sway


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sway

 (swā)
v. swayed, sway·ing, sways
v.intr.
1. To swing back and forth or to and fro. See Synonyms at swing.
2. To incline or bend to one side; veer: She swayed and put out a hand to steady herself.
3.
a. To incline toward change, as in opinion or feeling: He swayed toward trying out for the chorus.
b. To fluctuate, as in outlook.
v.tr.
1. To cause to swing back and forth or to and fro: The breeze swayed the wheat.
2. To cause to incline or bend: The wind swayed the trees toward the house.
3. To exert influence or control over: His speech swayed the voters.
4. Nautical To hoist (a mast or yard) into position.
5. Archaic
a. To rule or govern.
b. To wield, as a weapon or scepter.
n.
1. The act of moving from side to side with a swinging motion.
2. Influence or control: The mayor has a lot of sway in our town.

[Middle English sweien, probably of Scandinavian origin.]

sway′er n.
sway′ing·ly adv.

sway

(sweɪ)
vb
1. (usually intr) to swing or cause to swing to and fro
2. (usually intr) to lean or incline or cause to lean or incline to one side or in different directions in turn
3. (usually intr) to vacillate or cause to vacillate between two or more opinions
4. to be influenced or swerve or influence or cause to swerve to or from a purpose or opinion
5. (Nautical Terms) (tr) nautical to hoist (a yard, mast, or other spar)
6. archaic or poetic to rule or wield power (over)
7. (Arms & Armour (excluding Firearms)) (tr) archaic to wield (a weapon)
n
8. control; power
9. a swinging or leaning movement
10. archaic dominion; governing authority
11. hold sway to be master; reign
[C16: probably from Old Norse sveigja to bend; related to Dutch zwaaien, Low German swājen]
ˈswayable adj
ˈswayer n
ˈswayful adj

sway

(sweɪ)

v.i.
1. to move or swing to and fro, as something fastened at one end.
2. to move or incline to one side.
3. to incline in opinion, sympathy, etc.
4. to fluctuate or vacillate, as in opinion.
5. to wield power; exercise rule.
v.t.
6. to cause to move to and fro.
7. to cause to move to one side.
8. Naut. to hoist or raise (a yard, topmast, or the like) (usu. fol. by up).
9. to cause to fluctuate or vacillate.
10. to influence (the mind, emotions, etc., or a person).
11. to cause to swerve, as from a purpose or a course of action.
12. to dominate; rule or govern.
n.
13. the act of swaying; swaying movement.
14. dominating power or influence.
15. rule; dominion.
[1300–50; Middle English sweyen < Old Norse sveigja to bend, sway (transitive)]
sway′a•ble, adj.
sway′er, n.

sway


Past participle: swayed
Gerund: swaying

Imperative
sway
sway
Present
I sway
you sway
he/she/it sways
we sway
you sway
they sway
Preterite
I swayed
you swayed
he/she/it swayed
we swayed
you swayed
they swayed
Present Continuous
I am swaying
you are swaying
he/she/it is swaying
we are swaying
you are swaying
they are swaying
Present Perfect
I have swayed
you have swayed
he/she/it has swayed
we have swayed
you have swayed
they have swayed
Past Continuous
I was swaying
you were swaying
he/she/it was swaying
we were swaying
you were swaying
they were swaying
Past Perfect
I had swayed
you had swayed
he/she/it had swayed
we had swayed
you had swayed
they had swayed
Future
I will sway
you will sway
he/she/it will sway
we will sway
you will sway
they will sway
Future Perfect
I will have swayed
you will have swayed
he/she/it will have swayed
we will have swayed
you will have swayed
they will have swayed
Future Continuous
I will be swaying
you will be swaying
he/she/it will be swaying
we will be swaying
you will be swaying
they will be swaying
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been swaying
you have been swaying
he/she/it has been swaying
we have been swaying
you have been swaying
they have been swaying
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been swaying
you will have been swaying
he/she/it will have been swaying
we will have been swaying
you will have been swaying
they will have been swaying
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been swaying
you had been swaying
he/she/it had been swaying
we had been swaying
you had been swaying
they had been swaying
Conditional
I would sway
you would sway
he/she/it would sway
we would sway
you would sway
they would sway
Past Conditional
I would have swayed
you would have swayed
he/she/it would have swayed
we would have swayed
you would have swayed
they would have swayed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sway - controlling influencesway - controlling influence    
power, powerfulness - possession of controlling influence; "the deterrent power of nuclear weapons"; "the power of his love saved her"; "his powerfulness was concealed by a gentle facade"
2.sway - pitching dangerously to one sidesway - pitching dangerously to one side  
pitching, lurch, pitch - abrupt up-and-down motion (as caused by a ship or other conveyance); "the pitching and tossing was quite exciting"
Verb1.sway - move back and forth or sideways; "the ship was rocking"; "the tall building swayed"; "She rocked back and forth on her feet"
roll - move, rock, or sway from side to side; "The ship rolled on the heavy seas"
rock, sway - cause to move back and forth; "rock the cradle"; "rock the baby"; "the wind swayed the trees gently"
nutate - rock, sway, or nod; usually involuntarily
swag - sway heavily or unsteadily
move back and forth - move in one direction and then into the opposite direction
totter - move without being stable, as if threatening to fall; "The drunk man tottered over to our table"
2.sway - move or walk in a swinging or swaying manner; "He swung back"
weave, waver - sway to and fro
move back and forth - move in one direction and then into the opposite direction
lash - lash or flick about sharply; "The lion lashed its tail"
oscillate, vibrate - move or swing from side to side regularly; "the needle on the meter was oscillating"
brachiate - swing from one hold to the next; "the monkeys brachiate"
3.sway - win approval or support for; "Carry all before one"; "His speech did not sway the voters"
carry - win in an election; "The senator carried his home state"
act upon, influence, work - have and exert influence or effect; "The artist's work influenced the young painter"; "She worked on her friends to support the political candidate"
4.sway - cause to move back and forth; "rock the cradle"; "rock the baby"; "the wind swayed the trees gently"
move, displace - cause to move or shift into a new position or place, both in a concrete and in an abstract sense; "Move those boxes into the corner, please"; "I'm moving my money to another bank"; "The director moved more responsibilities onto his new assistant"
rock, sway, shake - move back and forth or sideways; "the ship was rocking"; "the tall building swayed"; "She rocked back and forth on her feet"

sway

verb
1. move from side to side, rock, wave, roll, swing, bend, lean, incline, lurch, oscillate, move to and fro The people swayed back and forth with arms linked.
2. influence, control, direct, affect, guide, dominate, persuade, govern, win over, induce, prevail on Don't ever be swayed by fashion.
noun
1. power, control, influence, government, rule, authority, command, sovereignty, jurisdiction, clout (informal), dominion, predominance, ascendency How can mothers keep daughters under their sway?
hold sway prevail, rule, predominate, reign, be in power, hold power, exercise power, wield power, have the greatest influence, be most powerful, have the ascendancy Here, a completely different approach seems to hold sway.

sway

verb
1. To move rhythmically back and forth suspended or as if suspended from above:
2. To move back and forth or from side to side, as if about to fall:
3. To have an impact on in a certain way:
4. Archaic. To exercise the authority of a sovereign:
Idiom: wear the crown.
noun
1. The right and power to command, decide, rule, or judge:
Informal: say-so.
2. The power to produce an effect by indirect means:
Informal: clout.
Slang: pull.
3. The act of exercising controlling power or the condition of being so controlled:
Translations
حَرَكَة سَطْح السَّفينَهسَيْطرَه، حُكْميتأثَّريَتَمَايَلُيَتَمايَل، يَتَرَنَّح
houpáníhoupat sekývat senadvládaovlivnit
gyngeni nogens magtpåvirkesvajesvajen
huojua
ljuljati se
hintázás
áhrifavald, áhrifrugga, vaggasveigja í tiltekna áttveltingur, vagg
ゆすぶる
전후(좌우)로 흔들리다
linguotisiūbavimassiūbuoti
ietekmeietekmētlīgošanāslīgotiesšūpošanās
zibati se
svaja
แกว่งไปมา
đu đưa

sway

[sweɪ]
A. N
1. (also swaying) (= movement) → balanceo m, oscilación f; [of train, bus, boat] → vaivén m, balanceo m; (= violent swaying) → bamboleo m; (= violent jerk) → sacudimiento m; (= totter) → tambaleo m
2. (= rule) → dominio m; (= influence) → influencia f; (= power) → poder m
his sway over the partysu influencia en el partido, su dominio del partido
to bring a people under one's swaysojuzgar un pueblo
to hold sway over a nationgobernar or dominar una nación
to hold sway over sbmantener el dominio sobre algn
this theory held sway during the 1970sesta teoría se impuso durante la década de los setenta
B. VI (= swing) → balancearse, oscilar; (gently) → mecerse; (violently) → bambolearse; (= totter) → tambalearse
the train swayed from side to sideel tren se balanceaba or bamboleaba de un lado para otro
she sways as she walksse cimbrea al andar
C. VT
1. (= move) → balancear; (gently) → mecer; [+ hips] → menear, cimbrear
2. (= influence) → mover, influir en
he is not swayed by any such considerationstales cosas no influyen en él en absoluto
I allowed myself to be swayedme dejé influir
these factors finally swayed meestos factores terminaron de or por convencerme

sway

[ˈsweɪ]
vi (= move from side to side) [person] → chanceler; [tree, branches, rope, hammock] → se balancer; [boat, train] → tanguer
He didn't fall, but swayed a little → Il ne tomba pas mais chancela un peu.
vt
(= move from side to side) [+ hips] → rouler
(= influence) → influencer
n (= rule, power) → emprise f
to hold sway → exercer son emprise
to hold sway over sb → avoir de l'emprise sur qn
to be under the sway of sb/sth → être sous l'emprise de qn/qch

sway

n
(= movement, of trees) → Sichwiegen nt; (of hanging object)Schwingen nt; (of building, mast, bridge etc, unsteady person)Schwanken nt; (of train, boat)Schaukeln nt; (of hips)Wackeln nt; (fig)Schwenken nt; the graceful sway of the dancer’s bodydas anmutige Wiegen der Tänzerin
(= influence, rule)Macht f (→ over über +acc); to bring a city/a people under one’s swaysich (dat)eine Stadt/ein Volk unterwerfen; to hold sway over somebody/a nationjdn/ein Volk beherrschen or in seiner Macht haben
vi (trees)sich wiegen; (hanging object)schwingen; (building, mast, bridge etc, unsteady person)schwanken; (train, boat)schaukeln; (hips)wackeln; (fig)schwenken; she sways as she walkssie wiegt beim Gehen die Hüften; the drunk swayed up the roadder Betrunkene schwankte die Straße entlang; to sway between two alternativeszwischen zwei Alternativen schwanken
vt
hipswiegen; (wind) → hin und her bewegen
(= influence)beeinflussen; (= change sb’s mind)umstimmen

sway

[sweɪ]
1. n
a. (movement, gen) → ondeggiamento; (of boat) → dondolio, rollio
b. (rule, power) sway (over)influenza (su)
to hold sway over sb → dominare qn
2. vi (tree, hanging object) → ondeggiare; (bridge, building, train) → oscillare; (person) → barcollare
the train swayed from side to side → il treno oscillava violentemente
3. vt
a. (move) → far oscillare
to sway one's hips → ancheggiare
b. (influence) → influenzare
these factors finally swayed me → questi fattori hanno finito per influenzarmi

sway

(swei) verb
1. to (cause to) move from side to side or up and down with a swinging or rocking action. The branches swayed gently in the breeze.
2. to influence the opinion etc of. She's too easily swayed by her feelings.
noun
1. the motion of swaying. the sway of the ship's deck.
2. power, rule or control. people under the sway of the dictator.

sway

يَتَمَايَلُ kývat se svinge schwanken ταλαντεύομαι balancearse huojua balancer ljuljati se oscillare ゆすぶる 전후(좌우)로 흔들리다 slingeren svaie zakołysać (się) balançar-se качать svaja แกว่งไปมา salınmak đu đưa 摇摆
References in classic literature ?
There is no part of the world of coasts, continents, oceans, seas, straits, capes, and islands which is not under the sway of a reigning wind, the sovereign of its typical weather.
As a ruler, the East Wind has a remarkable stability; as an invader of the high latitudes lying under the tumultuous sway of his great brother, the Wind of the West, he is extremely difficult to dislodge, by the reason of his cold craftiness and profound duplicity.
The narrow seas around these isles, where British admirals keep watch and ward upon the marches of the Atlantic Ocean, are subject to the turbulent sway of the West Wind.
Besides those immediate serfs and dependents just mentioned, the old Russian potentate exerted a considerable sway over a numerous and irregular class of maritime traders, who looked to him for aid and munitions, and through whom he may be said to have, in some degree, extended his power along the whole northwest coast.
Over these coasting captains, as we have hinted, the veteran governor exerted some sort of sway, but it was of a peculiar and characteristic kind; it was the tyranny of the table.
How he managed to cope with his humor; whether he pledged himself in raw rum and blazing punch, and "clinked the can" with him as they made their bargains, does not appear upon record; we must infer, however, from his general observations on the absolute sway of this hard-drinking potentate, that he had to conform to the customs of his court, and that their business transactions presented a maudlin mixture of punch and peltry.
Thenceforward he pursued that plan, and by zeal and diligence rose to be Chief, and sobriety is unknown in the region subject to his sway.
The old confidant, relieved from duty, dozed on his heels, with his back against the companion-doorway; and Karain sat squarely in the ship's wooden armchair, under the slight sway of the cabin lamp, a cheroot between his dark fingers, and a glass of lemonade before him.
For the strain constantly kept up by the windlass continually keeps the whale rolling over and over in the water, and as the blubber in one strip uniformly peels off along the line called the scarf, simultaneously cut by the spades of Starbuck and Stubb, the mates; and just as fast as it is thus peeled off, and indeed by that very act itself, it is all the time being hoisted higher and higher aloft till its upper end grazes the main-top; the men at the windlass then cease heaving, and for a moment or two the prodigious blood-dripping mass sways to and fro as if let down from the sky, and every one present must take good heed to dodge it when it swings, else it may box his ears and pitch him headlong overboard.
Effect of vision and stance width on human body motion when standing: Implications for afferent control of lateral sway.
In a randomized, double-blind trial of 42 patients (mean age 73 years), postural sway was measured at baseline and following 6 weeks of treatment with paroxetine or nortriptyline.
Simulator rides are set on a motion base that gyrates in up to six different directions, called degrees of freedom: heave (moving up and down), pitch (tilting forward and back), roll (tilting side-to-side), surge (moving forward and back), sway (moving side-to-side), and yaw (twisting side-to-side).