surplus

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sur·plus

 (sûr′pləs, -plŭs′)
adj.
Being more than or in excess of what is needed or required: surplus grain. See Synonyms at superfluous.
n.
1. An amount or quantity in excess of what is needed.
2. Accounting
a. Total assets minus the sum of all liabilities.
b. Excess of a corporation's net assets over the face value of its capital stock.
c. Excess of receipts over expenditures.

[Middle English, an excess, surplus, from Old French, an excess, from Medieval Latin superplūs : Latin super-, super- + Latin plūs, more; see pelə- in Indo-European roots.]

surplus

(ˈsɜːpləs)
n, pl -pluses
1. a quantity or amount in excess of what is required
2. (Accounting & Book-keeping) accounting
a. an excess of total assets over total liabilities
b. an excess of actual net assets over the nominal value of capital stock
c. an excess of revenues over expenditures during a certain period of time
3. (Economics) economics
a. an excess of government revenues over expenditures during a certain financial year
b. an excess of receipts over payments on the balance of payments
adj
being in excess; extra
[C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin superplūs, from Latin super- + plūs more]

sur•plus

(ˈsɜr plʌs, -pləs)

n., adj., v. -plussed -plused, -plus•sing -plus•ing. n.
1. something that remains above what is used or needed.
2. an amount, quantity, etc., greater than needed.
3. the excess of assets over liabilities, esp. the excess of net worth over capital-stock value.
adj.
4. being a surplus; being in excess of what is required or used: surplus wheat.
v.t.
5. to treat as surplus; sell off.
[1325–75; < Old French < Medieval Latin superplus=super- super- + plus plus]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.surplus - a quantity much larger than is neededsurplus - a quantity much larger than is needed
overmuch, overmuchness, superabundance, overabundance - a quantity that is more than what is appropriate; "four-year-olds have an overabundance of energy"; "we received an inundation of email"
Adj.1.surplus - more than is needed, desired, or required; "trying to lose excess weight"; "found some extra change lying on the dresser"; "yet another book on heraldry might be thought redundant"; "skills made redundant by technological advance"; "sleeping in the spare room"; "supernumerary ornamentation"; "it was supererogatory of her to gloat"; "delete superfluous (or unnecessary) words"; "extra ribs as well as other supernumerary internal parts"; "surplus cheese distributed to the needy"
unnecessary, unneeded - not necessary

surplus

noun
1. excess, surfeit, superabundance, superfluity Germany suffers from a surplus of teachers.
excess lack, deficit, shortage, deficiency, shortfall, dearth, paucity, insufficiency
adjective

surplus

adjective
Being more than is needed, desired, or appropriate:
noun
An amount or quantity beyond what is needed, desired, or appropriate:
Translations
přebytekpřebytečný
overskudoverskydende
ylijäämäylimääräinen
višaksuvišan
fölösleg
umframbirgîir; offramleiîsla
余り余分な
나머지나머지의
lieks daudzumspārpalikums
prebytok
överskottöverskotts-
เป็นส่วนเกินจำนวนที่เกิน
lượng dưthừa

surplus

[ˈsɜːpləs]
A. N (surpluses (pl))
1. (= excess) → exceso m (Comm, Agr) (from overproduction) → excedente m
a surplus of teachersun exceso de profesores
the 1995 wheat surplusel excedente or los excedentes de trigo de 1995
a pair of army surplus bootsun par de botas provenientes de excedentes militares
2. (Fin, Econ) → superávit m
budget surplussuperávit m presupuestario
trade surplusbalanza f comercial favorable, superávit m (en balanza) comercial
B. ADJsobrante (Comm, Agr) (from overproduction) → excedentario, excedente
surplus energyenergía f sobrante
to be surplus to requirementsno ser ya necesario, sobrar
stocks surplus to requirementsexistencias fpl que exceden de las necesidades
I was made to feel surplus to requirements (iro) → hicieron que me sintiera (como que estaba) de más
C. CPD surplus stock Nsaldos mpl
sale of surplus stockliquidación f de saldos
surplus store Ntienda f de excedentes

surplus

[ˈsɜːrpləs]
nsurplus m, excédent m
adj (= excess) surplus cash → l'excédent de liquidités
surplus grain → l'excédent de blé
surplus to requirements
It is surplus to our requirements → Cela excède nos besoins.
surplus stock → surplus mplsurplus store nmagasin m de surplus

surplus

nÜberschuss m (→ of an +dat); a balance of trade surplusein Überschuss min der Handelsbilanz
adjüberschüssig; (of countable objects)überzählig; surplus valueMehrwert m; Army surplus bootsStiefel pl; sale of surplus stockVerkauf mvon Lagerbeständen; have you any surplus sheets I could borrow?hast du Laken übrig, die ich mir borgen könnte?; it is surplus to (my) requirementsdas benötige ich nicht; surplus store Geschäft, das billig Lagerbestände verkauft

surplus

[ˈsɜːpləs]
1. n (Fin, Comm) → surplus m inv
to have a surplus of sth → avere qc in eccedenza
labour surplus → eccedenza di manodopera
2. adjeccedente, d'avanzo (Fin, Comm) → di sovrappiù, in eccedenza
surplus stock → merce f in sovrappiù
it is surplus to our requirements → eccede i nostri bisogni

surplus

(ˈsəˈpləs) noun
the amount left over when what is required has been used etc. Canada produces a surplus of raw materials; (also adjective) surplus stocks; The country had a trade surplus (= exported more than it imported) last month.

surplus

فَائِض, فَضْل přebytečný, přebytek overskud, overskydende Überschuss, überschüssig περίσσευμα, περίσσιος excedente, sobrante ylijäämä, ylimääräinen supplémentaire, surplus suvišan, višak eccedente, eccedenza 余り, 余分な 나머지, 나머지의 overtollig, surplus overskudd, overskytende nadmiar, w nadmiarze excedente избыточный, излишек överskott, överskotts- เป็นส่วนเกิน, จำนวนที่เกิน fazla, fazlalık lượng dư, thừa 剩余, 多余的

surplus

n., a. sobrante, excedente.
References in classic literature ?
Don't forget that they have already traded with one another, and that these surpluses yet remain.
The United States and Brazil must both seek out other countries with undeveloped resources, in order to unload the surpluses on them.
Current account and capital and financial account surpluses contributed to the total surplus in the last quarter of 2010, he said.
In April 2001, NATO's Partnership for Peace (PfP) expanded its anti-personnel landmine destruction trust fund to include small arms and light weapons, encouraging PfP countries to commit to destruction of surpluses and NATO member countries to financially support these efforts.
Both the Bush Administration and the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) project growing on-budget surpluses under current policy over the next decade.
RUNNING federal budget surpluses when the economy is operating at full employment is not fiscally responsible.
With projected surpluses of at least $3 trillion, that's a tough, but not impossible, case.
Arguably, the cash already belongs to Social Security; its surpluses for years have been used to obscure the depth of the federal budget deficit.
Japan has had large trade surpluses for the last several decades, because the household savings have been larger than the domestic investment.
Nevertheless, the combined debt service and operating needs of the MTA thoroughly consume the authority's vast annual resources, as surpluses generated in one year are typically used to cover deficits in succeeding years, a common practice among transit systems.
Angelenos know better than anyone what becomes of budget surpluses that aren't returned to the people who earned them.
The challenges you face both in shaping a budget for the coming year and in designing a longer-run strategy for fiscal policy were brought into sharp focus by the release last week of the Clinton Administration's final budget projections, which showed further upward revisions of on-budget surpluses for the next decade.