superstratum


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su·per·stra·tum

 (so͞o′pər-strā′təm, -străt′əm)
n. pl. su·per·stra·ta (-strā′tə, -străt′ə)
1. One layer or stratum superimposed on another.
2. Linguistics The language of a later, invading people imposed on and leaving features in an indigenous language.

su′per·stra′tal adj.

superstratum

(ˌsuːpəˈstrɑːtəm; -ˈstreɪ-)
n, pl -ta (-tə) or -tums
1. (Geological Science) geology a layer or stratum overlying another layer or similar structure
2. (Linguistics) linguistics the language of a conquering or colonizing population as it supplants that of an indigenous population, as for example French and English in the Caribbean. Compare substratum8
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.superstratum - any stratum or layer superimposed on another
stratum - one of several parallel layers of material arranged one on top of another (such as a layer of tissue or cells in an organism or a layer of sedimentary rock)
2.superstratum - the language of a later invading people that is imposed on an indigenous population and contributes features to their language
language, linguistic communication - a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols; "he taught foreign languages"; "the language introduced is standard throughout the text"; "the speed with which a program can be executed depends on the language in which it is written"
Translations

superstratum

[ˌsuːpəˈstrɑːtəm] N (superstratums or superstrata (pl)) [ˌsuːpəˈstrɑːtə]superstrato m

superstratum

n pl <-strata> (Geol) → obere Schicht; (Ling) → Superstrat nt
References in periodicals archive ?
About 1kg of fresh composting sample was collected at different locations, namely, substrate (20 cm from bottom), middle-level, and superstratum (20 cm to surface), when the middle-level temperature reached 40[degrees]C in the cooling stage.
It seems that the Slavonic-style phonological layer in the Paloc dialect might be explained by a substratum while the large number of Hungarian loanwords in Slovak dialects seems to indicate the existence of a superstratum.
Therefore, the present investigation started with the hypothesis that legal Scots would have a tendency to preserve Latin constructions, and that the burgh laws in Scots would contain borrowings and caiques from the superstratum language.
It seems that Kiswahili as a borrowing language was at the substratum in comparison to the lending languages which were at the superstratum.
The superstratum is the prestigious language influencing the emerging creole from above, especially with regard to vocabulary.
Like in France, where the result of the contact of Gaulish Latin, as a spoken substratum, with superstratum Frankish only surfaced in writing in the ninth century after the Carolingian Reform, it needed a strong external impetus to adjust the written language to the spoken practice.
It is a well-documented fact that situations where creoles develop involve several substratum languages and one (or at least one major) superstratum language.
Key words: Mufwene, creole, substratum, superstratum, lexifier, relexification
So, a mental superstratum (which is male) stands above nature, and a material substratum, (which is feminine), including ships, planes, newspaper plants, women, universities, countries, earth, mothers, churches, etc.
and /e/ with by means of a single character; phoneme /o,o/ marking by means of one character), the wish to purify the language from Latvian superstratum (rejection of Latvian prefixes and replacement of Latvian conjunctions), the wish to revive some phenomena that have disappeared from the language (marking of the historical vowels y and o and revival of external local cases), and individual interpretation of linguistic phenomena (e.