surgery


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sur·ger·y

 (sûr′jə-rē)
n. pl. sur·ger·ies
1. The branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of injury, deformity, and disease by the use of instruments.
2.
a. Treatment based on such medicine, typically involving the removal or replacement of diseased tissue by cutting: The athlete had surgery on his knee.
b. A procedure that is part of this treatment; an operation: The doctor performed three surgeries this morning.
3. An operating room or a laboratory of a surgeon or of a hospital's surgical staff: How long has the patient been in surgery?
4. Chiefly British
a. A physician's, dentist's, or veterinarian's office.
b. The period during which a physician, dentist, or veterinarian consults with or treats patients in the office.

[Middle English surgerie, from Old French, alteration of cirurgerie, from cirurgie, from Latin chīrūrgia, from Greek kheirourgiā, from kheirourgos, working by hand : kheir, hand; see ghes- in Indo-European roots + ergon, work; see werg- in Indo-European roots.]

surgery

(ˈsɜːdʒərɪ)
n, pl -geries
1. (Surgery) the branch of medicine concerned with treating disease, injuries, etc, by means of manual or operative procedures, esp by incision into the body
2. (Surgery) the performance of such procedures by a surgeon
3. (Medicine) Brit a place where a doctor, dentist, etc, can be consulted
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) Brit an occasion when an MP, lawyer, etc, is available for consultation
5. (Surgery) US and Canadian an operating theatre where surgical operations are performed
[C14: via Old French from Latin chirurgia, from Greek kheirurgia, from kheir hand + ergon work]

sur•ger•y

(ˈsɜr dʒə ri)

n., pl. -ger•ies for 3-5.
1. the art, practice, or work of treating diseases, injuries, or deformities by manual or operative procedures.
2. the branch of medicine concerned with such treatment.
3. treatment, as an operation, performed by a surgeon.
4. a room or place for surgical operations.
5. any major repair or alteration produced as if by a surgical operation.
6. Brit. a doctor's office.
[1250–1300; Middle English surgerie < Anglo-French; Old French cirurgerie < Latin chīrūrgia < Greek cheirourgía art, surgery = cheirourg(ós) doing by hand, practicing a craft, surgeon (cheír hand + -ourgos working; see -urgy)]

Surgery


Medicine. removal of part of the body by surgery.
excision or amputation.
Obsolete, cautery.
the act of cauterization, or burning away of dead tissue.
a surgical perforation or puncture.
Archaic. surgery.
the breaking of a bone into small pieces. See also bones.
a surgical instrument for opening a hole in the skull.
a surgical technique using freezing to destroy tissue.
any form of plastic surgery of the skin, as skin grafts.
surgery of the vagina.
repair or restoration of part of the body by plastic surgery.
the surgical practice of bone-grafting.
a serrated instrument for bone surgery.
1. the dissection or anatomy of bones.
2. the cutting of bones as part of a surgical operation. — osteotomist, n.
the branch of surgery dealing with the replacement of missing limbs or organs with artificial substitutes. — prosthetic, adj.
an obsession with surgery.
the process of suture.
surgical excision of part of the vas deferens, the duct which carries sperm from the testes, performed as a form of male contraception.
the process of surgically grafting tissue from a lower animal onto the human body. — zooplastic, adj.

surgery

1. used as an uncountable noun

In both British and American English, surgery is medical treatment in which a person's body is cut open so that a surgeon can deal with a diseased or damaged part.

He underwent surgery to repair a torn knee ligament.
She may have to have more surgery on her wrist.
2. used as a countable noun

A surgery can be used to refer to a particular medical operation. This meaning is used more in American English than British English.

He has had five knee surgeries.
She was told she would have to have another surgery.

In British English, a doctor's or dentist's surgery is the building or room where he or she works and where people go to receive advice and minor treatment.

I called the surgery to make an appointment.

In American English, a building or room like this is called the doctor's or dentist's office.

Dr Patel's office was just across the street.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.surgery - the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative proceduressurgery - the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures; "he is professor of surgery at the Harvard Medical School"
ligation - (surgery) tying a duct or blood vessel with a ligature (as to prevent bleeding during surgery)
surgical operation, surgical procedure, surgical process, surgery, operation - a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body; "they will schedule the operation as soon as an operating room is available"; "he died while undergoing surgery"
centesis - (surgery) the act of puncturing a body cavity or organ with a hollow needle in order to draw out fluid
drain - tube inserted into a body cavity (as during surgery) to remove unwanted material
landmark - an anatomical structure used as a point of origin in locating other anatomical structures (as in surgery) or as point from which measurements can be taken
stoma - a mouth or mouthlike opening (especially one created by surgery on the surface of the body to create an opening to an internal organ)
graft, transplant - (surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient
medical science - the science of dealing with the maintenance of health and the prevention and treatment of disease
amastia - absence of the mammary glands (either through surgery or developmental defect)
phlebothrombosis, venous thrombosis - thrombosis of a vein without prior inflammation of the vein; associated with sluggish blood flow (as in prolonged bedrest or pregnancy or surgery) or with rapid coagulation of the blood
ligate - bind with a bandage or ligature; "ligate the artery"
extirpate - surgically remove (an organ)
enucleate - remove (a tumor or eye) from an enveloping sac or cover
exenterate - remove the contents of (an organ)
decerebrate - remove the cerebrum from (a human body)
maxillofacial - of or relating to the upper jaw and face (particularly with reference to specialized surgery of the maxilla); "maxillofacial surgery"
2.surgery - a room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted; "he read the warning in the doctor's surgery"
room - an area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling; "the rooms were very small but they had a nice view"
Britain, Great Britain, U.K., UK, United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom
3.surgery - a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operationssurgery - a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations; "great care is taken to keep the operating rooms aseptic"
hospital room - a room in a hospital for the care of patients
4.surgery - a medical procedure involving an incision with instrumentssurgery - a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body; "they will schedule the operation as soon as an operating room is available"; "he died while undergoing surgery"
catheterisation, catheterization - the operation of introducing a catheter into the body
ablation, cutting out, extirpation, excision - surgical removal of a body part or tissue
amputation - a surgical removal of all or part of a limb
angioplasty - an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery
arthroplasty - surgical reconstruction or replacement of a malformed or degenerated joint
arthroscopy - a minimally invasive operation to repair a damaged joint; the surgeon examines the joint with an arthroscope while making repairs through a small incision
brain surgery - any surgical procedure involving the brain
castration - surgical removal of the testes or ovaries (usually to inhibit hormone secretion in cases of breast cancer in women or prostate cancer in men); "bilateral castration results in sterilization"
cauterisation, cauterization, cautery - the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing
chemosurgery - use of chemical to destroy diseased or malignant tissue; used in treatment of skin cancer
craniotomy - a surgical opening through the skull
cryosurgery - the use of extreme cold (usually liquid nitrogen) to destroy unwanted tissue (warts or cataracts or skin cancers)
curettage, curettement - surgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette
debridement - surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing
decortication - removal of the outer covering of an organ or part
D and C, dilatation and curettage, dilation and curettage - a surgical procedure usually performed under local anesthesia in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrial lining of the uterus is scraped with a curet; performed to obtain tissue samples or to stop prolonged bleeding or to remove small tumors or to remove fragments of placenta after childbirth or as a method of abortion
electrosurgery - surgery performed with electrical devices (as in electrocautery)
enterostomy, enterotomy - surgical operation that creates a permanent opening through the abdominal wall into the intestine
enucleation - surgical removal of something without cutting into it; "the enucleation of the tumor"
wrong-site surgery - a surgical operation performed on the wrong part of the body
evisceration - surgical removal of an organ (or the contents of an organ) from a patient
exenteration - surgical removal of the organs within a body cavity (as those of the pelvis)
eye operation, eye surgery - any surgical procedure involving the eyes
fenestration - surgical procedure that creates a new fenestra to the cochlea in order to restore hearing lost because of osteosclerosis
gastrectomy - surgical removal of all or part of the stomach
gastroenterostomy - surgical creation of an opening between the stomach wall and the small intestines; performed when the normal opening has been eliminated
gastrostomy - surgical creation of an opening through the abdominal wall into the stomach (as for gastrogavage)
heart surgery - any surgical procedure involving the heart
haemorrhoidectomy, hemorrhoidectomy - surgical procedure for tying hemorrhoids and excising them
haemostasia, haemostasis, hemostasia, hemostasis - surgical procedure of stopping the flow of blood (as with a hemostat)
hysterotomy - surgical incision into the uterus (as in cesarean section)
implantation - a surgical procedure that places something in the human body; "the implantation of radioactive pellets in the prostate gland"
surgical incision, incision, section - the cutting of or into body tissues or organs (especially by a surgeon as part of an operation)
intestinal bypass - surgical operation that shortens the small intestine; used in treating obesity
jejunostomy - surgical creation of an opening between the jejunum and the anterior abdominal wall; will allow artificial feeding
major surgery - any surgical procedure that involves anesthesia or respiratory assistance
microsurgery - surgery using operating microscopes and miniaturized precision instruments to perform intricate procedures on very small structures
minor surgery - any surgical procedure that does not involve anesthesia or respiratory assistance
myotomy - surgical incision or division of a muscle
myringectomy - surgical removal of the eardrum
myringoplasty - surgical repair of a perforated eardrum with a tissue graft
myringotomy - surgical incision into the eardrum (to relieve pressure or release pus from the middle ear)
neurosurgery - any surgery that involves the nervous system (brain or spinal cord or peripheral nerves)

surgery

noun operation, treatment His father had just recovered from heart surgery.
Translations
chirurgieoperaceordinace
kirurgikonsultationkonsultationsværelseoperation
leikkausvastaanottovastaanottohuonekirurgialääkärin vastaanottotilat
operacijaoperacijska dvorana
műtétsebészetműtőoperációorvosi rendelő
læknisstofaskurîlækningar
手術手術室診療所外科
수술진료소
chirurgiaordinácia
operacija
läkarmottagningoperation
การผ่าตัดห้องผ่าตัด
khoa phẫu thuậtphẫu thuật

surgery

[ˈsɜːdʒərɪ]
A. N
1. (Med) (= branch of medicine, operation) → cirugía f
brain surgeryneurocirugía f
heart surgerycardiocirugía f
he was admitted for surgery on his kneelo ingresaron para operarlo de la rodilla
to have surgeryser operado, someterse a una operación (quirúrgica)
see also plastic
2. (Brit) (= consulting room) (doctor's, vet's) → consultorio m
3. (Brit) (= consultation)
3.1. (with doctor, vet) → consulta f
she has a Wednesday afternoon surgerytiene or pasa consulta los miércoles por la tarde
3.2. (with MP) sesión de consulta y atención de reclamaciones de un diputado con los electores de su circunscripción
he holds a surgery for his constituents every Saturdaytodos los sábados atiende las reclamaciones de los electores de su circunscripción
4. (US) (= operating theatre) → quirófano m, sala f de operaciones
B. CPD surgery hours NPL (Med) → horas fpl de consulta

surgery

[ˈsɜːrdʒəri] n
(= operation) → intervention f; [brain, eye, heart] → opération f
to undergo surgery → subir une intervention
brain surgery → opération f du cerveau
three people waiting for brain surgery → trois personnes attendant une opération du cerveau
(= area of medicine) → chirurgie f
(British) (= doctor's office) → cabinet m (de consultation)
(= session) → consultation f
(British) [MP, councillor] → permanence fsurgery hours npl (British) [doctor's surgery] → heures fpl de consultation

surgery

n
Chirurgie f; to have surgeryoperiert werden; to need (heart) surgery(am Herzen) operiert werden müssen; to undergo major heart surgerysich einer größeren Herzoperation unterziehen; surgery is the only solutionOperieren ist die einzige Lösung; a fine piece of surgeryeine großartige chirurgische Leistung
(Brit: = room) → Sprechzimmer nt; (= consultation)Sprechstunde f; surgery hoursSprechstunden pl; when is his surgery?wann hat er Sprechstunde?

surgery

[ˈsɜːdʒrɪ] n (art) → chirurgia; (operation) → intervento chirurgico (Brit) (Med) (consulting room) → ambulatorio; (session) → visita ambulatoriale (Brit) (of MP) → incontri mpl con gli elettori
to undergo surgery → subire un intervento chirurgico

surgeon

(ˈsəːdʒən) noun
1. a doctor who treats injuries or diseases by operations in which the body sometimes has to be cut open, eg to remove a diseased part.
2. a doctor in the army or navy.
surgery (ˈsəːdʒəri) plural ˈsurgeries
1. the practice or art of a surgeon. to specialize in surgery.
2. a doctor's or dentist's room in which he examines patients.
surgical (ˈsəːdʒikəl) adjective
of, or by means of, surgery. surgical instruments; He is in need of surgical treatment.
ˈsurgically adverb

surgery

عَمَلِيَّةٌ جِرَاحِيَّة, عِيَادَةُ الطَّبِيب operace, ordinace konsultation, operation Arztpraxis, chirurgischer Eingriff εγχείριση, ιατρείο ambulatorio, cirugía, consultorio lääkärin vastaanottotilat, leikkaus cabinet médical, intervention chirurgicale operacija, operacijska dvorana ambulatorio, intervento chirurgico 手術, 診療所 수술, 진료소 behandelkamer, operatie kirurgi, legekontor operacja, przychodnia cirurgia, consultório операционная, хирургическое лечение läkarmottagning, operation การผ่าตัด, ห้องผ่าตัด ameliyat, klinik khoa phẫu thuật, phẫu thuật 外科手术, 诊所

sur·ger·y

n. cirugía, rama de la medicina que comprende procesos operatorios de reparación, diagnosis de enfermedades y corrección de estructuras del cuerpo.

surgery

n cirugía; ambulatory — cirugía ambulatoria; bariatric — cirugía bariátrica; breast augmentation — mamoplastia de aumento, cirugía para aumentar el tamaño de las mamas; breast reduction — mamoplastia de reducción, cirugía para reducir el tamaño de las mamas; cosmetic — cirugía estética or cosmética; elective — cirugía electiva or programada; gender reassignment — cirugía de reasignación de sexo or género; general — cirugía general; laparoscopic — cirugía laparoscópica; major — cirugía mayor; maxillofacial — cirugía maxilofacial; minor — cirugía menor; open heart — cirugía a corazón abierto; open — cirugía abierta; oral — cirugía oral or bucal; orthopedic — cirugía ortopédica; outpatient — cirugía ambulatoria, cirugía sin ingreso; plastic — cirugía plástica; radical — cirugía radical; reconstructive — cirugía reconstructiva; robotic — cirugía robótica; sexual reassignment — cirugía de reasignación de sexo; thoracic — cirugía torácica
References in classic literature ?
Here, let's have a look at him;" and Phineas, who in the course of his hunting and backwoods life had acquired some rude experience of surgery, kneeled down by the wounded man, and began a careful examination of his condition.
The youngest reader of romances and romantic ballads, must recollect how often the females, during the dark ages, as they are called, were initiated into the mysteries of surgery, and how frequently the gallant knight submitted the wounds of his person to her cure, whose eyes had yet more deeply penetrated his heart.
Owing to the waning resources of the planet it evidently became necessary to counteract the increasing longevity which their remarkable skill in therapeutics and surgery produced, and so human life has come to be considered but lightly on Mars, as is evidenced by their dangerous sports and the almost continual warfare between the various communities.
I was the first man to take up this question armed with antiseptic surgery, and with a really scientific knowledge of the laws of growth.
His head was cut and bleeding; and one knee seemed to be badly injured; and it was speedily settled that he had better be conveyed at once to the only Surgery in the place.
I have been calling on Mortimer, and he pointed you out to me from the window of his surgery as you passed.
Watson told us, a form of knife which is used for the most delicate operations known in surgery.
While he is thus employed, he says, after laughing at his establishing a surgery in the street, "And so your husband is a brickmaker?
Of medicine or surgery the poor thing knew nothing.
His residence and principal consulting-room is at Kennington Road, but he has a branch surgery and dispensary at Lower Brixton Road, two miles away.
On the fourth day after his visit to London a motor car drew up outside his modest surgery door, and with an excitement which he found it almost impossible to conceal, he saw a plainly dressed young man, evidently a foreigner and, he believed, a Japanese, descend and ring the patients' bell.
There is banking, the law, veterinary surgery, government offices, the civil service, all these at least should be thrown freely open to women, if they have brains enough to compete successfully for them.