Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.


1. Surplus; excess.
2. An excess of words; verbiage.
3. Law Words or allegations in a legal document or pleading that do not have any legal value.


1. (Law) law (in pleading, etc) irrelevant matter, such as a superfluous allegation
2. an excess of words
3. a less common word for surplus


(ˈsɜr plʌs ɪdʒ)

1. something that is surplus; an excess amount.
2. an excess of words, esp. in pleading a case.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.surplusage - a quantity much larger than is neededsurplusage - a quantity much larger than is needed
overmuch, overmuchness, superabundance, overabundance - a quantity that is more than what is appropriate; "four-year-olds have an overabundance of energy"; "we received an inundation of email"


An amount or quantity beyond what is needed, desired, or appropriate:
References in classic literature ?
The German emperor of that day made the usual offer: he would grant to the destroyer of the dragon, any one solitary thing he might ask for; for he had a surplusage of daughters, and it was customary for dragon-killers to take a daughter for pay.
A surplusage given to one part is paid out of a reduction from another part of the same creature.
Pero ipapaliwang po natin sa taong bayan na sayang, kasi surplusage na po yan.
It is silly speculative surplusage for him (military spokesman Brig.
35) In addition to violating the surplusage canon, the court argued that Asadi's construction would render SOX's antiretaliation provisions moot "because an individual who makes a disclosure that is protected by [SOX] .
The court seems to read Amendment 5 in a way that makes it pure surplusage.
71) No other explanation makes sense given the Court's failure to rebut Justice Thomas' argument regarding surplusage.
101) Courts are reluctant to interpret statutory provisions in a way that renders other parts of the same statute surplusage, (102) even if those other parts were enacted years earlier.
Great Lakes argued that the canon of surplusage dictated that CLEC definition should be confined to carriers who serve end users directly, and that the FCC's interpretation conflicted with its 2011 Transformation Order.
54) The majority also invoked the surplusage canon (55) and looked for textual clues from related federal statutes.
2) It can also be understood as a special case of the closely related canon against surplusage.
112) In that same opinion, however, the Committee described such covenants as "undesirable surplusage," because the existing ethical canons already protect client confidences, and further restriction would "denigrate[] the dignity of the profession.