supraoptic


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supraoptic

(ˌsuːprəˈɒptɪk)
adj
(Anatomy) anatomy above the optic chiasm
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, Neumann et al [40] reported that OT exerts positive feedback in the supraoptic nucleus during suckling, suggesting that natural suckling may increase basal serum OT concentrations in rats.
the paraventricular nuclei [PVN] and supraoptic nuclei) of the hypothalamus.
18) It is made by the neurons of the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of the hypothalamus (the same areas of the brain turned on by orgasm; the bigger the orgasm, the more these cells are "turned on").
In the case of the brain, several reports indicate that the expression of the IL-1 receptor-1 (IL-1R1) in endothelial cells is high in the preoptic area, subfornical organ, and supraoptic hypothalamus, while a lesser expression is found in the paraventricular hypothalamus, cerebral cortex, nucleus of the solitary tract, ventrolateral medulla, trigeminal and hypoglossal motor nuclei, and the area postrema [51-53].
Swanson, "The organization of forebrain afferents to the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of the rat," Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol.
Centrally administered neuromedin U activates neurosecretion and induction of c-fos messenger ribonucleic acid in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of rat.
7) The hormonal cascade involves the release of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) from the hypothalamic paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei.
TFF3 was also detected in human and rat hypothalamus, particularly in the supraoptic and paraventricular nuclei, co-localized with oxytocin, and accumulated together with oxytocin in the neural lobe of pituitary [22-24].
It might be worthwhile to note that the regulation of both food intake and anxiety behaviors are closely related to corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and CRF receptors located in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus which, in addition to the supraoptic nucleus, houses the magnocellular axons responsible for the release of oxytocin (Nakayama et al.
7,8) The pressor response of VTA to stimulation by substance P analogue is prevented by either bilateral electrolytic or chemical lesions of supraoptic nucleus of hypothalamus.
Suppressing effects of orexin-B on the excitatory transmission to serotonergic neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus, (57)) and oxytocin on both the excitatory and inhibitory synaptic transmissions to magnocellular neurons in the supraoptic nucleus (58)) have been reported.
21] A modest number of the tectal fibres decussate through supraoptic decussation to reach the contralateral rotundus [22]; this input may consist of collaterals of the ipsilateral tectorotundal fibres.