surrender


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sur·ren·der

 (sə-rĕn′dər)
v. sur·ren·dered, sur·ren·der·ing, sur·ren·ders
v.tr.
1. To relinquish possession or control of (something) to another because of demand or compulsion: surrendered the city to the enemy. See Synonyms at relinquish.
2. To give up in favor of another, especially voluntarily: surrendered her chair to her grandmother.
3. To give up or abandon: surrender all hope.
4. To give over or resign (oneself) to something, as to an emotion: surrendered himself to grief.
5. Law To effectuate a surrender of.
v.intr.
To submit to the power of another, especially after resisting; give up.
n.
1. The act or an instance of surrendering: The general demanded the unconditional surrender of the fort.
2. Law The yielding of the possession of an estate to a party with a reversion or remainder interest in the estate, or of a lease to a landlord, prior to the term's expiration.

[Middle English surrenderen, from Old French surrendre : sur-, sur- + rendre, to deliver; see render.]

surrender

(səˈrɛndə)
vb
1. (tr) to relinquish to the control or possession of another under duress or on demand: to surrender a city.
2. (tr) to relinquish or forego (an office, position, etc), esp as a voluntary concession to another: he surrendered his place to a lady.
3. to give (oneself) up physically, as or as if to an enemy
4. to allow (oneself) to yield, as to a temptation, influence, etc
5. (tr) to give up (hope, etc)
6. (Law) (tr) law to give up or restore (an estate), esp to give up a lease before expiration of the term
7. (tr) obsolete to return or render (thanks, etc)
8. (Law) surrender to bail to present oneself at court at the appointed time after having been on bail
n
9. the act or instance of surrendering
10. (Insurance) insurance the voluntary discontinuation of a life policy by its holder in return for a consideration (the surrender value)
11. (Law) law
a. the yielding up or restoring of an estate, esp the giving up of a lease before its term has expired
b. the giving up to the appropriate authority of a fugitive from justice
c. the act of surrendering or being surrendered to bail
d. the deed by which a legal surrender is effected
[C15: from Old French surrendre to yield, from sur-1 + rendre to render]
surˈrenderer n

sur•ren•der

(səˈrɛn dər)

v.t.
1. to deliver up or yield (something) to the possession or power of another on demand or under duress: to surrender the fort to the enemy.
2. to give (oneself) up, as to the police.
3. to give (oneself) up to some influence, course, emotion, etc.: surrendered himself to despair.
4. to give up, abandon, or relinquish (comfort, hope, etc.).
5. to yield or resign (an office, privilege, etc.) in favor of another.
v.i.
6. to give oneself up, as into the power of another; submit or yield.
n.
7. an act or instance of surrendering.
[1425–75; < Old French surrendre to give up =sur- sur-1 + rendre to render1]
syn: See yield.

surrender


Past participle: surrendered
Gerund: surrendering

Imperative
surrender
surrender
Present
I surrender
you surrender
he/she/it surrenders
we surrender
you surrender
they surrender
Preterite
I surrendered
you surrendered
he/she/it surrendered
we surrendered
you surrendered
they surrendered
Present Continuous
I am surrendering
you are surrendering
he/she/it is surrendering
we are surrendering
you are surrendering
they are surrendering
Present Perfect
I have surrendered
you have surrendered
he/she/it has surrendered
we have surrendered
you have surrendered
they have surrendered
Past Continuous
I was surrendering
you were surrendering
he/she/it was surrendering
we were surrendering
you were surrendering
they were surrendering
Past Perfect
I had surrendered
you had surrendered
he/she/it had surrendered
we had surrendered
you had surrendered
they had surrendered
Future
I will surrender
you will surrender
he/she/it will surrender
we will surrender
you will surrender
they will surrender
Future Perfect
I will have surrendered
you will have surrendered
he/she/it will have surrendered
we will have surrendered
you will have surrendered
they will have surrendered
Future Continuous
I will be surrendering
you will be surrendering
he/she/it will be surrendering
we will be surrendering
you will be surrendering
they will be surrendering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been surrendering
you have been surrendering
he/she/it has been surrendering
we have been surrendering
you have been surrendering
they have been surrendering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been surrendering
you will have been surrendering
he/she/it will have been surrendering
we will have been surrendering
you will have been surrendering
they will have been surrendering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been surrendering
you had been surrendering
he/she/it had been surrendering
we had been surrendering
you had been surrendering
they had been surrendering
Conditional
I would surrender
you would surrender
he/she/it would surrender
we would surrender
you would surrender
they would surrender
Past Conditional
I would have surrendered
you would have surrendered
he/she/it would have surrendered
we would have surrendered
you would have surrendered
they would have surrendered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.surrender - acceptance of despairsurrender - acceptance of despair    
despair - the feeling that everything is wrong and nothing will turn out well; "they moaned in despair and dismay"; "one harsh word would send her into the depths of despair"
defeatism - acceptance of the inevitability of defeat
2.surrender - a verbal act of admitting defeatsurrender - a verbal act of admitting defeat  
relinquishing, relinquishment - a verbal act of renouncing a claim or right or position etc.
3.surrender - the delivery of a principal into lawful custody
extradition - the surrender of an accused or convicted person by one state or country to another (usually under the provisions of a statute or treaty)
legal transfer, livery, delivery - the voluntary transfer of something (title or possession) from one party to another
4.surrender - the act of surrendering (usually under agreed conditions); "they were protected until the capitulation of the fort"
loss - the act of losing someone or something; "everyone expected him to win so his loss was a shock"
Verb1.surrender - give up or agree to forgo to the power or possession of another; "The last Taleban fighters finally surrendered"
abnegate - surrender (power or a position); "The King abnegated his power to the ministers"
yield - cease opposition; stop fighting
concede - acknowledge defeat; "The candidate conceded after enough votes had come in to show that he would lose"
capitulate - surrender under agreed conditions
stand firm, withstand, hold out, resist - stand up or offer resistance to somebody or something
2.surrender - relinquish possession or control over; "The squatters had to surrender the building after the police moved in"
gift, present, give - give as a present; make a gift of; "What will you give her for her birthday?"
yield up - surrender, as a result of pressure or force
sell - give up for a price or reward; "She sold her principles for a successful career"
sign away, sign over - formally assign ownership of; "She signed away her rights"

surrender

verb
1. give in, yield, submit, give way, quit, succumb, cave in (informal), capitulate, throw in the towel, lay down arms, give yourself up, show the white flag We'll never surrender to the terrorists.
give in fight (on), oppose, resist, defy, withstand, stand up to, make a stand against
2. give up, abandon, relinquish, resign, yield, concede, part with, renounce, waive, forego, cede, deliver up She had to surrender all rights to her property.
noun
1. submission, yielding, cave-in (informal), capitulation, resignation, renunciation, relinquishment the unconditional surrender of the rebels

surrender

verb
1. To undergo capture, defeat, or ruin:
2. To let (something) go:
3. To give up a possession, claim, or right:
4. To yield (oneself) unrestrainedly, as to a particular impulse:
5. To give in from or as if from a gradual loss of strength:
Informal: fold.
noun
1. The act of submitting or surrendering to the power of another:
2. The act of delivering or the condition of being delivered:
3. A giving up of a possession, claim, or right:
Translations
يَتَخَلَّى عَن، يَتَنازَل عَنيَسْتَسْلِم ، يُسَلِّمُ لِيَسْتَسْلِم، يُسَلِّمُ لِيُسَلِّمُ
vzdát sekapitulaceodevzdat
aflevereopgiveovergive (sig)overgive sigovergivelse
alistuma
antautuaantautuminenluovuttaaluovutus
predati se
megadás
gefast uppláta af hendiuppgjöf
投降投降する放棄放棄する自首
항복하다
atteiktieslabprātīgi atdot
vdajavdati se
ge upp
ยอมแพ้
đầu hàng

surrender

[səˈrendəʳ]
A. N
1. (= capitulation) (Mil) → rendición f (fig) → claudicación f
no surrender!¡no nos rendimos nunca!
2. (= handover) [of weapons] → entrega f
3. (Jur) [of lease, property] → cesión f
4. (Insurance) [of policy] → rescate m (previo al vencimiento)
B. VI (Mil) → rendirse
I surrender!¡me rindo!
to surrender to the policeentregarse a la policía
to surrender to despairabandonarse or entregarse a la desesperación
C. VT
1. (Mil) [+ weapons] → rendir, entregar; [+ territory, city] → entregar
to surrender o.s (Mil) → rendirse; (to police) → entregarse
to surrender o.s. to despairabandonarse or entregarse a la desesperación
I surrendered myself to his charmsme rendí a or ante sus encantos
2. (= renounce, give up) [+ claim, right] → renunciar a; [+ lease, ownership] → ceder (liter) [+ hope] → abandonar
3. (= hand over) [+ passport, ticket] → entregar, hacer entrega de (more frm)
4. (= redeem) [+ insurance policy] → rescatar (antes del vencimiento)
D. CPD surrender value Nvalor m de rescate

surrender

[səˈrɛndər]
n
(MILITARY) [army, soldier, garrison, town] → reddition f
They tried to starve us into surrender
BUT Ils essayèrent de nous affamer pour que nous nous rendions.
(= relinquishing) [weapons, rights] → abandon m
[self] → abandon m
vise rendre
vt
[+ claim, right] → renoncer à
[+ territory] → renoncer à
[+ weapons] → déposersurrender value nvaleur f de rachat

surrender

visich ergeben (→ to +dat); (to police) → sich stellen (→ to +dat); I surrender!ich ergebe mich!
vt (Mil) → übergeben; firearms also, control, power, title, leadabgeben; goods, suspectausliefern; insurance policyeinlösen; leasekündigen; claim, right, hopeaufgeben
vr to surrender oneself to somethingsich einer Sache (dat)hingeben; to fatesich in etw (acc)ergeben
n
(Mil: = capitulation) → Kapitulation f (→ to vor +dat)
(= handing over)Übergabe f (→ to an +acc); (of control, power, title, lead)Abgabe f; (of suspect)Auslieferung f, → Aushändigung f (→ to an +acc); (of insurance policy)Einlösen nt; (of lease)Kündigung f; (of claim, right, hope)Aufgabe f, → Preisgabe f; surrender value (Insur) → Rückgabe- or Rückkaufswert m

surrender

[səˈrɛndəʳ]
1. nresa, capitolazione f
no surrender! → non ci arrendiamo!
2. vt (gen) (Mil) to surrender (to)consegnare (a); (lease) → cedere; (claim, right) → rinunciare a; (hope) → abbandonare; (insurance policy) → riscattare
3. vi to surrender (to)arrendersi (a)

surrender

(səˈrendə) verb
1. to yield. The general refused to surrender to the enemy; We shall never surrender!
2. to give up or abandon. He surrendered his claim to the throne; You must surrender your old passport when applying for a new one.
noun
(an) act of surrendering. The garrison was forced into surrender.

surrender

يُسَلِّمُ vzdát se overgive (sig) ergeben (sich) παραδίνομαι rendirse antautua se rendre predati se arrendersi 降伏する 항복하다 overgeven (zich) overgi (seg) poddać render-se сдаваться ge upp ยอมแพ้ teslim olmak đầu hàng 投降
References in classic literature ?
There was an extremely pathetic side to the surrender of these mighty fliers, the result of an age-old custom which demanded that surrender should be signalized by the voluntary plunging to earth of the commander of the vanquished vessel.
Not until the commander of the entire fleet took the fearful plunge, thus indicating the surrender of the remaining vessels, did the fighting cease, and the useless sacrifice of brave men come to an end.
At last I heard Ja shouting to the survivors in the dugouts--they were all quite close to us now--offer-ing them their lives if they would surrender.
But I had soon learned that while one might easily astonish them with some new engine of war, it was an utter impossibility to frighten them into surrender.
Complete surrender to a particular mood until the mood itself surrenders to the artist, and afterwards silent ceaseless toil until a form worthy of its expression has been achieved -- this is the method of Li Po and his fellows.
Each of them desired nothing more than to give himself up as a prisoner to escape from all this horror and misery; but on the one hand the force of this common attraction to Smolensk, their goal, drew each of them in the same direction; on the other hand an army corps could not surrender to a company, and though the French availed themselves of every convenient opportunity to detach themselves and to surrender on the slightest decent pretext, such pretexts did not always occur.
The City Hall was asking for airships, refusing to surrender as Washington advised, and developing into a centre of intense emotion, of hectic activity.
After a time, learning that if he persisted, she would settle the situation by gathering him into her arms and gurgling into his ears, he made it a point to act his part until such delectable surrender and joyful culmination were achieved.
And as the lesser surrendereth himself to the greater that he may have delight and power over the least of all, so doth even the greatest surrender himself, and staketh--life, for the sake of power.
But some strange force of evil would not let her give herself up to her feelings, as though the rules of warfare would not permit her to surrender.
Jones in too much deference to object; and it was finally arranged that he should be the bearer of a summons to the garrison to surrender before they proceeded to extremities.
In the District of Minas alone, there were destroyed two hundred and fifty-five houses, two hundred and seventy-six barns, one hundred and fifty-five outhouses, eleven mills, and one church; and the friends of those who refused to surrender were threatened as the victims of their obstinacy.