surrounding


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sur·round

 (sə-round′)
tr.v. sur·round·ed, sur·round·ing, sur·rounds
1. To extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle: the magnetic field that surrounds the earth.
2. To enclose or confine on all sides so as to bar escape or outside communication: The police surrounded the house.
n.
1. Something, such as fencing or a border, that surrounds: a fireplace surround.
2.
a. The area around a thing or place: inflammation extending to the surround of the eye.
b. often surrounds Surroundings; environment: "It was the country, the flat agricultural surround, that so ravished me" (Listener).
3. A method of hunting wild animals by surrounding them and driving them to a place from which they cannot escape.

[Middle English surrounden, to inundate, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundāre : Latin super-, super- + Latin undāre, to rise in waves (from unda, wave; see wed-1 in Indo-European roots).]

sur•round•ing

(səˈraʊn dɪŋ)

n.
1. something that surrounds.
2. surroundings, environing things, circumstances, conditions, etc.; environment.
adj.
3. enclosing or encircling.
4. being the environment or adjacent area.
[1400–50; late Middle English: inundation]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.surrounding - closely encircling; "encompassing mountain ranges"; "the surrounding countryside"
close - at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other; "close to noon"; "how close are we to town?"; "a close formation of ships"

surrounding

adjective
nearby, neighbouring, adjacent, local, bordering, adjoining, abutting Aerial bombing of the surrounding area is continuing.
plural noun
environment, setting, background, location, neighbourhood, milieu, environs a peaceful holiday home in beautiful surroundings
Translations

surrounding

[səˈraʊndɪŋ] ADJ [countryside] → circundante; [hills] → circundante, de alrededor
they disappeared into the surrounding darknessdesaparecieron en la oscuridad(que los envolvia)

surrounding

[səˈraʊndɪŋ] adjenvironnant(e)

surrounding

adjumliegend; in the surrounding countrysidein der Umgebung or Umgegend; in the surrounding darknessin der Dunkelheit, die mich/ihn etc umgab; surrounding tissue (Med) → Bindegewebe nt

surrounding

[səˈraʊndɪŋ] adjcircostante
the surrounding hills → le colline circostanti

surrounding

adj (area, tissue, etc.) circundante
References in classic literature ?
In the first place, to blame because I am cleverer than any of the people surrounding me.
By giving the balloon these cubic dimensions, and filling it with hydrogen gas, instead of common air--the former being fourteen and a half times lighter and weighing therefore only two hundred and seventy-six pounds--a difference of three thousand seven hundred and twenty-four pounds in equilibrium is produced; and it is this difference between the weight of the gas contained in the balloon and the weight of the surrounding atmosphere that constitutes the ascensional force of the former.
Dotting it were numerous circular towers, dome-capped, and surrounding each tower was a stone wall enclosing several acres of ground.