surround

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sur·round

 (sə-round′)
tr.v. sur·round·ed, sur·round·ing, sur·rounds
1. To extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle: the magnetic field that surrounds the earth.
2. To enclose or confine on all sides so as to bar escape or outside communication: The police surrounded the house.
n.
1. Something, such as fencing or a border, that surrounds: a fireplace surround.
2.
a. The area around a thing or place: inflammation extending to the surround of the eye.
b. often surrounds Surroundings; environment: "It was the country, the flat agricultural surround, that so ravished me" (Listener).
3. A method of hunting wild animals by surrounding them and driving them to a place from which they cannot escape.

[Middle English surrounden, to inundate, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundāre : Latin super-, super- + Latin undāre, to rise in waves (from unda, wave; see wed- in Indo-European roots).]

surround

(səˈraʊnd)
vb (tr)
1. to encircle or enclose or cause to be encircled or enclosed
2. (Military) to deploy forces on all sides of (a place or military formation), so preventing access or retreat
3. to exist around: I dislike the people who surround her.
n
4. (Building) chiefly Brit a border, esp the area of uncovered floor between the walls of a room and the carpet or around an opening or panel
5. (Hunting) chiefly
a. a method of capturing wild beasts by encircling the area in which they are believed to be
b. the area so encircled
[C15 surrounden to overflow, from Old French suronder, from Late Latin superundāre, from Latin super- + undāre to abound, from unda a wave]
surˈrounding adj

sur•round

(səˈraʊnd)

v.t.
1. to enclose on all sides; encompass: surrounded by admirers.
2. to form an enclosure round; encircle.
3. to exist around or accompany; attend: An aura of mystery surrounds her.
4. to enclose so as to cut off communication or retreat.
5. to cause to be enclosed, encircled, or attended: surrounding himself with friends.
n.
6. something that surrounds, as the area, border, etc., around an object or central space.
7. environment or setting.
[1400–50; late Middle English: to inundate < Anglo-French surounder, Middle French s(o)ronder < Late Latin superundāre to overflow = Latin super- super- + undāre to flood, derivative of unda wave (compare undulate)]

surround


Past participle: surrounded
Gerund: surrounding

Imperative
surround
surround
Present
I surround
you surround
he/she/it surrounds
we surround
you surround
they surround
Preterite
I surrounded
you surrounded
he/she/it surrounded
we surrounded
you surrounded
they surrounded
Present Continuous
I am surrounding
you are surrounding
he/she/it is surrounding
we are surrounding
you are surrounding
they are surrounding
Present Perfect
I have surrounded
you have surrounded
he/she/it has surrounded
we have surrounded
you have surrounded
they have surrounded
Past Continuous
I was surrounding
you were surrounding
he/she/it was surrounding
we were surrounding
you were surrounding
they were surrounding
Past Perfect
I had surrounded
you had surrounded
he/she/it had surrounded
we had surrounded
you had surrounded
they had surrounded
Future
I will surround
you will surround
he/she/it will surround
we will surround
you will surround
they will surround
Future Perfect
I will have surrounded
you will have surrounded
he/she/it will have surrounded
we will have surrounded
you will have surrounded
they will have surrounded
Future Continuous
I will be surrounding
you will be surrounding
he/she/it will be surrounding
we will be surrounding
you will be surrounding
they will be surrounding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been surrounding
you have been surrounding
he/she/it has been surrounding
we have been surrounding
you have been surrounding
they have been surrounding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been surrounding
you will have been surrounding
he/she/it will have been surrounding
we will have been surrounding
you will have been surrounding
they will have been surrounding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been surrounding
you had been surrounding
he/she/it had been surrounding
we had been surrounding
you had been surrounding
they had been surrounding
Conditional
I would surround
you would surround
he/she/it would surround
we would surround
you would surround
they would surround
Past Conditional
I would have surrounded
you would have surrounded
he/she/it would have surrounded
we would have surrounded
you would have surrounded
they would have surrounded
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.surround - the area in which something exists or livessurround - the area in which something exists or lives; "the country--the flat agricultural surround"
ambiance, ambience - the atmosphere of an environment
medium - the surrounding environment; "fish require an aqueous medium"
setting, scene - the context and environment in which something is set; "the perfect setting for a ghost story"
element - the most favorable environment for a plant or animal; "water is the element of fishes"
habitat, home ground - the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs; "a marine habitat"; "he felt safe on his home grounds"
melting pot - an environment in which many ideas and races are socially assimilated
parts - the local environment; "he hasn't been seen around these parts in years"
Verb1.surround - extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle; "The forest surrounds my property"
adjoin, contact, touch, meet - be in direct physical contact with; make contact; "The two buildings touch"; "Their hands touched"; "The wire must not contact the metal cover"; "The surfaces contact at this point"
fringe - decorate with or as if with a surrounding fringe; "fur fringed the hem of the dress"
gird, girdle - put a girdle on or around; "gird your loins"
cloister - surround with a cloister; "cloister the garden"
inclose, shut in, close in, enclose - surround completely; "Darkness enclosed him"; "They closed in the porch with a fence"
hem in - surround in a restrictive manner; "The building was hemmed in by flowers"
cloister - surround with a cloister, as of a garden
2.surround - envelop completely; "smother the meat in gravy"
cover - provide with a covering or cause to be covered; "cover her face with a handkerchief"; "cover the child with a blanket"; "cover the grave with flowers"
3.surround - surround so as to force to give upsurround - surround so as to force to give up; "The Turks besieged Vienna"
attack, assail - launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with; "Hitler attacked Poland on September 1, 1939 and started World War II"; "Serbian forces assailed Bosnian towns all week"
seal off, blockade - impose a blockade on
ebb - hem in fish with stakes and nets so as to prevent them from going back into the sea with the ebb
4.surround - surround with a wall in order to fortify
protect - shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage; "Weatherbeater protects your roof from the rain"
stockade - surround with a stockade in order to fortify
circumvallate - surround with or as if with a rampart or other fortification

surround

verb
1. enclose, ring, encircle, encompass, envelop, close in on, fence in, girdle, hem in, environ, enwreath The church was surrounded by a rusted wrought-iron fence.
2. besiege, beset, lay siege to, invest (rare) When the car stopped it was surrounded by police and militiamen.
noun
1. border, edging, skirting, boundary, fringe, perimeter a small fireplace with a cast-iron surround

surround

verb
To shut in on all sides:
Translations
يُحيطُيُحيطُ، يَبني سورايُحيط، يُطَوِّقُ
obklopitobehnatobklíčit
omgiveomringe
ympäröidäpiirittääsaartaa
okružiti
umkringjaumlykja
囲む包囲する取り巻く
둘러싸다
apylinkėssupantis
apjoztapņemtieskautietvert
obkoliti
omringa
ล้อมรอบ
çevrelemekçevreleyenetrafını çevirmekkuşatmaksarmak
vây quanh

surround

[səˈraʊnd]
A. VT
1. (= encircle) → rodear
a town surrounded by hillsuna ciudad rodeada de montes
the house was surrounded by a high wallla casa estaba rodeada por un muro muy alto
she was surrounded by childrenestaba rodeada de niños
the uncertainty surrounding the future of the projectla incertidumbre que envuelve or rodea al proyecto
2. (Mil, Pol) [troops, police] [+ enemy, town, building] → rodear, cercar
you are surrounded!¡estáis rodeados!
B. N (= border) → marco m, borde m; [of fireplace] → marco m
the bath/swimming pool had a tiled surroundel baño/la piscina tenía un borde alicatado
C. CPD surround sound Nsonido m (de efecto) surround

surround

[səˈraʊnd] vt
(= be around) → entourer
The house is surrounded by trees → La maison est entourée d'arbres.
(= encircle) [police] → cerner; [troops] → encercler
The police surrounded the house → La police a encerclé la maison.
you're surrounded! → vous êtes cerné!
(= be associated with) [controversy, secrecy] → entourer

surround

n (esp Brit) → Umrandung f; (= floor round carpet)Ränder pl; the surroundsdie Umgebung
vtumgeben; (Mil) → umstellen, umzingeln; she was surrounded by children/suitorssie war von Kindern umgeben/von Verehrern umgeben or umschwärmt

surround

[səˈraʊnd]
1. vtcircondare (Mil) → accerchiare
a town surrounded by hills → una città circondata da colline
2. nbordo

surround

(səˈraund) verb
1. to be, or come, all round. Britain is surrounded by sea; Enemy troops surrounded the town; Mystery surrounds his death.
2. to enclose. He surrounded the castle with a high wall.
surˈrounding adjective
lying or being all round. the city and its surrounding suburbs.
surˈroundings noun plural
1. the area etc that is round a place. a pleasant hotel in delightful surroundings.
2. the conditions etc in which a person, animal etc lives. He was happy to be at home again in his usual surroundings.

surround

يُحيطُ obklopit omgive umgeben περιβάλλω rodear ympäröidä encercler okružiti circondare 囲む 둘러싸다 omringen omringe otoczyć circundar окружать omringa ล้อมรอบ çevreleyen vây quanh 围绕
References in classic literature ?
The little girl was very sincere in all this, for being left alone outside the safe home nest, she felt the need of some kind hand to hold by so sorely that she instinctively turned to the strong and tender Friend, whose fatherly love most closely surrounds His little children.
There now is your insular city of the Manhattoes, belted round by wharves as Indian isles by coral reefs--commerce surrounds it with her surf.
Will you emerge from the darkness that surrounds you and come to St.
Thus with the Year Seasons return, but not to me returns Day, or the sweet approach of Ev'n or Morn, Or sight of vernal bloom, or Summers Rose, Or flocks, or herds, or human face divine; But cloud in stead, and ever-during dark Surrounds me, from the chearful waies of men Cut off, and for the book of knowledg fair Presented with a Universal blanc Of Natures works to mee expung'd and ras'd, And wisdome at one entrance quite shut out.
Soon after we discovered the isle of Babelmandel, which gives name to the strait so called, and parts the sea that surrounds it into two channels; that on the side of Arabia is not above a quarter of a league in breadth, and through this pass almost all the vessels that trade to or from the Red Sea.
Had I been able to tell him of the experiences of Tarzan of the Apes I could doubtless have taken much of the glamour and romance from jungle life that naturally surrounds it in the minds of those who have had no experience of it.
Yes, I understand," replied Ned, becoming more attentive; "because the water surrounds me, but does not penetrate.
It was this fear that restrained him, so powerful is the influence of a truly great character on all that surrounds it.
Every one who surrounds me is free to quit me, and when they leave me will no longer have any need of me or any one else; it is for that reason, perhaps, that they do not quit me.
In her many musings, she surrounds the original smile with a multitude of fantasies, which make it strange and awful: as, for instance, if she imagines him in a coffin, that parting look is frozen on his pale features; or, if she dreams of him in heaven, still his blessed spirit wears a quiet and crafty smile.
Patroclus then aimed in his turn, and the spear sped not from his hand in vain, for he hit Sarpedon just where the midriff surrounds the ever-beating heart.
He surrounds himself with people who cannot show four quarterings.