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sur·round  (s-round)
tr.v. sur·round·ed, sur·round·ing, sur·rounds
1. To extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle.
2. To enclose or confine on all sides so as to bar escape or outside communication.
1. Something, such as fencing or a border, that surrounds: a fireplace surround.
a. The area around a thing or place: inflammation extending to the surround of the eye.
b. Surroundings; environment: "It was the country, the flat agricultural surround, that so ravished me" (Listener).
3. A method of hunting wild animals by surrounding them and driving them to a place from which they cannot escape.

[Middle English surrounden, to inundate, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundre : Latin super-, super- + Latin undre, to rise in waves (from unda, wave; see wed-1 in Indo-European roots).]
Synonyms: surround, circle, compass, encircle, encompass, environ, gird1, girdle, ring1
These verbs mean to lie around and bound on all sides: Suburbs surround the city. A crown circled the king's head. Fog compassed the mountain peak. A belt encircled her waist. A lake encompassed the island. The desert environed the oases. A deep moat girds the castle. Flower gardens girdled the bird bath. Guests ringed the coffee table.

sur•round•ing (səˈraʊn dɪŋ)

1. something that surrounds.
2. surroundings, environing things, circumstances, conditions, etc.; environment.
3. enclosing or encircling.
4. being the environment or adjacent area.
[1400–50; late Middle English: inundation]
Thesaurus Legend:  Synonyms Related Words Antonyms
Adj.1.surrounding - closely encircling; "encompassing mountain ranges"; "the surrounding countryside"
close - at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other; "close to noon"; "how close are we to town?"; "a close formation of ships"

nearby, neighbouring, adjacent, local, bordering, adjoining, abutting Aerial bombing of the surrounding area is continuing.
plural noun
environment, setting, background, location, neighbourhood, milieu, environs a peaceful holiday home in beautiful surroundings
surrounding [səˈraʊndɪŋ] ADJ [countryside] → circundante; [hills] → circundante, de alrededor
they disappeared into the surrounding darknessdesaparecieron en la oscuridad(que los envolvía)
surrounding [səˈraʊndɪŋ] adjenvironnant(e)
adjumliegend; in the surrounding countrysidein der Umgebung or Umgegend; in the surrounding darknessin der Dunkelheit, die mich/ihn etc umgab; surrounding tissue (Med) → Bindegewebe nt
surrounding [səˈraʊndɪŋ] adjcircostante
the surrounding hills → le colline circostanti

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In the first place, to blame because I am cleverer than any of the people surrounding me.
By giving the balloon these cubic dimensions, and filling it with hydrogen gas, instead of common air--the former being fourteen and a half times lighter and weighing therefore only two hundred and seventy-six pounds--a difference of three thousand seven hundred and twenty-four pounds in equilibrium is produced; and it is this difference between the weight of the gas contained in the balloon and the weight of the surrounding atmosphere that constitutes the ascensional force of the former.
Dotting it were numerous circular towers, dome-capped, and surrounding each tower was a stone wall enclosing several acres of ground.
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