surcharge

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sur·charge

 (sûr′chärj′)
n.
1. An additional sum added to the usual cost or amount paid.
2. An additional or excessive amount or burden: "individuals ... carrying a surcharge of aggressive energy" (Truman Capote).
3.
a. A new value or denomination overprinted on a postage or revenue stamp.
b. The stamp to which a new value has been applied.
4. Law The act of surcharging.
tr.v. sur·charged, sur·charg·ing, sur·charg·es
1. To charge (a person or organization) an additional sum.
2.
a. To overload or overfill: clouds that are surcharged with rain.
b. To overwhelm or oppress: "He is full of morbid thoughts and surcharged with a sense of worthlessness" (Bernard Lown).
3. To print a surcharge on (a postage or revenue stamp).
4. Law To show an omission of a credit in (an account).

[Middle English, from surchargen, to overtax, from Old French surcharger : sur-, sur- + chargier, to charge; see charge.]

surcharge

n
1. (Commerce) a charge in addition to the usual payment, tax, etc
2. (Commerce) an excessive sum charged, esp when unlawful
3. an extra and usually excessive burden or supply
4. (Law) law the act or an instance of surcharging
5. (Philately) an overprint that alters the face value of a postage stamp. Also (obsolete): surchargement
vb (tr)
6. (Commerce) to charge an additional sum, tax, etc
7. (Commerce) to overcharge (a person) for something
8. to put an extra physical burden upon; overload
9. to fill to excess; overwhelm
10. (Law) law to insert credits that have been omitted in (an account)
11. (Philately) to overprint a surcharge on (a stamp)
surˈcharger n

sur•charge

(n. ˈsɜrˌtʃɑrdʒ; v. sɜrˈtʃɑrdʒ, ˈsɜrˌtʃɑrdʒ)

n., v. -charged, -charg•ing. n.
1. an additional charge, tax, or cost.
2. an excessive sum or price charged.
3. an additional or excessive load or burden.
4. an overprint that alters or restates the face value of a postage or revenue stamp to which it has been applied.
5. the act of surcharging.
v.t.
6. to subject to an additional or extra charge, tax, cost, etc.
7. to overcharge for goods.
8. to print a surcharge on (a stamp).
9. to put an additional or excessive burden upon.
[1400–50; late Middle English (v.) < Old French surcharger. See sur-1, charge]
sur•charg′er, n.

surcharge


Past participle: surcharged
Gerund: surcharging

Imperative
surcharge
surcharge
Present
I surcharge
you surcharge
he/she/it surcharges
we surcharge
you surcharge
they surcharge
Preterite
I surcharged
you surcharged
he/she/it surcharged
we surcharged
you surcharged
they surcharged
Present Continuous
I am surcharging
you are surcharging
he/she/it is surcharging
we are surcharging
you are surcharging
they are surcharging
Present Perfect
I have surcharged
you have surcharged
he/she/it has surcharged
we have surcharged
you have surcharged
they have surcharged
Past Continuous
I was surcharging
you were surcharging
he/she/it was surcharging
we were surcharging
you were surcharging
they were surcharging
Past Perfect
I had surcharged
you had surcharged
he/she/it had surcharged
we had surcharged
you had surcharged
they had surcharged
Future
I will surcharge
you will surcharge
he/she/it will surcharge
we will surcharge
you will surcharge
they will surcharge
Future Perfect
I will have surcharged
you will have surcharged
he/she/it will have surcharged
we will have surcharged
you will have surcharged
they will have surcharged
Future Continuous
I will be surcharging
you will be surcharging
he/she/it will be surcharging
we will be surcharging
you will be surcharging
they will be surcharging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been surcharging
you have been surcharging
he/she/it has been surcharging
we have been surcharging
you have been surcharging
they have been surcharging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been surcharging
you will have been surcharging
he/she/it will have been surcharging
we will have been surcharging
you will have been surcharging
they will have been surcharging
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been surcharging
you had been surcharging
he/she/it had been surcharging
we had been surcharging
you had been surcharging
they had been surcharging
Conditional
I would surcharge
you would surcharge
he/she/it would surcharge
we would surcharge
you would surcharge
they would surcharge
Past Conditional
I would have surcharged
you would have surcharged
he/she/it would have surcharged
we would have surcharged
you would have surcharged
they would have surcharged
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.surcharge - an additional charge (as for items previously omitted or as a penalty for failure to exercise common caution or common skill)
charge - the price charged for some article or service; "the admission charge"
single supplement - a surcharge added to the cost per person when traveling alone
Verb1.surcharge - charge an extra fee, as for a special service
bill, charge - demand payment; "Will I get charged for this service?"; "We were billed for 4 nights in the hotel, although we stayed only 3 nights"
2.surcharge - rip off; ask an unreasonable price
extort, gouge, wring, rack, squeeze - obtain by coercion or intimidation; "They extorted money from the executive by threatening to reveal his past to the company boss"; "They squeezed money from the owner of the business by threatening him"
cheat, rip off, chisel - deprive somebody of something by deceit; "The con-man beat me out of $50"; "This salesman ripped us off!"; "we were cheated by their clever-sounding scheme"; "They chiseled me out of my money"
3.surcharge - fill to capacity with people; "The air raids had surcharged the emergency wards"
overcrowd - cause to crowd together too much; "The students overcrowded the cafeteria"
4.surcharge - print a new denomination on a stamp or a banknote
overprint, print over - print (additional text or colors) onto an already imprinted paper
5.surcharge - fill to an excessive degree; "The air was surcharged with tension"
fill, fill up, make full - make full, also in a metaphorical sense; "fill a container"; "fill the child with pride"
6.surcharge - place too much a load on; "don't overload the car"
load, load up, lade, laden - fill or place a load on; "load a car"; "load the truck with hay"
7.surcharge - show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given
show - give evidence of, as of records; "The diary shows his distress that evening"
Translations
دَفْعَه إضافِيَّهضَرِيبَةٌ إِضَافِيَّة
příplatek
tillægsafgifttillægsgebyr
lisämaksulisäpainamaylihintakuittaus
dodatna naplata
pótdíj
aukagreiîsla
追加料金
추징금
priemoka
piemaksa
príplatok
överprispåslagtilläggsavgift
การเก็บเงินเพิ่ม
khoản phụ trội

surcharge

[ˈsɜːtʃɑːdʒ]
A. Nrecargo m
to introduce/impose a surcharge on sthintroducir/imponer un recargo en algo
import surchargesobretasa f de importación
B. VT [+ person] → cobrar un recargo a

surcharge

[ˈsɜːrtʃɑːrdʒ] n (= extra charge) → supplément m (= extra tax) → surtaxe f
The Government is imposing a 15% import surcharge → Le gouvernement impose une surtaxe à l'importation de 15%.

surcharge

nZuschlag m; (postal) → Nachporto nt, → Strafporto nt (inf); for a small surchargegegen einen geringen Aufschlag
vtZuschlag erheben auf (+acc); he was surchargeder musste Zuschlag bezahlen

surcharge

[ˈsɜːˌtʃɑːdʒ]
1. n (gen) → supplemento, sovrapprezzo; (tax) → soprattassa
2. vtfar pagare un sovrapprezzo (or una soprattassa)

surcharge

(ˈsəːtʃaːdʒ) noun
an extra amount of money charged. We paid for our holiday abroad in advance but we had to pay a surcharge because of the devaluation of the pound.

surcharge

ضَرِيبَةٌ إِضَافِيَّة příplatek tillægsafgift Zuschlag επιβάρυνση recargo lisämaksu surcharge dodatna naplata supplemento 追加料金 추징금 toeslag tilleggsgebyr dopłata sobretaxa доплата tilläggsavgift การเก็บเงินเพิ่ม fazla fiyat isteme khoản phụ trội 额外收费
References in classic literature ?
A numerous nobility causeth poverty, and inconvenience in a state; for it is a surcharge of expense; and besides, it being of necessity, that many of the nobility fall, in time, to be weak in fortune, it maketh a kind of disproportion, between honor and means.
Now, MTMC has made surcharges automatic for motor carriers by linking them directly to the price of diesel fuel.
In the past, surcharges like these have been met with more than a little resistance or rejected altogether.
DELAWARE INSURANCE DEPARTMENT ENACTS RESTRICTIONS ON AUTO SURCHARGES
Effective October 20, 2008, NWA Cargo will reduce its fuel surcharges in certain markets in response to the recent decline in the price of jet fuel.
Talk of rising costs was roundly dismissed by banks and industry watchdogs, who suggested that raising surcharges is unjustified and unfair.
It is my intent that when things happen (volatile fuel prices)," said Privratsky, "The fuel surcharges take effect.
Effective September 15, 2008, NWA Cargo will reduce its fuel surcharges in certain markets in response to recent declines in the price of jet fuel.
Two big banks hit back Wednesday at California communities that have banned ATM surcharges, announcing plans to restrict use of their cash machines in the two cities only to their own account holders.
As a result of continuing increases in the price of jet fuel, NWA Cargo will raise its fuel surcharges in certain markets effective June 1, 2008, subject to government approvals where required.
That helped push the ranks of banks nationwide that impose ATM surcharges to more than 90 percent from 71 percent a year ago, according to a new survey by U.
The announced increase is in addition to other changes to FedEx Express, FedEx Ground and FedEx Home Delivery surcharges.