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These verbs mean to give aid or encouragement to a person or cause. Support is the most general: "the policy of Cromwell, who supported the growing power of France against the declining power of Spain" (William E.H. Lecky).
To uphold is to maintain or affirm, often in the face of a challenge or strong opposition: "The Declaration of Right upheld the principle of hereditary monarchy" (Edmund Burke).
Back suggests material or moral support intended to contribute to or assure success: The important medical research was backed by the federal government. Advocate implies verbal support, often in the form of pleading or arguing: Scientists advocate a reduction in saturated fats in the human diet. To champion is to fight for one that is under attack or is unable to act in its own behalf: "[newspaper writers who] championed the government and defended the system of taxation" (Samuel Chew and Richard D. Altick).
2. A unit that helps another unit in battle.
3. An element of a command that assists, protects, or supplies other forces in combat. See also close support; direct support; general support; interdepartmental or agency support; international logistic support; inter-Service support; mutual support.
If you support someone or support their aims, you agree with their aims and want them to succeed.
If you support a sports team, you want them to win.
If you support someone, you provide them with money or the things they need.
Don't use 'support' in any of the following ways:
Don't use 'support' to say that someone accepts pain or an unpleasant situation. Say that they bear it, put up with it, or tolerate it.
Don't use 'support' to say that someone allows something that they do not approve of. You say that they put up with it or tolerate it.
If someone does not allow something that they do not approve of, you can also say that they won't stand for it.
If you do not like something at all, don't say that you 'can't support' it. Say that you can't bear it or can't stand it.
Past participle: supported
|Noun||1.||support - the activity of providing for or maintaining by supplying with money or necessities; "his support kept the family together"; "they gave him emotional support during difficult times"|
activity - any specific behavior; "they avoided all recreational activity"
sustainment, sustentation, upkeep, sustenance, maintenance - the act of sustaining life by food or providing a means of subsistence; "they were in want of sustenance"; "fishing was their main sustainment"
|2.||support - aiding the cause or policy or interests of; "the president no longer has the support of his own party"; "they developed a scheme of mutual support"|
assist, assistance, help, aid - the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; "he gave me an assist with the housework"; "could not walk without assistance"; "rescue party went to their aid"; "offered his help in unloading"
adherence, adhesion, attachment - faithful support for a cause or political party or religion; "attachment to a formal agenda"; "adherence to a fat-free diet"; "the adhesion of Seville was decisive"
advocacy, protagonism - active support of an idea or cause etc.; especially the act of pleading or arguing for something
sponsorship - the act of sponsoring (either officially or financially)
endorsement, indorsement - the act of endorsing; "a star athlete can make a lot of money from endorsements"
approval, approving, blessing - the formal act of approving; "he gave the project his blessing"; "his decision merited the approval of any sensible person"
reassurance - the act of reassuring; restoring someone's confidence
|3.||support - something providing immaterial assistance to a person or cause or interest; "the policy found little public support"; "his faith was all the support he needed"; "the team enjoyed the support of their fans"|
influence - a cognitive factor that tends to have an effect on what you do; "her wishes had a great influence on his thinking"
backbone, keystone, linchpin, lynchpin, mainstay, anchor - a central cohesive source of support and stability; "faith is his anchor"; "the keystone of campaign reform was the ban on soft money"; "he is the linchpin of this firm"
lifeline - support that enables people to survive or to continue doing something (often by providing an essential connection); "the airlift provided a lifeline for Berlin"; "she offered me a lifeline in my time of grief"
|4.||support - a military operation (often involving new supplies of men and materiel) to strengthen a military force or aid in the performance of its mission; "they called for artillery support"|
military operation, operation - activity by a military or naval force (as a maneuver or campaign); "it was a joint operation of the navy and air force"
close support - close-in firing by one unit against an enemy engaged by another unit
|5.||support - documentary validation; "his documentation of the results was excellent"; "the strongest support for this view is the work of Jones"|
|6.||support - the financial means whereby one lives; "each child was expected to pay for their keep"; "he applied to the state for support"; "he could no longer earn his own livelihood"|
resource - available source of wealth; a new or reserve supply that can be drawn upon when needed
amenities, comforts, conveniences, creature comforts - things that make you comfortable and at ease; "all the comforts of home"
maintenance - means of maintenance of a family or group
meal ticket - a source of income or livelihood
subsistence - minimal (or marginal) resources for subsisting; "social security provided only a bare subsistence"
|7.||support - supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation; "the statue stood on a marble support"|
abutment - a masonry support that touches and directly receives thrust or pressure of an arch or bridge
architrave - the lowest part of an entablature; rests immediately on the capitals of the columns
basement - the ground floor facade or interior in Renaissance architecture
understructure, groundwork, substructure, base, foundation, fundament, foot - lowest support of a structure; "it was built on a base of solid rock"; "he stood at the foot of the tower"
prop - a support placed beneath or against something to keep it from shaking or falling
supporting structure - a structure that serves to support something
|8.||support - the act of bearing the weight of or strengthening; "he leaned against the wall for support"|
activity - any specific behavior; "they avoided all recreational activity"
|9.||support - a musical part (vocal or instrumental) that supports or provides background for other musical parts|
part, voice - the melody carried by a particular voice or instrument in polyphonic music; "he tried to sing the tenor part"
vamp - an improvised musical accompaniment
|10.||support - any device that bears the weight of another thing; "there was no place to attach supports for a shelf"|
andiron, dog-iron, firedog, dog - metal supports for logs in a fireplace; "the andirons were too hot to touch"
arch support - a support for the arch of the foot
backrest, back - a support that you can lean against while sitting; "the back of the dental chair was adjustable"
backboard - a board used to support the back of someone or something
baluster - one of a number of closely spaced supports for a railing
bar - a horizontal rod that serves as a support for gymnasts as they perform exercises
bearing - a rotating support placed between moving parts to allow them to move easily
bearing wall - any wall supporting a floor or the roof of a building
bedpost - any of 4 vertical supports at the corners of a bedstead
bookend - a support placed at the end of a row of books to keep them upright (on a shelf or table)
brace - a support that steadies or strengthens something else; "he wore a brace on his knee"
bridge - a wooden support that holds the strings up
device - an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose; "the device is small enough to wear on your wrist"; "a device intended to conserve water"
foot - a support resembling a pedal extremity; "one foot of the chair was on the carpet"
handrest - a support for the hand
hanger - anything from which something can be hung
harness - a support consisting of an arrangement of straps for holding something to the body (especially one supporting a person suspended from a parachute)
harp - a pair of curved vertical supports for a lampshade
headstock - the stationary support in a machine or power tool that supports and drives a revolving part (as a chuck or the spindle on a lathe)
leg - one of the supports for a piece of furniture
perch - support consisting of a branch or rod that serves as a resting place (especially for a bird)
pier - a support for two adjacent bridge spans
pier - (architecture) a vertical supporting structure (as a portion of wall between two doors or windows)
pillow block - a cast-iron or steel block for supporting a journal or bearing
rest - a support on which things can be put; "the gun was steadied on a special rest"
rib - support resembling the rib of an animal
rocker - a curved support that permits the supported object to rock to and fro
seat - any support where you can sit (especially the part of a chair or bench etc. on which you sit); "he dusted off the seat before sitting down"
shelf - a support that consists of a horizontal surface for holding objects
spoke, wheel spoke, radius - support consisting of a radial member of a wheel joining the hub to the rim
stair, step - support consisting of a place to rest the foot while ascending or descending a stairway; "he paused on the bottom step"
gunstock, stock - the handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun; "the rifle had been fitted with a special stock"
structural member - support that is a constituent part of any structure or building
tailstock - support consisting of the movable part of a lathe that slides along the bed in alignment with the headstock and is locked into position to support the free end of the workpiece
football tee, tee - support holding a football on end and above the ground preparatory to the kickoff
undercarriage - framework that serves as a support for the body of a vehicle
yoke - support consisting of a wooden frame across the shoulders that enables a person to carry buckets hanging from each end
|11.||support - financial resources provided to make some project possible; "the foundation provided support for the experiment"|
resource - available source of wealth; a new or reserve supply that can be drawn upon when needed
|Verb||1.||support - give moral or psychological support, aid, or courage to; "She supported him during the illness"; "Her children always backed her up"|
sponsor - assume responsibility for or leadership of; "The senator announced that he would sponsor the health care plan"
buy at, frequent, patronise, shop at, patronize, shop, sponsor - do one's shopping at; do business with; be a customer or client of
aid, assist, help - give help or assistance; be of service; "Everyone helped out during the earthquake"; "Can you help me carry this table?"; "She never helps around the house"
encourage, promote, further, boost, advance - contribute to the progress or growth of; "I am promoting the use of computers in the classroom"
undergird - lend moral support to
|2.||support - support materially or financially; "he does not support his natural children"; "The scholarship supported me when I was in college"|
give - transfer possession of something concrete or abstract to somebody; "I gave her my money"; "can you give me lessons?"; "She gave the children lots of love and tender loving care"
fund - furnish money for; "The government funds basic research in many areas"
bring home the bacon, provide - supply means of subsistence; earn a living; "He provides for his large family by working three jobs"; "Women nowadays not only take care of the household but also bring home the bacon"
see through - support financially through a period of time; "The scholarship saw me through college"; "This money will see me through next month"
|3.||support - be behind; approve of; "He plumped for the Labor Party"; "I backed Kennedy in 1960"|
warrant, guarantee - stand behind and guarantee the quality, accuracy, or condition of; "The dealer warrants all the cars he sells"; "I warrant this information"
|4.||support - be the physical support of; carry the weight of; "The beam holds up the roof"; "He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam"; "What's holding that mirror?"|
scaffold - provide with a scaffold for support; "scaffold the building before painting it"
block - support, secure, or raise with a block; "block a plate for printing"; "block the wheels of a car"
carry - bear or be able to bear the weight, pressure,or responsibility of; "His efforts carried the entire project"; "How many credits is this student carrying?"; "We carry a very large mortgage"
chock - support on chocks; "chock the boat"
pole - support on poles; "pole climbing plants like beans"
bracket - support with brackets; "bracket bookshelves"
underpin - support from beneath
prop, prop up, shore up, shore - support by placing against something solid or rigid; "shore and buttress an old building"
truss - support structurally; "truss the roofs"; "trussed bridges"
brace - support by bracing
|5.||support - establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; "his story confirmed my doubts"; "The evidence supports the defendant"|
vouch - give supporting evidence; "He vouched his words by his deeds"
verify - confirm the truth of; "Please verify that the doors are closed"; "verify a claim"
shew, show, demonstrate, prove, establish - establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment; "The experiment demonstrated the instability of the compound"; "The mathematician showed the validity of the conjecture"
document - support or supply with references; "Can you document your claims?"
validate - prove valid; show or confirm the validity of something
|6.||support - adopt as a belief; "I subscribe to your view on abortion"|
|7.||support - support with evidence or authority or make more certain or confirm; "The stories and claims were born out by the evidence"|
|8.||support - argue or speak in defense of; "She supported the motion to strike"|
apologise, rationalize, apologize, rationalise, justify, excuse - defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning; "rationalize the child's seemingly crazy behavior"; "he rationalized his lack of success"
stick up, stand up - defend against attack or criticism; "He stood up for his friend"; "She stuck up for the teacher who was accused of harassing the student"
uphold - stand up for; stick up for; of causes, principles, or ideals
|9.||support - play a subordinate role to (another performer); "Olivier supported Gielgud beautifully in the second act"|
|10.||support - be a regular customer or client of; "We patronize this store"; "Our sponsor kept our art studio going for as long as he could"|
|11.||support - put up with something or somebody unpleasant; "I cannot bear his constant criticism"; "The new secretary had to endure a lot of unprofessional remarks"; "he learned to tolerate the heat"; "She stuck out two years in a miserable marriage"|
live with, swallow, accept - tolerate or accommodate oneself to; "I shall have to accept these unpleasant working conditions"; "I swallowed the insult"; "She has learned to live with her husband's little idiosyncrasies"
bear up - endure cheerfully; "She bore up under the enormous strain"
take lying down - suffer without protest; suffer or endure passively; "I won't take this insult lying down"
take a joke - listen to a joke at one's own expense; "Can't you take a joke?"
sit out - endure to the end
pay - bear (a cost or penalty), in recompense for some action; "You'll pay for this!"; "She had to pay the penalty for speaking out rashly"; "You'll pay for this opinion later"
countenance, permit, allow, let - consent to, give permission; "She permitted her son to visit her estranged husband"; "I won't let the police search her basement"; "I cannot allow you to see your exam"
suffer - experience (emotional) pain; "Every time her husband gets drunk, she suffers"
help oppose, undermine, hinder, reject, go against, walk away from, hold out against, stab in the back, turn your back on
provide for live off, sponge off
bear out deny, contradict, refute, challenge
help opposition, undermining, rejection, denial
use the stool as a support for your feet → usa el taburete como soporte para los pies
steel supports → soportes mpl de acero
a good bed should provide adequate support for your back → una buena cama debe ofrecerle un soporte adecuado para su espalda
to lean on sb for support → apoyarse en algn
I've had a lot of support from my family → mi familia me ha apoyado mucho or me ha dado mucho apoyo
she was a real support to her mother → fue un verdadero apoyo para su madre
to give sb support → dar apoyo a algn, apoyar a algn
moral support → apoyo moral
he has given his support to the reform programme → ha apoyado or respaldado el programa de reforma, ha dado su apoyo or respaldo al programa de reforma
do I have I your support in this? → ¿puedo contar con tu apoyo para esto?
our support comes from the workers → los que nos apoyan son los obreros
their capacity to act in support of their political objectives → su capacidad de actuar en pos de sus objetivos políticos
a campaign in support of these aims → una campaña en apoyo de estos objetivos
he spoke in support of the motion → habló en apoyo de la moción
popular support → apoyo m popular
financial support → ayuda f económica, respaldo m económico
they depend on him for financial support → económicamente dependen de él
with Government support → con la ayuda del Gobierno, respaldado por el Gobierno
a man with no visible means of support → un hombre sin una fuente de ingresos aparente
after-sales support → servicio m posventa, asistencia f posventa
technical support → servicio m de asistencia técnica
scholars have found little support for this interpretation → los académicos han encontrado pocas pruebas que apoyen or respalden esta interpretación
in support of this argument he states that → para apoyar or respaldar este argumento aduce que ...
evidence in support of a particular theory → pruebas que confirman una determinada teoría
his knees wouldn't support him any more → sus rodillas ya no lo sostenían
that chair won't support your weight → esa silla no resistirá or aguantará tu peso
raise your upper body off the ground, supporting your weight on your arms → apoyándose en los brazos levante el tronco del suelo
to support o.s. (physically) → apoyarse (on en)
his colleagues refused to support him → sus colegas se negaron a apoyarlo
Tim supports Manchester United → Tim es hincha de Manchester United
come and support your team! → ¡ven a animar a tu equipo!
land so poor that it cannot support a small family → un terreno tan poco fértil que no puede sustentar a una familia pequeña
a good band supported by an exciting new group → un buen grupo con unos teloneros nuevos muy interesantes
support group N → grupo m de apoyo
a support group for victims of crime → un grupo de apoyo or una asociación de ayuda a las víctimas de la delincuencia
support hose N → medias fpl de compresión graduada
support network N → red f de apoyo
support ship N → barco m de apoyo
support stocking N → media f de compresión graduada
support tights NPL → medias fpl de compresión (graduada)
support troops NPL → tropas fpl de apoyo
They had failed to mobilize trade union support → Ils n'avaient pas réussi à mobiliser le soutien des syndicats.
in support of → en soutien à
to lean against sth for support → s'appuyer contre qch
to support o.s. (physically) → se maintenir debout
My mum has always supported me → Ma mère m'a toujours soutenu.
She had to support five children on her own → Elle a dû subvenir toute seule aux besoins de cinq enfants.
to have sb to support → avoir qn à charge
He has a wife and three children to support → Il a une femme et trois enfants à charge.
to support o.s. (financially) → gagner sa vie
What team do you support? → Tu es supporteur de quelle équipe?
she was a great support to me → mi è stata di grande conforto
moral support → aiuto morale
he has no visible means of support → non è ben chiaro come si mantenga
to speak in support of a candidate → parlare a favore di un candidato
to lean on sb for support (also) (fig) → appoggiarsi a qn
they stopped work in support (of) → hanno interrotto l'attività lavorativa per solidarietà (con)
our support comes from the workers → sono gli operai ad appoggiarci
there's a great deal of support for his views → le sue opinioni sono ampiamente condivise
to support o.s. (financially) → mantenersi
all that is necessary to support life → tutto ciò che rende possibile l'esistenza di una forma di vita