supernumerary

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Related to supernumeraries: Supernumerary teeth

su·per·nu·mer·ar·y

 (so͞o′pər-no͞o′mə-rĕr′ē, -nyo͞o′-)
adj.
1. Exceeding a fixed, prescribed, or standard number; extra: a supernumerary rib.
2. Exceeding the required or desired number or amount; superfluous: an employee who became supernumerary after the merger. See Synonyms at superfluous.
n. pl. su·per·nu·mer·ar·ies
1. One that is in excess of the regular, necessary, or usual number.
2. An actor without a speaking part, as one who appears in a crowd scene.

[Latin supernumerārius : super, above; see super- + numerum, accusative of numerus, number; see nem- in Indo-European roots.]

supernumerary

(ˌsuːpəˈnjuːmərərɪ; -ˈnjuːmrərɪ)
adj
1. (Mathematics) exceeding a regular or proper number; extra
2. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) functioning as a substitute or assistant with regard to a regular body or staff
n, pl -aries
3. a person or thing that exceeds the normal, required, or regular number
4. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) a person who functions as a substitute or assistant
5. (Theatre) an actor who has no lines, esp a nonprofessional one
[C17: from Late Latin supernumerārius, from Latin super- + numerus number]

su•per•nu•mer•ar•y

(ˌsu pərˈnu məˌrɛr i, -ˈnyu-)

adj., n., pl. -ar•ies. adj.
1. being in excess of the usual, proper, or prescribed number; extra.
2. associated with a regular body or staff as an assistant or substitute in case of necessity.
n.
3. a supernumerary or extra person or thing.
4. a supernumerary official or employee.
5. a person who appears in a play, opera, etc., without speaking lines or as part of a crowd; extra.
[1595–1605; < Late Latin supernumerārius. See super-, numerary]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.supernumerary - a person serving no apparent function; "reducing staff is difficult because our employees include no supernumeraries"
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
2.supernumerary - a minor actor in crowd scenes
actor, histrion, thespian, role player, player - a theatrical performer
Adj.1.supernumerary - more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the needy"
unnecessary, unneeded - not necessary

supernumerary

adjective
Being more than is needed, desired, or appropriate:
Translations

supernumerary

[ˌsuːpəˈnjuːmərərɪ]
A. ADJ (Admin, Bio etc) → supernumerario
B. N (Admin etc) → supernumerario/a m/f (Theat, Cine) → figurante/a m/f, comparsa mf

supernumerary

adjzusätzlich; (= superfluous)überzählig
nZusatzperson f, → Supernumerar m (form); (Theat, Film) → Statist(in) m(f)

supernumerary

[ˌsuːpəˈnjuːmrərɪ] adj & nsoprannumerario/a

su·per·nu·mer·ar·y

a. supernumerario-a, en número mayor que el normal.

supernumerary

adj supernumerario
References in classic literature ?
It is also absurd to render property equal, and not to provide for the increasing number of the citizens; but to leave that circumstance uncertain, as if it would regulate itself according to the number of women who [1265b] should happen to be childless, let that be what it would because this seems to take place in other cities; but the case would not be the same in such a state which he proposes and those which now actually unite; for in these no one actually wants, as the property is divided amongst the whole community, be their numbers what they will; but as it could not then be divided, the supernumeraries, whether they were many or few, would have nothing at all.
This fellow, I say, stiled himself a lawyer, but was indeed a most vile petty-fogger, without sense or knowledge of any kind; one of those who may be termed train-bearers to the law; a sort of supernumeraries in the profession, who are the hackneys of attorneys, and will ride more miles for half-a-crown than a postboy.
Pickwick concluded amidst a whirlwind of applause; and once more were the lungs of the supernumeraries, under Mr.
screamed Miss Knag, wrestling with the supernumeraries.
A People there are, no doubt--a certain large number of supernumeraries, who are to be occasionally addressed, and relied upon for shouts and choruses, as on the theatrical stage; but Boodle and Buffy, their followers and families, their heirs, executors, administrators, and assigns, are the born first-actors, managers, and leaders, and no others can appear upon the scene for ever and ever.
Several times last night, when the supernumeraries entered the arena
Some commented that the acting and direction were wooden at times, and, unfortunately, some of the gestures were forced and even stereotypical, particularly among the Indian supernumeraries, which was sad to see in these times.
The contributions from Simon Halsey's CBSO Chorus and Julian Wilkins' CBSO Youth Chorus were vibrant and effective (the kids especially charming as they bustled around), but best of all was the wonderful team of soloists, from the motley crew of waiters and supernumeraries right up to the stellar principals.
Heredity or genetics can also play a role in the development of supernumeraries, as they are more common in relatives of affected individuals than in the general population.