supernumerary


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Related to supernumerary: Supernumerary teeth, Supernumerary kidney

su·per·nu·mer·ar·y

 (so͞o′pər-no͞o′mə-rĕr′ē, -nyo͞o′-)
adj.
1. Exceeding a fixed, prescribed, or standard number; extra: a supernumerary rib.
2. Exceeding the required or desired number or amount; superfluous: an employee who became supernumerary after the merger. See Synonyms at superfluous.
n. pl. su·per·nu·mer·ar·ies
1. One that is in excess of the regular, necessary, or usual number.
2. An actor without a speaking part, as one who appears in a crowd scene.

[Latin supernumerārius : super, above; see super- + numerum, accusative of numerus, number; see nem- in Indo-European roots.]

supernumerary

(ˌsuːpəˈnjuːmərərɪ; -ˈnjuːmrərɪ)
adj
1. (Mathematics) exceeding a regular or proper number; extra
2. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) functioning as a substitute or assistant with regard to a regular body or staff
n, pl -aries
3. a person or thing that exceeds the normal, required, or regular number
4. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) a person who functions as a substitute or assistant
5. (Theatre) an actor who has no lines, esp a nonprofessional one
[C17: from Late Latin supernumerārius, from Latin super- + numerus number]

su•per•nu•mer•ar•y

(ˌsu pərˈnu məˌrɛr i, -ˈnyu-)

adj., n., pl. -ar•ies. adj.
1. being in excess of the usual, proper, or prescribed number; extra.
2. associated with a regular body or staff as an assistant or substitute in case of necessity.
n.
3. a supernumerary or extra person or thing.
4. a supernumerary official or employee.
5. a person who appears in a play, opera, etc., without speaking lines or as part of a crowd; extra.
[1595–1605; < Late Latin supernumerārius. See super-, numerary]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.supernumerary - a person serving no apparent function; "reducing staff is difficult because our employees include no supernumeraries"
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
2.supernumerary - a minor actor in crowd scenes
actor, histrion, thespian, role player, player - a theatrical performer
Adj.1.supernumerary - more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the needy"
unnecessary, unneeded - not necessary

supernumerary

adjective
Being more than is needed, desired, or appropriate:
Translations

supernumerary

[ˌsuːpəˈnjuːmərərɪ]
A. ADJ (Admin, Bio etc) → supernumerario
B. N (Admin etc) → supernumerario/a m/f (Theat, Cine) → figurante/a m/f, comparsa mf

supernumerary

adjzusätzlich; (= superfluous)überzählig
nZusatzperson f, → Supernumerar m (form); (Theat, Film) → Statist(in) m(f)

supernumerary

[ˌsuːpəˈnjuːmrərɪ] adj & nsoprannumerario/a

su·per·nu·mer·ar·y

a. supernumerario-a, en número mayor que el normal.

supernumerary

adj supernumerario
References in classic literature ?
As a supernumerary official, of some kind or other, aboard a packet-ship, he had visited Europe, and found means, before his return, to see Italy, and part of France and Germany.
His appearance, therefore, is apt to occasion some little stir at the tea-table of a farmhouse, and the addition of a supernumerary dish of cakes or sweetmeats, or, peradventure, the parade of a silver teapot.
Crupp, by paying her off, throwing the first pitcher she planted on the stairs out of window, and protecting in person, up and down the staircase, a supernumerary whom she engaged from the outer world.
Now, in the event of the king's death, his successor inherits a crown, -- when the employee dies, the supernumerary steps into his shoes, and receives his salary of twelve thousand livres.
He had instructed Porthos to profit by this opportunity to see the ceremony; and Porthos, in full dress, mounted his finest horse, taking the part of supernumerary musketeer, as D'Artagnan had so often done formerly.
Rushworth in a supernumerary glass or two, was all joyous delight; for she had made the match; she had done everything; and no one would have supposed, from her confident triumph, that she had ever heard of conjugal infelicity in her life, or could have the smallest insight into the disposition of the niece who had been brought up under her eye.
I was, just at that epoch, in one of those moody frames of mind which make a man abnormally inquisitive about trifles: and I confess, with shame, that I busied myself in a variety of ill- bred and preposterous conjectures about this matter of the supernumerary stateroom.
How could it be that she who had always been in such demand, so needed, so driven by real duties, should have become suddenly such a supernumerary, so footloose, and unattached?
The supply was getting less as the animals advanced in calf, and the supernumerary milkers of the lush green season had been dismissed.
A few days before his mother's death, when he was just sixteen, he left the Lycee Napoleon to enter as supernumerary a government office, where an unknown protector had provided him with a place.
Bishopriggs, serving at the time (in the absence of any better employment) as a supernumerary at the inn, made one among the waiters who could be spared to assist at the garden-party.
And when they run over a man that is walking in his sleep, a supernumerary sleeper in the wrong position, and wake him up, they suddenly stop the cars, and make a hue and cry about it, as if this were an exception.