strength of human nature: and I may do the like, of superlative and admirable holiness of life.
He is always in extremes, perpetually in the superlative degree.
The person who screams, or uses the superlative degree, or converses with heat, puts whole drawing-rooms to flight.