sustain


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sus·tain

 (sə-stān′)
tr.v. sus·tained, sus·tain·ing, sus·tains
1.
a. To keep in existence; maintain, continue, or prolong: sustain an effort.
b. To keep up (a joke or assumed role, for example) competently.
2.
a. To supply with necessities or nourishment; provide for: the income needed to sustain a family.
b. To support the spirits, vitality, or resolution of; encourage: We were sustained by her unflagging optimism.
3. To support from below; keep from falling or sinking; prop: The beams sustain the weight of the roof.
4.
a. To bear up under; withstand: can't sustain the blistering heat.
b. To experience or suffer: sustained minor injuries.
5. To affirm the validity of: The judge has sustained the prosecutor's objection.
n.
A capacity of a musical instrument to continue the resounding of a note or tone.

[Middle English sustenen, from Old French sustenir, from Latin sustinēre : sub-, from below; see sub- + tenēre, to hold; see ten- in Indo-European roots.]

sus·tain′er n.
sus·tain′ment n.

sustain

(səˈsteɪn)
vb (tr)
1. to hold up under; withstand: to sustain great provocation.
2. to undergo (an injury, loss, etc); suffer: to sustain a broken arm.
3. to maintain or prolong: to sustain a discussion.
4. to support physically from below
5. to provide for or give support to, esp by supplying necessities: to sustain one's family; to sustain a charity.
6. to keep up the vitality or courage of
7. to uphold or affirm the justice or validity of: to sustain a decision.
8. to establish the truth of; confirm
n
(Music, other) music the prolongation of a note, by playing technique or electronics
[C13: via Old French from Latin sustinēre to hold up, from sub- + tenēre to hold]
susˈtained adj
sustainedly adv
susˈtaining adj
susˈtainingly adv
susˈtainment n

sus•tain

(səˈsteɪn)

v.t.
1. to support, hold, or bear up from below; bear the weight of.
2. to bear (a burden, charge, etc.).
3. to undergo or suffer (injury, loss, etc.).
4. to endure without giving way or yielding.
5. to keep (a person, the spirits, etc.) from giving way, as under trial or affliction.
6. to keep up or keep going, as an action or process; maintain: to sustain a conversation.
7. to supply with food, drink, and other necessities of life.
8. to provide for by furnishing means or funds.
9. to support by aid or approval.
10. to uphold as valid, just, or correct: The judge sustained the lawyer's objection.
11. to confirm or corroborate.
[1250–1300; < Anglo-French sustenir, Old French « Latin sustinēre to uphold =sus- sus- + -tinēre, comb. form of tenēre to hold]
sus•tain′a•ble, adj.
sus•tain′er, n.
sus•tain′ment, n.

sustain


Past participle: sustained
Gerund: sustaining

Imperative
sustain
sustain
Present
I sustain
you sustain
he/she/it sustains
we sustain
you sustain
they sustain
Preterite
I sustained
you sustained
he/she/it sustained
we sustained
you sustained
they sustained
Present Continuous
I am sustaining
you are sustaining
he/she/it is sustaining
we are sustaining
you are sustaining
they are sustaining
Present Perfect
I have sustained
you have sustained
he/she/it has sustained
we have sustained
you have sustained
they have sustained
Past Continuous
I was sustaining
you were sustaining
he/she/it was sustaining
we were sustaining
you were sustaining
they were sustaining
Past Perfect
I had sustained
you had sustained
he/she/it had sustained
we had sustained
you had sustained
they had sustained
Future
I will sustain
you will sustain
he/she/it will sustain
we will sustain
you will sustain
they will sustain
Future Perfect
I will have sustained
you will have sustained
he/she/it will have sustained
we will have sustained
you will have sustained
they will have sustained
Future Continuous
I will be sustaining
you will be sustaining
he/she/it will be sustaining
we will be sustaining
you will be sustaining
they will be sustaining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sustaining
you have been sustaining
he/she/it has been sustaining
we have been sustaining
you have been sustaining
they have been sustaining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sustaining
you will have been sustaining
he/she/it will have been sustaining
we will have been sustaining
you will have been sustaining
they will have been sustaining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sustaining
you had been sustaining
he/she/it had been sustaining
we had been sustaining
you had been sustaining
they had been sustaining
Conditional
I would sustain
you would sustain
he/she/it would sustain
we would sustain
you would sustain
they would sustain
Past Conditional
I would have sustained
you would have sustained
he/she/it would have sustained
we would have sustained
you would have sustained
they would have sustained
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.sustain - lengthen or extend in duration or space; "We sustained the diplomatic negotiations as long as possible"; "prolong the treatment of the patient"; "keep up the good work"
keep on, retain, continue, keep - allow to remain in a place or position or maintain a property or feature; "We cannot continue several servants any longer"; "She retains a lawyer"; "The family's fortune waned and they could not keep their household staff"; "Our grant has run out and we cannot keep you on"; "We kept the work going as long as we could"; "She retained her composure"; "this garment retains its shape even after many washings"
preserve, uphold, carry on, continue, bear on - keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last; "preserve the peace in the family"; "continue the family tradition"; "Carry on the old traditions"
2.sustain - undergo (as of injuries and illnesses); "She suffered a fracture in the accident"; "He had an insulin shock after eating three candy bars"; "She got a bruise on her leg"; "He got his arm broken in the scuffle"
collapse, break down - collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack
cramp - suffer from sudden painful contraction of a muscle
have - suffer from; be ill with; "She has arthritis"
crack up, crock up, collapse, break up, crack - suffer a nervous breakdown
experience, have, receive, get - go through (mental or physical states or experiences); "get an idea"; "experience vertigo"; "get nauseous"; "receive injuries"; "have a feeling"
3.sustain - provide with nourishment; "We sustained ourselves on bread and water"; "This kind of food is not nourishing for young children"
cater, ply, provide, supply - give what is desired or needed, especially support, food or sustenance; "The hostess provided lunch for all the guests"
carry - be able to feed; "This land will carry ten cows to the acre"
4.sustain - supply with necessities and support; "She alone sustained her family"; "The money will sustain our good cause"; "There's little to earn and many to keep"
patronage - support by being a patron of
reseed - maintain by seeding without human intervention; "Some plants reseed themselves indefinitely"
have, have got, hold - have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense; "She has $1,000 in the bank"; "He has got two beautiful daughters"; "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"
carry - keep up with financial support; "The Federal Government carried the province for many years"
5.sustain - be the physical support of; carry the weight of; "The beam holds up the roof"; "He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam"; "What's holding that mirror?"
scaffold - provide with a scaffold for support; "scaffold the building before painting it"
block - support, secure, or raise with a block; "block a plate for printing"; "block the wheels of a car"
carry - bear or be able to bear the weight, pressure,or responsibility of; "His efforts carried the entire project"; "How many credits is this student carrying?"; "We carry a very large mortgage"
chock - support on chocks; "chock the boat"
buoy, buoy up - keep afloat; "The life vest buoyed him up"
pole - support on poles; "pole climbing plants like beans"
bracket - support with brackets; "bracket bookshelves"
underpin - support from beneath
prop, prop up, shore up, shore - support by placing against something solid or rigid; "shore and buttress an old building"
truss - support structurally; "truss the roofs"; "trussed bridges"
brace - support by bracing
6.sustain - admit as valid; "The court sustained the motion"
acknowledge, admit - declare to be true or admit the existence or reality or truth of; "He admitted his errors"; "She acknowledged that she might have forgotten"
7.sustain - establish or strengthen as with new evidence or factssustain - establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; "his story confirmed my doubts"; "The evidence supports the defendant"
back up, back - establish as valid or genuine; "Can you back up your claims?"
vouch - give supporting evidence; "He vouched his words by his deeds"
verify - confirm the truth of; "Please verify that the doors are closed"; "verify a claim"
shew, show, demonstrate, prove, establish - establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment; "The experiment demonstrated the instability of the compound"; "The mathematician showed the validity of the conjecture"
document - support or supply with references; "Can you document your claims?"
validate - prove valid; show or confirm the validity of something

sustain

verb
1. maintain, continue, keep up, prolong, keep going, keep alive, protract He has sustained his fierce social conscience.
2. suffer, experience, undergo, feel, bear, endure, withstand, bear up under Every aircraft in there has sustained some damage.
3. help, aid, comfort, foster, assist, relieve, nurture I am sustained by letters of support.
4. keep alive, nourish, provide for not enough food to sustain a mouse
5. support, carry, bear, keep up, uphold, keep from falling The magnets have lost the capacity to sustain the weight.
6. uphold, confirm, endorse, approve, ratify, verify, validate The court sustained his objection.

sustain

verb
1. To keep in a condition of good repair, efficiency, or use:
2. To hold up:
3. To keep from yielding or failing during stress or difficulty:
4. To put up with:
Informal: lump.
Idioms: take it, take it lying down.
Translations
يَحْمِل، يَتَحَمَّليُعَزِّز، يُساعِد، يُعْطي قُوَّه
posílitunést
bærehjælpestyrke
erõt ad
halda/bera uppistyîja, halda gangandi
atbalstītbalstītstiprinātturēt
güç vermeksabır gücü vermektaşımak

sustain

[səsˈteɪn] VT
1. (= keep going) [+ interest, relationship, marriage] → mantener; [+ effort] → sostener, continuar; [+ life] → sustentar (Mus) [+ note] → sostener
the economy was not able to sustain a long warla economía no podía soportar una guerra larga
2. (frm) (= suffer) [+ attack] → sufrir (y rechazar); [+ damage, loss] → sufrir; [+ injury] → recibir, sufrir; [+ defeat] → padecer
both ships sustained minor damageambos buques sufrieron daños de menor consideración
3. (= support) (lit) [+ weight] → sostener, apoyar (fig) [+ theory] → confirmar, corroborar
it is his belief in God that sustains himsu fe en Dios es lo que lo sostiene or mantiene
4. (Jur) (= uphold) [+ objection] → admitir; [+ claim] → corroborar, respaldar; [+ charge] → confirmar, corroborar
objection sustainedla objeción está admitida

sustain

[səˈsteɪn] vt
(= keep up) [+ interest] → nourrir; [+ effort, growth] → maintenir
The problem was how to create and sustain public interest → Le problème était de savoir comment éveiller et nourrir l'intérêt du public.
(= keep going) [+ person] (physically)permettre de tenir
One slice of bread was not going to sustain me for long → Une tranche de pain ne me permettrait pas de tenir longtemps.
(= keep going) [+ person] (mentally)
I am sustained by letters of support → Je trouve des forces dans les lettres de soutien que je reçois.
(= suffer) [+ damage, defeat, loss] → subir; [+ wound, injury] → recevoir

sustain

vt
(= support) load, weightaushalten, tragen; lifeerhalten; familyunterhalten; charityunterstützen; (= nourish) bodybei Kräften halten; not enough to sustain lifenicht genug zum Leben; that isn’t enough food to sustain youdas wird Ihnen nicht reichen; his love has sustained her over the yearsseine Liebe hat ihr über die Jahre hinweg viel Kraft gegeben
(= keep going, maintain) pretence, argument, theory, effort, veto, interest, supportaufrechterhalten; growth, positionbeibehalten; (Mus) note(aus)halten; (Theat) accent, characterizationdurchhalten; (Jur) objectionstattgeben (+dat); objection sustainedEinspruch stattgegeben ? also sustained
(= receive) injury, damage, losserleiden; to sustain an attackangegriffen werden

sustain

[səsˈteɪn] vt
a. (weight) → sostenere, sopportare; (body, life) → mantenere (Mus) (note) → tenere; (effort, role, pretence) → sostenere
"objection sustained" (Am) (Law) → "obiezione accolta"
b. (receive, damage, loss) → subire, soffrire

sustain

(səˈstein) verb
1. to bear (the weight of). The branches could hardly sustain the weight of the fruit.
2. to give help or strength to. The thought of seeing her again sustained him throughout his ordeal.

sustain

v. sostener, mantener; [a wound] sufrir una herida.

sustain

vt sostener
References in classic literature ?
If I don't seem to need help, it is because I have a better friend, even than Father, to comfort and sustain me.
Duncan now ventured to look at his companions; for, during the most critical moments of their danger, he had been apprehensive that the anxiety of his countenance might communicate some additional alarm to those who were so little able to sustain it.
Each time, the delay seemed to be without purpose, but rather from a forgetfulness of the purpose which had set him in motion, or as if the person's feet came involuntarily to a stand-still because the motive-power was too feeble to sustain his progress.
Meanwhile, the merchants and ship-masters, the spruce clerks and uncouth sailors, entered and departed; the bustle of his commercial and Custom-House life kept up its little murmur round about him; and neither with the men nor their affairs did the General appear to sustain the most distant relation.
But one cannot sustain an indifferent air concerning Fedallah.
The timbers beneath are of a peculiar strength, fitted to sustain the weight of an almost solid mass of brick and mortar, some ten feet by eight square, and five in height.
We can't have perfection; and if I keep him, I must sustain his administration as a whole, even if there are, now and then, things that are exceptionable.
The soldier is applauded who refuses to serve in an unjust war by those who do not refuse to sustain the unjust government which makes the war; is applauded by those whose own act and authority he disregards and sets at naught; as if the state were penitent to that degree that it hired one to scourge it while it sinned, but not to that degree that it left off sinning for a moment.
Emma Jane's parents had always thought that a year or two in the Edgewood high school (three miles from Riverboro) would serve every purpose for their daughter and send her into the world with as fine an intellectual polish as she could well sustain.
So strong was my desire, that I thought a gratification of it would fully compensate for what- ever loss of comforts I should sustain by the ex- change.