(redirected from surgeonfishes)
Also found in: Thesaurus.


n. pl. surgeonfish or sur·geon·fish·es
Any of various brightly colored tropical marine fishes of the family Acanthuridae, having a laterally compressed body with one or more sharp erectile spines near the base of the tail, and often kept in home aquariums. Also called tang.

[From its lancetlike spines, which resemble surgeons' instruments.]


n, pl -fish or -fishes
(Animals) any tropical marine spiny-finned fish of the family Acanthuridae, having a compressed brightly coloured body with one or more knifelike spines at the base of the tail
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.surgeonfish - brightly colored coral-reef fish with knifelike spines at the tailsurgeonfish - brightly colored coral-reef fish with knifelike spines at the tail
percoid, percoid fish, percoidean - any of numerous spiny-finned fishes of the order Perciformes
Acanthurus chirurgus, doctorfish, doctor-fish - surgeon fish of the West Indies
References in periodicals archive ?
Number of Family Common name species Opistognathidae jawfishes 1 Priacanthidae bigeyes 2 Holocentridae squirrelfishes 1 Pomacanthidae angelfishes 5 Balistidae triggerfishes 3 Pomacentridae damselfishes 5 Labridae wrasses 7 Serranidae sea basses and groupers 23 Chaetodontidae butterflyfishes 3 Malacanthidae tilefishes 2 Sparidae porgies 6 Acanthuridae surgeonfishes 3 Haemulidae grunts 4 Lutjanidae snappers 7 Scaridae parrotfishes 4 Tetraodontidae puffers 2 Mullidae goatfishes 2 Muraenidae morays 2 Carangidae jacks 6 Sphyraenidae barracudas 1 Scombridae mackerels 1 Mean Mean Probability duration number of of being Family (s) individuals seen in video Opistognathidae 504 22 1.
Unidentified mullet Sphyraenidae, Barracudas 128 Sphyraena barracuda Great barracuda 129 Sphyraena picudilla Southern sennet Acanthuridae, Surgeonfishes 130 Acanthurus bahianus Ocean surgeon 131 Acanthurus chirurgus Doctorfish 132 Acanthurus coeruleus Blue tang Scombridae, Mackerels/Tunas 133 Acanthocybium solandri Wahoo 134 Euthynnus alletteratus Little tunny 135 Katsuwonus pelamis Skipjack tuna 136 Sarda sarda Atlantic bonito 137 Scomberomorus cavalla King mackerel 138 Scomberomorus maculatus Spanish mackerel 139 Scomberomorus regalis Cero mackerel 140 Thunnus albacares Yellowfin tuna 141 Thunnus atlanticus Blackfin tuna 142 Thunnus obesus Bigeye tuna 143 Thunnus spp.
In Micronesia, however, herbivorous fishes, particularly surgeonfishes and unicorn-fishes (Acanthuridae) and parrotfishes (Scaridae) are equally important to local fisheries, and in many areas they have dominated the catch (Amesbury et al.
The reproductions, four surgeonfishes, were each reduced from much larger originals to but 2.