Also found in: Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


n. Linguistics
The use of an unrelated form to complete a paradigm, as the past tense went of the verb go, goes, going, gone.

[From Latin supplētus, past participle of supplēre, to supply; see supply.]

sup·ple′tive adj.


(Linguistics) the use of an unrelated word to complete the otherwise defective paradigm of a given word, as for example the use of went for the past tense of go
[C14: from Medieval Latin supplētiō a completing, from Latin supplēre to supply1]
supˈpletive n, adj


(səˈpli ʃən)

the use in inflection or derivation of a form that is not related to the primary form of a word, as the use of better as the comparative of good or went as the past tense of go.
[1275–1325; Middle English: completion < Medieval Latin supplētiō= Latin supplē(re) (see supplement) + -tiō -tion]
sup•ple•tive (səˈpli tɪv, ˈsʌp lɪ tɪv) adj.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Suppletion is another process which involves total modifications as in strike and struck, go and went; while tonal modification is another process obvious in the syllable stress of English, example: transport - transport.
Under an approach of this kind, paradigms are recognised on the basis of semantic relations, and stem suppletion is a possibility in derivational paradigms just as it is, quite uncontroversially, in inflectional paradigms, (.
He draws on Doel and Clarke's four concepts of virtual reality as: simulation, a dangerous and pale imitation; suppletion, a correcting of defects; s(ed)uction, a fetishized ideal; and as simulacrum,, through Deleuzian actualisation or 'becoming-other' (rather than the realisation of pre-existing possibilities) (37).
Conditions of physical activity differ from the usually investigated conditions at rest because physical activity is accompanied by a change of bodily states due to the involved movements and the energy suppletion necessary for carrying out these movements.
hwaaqa 'rub', ai'a 'lift'), and some verbs are formed by partial suppletion (e.
Clark (1993) also investigated strategies adopted by children to express reversal and what she noticed is that in order to avoid suppletion children indiscriminately employ either a negative prefix un-, e.
This section is useful in introducing the reader to linguistic terminology and methodology, such as internal reconstruction, suppletion, etc.
He distinguishes six types of marking: suppletion (e.
For comparative usage-data see Bernard Comrie, "Recipient Person Suppletion in the Verb 'give'," in Mary Ruth Wise et al.
Another group includes verbs such as MINEMA 'go' and OLEMA 'be', which exhibit suppletion and other irregularities.
Virtual Worlds: Simulation, Suppletion, S(ed)uction and Simulacra.
undergoes a suppletion upon addition of the conjunctive participle