surge


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surge

 (sûrj)
v. surged, surg·ing, surg·es
v.intr.
1. To rise and move in a billowing or swelling manner.
2. To roll or be tossed about on waves, as a boat.
3. To move like advancing waves: The fans surged forward to see the movie star.
4. To increase suddenly: As favorable reviews came out, interest in the software surged.
5. To improve one's performance suddenly, especially in bettering one's standing in a competition.
6. Nautical To slip around a windlass. Used of a rope.
v.tr.
1. To make a dramatic increase in: "Since the attacks in Paris, we've surged intelligence-sharing with our European allies" (Barack Obama).
2. Nautical To loosen or slacken (a cable) suddenly.
n.
1. A powerful wave or swell of water.
2.
a. A sudden rushing motion like that of a great wave: The surge of the herd forced some animals into the river.
b. The forward and backward motion of a ship subjected to wave action.
3.
a. A sudden onrush or increase: a surge of joy; a surge in prices.
b. A period of intense effort that improves a competitor's standing, as in a race.
c. A sudden, transient increase or oscillation in electric current or voltage.
d. Astronomy A brief increase in the intensity of solar activity such as X-ray emission, solar wind, solar flares, and prominences.
4. Nautical
a. The part of a windlass into which the cable surges.
b. A temporary release or slackening of a cable.

[Probably French sourdre, sourge- (from Old French) and French surgir, to rise (from Old French, to cast anchor, from Old Catalan), both from Latin surgere, to rise : sub-, from below; see sub- + regere, to lead straight; see reg- in Indo-European roots.]

surge

(sɜːdʒ)
n
1. a strong rush or sweep; sudden increase: a surge of anger.
2. (Physical Geography) the rolling swell of the sea, esp after the passage of a large wave
3. a heavy rolling motion or sound: the surge of the trumpets.
4. an undulating rolling surface, as of hills
5. a billowing cloud or volume
6. (Nautical Terms) nautical a temporary release or slackening of a rope or cable
7. (Electronics) a large momentary increase in the voltage or current in an electric circuit
8. (Mechanical Engineering) an upward instability or unevenness in the power output of an engine
9. (Astronomy) astronomy a short-lived disturbance, occurring during the eruption of a solar flare
vb
10. (Physical Geography) (intr) (of waves, the sea, etc) to rise or roll with a heavy swelling motion
11. (intr) to move like a heavy sea
12. (Nautical Terms) nautical to slacken or temporarily release (a rope or cable) from a capstan or (of a rope, etc) to be slackened or released and slip back
13. (Electronics) (intr) (of an electric current or voltage) to undergo a large momentary increase
14. (tr) rare to cause to move in or as if in a wave or waves
[C15: from Latin surgere to rise, from sub- up + regere to lead]
ˈsurgeless adj
ˈsurger n

surge

(sɜrdʒ)

n., v. surged, surg•ing. n.
1. a strong, wavelike forward movement, rush, or sweep: the surge of the crowd.
2. a sudden, strong rush or burst: a surge of energy.
3. a strong, swelling, wavelike volume or body of something.
4. the rolling swell of the sea.
5. a swelling wave; billow.
6. the swelling and rolling sea.
7.
a. a sudden rush or burst of electric current or voltage.
b. a violent oscillatory disturbance.
8. a slackening or slipping back, as of a rope or cable.
v.i.
9. (of a ship) to rise and fall, toss about, or move along on the waves.
10. to rise, roll, move, or swell forward in or like waves.
11. to rise as if by a heaving or swelling force: Blood surged to his face.
12. (esp. of electric current or voltage)
a. to increase suddenly.
b. to oscillate violently.
13. to slack off or loosen, as a rope.
v.t.
14. to cause to surge or roll in or as if in waves.
15. to slacken (a rope).
[1480–90; probably < Old French sourge-, s. of sourdre to spring, rise up < Latin surgere (see resurge, source)]

Surge

 a high, rolling swell of water.
Examples: surge of buzz of voices, 1891; of contempt, 1602; of low hills, 1863; of lava, 1869; of mishaps, 1583; of passion, 1520; of popular opinion, 1890; of popular resentment, 1834; of schismatics and heretics, 1550; of the sea, 1624; of tears, 1567; of water, 1538.

surge


Past participle: surged
Gerund: surging

Imperative
surge
surge
Present
I surge
you surge
he/she/it surges
we surge
you surge
they surge
Preterite
I surged
you surged
he/she/it surged
we surged
you surged
they surged
Present Continuous
I am surging
you are surging
he/she/it is surging
we are surging
you are surging
they are surging
Present Perfect
I have surged
you have surged
he/she/it has surged
we have surged
you have surged
they have surged
Past Continuous
I was surging
you were surging
he/she/it was surging
we were surging
you were surging
they were surging
Past Perfect
I had surged
you had surged
he/she/it had surged
we had surged
you had surged
they had surged
Future
I will surge
you will surge
he/she/it will surge
we will surge
you will surge
they will surge
Future Perfect
I will have surged
you will have surged
he/she/it will have surged
we will have surged
you will have surged
they will have surged
Future Continuous
I will be surging
you will be surging
he/she/it will be surging
we will be surging
you will be surging
they will be surging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been surging
you have been surging
he/she/it has been surging
we have been surging
you have been surging
they have been surging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been surging
you will have been surging
he/she/it will have been surging
we will have been surging
you will have been surging
they will have been surging
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been surging
you had been surging
he/she/it had been surging
we had been surging
you had been surging
they had been surging
Conditional
I would surge
you would surge
he/she/it would surge
we would surge
you would surge
they would surge
Past Conditional
I would have surged
you would have surged
he/she/it would have surged
we would have surged
you would have surged
they would have surged
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.surge - a sudden forceful flowsurge - a sudden forceful flow    
flow, flowing - the motion characteristic of fluids (liquids or gases)
debris storm, debris surge - the sudden spread of dust and debris from a collapsing building; "the destruction of the building produced an enormous debris surge"
onrush - a forceful forward rush or flow; "from the bow she stared at the mesmerising onrush of the sea where it split and foamed"; "the explosion interrupted the wild onrush of her thoughts"
2.surge - a sudden or abrupt strong increase; "stimulated a surge of speculation"; "an upsurge of emotion"; "an upsurge in violent crime"
step-up, increase - the act of increasing something; "he gave me an increase in salary"
3.surge - a large sea wavesurge - a large sea wave      
moving ridge, wave - one of a series of ridges that moves across the surface of a liquid (especially across a large body of water)
Verb1.surge - rise and move, as in waves or billowssurge - rise and move, as in waves or billows; "The army surged forward"
inflate, blow up - fill with gas or air; "inflate a balloons"
2.surge - rise rapidly; "the dollar soared against the yen"
go up, rise, move up, lift, arise, come up, uprise - move upward; "The fog lifted"; "The smoke arose from the forest fire"; "The mist uprose from the meadows"
billow, wallow - rise up as if in waves; "smoke billowed up into the sky"
3.surge - rise or move forward; "surging waves"
course, flow, run, feed - move along, of liquids; "Water flowed into the cave"; "the Missouri feeds into the Mississippi"
4.surge - rise or heave upward under the influence of a natural force such as a wave; "the boats surged"
go up, rise, move up, lift, arise, come up, uprise - move upward; "The fog lifted"; "The smoke arose from the forest fire"; "The mist uprose from the meadows"
5.surge - see one's performance improve; "He levelled the score and then surged ahead"
athletics, sport - an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition
ameliorate, improve, meliorate, better - get better; "The weather improved toward evening"

surge

noun
1. rush, rise, growth, boost, flood, escalation, upsurge, upswing, sudden increase, uprush a new surge of interest in Dylan's work
2. flow, wave, rush, stream, roller, breaker, gush, upsurge, outpouring, efflux, uprush The bridge was destroyed in a tidal surge during a storm.
3. tide, roll, rolling, swell, swirling, billowing the beating and surge of the sea
4. rush, wave, storm, outburst, torrent, eruption He was overcome by a sudden surge of jealousy.
verb
1. increase, rise, grow, jump, boost, leap, escalate Surging imports will add to the demand for hard currency.
2. rush, pour, stream, rise, crowd, swell, spill, swarm, seethe, gush, well forth The crowd surged out from the church.
3. roll, rush, billow, heave, swirl, eddy, undulate Fish and seaweed rose, caught motionless in the surging water.
4. sweep, rush, storm, blaze, erupt Panic surged through her.

surge

verb
To come forth or emit in abundance:
noun
Something suggestive of running water:
Translations
اِنْدِفَاعمَوْجَةٌ مِن، جَيَشان، تَلاطُميَتَدَفَّق، يَموج
náporprudký vzestupvzdouvat se
bølge
aallokkoaaltoäkillinen nousumaininki
iznenadan porast
e-î sem ólgar/svellur uppsteypast
高まり
격동
ristis
bangotsisties pretuzbangojumsuzliesmojumsuzplūds
tillströmning
การเพิ่มขึ้นอย่างรวดเร็ว
sự tăng lên đột ngột

surge

[sɜːdʒ]
A. N [of sea] → oleaje m, oleada f
a surge of peopleuna oleada de gente
a surge of sympathyuna oleada de compasión
a power surge (Elec) → una subida de tensión
B. VI [water] → levantarse, hincharse; [people] to surge in/outentrar/salir en tropel
the crowd surged into the buildingla multitud entró en tropel en el edificio
people surged down the streetuna oleada de gente avanzó por la calle
they surged round himse apiñaban en torno suyo
the blood surged to her cheeksse le subió la sangre a las mejillas

surge

[ˈsɜːrdʒ]
n
(= sudden increase) (in inflation, spending, demand, interest)poussée f
a surge in sth → une poussée de qch
an unprecedented surge in demand → une poussée sans précédent de la demande
[water] → jaillissement m; [tide] → poussée f; [power] → vague f
[feeling, emotion] → vague f; [pity, anger, jealousy] → accès m
With a surge of pity, I picked the child up → Dans un accès de pitié, je pris l'enfant dans mes bras.
a surge of feeling, a surge of emotion → une vague d'émotion
a surge of adrenalin → une poussée d'adrénaline
vi
(= increase suddenly) [prices, profits, shares, imports] → monter en flèche
[crowd] → se précipiter
to surge forward → se précipiter (en avant)
[water, waves] → déferler
the tides that surged over the rocks → les flots qui déferlaient sur les rochers
[feelings, panic, anger] → monter

surge

n (of sea)Wogen nt; (of floodwater)Schwall m; (Elec) → Spannungsstoß m; a surge of peopleeine wogende Menschenmenge; there was a surge of sympathy for himes gab eine Sympathiewelle für ihn; he felt a sudden surge of rageer fühlte, wie die Wut in ihm aufstieg; a surge in demand/exportsein rascher Nachfrage-/Exportanstieg
vi (sea)branden; (floods, river)anschwellen; (demand, exports)rasch ansteigen; blood surged to her headihr schoss das Blut ins Gesicht; they surged toward(s)/(a)round himsie drängten auf ihn zu/umdrängten ihn; people surged in/outeine Menschenmenge flutete herein/heraus; to surge ahead/forwardvorpreschen

surge

[sɜːdʒ]
1. n (of sea, sympathy) → ondata; (of people) → marea (Elec) → sovratensione f transitoria
a surge of anger → un impeto di rabbia
2. vi (water, people) → riversarsi; (waves) → sollevarsi (Elec) (power) → aumentare improvvisamente
to surge into/over sth → riversarsi in/su qc
to surge forward → buttarsi avanti
to surge round sb/sth → accalcarsi intorno a qn/qc
the blood surged to her cheeks → il sangue le affluì al viso

surge

(səːdʒ) verb
(of eg water or waves) to move forward with great force. The waves surged over the rocks.
noun
a surging movement, or a sudden rush. The stone hit his head and he felt a surge of pain; a sudden surge of anger.

surge

اِنْدِفَاع prudký vzestup bølge Anschwellen αύξηση subida de tensión äkillinen nousu déferlement iznenadan porast aumento 高まり 격동 snelle groei plutselig økning spiętrzona fala aumento repentino большая волна tillströmning การเพิ่มขึ้นอย่างรวดเร็ว ani yükselme sự tăng lên đột ngột 涌流
References in classic literature ?
I was sitting my horse at ease, and swinging the great loop of my lasso in wide circles about my head; the moment he was under way, I started for him; when the space between us had narrowed to forty feet, I sent the snaky spirals of the rope a-cleaving through the air, then darted aside and faced about and brought my trained animal to a halt with all his feet braced under him for a surge.
Hines let out a whoop, like everybody else, and dropped my wrist and give a big surge to bust his way in and get a look, and the way I lit out and shinned for the road in the dark there ain't nobody can tell.
In an instant, I gave a sudden surge, and rose to my hands and knees.
Where the Northern Ocean, in vast whirls, Boils round the naked, melancholy isles Of farthest Thule; and the Atlantic surge Pours in among the stormy Hebrides.
At fast, he slept heavily, but, by degrees, began to roll and surge in bed, until he rose above the surface, with his spiky hair looking as if it must tear the sheets to ribbons.
But a great cry, which was audible even above the wind and water, rose from the shore at this moment; the sea, sweeping over the rolling wreck, made a clean breach, and carried men, spars, casks, planks, bulwarks, heaps of such toys, into the boiling surge.
I stood, with a hand on the chair-back and a hand on my breast, where I seemed to be suffocating - I stood so, looking wildly at him, until I grasped at the chair, when the room began to surge and turn.
But see the angry Victor hath recall'd His Ministers of vengeance and pursuit Back to the Gates of Heav'n: The Sulphurous Hail Shot after us in storm, oreblown hath laid The fiery Surge, that from the Precipice Of Heav'n receiv'd us falling, and the Thunder, Wing'd with red Lightning and impetuous rage, Perhaps hath spent his shafts, and ceases now To bellow through the vast and boundless Deep.
Once or twice he could feel Kala Nag and all the others surge forward a few strides, and the thumping would change to the crushing sound of juicy green things being bruised, but in a minute or two the boom of feet on hard earth began again.
As Sola and I entered the plaza a sight met my eyes which filled my whole being with a great surge of mingled hope, fear, exultation, and depression, and yet most dominant was a subtle sense of relief and happiness; for just as we neared the throng of Martians I caught a glimpse of the prisoner from the battle craft who was being roughly dragged into a nearby building by a couple of green Martian females.
The sea was less boisterous, since the wind came off land--a fortunate circumstance for the boat, which would suffer, owing to its small tonnage, by a heavy surge on the sea.
The legions fall on one another In the last surge of life and death.