surround


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sur·round

 (sə-round′)
tr.v. sur·round·ed, sur·round·ing, sur·rounds
1. To extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle: the magnetic field that surrounds the earth.
2. To enclose or confine on all sides so as to bar escape or outside communication: The police surrounded the house.
n.
1. Something, such as fencing or a border, that surrounds: a fireplace surround.
2.
a. The area around a thing or place: inflammation extending to the surround of the eye.
b. often surrounds Surroundings; environment: "It was the country, the flat agricultural surround, that so ravished me" (Listener).
3. A method of hunting wild animals by surrounding them and driving them to a place from which they cannot escape.

[Middle English surrounden, to inundate, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundāre : Latin super-, super- + Latin undāre, to rise in waves (from unda, wave; see wed- in Indo-European roots).]

surround

(səˈraʊnd)
vb (tr)
1. to encircle or enclose or cause to be encircled or enclosed
2. (Military) to deploy forces on all sides of (a place or military formation), so preventing access or retreat
3. to exist around: I dislike the people who surround her.
n
4. (Building) chiefly Brit a border, esp the area of uncovered floor between the walls of a room and the carpet or around an opening or panel
5. (Hunting) chiefly
a. a method of capturing wild beasts by encircling the area in which they are believed to be
b. the area so encircled
[C15 surrounden to overflow, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundāre, from Latin super- + undāre to abound, from unda a wave]
surˈrounding adj

sur•round

(səˈraʊnd)

v.t.
1. to enclose on all sides; encompass: surrounded by admirers.
2. to form an enclosure round; encircle.
3. to exist around or accompany; attend: An aura of mystery surrounds her.
4. to enclose so as to cut off communication or retreat.
5. to cause to be enclosed, encircled, or attended: surrounding himself with friends.
n.
6. something that surrounds, as the area, border, etc., around an object or central space.
7. environment or setting.
[1400–50; late Middle English: to inundate < Anglo-French surounder, Middle French s(o)ronder < Late Latin superundāre to overflow = Latin super- super- + undāre to flood, derivative of unda wave (compare undulate)]

surround


Past participle: surrounded
Gerund: surrounding

Imperative
surround
surround
Present
I surround
you surround
he/she/it surrounds
we surround
you surround
they surround
Preterite
I surrounded
you surrounded
he/she/it surrounded
we surrounded
you surrounded
they surrounded
Present Continuous
I am surrounding
you are surrounding
he/she/it is surrounding
we are surrounding
you are surrounding
they are surrounding
Present Perfect
I have surrounded
you have surrounded
he/she/it has surrounded
we have surrounded
you have surrounded
they have surrounded
Past Continuous
I was surrounding
you were surrounding
he/she/it was surrounding
we were surrounding
you were surrounding
they were surrounding
Past Perfect
I had surrounded
you had surrounded
he/she/it had surrounded
we had surrounded
you had surrounded
they had surrounded
Future
I will surround
you will surround
he/she/it will surround
we will surround
you will surround
they will surround
Future Perfect
I will have surrounded
you will have surrounded
he/she/it will have surrounded
we will have surrounded
you will have surrounded
they will have surrounded
Future Continuous
I will be surrounding
you will be surrounding
he/she/it will be surrounding
we will be surrounding
you will be surrounding
they will be surrounding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been surrounding
you have been surrounding
he/she/it has been surrounding
we have been surrounding
you have been surrounding
they have been surrounding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been surrounding
you will have been surrounding
he/she/it will have been surrounding
we will have been surrounding
you will have been surrounding
they will have been surrounding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been surrounding
you had been surrounding
he/she/it had been surrounding
we had been surrounding
you had been surrounding
they had been surrounding
Conditional
I would surround
you would surround
he/she/it would surround
we would surround
you would surround
they would surround
Past Conditional
I would have surrounded
you would have surrounded
he/she/it would have surrounded
we would have surrounded
you would have surrounded
they would have surrounded
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.surround - the area in which something exists or livessurround - the area in which something exists or lives; "the country--the flat agricultural surround"
ambiance, ambience - the atmosphere of an environment
medium - the surrounding environment; "fish require an aqueous medium"
setting, scene - the context and environment in which something is set; "the perfect setting for a ghost story"
element - the most favorable environment for a plant or animal; "water is the element of fishes"
habitat, home ground - the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs; "a marine habitat"; "he felt safe on his home grounds"
melting pot - an environment in which many ideas and races are socially assimilated
parts - the local environment; "he hasn't been seen around these parts in years"
Verb1.surround - extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle; "The forest surrounds my property"
adjoin, contact, touch, meet - be in direct physical contact with; make contact; "The two buildings touch"; "Their hands touched"; "The wire must not contact the metal cover"; "The surfaces contact at this point"
fringe - decorate with or as if with a surrounding fringe; "fur fringed the hem of the dress"
gird, girdle - put a girdle on or around; "gird your loins"
cloister - surround with a cloister; "cloister the garden"
inclose, shut in, close in, enclose - surround completely; "Darkness enclosed him"; "They closed in the porch with a fence"
hem in - surround in a restrictive manner; "The building was hemmed in by flowers"
cloister - surround with a cloister, as of a garden
2.surround - envelop completely; "smother the meat in gravy"
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"
3.surround - surround so as to force to give upsurround - surround so as to force to give up; "The Turks besieged Vienna"
attack, assail - launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with; "Hitler attacked Poland on September 1, 1939 and started World War II"; "Serbian forces assailed Bosnian towns all week"
seal off, blockade - impose a blockade on
ebb - hem in fish with stakes and nets so as to prevent them from going back into the sea with the ebb
4.surround - surround with a wall in order to fortify
protect - shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage; "Weatherbeater protects your roof from the rain"
stockade - surround with a stockade in order to fortify
circumvallate - surround with or as if with a rampart or other fortification

surround

verb
1. enclose, ring, encircle, encompass, envelop, close in on, fence in, girdle, hem in, environ, enwreath The church was surrounded by a rusted wrought-iron fence.
2. besiege, beset, lay siege to, invest (rare) When the car stopped it was surrounded by police and militiamen.
noun
1. border, edging, skirting, boundary, fringe, perimeter a small fireplace with a cast-iron surround

surround

verb
To shut in on all sides:
Translations
يُحيطُيُحيطُ، يَبني سورايُحيط، يُطَوِّقُ
obklopitobehnatobklíčit
omgiveomringe
ympäröidäpiirittääsaartaa
okružiti
umkringjaumlykja
囲む包囲する取り巻く
둘러싸다
apylinkėssupantis
apjoztapņemtieskautietvert
obkoliti
omringa
ล้อมรอบ
çevrelemekçevreleyenetrafını çevirmekkuşatmaksarmak
vây quanh

surround

[səˈraʊnd]
A. VT
1. (= encircle) → rodear
a town surrounded by hillsuna ciudad rodeada de montes
the house was surrounded by a high wallla casa estaba rodeada por un muro muy alto
she was surrounded by childrenestaba rodeada de niños
the uncertainty surrounding the future of the projectla incertidumbre que envuelve or rodea al proyecto
2. (Mil, Pol) [troops, police] [+ enemy, town, building] → rodear, cercar
you are surrounded!¡estáis rodeados!
B. N (= border) → marco m, borde m; [of fireplace] → marco m
the bath/swimming pool had a tiled surroundel baño/la piscina tenía un borde alicatado
C. CPD surround sound Nsonido m (de efecto) surround

surround

[səˈraʊnd] vt
(= be around) → entourer
The house is surrounded by trees → La maison est entourée d'arbres.
(= encircle) [police] → cerner; [troops] → encercler
The police surrounded the house → La police a encerclé la maison.
you're surrounded! → vous êtes cerné!
(= be associated with) [controversy, secrecy] → entourer

surround

n (esp Brit) → Umrandung f; (= floor round carpet)Ränder pl; the surroundsdie Umgebung
vtumgeben; (Mil) → umstellen, umzingeln; she was surrounded by children/suitorssie war von Kindern umgeben/von Verehrern umgeben or umschwärmt

surround

[səˈraʊnd]
1. vtcircondare (Mil) → accerchiare
a town surrounded by hills → una città circondata da colline
2. nbordo

surround

(səˈraund) verb
1. to be, or come, all round. Britain is surrounded by sea; Enemy troops surrounded the town; Mystery surrounds his death.
2. to enclose. He surrounded the castle with a high wall.
surˈrounding adjective
lying or being all round. the city and its surrounding suburbs.
surˈroundings noun plural
1. the area etc that is round a place. a pleasant hotel in delightful surroundings.
2. the conditions etc in which a person, animal etc lives. He was happy to be at home again in his usual surroundings.

surround

يُحيطُ obklopit omgive umgeben περιβάλλω rodear ympäröidä encercler okružiti circondare 囲む 둘러싸다 omringen omringe otoczyć circundar окружать omringa ล้อมรอบ çevreleyen vây quanh 围绕
References in classic literature ?
This long connexion of a family with one spot, as its place of birth and burial, creates a kindred between the human being and the locality, quite independent of any charm in the scenery or moral circumstances that surround him.
I was aware afresh, with her, as we went, of how, like her brother, she contrived--it was the charming thing in both children--to let me alone without appearing to drop me and to accompany me without appearing to surround.
Parallel meridians rudely pecked into the glass, surround these footpads' goblets.
But if you now come to separate these two objects, and surround each by a circle of profound darkness; then, in order to see one of them, in such a manner as to bring your mind to bear on it, the other will be utterly excluded from your contemporary consciousness.
There were all the marked passages, which had thrilled his soul so often,--words of patriarchs and seers, poets and sages, who from early time had spoken courage to man,--voices from the great cloud of witnesses who ever surround us in the race of life.
I derive more of my subsistence from the swamps which surround my native town than from the cultivated gardens in the village.
We would surround that prison and have the king out in no time.
I am filled with unutterable loathing when I contem- plate the religious pomp and show, together with the horrible inconsistencies, which every where surround me.
Nor could I pass unnoticed the suggestion of the bleak shores of Lapland, Siberia, Spitzbergen, Nova Zembla, Iceland, Greenland, with "the vast sweep of the Arctic Zone, and those forlorn regions of dreary space,--that reservoir of frost and snow, where firm fields of ice, the accumulation of centuries of winters, glazed in Alpine heights above heights, surround the pole, and concentre the multiplied rigours of extreme cold.
But I might - I might - if this silly business were not completely relinquished altogether, be induced in some anxious moment to guard her from, and surround her with protections against, the consequences of any foolish step in the way of marriage.
Then he stalked out of the hut, and leaving the three guards at the gate, commanded a company of soldiers to surround the kraal and fire it.
I fled, but he pursu'd (though more, it seems, Inflam'd with lust then rage) and swifter far, Me overtook his mother all dismaid, And in embraces forcible and foule Ingendring with me, of that rape begot These yelling Monsters that with ceasless cry Surround me, as thou sawst, hourly conceiv'd And hourly born, with sorrow infinite To me, for when they list into the womb That bred them they return, and howle and gnaw My Bowels, their repast; then bursting forth Afresh with conscious terrours vex me round, That rest or intermission none I find.