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n. Linguistics
The use of an unrelated form to complete a paradigm, as the past tense went of the verb go, goes, going, gone.

[From Latin supplētus, past participle of supplēre, to supply; see supply.]

sup·ple′tive adj.


(Linguistics) the use of an unrelated word to complete the otherwise defective paradigm of a given word, as for example the use of went for the past tense of go
[C14: from Medieval Latin supplētiō a completing, from Latin supplēre to supply1]
supˈpletive n, adj


(səˈpli ʃən)

the use in inflection or derivation of a form that is not related to the primary form of a word, as the use of better as the comparative of good or went as the past tense of go.
[1275–1325; Middle English: completion < Medieval Latin supplētiō= Latin supplē(re) (see supplement) + -tiō -tion]
sup•ple•tive (səˈpli tɪv, ˈsʌp lɪ tɪv) adj.
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In the late nineties, he studied modulation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (co-factor suppletion, gene therapy) as a major topic for research, leading to the first demonstration of the relevance of nitric oxide synthase uncoupling in humans with dyslipidemia.
Under an approach of this kind, paradigms are recognised on the basis of semantic relations, and stem suppletion is a possibility in derivational paradigms just as it is, quite uncontroversially, in inflectional paradigms, (.
He draws on Doel and Clarke's four concepts of virtual reality as: simulation, a dangerous and pale imitation; suppletion, a correcting of defects; s(ed)uction, a fetishized ideal; and as simulacrum,, through Deleuzian actualisation or 'becoming-other' (rather than the realisation of pre-existing possibilities) (37).
Conditions of physical activity differ from the usually investigated conditions at rest because physical activity is accompanied by a change of bodily states due to the involved movements and the energy suppletion necessary for carrying out these movements.
This section is useful in introducing the reader to linguistic terminology and methodology, such as internal reconstruction, suppletion, etc.
He distinguishes six types of marking: suppletion (e.
For comparative usage-data see Bernard Comrie, "Recipient Person Suppletion in the Verb 'give'," in Mary Ruth Wise et al.
Another group includes verbs such as MINEMA 'go' and OLEMA 'be', which exhibit suppletion and other irregularities.
It occurs in Welsh almost exclusively in the present tense, where it fell into desuetude in the course of the medieval period; a functionally corresponding distinction survives in Modern Irish verbs with suppletion, mostly in the past tense, but the double flexion remains as a regular feature of the present in Scots Gaelic.
undergoes a suppletion upon addition of the conjunctive participle
Where part of a word is given in [less than] [greater than] brackets, this indicates not a resolved abbreviation but a suppletion for illegible or hidden letters.