surface


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sur·face

 (sûr′fəs)
n.
1.
a. The outer or the topmost boundary of an object.
b. A material layer constituting such a boundary.
2. Mathematics
a. The boundary of a three-dimensional figure.
b. The two-dimensional locus of points located in three-dimensional space.
c. A portion of space having length and breadth but no thickness.
3. The superficial or external aspect: "a flamboyant, powerful confidence man who lives entirely on the surface of experience" (Frank Conroy).
4. An airfoil.
adj.
1. Relating to, on, or at a surface: surface algae in the water.
2. Relating to or occurring on or near the surface of the earth.
3.
a. Superficial.
b. Apparent as opposed to real.
v. sur·faced, sur·fac·ing, sur·fac·es
v.tr.
1. To provide with a surface or apply a surface to: surface a table with walnut; surface a road with asphalt.
2. To bring to the surface: surface a submarine.
3. To make known; expose or reveal: the first news report that surfaced the allegations.
v.intr.
1. To rise to the surface.
2. To emerge after concealment.
3. To work or dig a mine at or near the surface of the ground.
Idiom:
on the surface
To all intents and purposes; to all outward appearances: a soldier who, on the surface, appeared brave and patriotic.

[French : sur-, above (from Old French; see sur-) + face, face (from Old French; see face).]

surface

(ˈsɜːfɪs)
n
1.
a. the exterior face of an object or one such face
b. (as modifier): surface gloss.
2.
a. the area or size of such a face
b. (as modifier): surface measurements.
3. material resembling such a face, with length and width but without depth
4.
a. the superficial appearance as opposed to the real nature
b. (as modifier): a surface resemblance.
5. (Mathematics) geometry
a. the complete boundary of a solid figure
b. a continuous two-dimensional configuration
6. (Physical Geography)
a. the uppermost level of the land or sea
b. (as modifier): surface transportation.
7. come to the surface to emerge; become apparent
8. on the surface to all appearances
vb
9. to rise or cause to rise to or as if to the surface (of water, etc)
10. (tr) to treat the surface of, as by polishing, smoothing, etc
11. (tr) to furnish with a surface
12. (Mining & Quarrying) (intr) mining
a. to work at or near the ground surface
b. to wash surface ore deposits
13. (intr) to become apparent; emerge
14. (intr) informal
a. to wake up
b. to get up
[C17: from French, from sur on + face face, probably on the model of Latin superficies]
ˈsurfaceless adj
ˈsurfacer n

sur•face

(ˈsɜr fɪs)

n., adj., v. -faced, -fac•ing. n.
1. the outer face, outside, or exterior boundary of a thing; outermost or uppermost layer or area.
2. any face of a body or thing: the six surfaces of a cube.
3. extent or area of outer face; superficial area.
4. the outward appearance, esp. as distinguished from the inner nature.
5. any geometric figure having only two dimensions; part or all of the boundary of a solid.
6. land or sea transportation, rather than air, underground, or undersea transportation.
7. an airfoil.
adj.
8. of, on, or pertaining to the surface; external.
9. apparent rather than real; superficial.
10. of, pertaining to, or via land or sea: surface mail.
11. of or pertaining to the surface structure of a sentence.
v.t.
12. to finish the surface of; give a particular kind of surface to.
13. to bring to the surface; cause to appear openly.
v.i.
14. to rise to the surface.
15. to work on or at the surface.
16. to appear or emerge; turn up: New evidence has surfaced.
[1605–15; < French, =sur- sur-1 + face face, appar. modeled on Latin superficies superficies]
sur′face•less, adj.
sur′fac•er, n.

surface


Past participle: surfaced
Gerund: surfacing

Imperative
surface
surface
Present
I surface
you surface
he/she/it surfaces
we surface
you surface
they surface
Preterite
I surfaced
you surfaced
he/she/it surfaced
we surfaced
you surfaced
they surfaced
Present Continuous
I am surfacing
you are surfacing
he/she/it is surfacing
we are surfacing
you are surfacing
they are surfacing
Present Perfect
I have surfaced
you have surfaced
he/she/it has surfaced
we have surfaced
you have surfaced
they have surfaced
Past Continuous
I was surfacing
you were surfacing
he/she/it was surfacing
we were surfacing
you were surfacing
they were surfacing
Past Perfect
I had surfaced
you had surfaced
he/she/it had surfaced
we had surfaced
you had surfaced
they had surfaced
Future
I will surface
you will surface
he/she/it will surface
we will surface
you will surface
they will surface
Future Perfect
I will have surfaced
you will have surfaced
he/she/it will have surfaced
we will have surfaced
you will have surfaced
they will have surfaced
Future Continuous
I will be surfacing
you will be surfacing
he/she/it will be surfacing
we will be surfacing
you will be surfacing
they will be surfacing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been surfacing
you have been surfacing
he/she/it has been surfacing
we have been surfacing
you have been surfacing
they have been surfacing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been surfacing
you will have been surfacing
he/she/it will have been surfacing
we will have been surfacing
you will have been surfacing
they will have been surfacing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been surfacing
you had been surfacing
he/she/it had been surfacing
we had been surfacing
you had been surfacing
they had been surfacing
Conditional
I would surface
you would surface
he/she/it would surface
we would surface
you would surface
they would surface
Past Conditional
I would have surfaced
you would have surfaced
he/she/it would have surfaced
we would have surfaced
you would have surfaced
they would have surfaced
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.surface - the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundarysurface - the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary; "there is a special cleaner for these surfaces"; "the cloth had a pattern of red dots on a white surface"
artefact, artifact - a man-made object taken as a whole
bed - the flat surface of a printing press on which the type form is laid in the last stage of producing a newspaper or magazine or book etc.
gameboard, board - a flat portable surface (usually rectangular) designed for board games; "he got out the board and set up the pieces"
face - the striking or working surface of an implement
ground - (art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting
horizontal surface, level - a flat surface at right angles to a plumb line; "park the car on the level"
Klein bottle - a closed surface with only one side; formed by passing one end of a tube through the side of the tube and joining it with the other end
meniscus - (physics) the curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid in a vertical tube
miter, mitre - the surface of a beveled end of a piece where a miter joint is made; "he covered the miter with glue before making the joint"
Mobius strip - a continuous closed surface with only one side; formed from a rectangular strip by rotating one end 180 degrees and joining it with the other end
plasterwork, plaster - a surface of hardened plaster (as on a wall or ceiling); "there were cracks in the plaster"
projection screen, screen, silver screen - a white or silvered surface where pictures can be projected for viewing
side - an extended outer surface of an object; "he turned the box over to examine the bottom side"; "they painted all four sides of the house"
skin - an outer surface (usually thin); "the skin of an airplane"
spandrel, spandril - an approximately triangular surface area between two adjacent arches and the horizontal plane above them
superficies - outer surface of an area or a body
tread - the grooved surface of a pneumatic tire
vertical surface - a surface that is vertical
work surface - a horizontal surface for supporting objects used in working or playing games
2.surface - the extended two-dimensional outer boundary of a three-dimensional object; "they skimmed over the surface of the water"; "a brush small enough to clean every dental surface"; "the sun has no distinct surface"
interface - (chemistry) a surface forming a common boundary between two things (two objects or liquids or chemical phases)
hard palate - the bony part of the roof of the mouth
palate, roof of the mouth - the upper surface of the mouth that separates the oral and nasal cavities
side, face - a surface forming part of the outside of an object; "he examined all sides of the crystal"; "dew dripped from the face of the leaf"
boundary, bounds, bound - the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something
celestial sphere, empyrean, firmament, heavens, vault of heaven, welkin, sphere - the apparent surface of the imaginary sphere on which celestial bodies appear to be projected
end - the surface at either extremity of a three-dimensional object; "one end of the box was marked `This side up'"
inside, interior - the inner or enclosed surface of something
exterior, outside - the outer side or surface of something
substratum, substrate - a surface on which an organism grows or is attached; "the gardener talked about the proper substrate for acid-loving plants"
wavefront, wave front - (physics) an imaginary surface joining all points in space that are reached at the same instant by a wave propagating through a medium
photosphere - the intensely luminous surface of a star (especially the sun)
3.surface - the outermost level of the land or sea; "earthquakes originate far below the surface"; "three quarters of the Earth's surface is covered by water"
layer - a relatively thin sheetlike expanse or region lying over or under another
body of water, water - the part of the earth's surface covered with water (such as a river or lake or ocean); "they invaded our territorial waters"; "they were sitting by the water's edge"
floor - the bottom surface of any lake or other body of water
floor - the lower inside surface of any hollow structure; "the floor of the pelvis"; "the floor of the cave"
geosphere, lithosphere - the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle
opening, gap - an open or empty space in or between things; "there was a small opening between the trees"; "the explosion made a gap in the wall"
4.surface - a superficial aspect as opposed to the real nature of something; "it was not what it appeared to be on the surface"
aspect, facet - a distinct feature or element in a problem; "he studied every facet of the question"
5.surface - information that has become public; "all the reports were out in the open"; "the facts had been brought to the surface"
general knowledge, public knowledge - knowledge that is available to anyone
6.surface - a device that provides reactive force when in motion relative to the surrounding airsurface - a device that provides reactive force when in motion relative to the surrounding air; can lift or control a plane in flight
aileron - an airfoil that controls lateral motion
device - an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose; "the device is small enough to wear on your wrist"; "a device intended to conserve water"
elevator - the airfoil on the tailplane of an aircraft that makes it ascend or descend
flaps, flap - a movable airfoil that is part of an aircraft wing; used to increase lift or drag
horizontal stabiliser, horizontal stabilizer, tailplane - the horizontal airfoil of an aircraft's tail assembly that is fixed and to which the elevator is hinged
leading edge - forward edge of an airfoil
rotary wing, rotor blade - the long airfoil that rotates to provide the lift that supports a helicopter in the air
rudder - a hinged vertical airfoil mounted at the tail of an aircraft and used to make horizontal course changes
spoiler - a hinged airfoil on the upper surface of an aircraft wing that is raised to reduce lift and increase drag
spoiler - an airfoil mounted on the rear of a car to reduce lift at high speeds
stabilizer - airfoil consisting of a device for stabilizing an aircraft
trailing edge - the rear edge of an airfoil
vertical tail - the vertical airfoil in the tail assembly of an aircraft
wing - one of the horizontal airfoils on either side of the fuselage of an airplane
Verb1.surface - come to the surface
ascend, go up - travel up, "We ascended the mountain"; "go up a ladder"; "The mountaineers slowly ascended the steep slope"
emerge - come up to the surface of or rise; "He felt new emotions emerge"
resurface - reappear on the surface
bubble up, intumesce - move upwards in bubbles, as from the effect of heating; also used metaphorically; "Gases bubbled up from the earth"; "Marx's ideas have bubbled up in many places in Latin America"
well, swell - come up, as of a liquid; "Tears well in her eyes"; "the currents well up"
2.surface - put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface; "coat the cake with chocolate"
rubber, rubberise, rubberize - coat or impregnate with rubber; "rubberize fabric for rain coats"
anodise, anodize - coat a metal with an oxide coat
gelatinize - coat with gelatin
skim - coat (a liquid) with a layer
stucco - coat with stucco; "stucco the ceiling"
egg - coat with beaten egg; "egg a schnitzel"
encrust, incrust - cover or coat with a crust
dredge - cover before cooking; "dredge the chicken in flour before frying it"
soot - coat with soot
refinish - give a new surface; "refinish the dining room furniture"
brush on - apply with a brush; "Brush butter on the roast"
patinate, patinise, patinize - coat with a patina
resurface - cover with a new surface
crumb - coat with bread crumbs; "crumb a cutlet"
copper - coat with a layer of copper
finish - provide with a finish; "The carpenter finished the table beautifully"; "this shirt is not finished properly"
bonderise, bonderize - coat with a substance that will prevent corrosion; "bonderize steel"
blacktop - coat with blacktop; "blacktop the driveway"
foliate - coat or back with metal foil; "foliate glass"
galvanise, galvanize - cover with zinc; "galvanize steel"
pave - cover with a material such as stone or concrete to make suitable for vehicle traffic; "pave the roads in the village"
varnish, seal - cover with varnish
glaze - coat with a glaze; "the potter glazed the dishes"; "glaze the bread with eggwhite"
tar - coat with tar; "tar the roof"; "tar the roads"
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"
enrobe - provide with a coating; "enrobe the nuts with chocolate"
daub, plaster - coat with plaster; "daub the wall"
render - coat with plastic or cement; "render the brick walls in the den"
skimcoat - coat with a mixture of gypsum and spackle; "he skimcoated the drywall"
paint - apply paint to; coat with paint; "We painted the rooms yellow"
cement - cover or coat with cement
grit - cover with a grit; "grit roads"
plate - coat with a layer of metal; "plate spoons with silver"
metal - cover with metal
macadamise, macadamize, tarmac - surface with macadam; "macadam the road"
size - cover or stiffen or glaze a porous material with size or sizing (a glutinous substance)
metalize, metallize - coat with metal
platinize - coat with metallic platinum
porcelainize - coat with porcelain or a porcelain-like surface
zinc - coat or cover with zinc
3.surface - appear or become visiblesurface - appear or become visible; make a showing; "She turned up at the funeral"; "I hope the list key is going to surface again"
appear - come into sight or view; "He suddenly appeared at the wedding"; "A new star appeared on the horizon"
Adj.1.surface - on the surface; "surface materials of the moon"
overhead - located or originating from above; "an overhead crossing"
subsurface - beneath the surface; "subsurface materials of the moon"

surface

noun
1. covering, face, exterior, side, top, skin, plane, facet, veneer, superficies (rare) The road surface had started breaking up.
2. worktop, top, table, counter, working top It can simply be left on the work surface.
3. façade, outward appearance, superficial appearance A much wider controversy was bubbling under the surface.
adjective
1. superficial, external, outward, cosmetic, exterior, skin-deep Doctors believed it was just a surface wound.
verb
1. emerge, rise, appear, come up, come to the surface He surfaced, gasping for air.
2. appear, emerge, arise, come to light, crop up (informal), transpire, materialize The emotions will surface at some point in life.
3. get up, rise, awaken, get out of bed, waken, emerge What time do you surface?
on the surface at first glance, apparently, outwardly, seemingly, ostensibly, superficially, to all appearances, to the casual eye On the surface the elections appear to be democratic.

surface

noun
1. The outer layer of an object:
2. An outward appearance:
Translations
سَطْحُسَطْح خارِجيمَظْهَر خارجييَصْعَد إلى السَّطْحيُغَطّي السَّطْح
povrchvnějšekvynořit sedát nový povrch
overfladefå en ny belægningkomme op til overfladen
pinta
površina
felszínfelület
koma upp á yfirborîiîsetja lag á, leggjayfirborî
表面
표면
dėti dangąišnirti į paviršiųpaprastas paštaspaviršiuspirmas žvilgsnis
ārpusenoklāt virsmuuznirtvirsmavirspuse
dať na povrchpovrch
površina
yta
พื้นผิว
yüzeyyüzünü kaplamakgörünüşsu yüzeyine çıkmak
bề mặt

surface

[ˈsɜːfɪs]
A. N
1. [of table, skin, lake, sun] → superficie f; [of road] → firme m
beneath or below the surface the box was buried two metres beneath or below the surfacela caja estaba enterrada a dos metros por debajo de la superficie
the tensions that simmer beneath or below the surface in our societylas tensiones que bullen por debajo de la superficie en nuestra sociedad
she appeared calm, but beneath or below the surface she was seething with rageparecía estar tranquila pero en el fondo or por dentro hervía de rabia
to break the surfaceromper la superficie
to be close to the surface (lit) → estar cerca de la superficie
her grief was still close to the surfacesu dolor estaba todavía a flor de piel
ethnic tensions are never far from the surfacelas tensiones étnicas siempre parece que están a punto de estallar
on the surface it seems thata primera vista parece que ...
outer surfacecapa f exterior or externa
to come or rise to the surface (lit) → salir a la superficie (fig) → aflorar (a la superficie)
these feelings may come or rise to the surfaceestos sentimientos pueden aflorar (a la superficie)
under the surface = beneath the surface
upper surfacesuperficie f de la parte superior
to scratch or touch the surface (of sth)arañar la superficie (de algo)
this book only scratches the surface of philosophical thoughteste libro aborda el pensamiento filosófico sólo por encimaeste libro sólo araña la superficie del pensamiento filosófico
see also work
2. (Math, Geom)
2.1. (also surface area) → superficie f
2.2. (= side) [of solid] → cara f
B. VT [+ road] → revestir, asfaltar
C. VI
1. (lit) [swimmer, diver, whale] → salir a la superficie; [submarine] → emerger
2. (fig) [information, news] → salir a la luz; [feeling] → salir, aflorar; [issue] → salir a relucir; [problem] → presentarse, surgir; [person] (in place) → dejarse ver (hum) (= get up) → salir de la cama
what time did you surface?¿a qué hora saliste de la cama?
D. CPD surface area Nárea f (de la superficie)
surface fleet Nflota f de superficie
surface force N (Mil) → fuerza f de superficie
surface mail N by surface mailpor vía terrestre
surface temperature Ntemperatura f en la superficie
surface tension N (Phys) → tensión f superficial
surface water Nagua f de la superficie

surface

[ˈsɜːrfɪs]
n
[earth, water, road, object] → surface f
little waves on the surface of the water → des vaguelettes à la surface de l'eau
(also work surface) → surface f de travail
He cleaned all the kitchen surfaces → Il nettoya toutes les surfaces de travail de la cuisine.
(fig)surface f
feelings that are well hidden beneath the surface → des sentiments bien cachés sous la surface
on the surface (in appearance)en surface
vt [+ road] → refaire
vi
[diver, submarine, whale] → faire surface
(= emerge) [problem, emotions, rumours, doubts] → refaire surface; [+ evidence] → faire surface
Such rumours have surfaced several times over the past ten years → Ces rumeurs ont refait surface plusieurs fois au cours des dix dernières années.
(= get out of bed) → émerger surface area nsurface fsurface mail ncourrier m par voie de surfacesurface-to-air [ˌsɜːrfɪstəˈɛər] adj [missile] → sol-air invsurface-to-surface [ˌsɜːrfɪstəˈsɜːrfɪs] adj [missile] → sol-sol invsurface water neaux fpl de surface

surface

n
(lit, fig)Oberfläche f; (of road)Decke f, → Belag m; on the surface it seems that …oberflächlich sieht es so aus, als ob …; on the surface he is friendly enoughnach außen hin ist er sehr freundlich
(Math, of cube etc) → Fläche f
(Min) at/on/up to the surfaceüber Tage
(Aviat) → Tragfläche f
adj attr
oberflächlich; surface textureOberflächenstruktur f
(= not by air) travelauf dem Land-/Seeweg
(Min) worker, jobüber Tage
vt
roadmit einem Belag versehen; wallverblenden
submarineauftauchen lassen
vi (lit, fig)auftauchen

surface

:
surface area
nFläche f; (Math) → Flächeninhalt m
surface dressing
n (on roads, = method) → Straßenreparatur fmit Rollsplitt; (= material)Rollsplitt m
surface grammar
nOberflächengrammatik f
surface mail
nPost fauf dem Land-/Seeweg; by surfaceauf dem Land-/Seeweg
surface-mounted
adjoberflächenmontiert
surface noise
nRauschen nt
surface structure
n (Ling) → Oberflächenstruktur f
surface tension
surface-to-air
adj attrBoden-Luft-; surface missileBoden-Luft-Rakete f
surface-to-surface
adj attrBoden-Boden-; surface missileBoden-Boden-Rakete f
surface vessel
nSchiff nt (im Gegensatz zu Unterseeboot)

surface

[ˈsɜːfɪs]
1. n (gen) → superficie f; (of road) → piano stradale
on the surface it seems that ... (fig) → superficialmente sembra che...
we've only scratched the surface (fig) (of argument, work) → abbiamo appena iniziato
2. vt (road) → asfaltare
3. vi (submarine) → risalire in superficie (fig) (person, after absence) → farsi vivo/a; (from bed) → emergere
he surfaces in London occasionally → ogni tanto si fa vedere a Londra
4. adj (Mil, Naut) → di superficie

surface

(ˈsəːfis) noun
1. the outside part (of anything). Two-thirds of the earth's surface is covered with water; This road has a very uneven surface.
2. the outward appearance of, or first impression made by, a person or thing. On the surface he seems cold and unfriendly, but he's really a kind person.
verb
1. to put a surface on (a road etc). The road has been damaged by frost and will have to be surfaced again.
2. (of a submarine, diver etc) to come to the surface.
surface mail
mail sent by ship, train etc and not by aeroplane.

surface

سَطْحُ povrch overflade Oberfläche επιφάνεια superficie pinta surface površina superficie 表面 표면 oppervlak overflate powierzchnia superfície поверхность yta พื้นผิว yüzey bề mặt 表面

sur·face

n. superficie; porción o límite exterior de una estructura;
___ tensiontensión superficial.

surface

n superficie f
References in classic literature ?
The reason, you see, does not appear on the surface.
He has come across some old manuscripts, or ancient document records, referring to this valley, and they state, according to this article he has written for the magazine, that somewhere in the valley is a wonderful city, traces of which have been found twenty to forty feet below the surface, on which great trees are growing, showing that the city was covered hundreds, if not thousands, of years ago.
Otto Fuchs said he had seen populous dog-towns in the desert where there was no surface water for fifty miles; he insisted that some of the holes must go down to water--nearly two hundred feet, hereabouts.
After surveying the sketch critically she drew a broad smudge of paint across its surface, and crumpled the paper between her hands.
A heavy evening breeze swept along the surface of the river, and seemed to drive the roar of the falls into the recesses of their own cavern, whence it issued heavily and constant, like thunder rumbling beyond the distant hills.
So when them boys up there allows that there's a little too much fash'nable society and San Francisco capital and high- falutin' about the future goin' on fer square surface mining, I sez, 'Look yere, gentlemen,' sez I, 'you don't see the pint.
She regarded it as an hereditary trait; and so, perhaps, it was, but unfortunately a morbid one, such as is often generated in families that remain long above the surface of society.
Indeed, so far as its physical aspect is concerned, with its flat, unvaried surface, covered chiefly with wooden houses, few or none of which pretend to architectural beauty -- its irregularity, which is neither picturesque nor quaint, but only tame -- its long and lazy street, lounging wearisomely through the whole extent of be peninsula, with Gallows Hill and New Guinea at one end, and a view of the alms-house at the other -- such being the features of my native town, it would be quite as reasonable to form a sentimental attachment to a disarranged checker-board.
Such things naturally left on the surface, for the time, a chill which we vociferously denied that we felt; and we had, all three, with repetition, got into such splendid training that we went, each time, almost automatically, to mark the close of the incident, through the very same movements.
Very shy; always going solitary; unexpectedly rising to the surface in the remotest and most sullen waters; his straight and single lofty jet rising like a tall misanthropic spear upon a barren plain; gifted with such wondrous power and velocity in swimming, as to defy all present pursuit from man; this leviathan seems the banished and unconquerable Cain of his race, bearing for his mark that style upon his back.
In life, the visible surface of the Sperm Whale is not the least among the many marvels he presents.
OWING to the cant of the vessel, the masts hung far out over the water, and from my perch on the cross-trees I had nothing below me but the surface of the bay.