surplus


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to surplus: Surplus funds

sur·plus

 (sûr′pləs, -plŭs′)
adj.
Being more than or in excess of what is needed or required: surplus grain. See Synonyms at superfluous.
n.
1. An amount or quantity in excess of what is needed.
2. Accounting
a. Total assets minus the sum of all liabilities.
b. Excess of a corporation's net assets over the face value of its capital stock.
c. Excess of receipts over expenditures.

[Middle English, an excess, surplus, from Old French, an excess, from Medieval Latin superplūs : Latin super-, super- + Latin plūs, more; see pelə- in Indo-European roots.]

surplus

(ˈsɜːpləs)
n, pl -pluses
1. a quantity or amount in excess of what is required
2. (Accounting & Book-keeping) accounting
a. an excess of total assets over total liabilities
b. an excess of actual net assets over the nominal value of capital stock
c. an excess of revenues over expenditures during a certain period of time
3. (Economics) economics
a. an excess of government revenues over expenditures during a certain financial year
b. an excess of receipts over payments on the balance of payments
adj
being in excess; extra
[C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin superplūs, from Latin super- + plūs more]

sur•plus

(ˈsɜr plʌs, -pləs)

n., adj., v. -plussed -plused, -plus•sing -plus•ing. n.
1. something that remains above what is used or needed.
2. an amount, quantity, etc., greater than needed.
3. the excess of assets over liabilities, esp. the excess of net worth over capital-stock value.
adj.
4. being a surplus; being in excess of what is required or used: surplus wheat.
v.t.
5. to treat as surplus; sell off.
[1325–75; < Old French < Medieval Latin superplus=super- super- + plus plus]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.surplus - a quantity much larger than is neededsurplus - a quantity much larger than is needed
overmuch, overmuchness, superabundance, overabundance - a quantity that is more than what is appropriate; "four-year-olds have an overabundance of energy"; "we received an inundation of email"
Adj.1.surplus - more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the needy"
unnecessary, unneeded - not necessary

surplus

noun
1. excess, surfeit, superabundance, superfluity Germany suffers from a surplus of teachers.
excess lack, deficit, shortage, deficiency, shortfall, dearth, paucity, insufficiency
adjective

surplus

adjective
Being more than is needed, desired, or appropriate:
noun
An amount or quantity beyond what is needed, desired, or appropriate:
Translations
přebytekpřebytečný
overskudoverskydende
ylijäämäylimääräinen
višaksuvišan
fölösleg
umframbirgîir; offramleiîsla
余り余分な
나머지나머지의
lieks daudzumspārpalikums
prebytok
överskottöverskotts-
เป็นส่วนเกินจำนวนที่เกิน
lượng dưthừa

surplus

[ˈsɜːpləs]
A. N (surpluses (pl))
1. (= excess) → exceso m (Comm, Agr) (from overproduction) → excedente m
a surplus of teachersun exceso de profesores
the 1995 wheat surplusel excedente or los excedentes de trigo de 1995
a pair of army surplus bootsun par de botas provenientes de excedentes militares
2. (Fin, Econ) → superávit m
budget surplussuperávit m presupuestario
trade surplusbalanza f comercial favorable, superávit m (en balanza) comercial
B. ADJsobrante (Comm, Agr) (from overproduction) → excedentario, excedente
surplus energyenergía f sobrante
to be surplus to requirementsno ser ya necesario, sobrar
stocks surplus to requirementsexistencias fpl que exceden de las necesidades
I was made to feel surplus to requirements (iro) → hicieron que me sintiera (como que estaba) de más
C. CPD surplus stock Nsaldos mpl
sale of surplus stockliquidación f de saldos
surplus store Ntienda f de excedentes

surplus

[ˈsɜːrpləs]
nsurplus m, excédent m
adj (= excess) surplus cash → l'excédent de liquidités
surplus grain → l'excédent de blé
surplus to requirements
It is surplus to our requirements → Cela excède nos besoins.
surplus stock → surplus mplsurplus store nmagasin m de surplus

surplus

nÜberschuss m (→ of an +dat); a balance of trade surplusein Überschuss min der Handelsbilanz
adjüberschüssig; (of countable objects)überzählig; surplus valueMehrwert m; Army surplus bootsStiefel pl; sale of surplus stockVerkauf mvon Lagerbeständen; have you any surplus sheets I could borrow?hast du Laken übrig, die ich mir borgen könnte?; it is surplus to (my) requirementsdas benötige ich nicht; surplus store Geschäft, das billig Lagerbestände verkauft

surplus

[ˈsɜːpləs]
1. n (Fin, Comm) → surplus m inv
to have a surplus of sth → avere qc in eccedenza
labour surplus → eccedenza di manodopera
2. adjeccedente, d'avanzo (Fin, Comm) → di sovrappiù, in eccedenza
surplus stock → merce f in sovrappiù
it is surplus to our requirements → eccede i nostri bisogni

surplus

(ˈsəˈpləs) noun
the amount left over when what is required has been used etc. Canada produces a surplus of raw materials; (also adjective) surplus stocks; The country had a trade surplus (= exported more than it imported) last month.

surplus

فَائِض, فَضْل přebytečný, přebytek overskud, overskydende Überschuss, überschüssig περίσσευμα, περίσσιος excedente, sobrante ylijäämä, ylimääräinen supplémentaire, surplus suvišan, višak eccedente, eccedenza 余り, 余分な 나머지, 나머지의 overtollig, surplus overskudd, overskytende nadmiar, w nadmiarze excedente избыточный, излишек överskott, överskotts- เป็นส่วนเกิน, จำนวนที่เกิน fazla, fazlalık lượng dư, thừa 剩余, 多余的

surplus

n., a. sobrante, excedente.
References in classic literature ?
And that unconsumed surplus, sold abroad, becomes what we call our favorable balance of trade.
So that for an hour or more, a thousand fathoms in the sea, he carries a surplus stock of vitality in him, just as the camel crossing the waterless desert carries a surplus supply of drink for future use in its four supplementary stomachs.
20 00 Private Surplus on the Week, Or say, Self-presented Testimonial
As it is not so, we must necessarily admit the existence of an under-current, which empties into the basin of the Atlantic through the Straits of Gibraltar the surplus waters of the Mediterranean.
Markets are established in the city where peasants can bring their surplus supplies and the products of the soil.
In the one year Jesse made enough money to pay for all the cost of preparing the land and had a surplus that enabled him to buy two more farms.
It is said that the vast majority of the Heidelberg students are hard workers, and make the most of their opportunities; that they have no surplus means to spend in dissipation, and no time to spare for frolicking.
The surplus he holds merely as custodian, and it is passed on to the younger members of the community as necessity demands.
But winter was coming on, and the surplus labour army was pouring into the cities.
Divide it in halves, give half as the share of labor, the surplus left you will be greater, and the share of labor will be greater too.
Of these there was an army, the huge surplus labor army of society; called into being under the stern system of nature, to do the casual work of the world, the tasks which were transient and irregular, and yet which had to be done.
The resource occurred to him now as so easy and agreeable, especially as Marner's hoard was likely to be large enough to leave Godfrey a handsome surplus beyond his immediate needs, and enable him to accommodate his faithful brother, that he had almost turned the horse's head towards home again.