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 (so͞o′zər-ən, -zə-rān′)
1. A nation that controls another nation in international affairs but allows it domestic sovereignty.
2. A feudal lord to whom fealty was due.

[French, from Old French suserain : probably sus, up (from Latin sūrsum, sūsum, upward, from *subsvorsum, turned upward : subs-, sub-, from under; see sub- + vorsum, neuter of vorsus, variant of versus, past participle of vertere, to turn; see versus) + souverein, sovereign; see sovereign.]

su′ze·rain adj.


1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy)
a. a state or sovereign exercising some degree of dominion over a dependent state, usually controlling its foreign affairs
b. (as modifier): a suzerain power.
2. (Historical Terms)
a. a feudal overlord
b. (as modifier): suzerain lord.
[C19: from French, from sus above (from Latin sursum turned upwards, from sub- up + vertere to turn) + -erain, as in souverain sovereign]


(ˈsu zə rɪn, -ˌreɪn)

1. a sovereign or a state exercising political control over a dependent state.
2. a feudal overlord.
3. characteristic of or being a suzerain.
[1800–10; < French, =sus above (< Latin sūsum, variant of sursum, contraction of subversum, neuter of subversus upturned; see sub-, verse) + (souv)erain sovereign]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.suzerain - a state exercising a degree of dominion over a dependent state especially in its foreign affairs
body politic, country, nation, res publica, commonwealth, state, land - a politically organized body of people under a single government; "the state has elected a new president"; "African nations"; "students who had come to the nation's capitol"; "the country's largest manufacturer"; "an industrialized land"


[ˈsuːzəreɪn] N (= state) → estado m protector; (= sovereign) → monarca mf protector(a)
References in classic literature ?
Among these suzerains of chateaux and belfries, the most powerful, the richest, and the most popular, was M.
Great Britain sent nearly half a million soldiers into the South African war theater--more soldiers than the United States sent to Europe during the Second World War--to assert its ultimate or suzerain control over the South Africa Republic's gold mines.
The Trump administration certainly has the right to double-down on the policies of its predecessor and help install Iran as Syria's suzerain, with the Assad entourage sifting through the country's ruins for spoils and setting the stage for successive waves and varieties of extremism arising in response.
Contract notice: Commune de Libramont - Drainage work and renewal of the distribution of the street Suzerain in Freux
83), Muhammad Tapar's son and heir MahmQd, who ruled in the 'Iraqayn, unequivocally acknowledged Sanjar as suzerain (ibid.
One can find good illustrations of the confluence of power and norms in ancient Roman diplomacy towards barbarians and the development of ius gentium, the unique practices of the Chinese suzerain system such as kowtowing, and the Ottoman practice of humiliating foreign envoys.
these goods remain the only one acceptable in payment, the suzerain of all the others, one whose value, by a temporary but real privilege [.
The Turkish noun bas became in Romanian a pseudoprefix that formed the compounds bas-boier, hos-bataus, hos-neghiob); haraci/ 'tribute' (tax that the Christian states, the vassals of the Ottoman Empire had to pay to the suzerain power annually); olac (commissioning of work consisting in providing horses for couriers and messengers.
Outside his core kingdom in Kompong Thom the records suggest rather autonomous local chiefs sometimes voluntarily acknowledging some kind of super-ordinate hierarchy, but not subject to direct rule by the suzerain.
In the face of a superior culture, Korea turned into a Chinese suzerain and remained such well into the 19th century.
16) Furthermore, the relationship between the ruling dynasty and its neighboring countries is one of a suzerain to its vassals, as China always saw itself as the heart of an empire that morally stretches all over East Asia, if not all over the world.
e prospectors and defenders and seem to adsorb in themselves the right things from both, because they not only aim at tapping new product-market arenas in a cause to flourish, but alongside look to maintain the serene and tranquil product market arenas on which they tend to have suzerain control.