swear


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swear

 (swâr)
v. swore (swôr), sworn (swôrn), swear·ing, swears
v.intr.
1. To make a solemn declaration, invoking a deity or a sacred person or thing, in confirmation of and witness to the honesty or truth of such a declaration.
2. To make a solemn promise; vow.
3. To use obscene or blasphemous language; curse.
4. Law To commit oneself by oath to giving evidence or testimony that is truthful.
v.tr.
1.
a. To declare or affirm solemnly by invoking a deity or a sacred person or thing: swore on the Bible that he would tell the truth.
b. To say or affirm earnestly and with great conviction: I swear that I will pay you back.
2. To promise or pledge with a solemn oath; vow: He swore to do his duty. See Synonyms at promise.
3. To utter or bind oneself to (an oath).
4. Law To administer a legal oath to: All the witnesses have been sworn.
n.
A swearword.
Phrasal Verbs:
swear at
To use vulgar language against; curse:
swear by
1. To have great reliance on or confidence in: He swears by his personal physician.
2. To have reliable knowledge of; be sure of: I think she left early, but I couldn't swear by it.
3. To take an oath by: He swore by all the angels and saints of heaven.
swear in
To administer a legal or official oath to: swear in a mayor.
swear off Informal
To pledge to renounce or give up: She has sworn off cigarettes.
swear out Law
1. To attest to (an affidavit or complaint) by oath.
2. To swear to evidence under oath in order to obtain (a warrant for arrest).

[Middle English sweren, from Old English swerian; see swer- in Indo-European roots.]

swear′er n.

swear

(swɛə)
vb, swears, swearing, swore or sworn
1. to declare or affirm (a statement) as true, esp by invoking a deity, etc, as witness
2. (foll by by)
a. to invoke (a deity, etc) by name as a witness or guarantee to an oath
b. to trust implicitly; have complete confidence (in)
3. (often foll by: at) to curse, blaspheme, or use swearwords
4. (when tr, may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to promise solemnly on oath; vow
5. (tr) to assert or affirm with great emphasis or earnestness
6. (Law) (intr) to give evidence or make any statement or solemn declaration on oath
7. (Law) to take an oath in order to add force or solemnity to (a statement or declaration)
8. swear blind informal to assert emphatically
n
a period of swearing
[Old English swerian; related to Old Norse sverja, Gothic swaran, Old Frisian swera, German schwören]
ˈswearer n

swear

(swɛər)

v. swore, sworn, swear•ing. v.i.
1. to make a solemn declaration or affirmation by some sacred being or object, as a deity or the Bible.
2. to bind oneself by oath; vow.
3. to give evidence or make a statement on oath.
4. to use profane oaths or language.
v.t.
5. to declare, affirm, etc., by swearing by a deity or a sacred object.
6. to testify or state on oath.
7. to affirm, assert, or say with solemn earnestness.
8. to promise on oath; vow.
9. to take (an oath).
10. to bind by an oath: swore them to secrecy.
11. swear by,
a. to name (a sacred being or object) as one's witness or guarantee in swearing.
b. to have great confidence in.
12. swear in, to admit to office or service by administering an oath.
13. swear off, to promise to give up (something, esp. intoxicating beverages).
14. swear out, to secure (a warrant for arrest) by making an accusation under oath.
[before 900; Middle English sweren, Old English swerian, c. Old Frisian swaria, Old Saxon, Old High German swerian, Old Norse sverja; akin to Gothic swaran to swear; compare answer]
swear′er, n.

swear


Past participle: sworn
Gerund: swearing

Imperative
swear
swear
Present
I swear
you swear
he/she/it swears
we swear
you swear
they swear
Preterite
I swore
you swore
he/she/it swore
we swore
you swore
they swore
Present Continuous
I am swearing
you are swearing
he/she/it is swearing
we are swearing
you are swearing
they are swearing
Present Perfect
I have sworn
you have sworn
he/she/it has sworn
we have sworn
you have sworn
they have sworn
Past Continuous
I was swearing
you were swearing
he/she/it was swearing
we were swearing
you were swearing
they were swearing
Past Perfect
I had sworn
you had sworn
he/she/it had sworn
we had sworn
you had sworn
they had sworn
Future
I will swear
you will swear
he/she/it will swear
we will swear
you will swear
they will swear
Future Perfect
I will have sworn
you will have sworn
he/she/it will have sworn
we will have sworn
you will have sworn
they will have sworn
Future Continuous
I will be swearing
you will be swearing
he/she/it will be swearing
we will be swearing
you will be swearing
they will be swearing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been swearing
you have been swearing
he/she/it has been swearing
we have been swearing
you have been swearing
they have been swearing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been swearing
you will have been swearing
he/she/it will have been swearing
we will have been swearing
you will have been swearing
they will have been swearing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been swearing
you had been swearing
he/she/it had been swearing
we had been swearing
you had been swearing
they had been swearing
Conditional
I would swear
you would swear
he/she/it would swear
we would swear
you would swear
they would swear
Past Conditional
I would have sworn
you would have sworn
he/she/it would have sworn
we would have sworn
you would have sworn
they would have sworn
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.swear - utter obscenities or profanitiesswear - utter obscenities or profanities; "The drunken men were cursing loudly in the street"
blaspheme - speak of in an irreverent or impious manner; "blaspheme God"
give tongue to, utter, express, verbalise, verbalize - articulate; either verbally or with a cry, shout, or noise; "She expressed her anger"; "He uttered a curse"
2.swear - to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as trueswear - to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true; "Before God I swear I am innocent"
hold - assert or affirm; "Rousseau's philosophy holds that people are inherently good"
claim, take - lay claim to; as of an idea; "She took credit for the whole idea"
attest - authenticate, affirm to be true, genuine, or correct, as in an official capacity; "I attest this signature"
declare - state firmly; "He declared that he was innocent"
declare - state emphatically and authoritatively; "He declared that he needed more money to carry out the task he was charged with"
protest - affirm or avow formally or solemnly; "The suspect protested his innocence"
assure, tell - inform positively and with certainty and confidence; "I tell you that man is a crook!"
3.swear - promise solemnly; take an oath
vow - make a vow; promise; "He vowed never to drink alcohol again"
swear off - promise to abstain from; "I have sworn off cigarettes altogether"
4.swear - make a deposition; declare under oath
declare - state emphatically and authoritatively; "He declared that he needed more money to carry out the task he was charged with"
5.swear - have confidence or faith inswear - have confidence or faith in; "We can trust in God"; "Rely on your friends"; "bank on your good education"; "I swear by my grandmother's recipes"
believe - accept as true; take to be true; "I believed his report"; "We didn't believe his stories from the War"; "She believes in spirits"
credit - have trust in; trust in the truth or veracity of
lean - rely on for support; "We can lean on this man"
depend, bet, reckon, calculate, count, look - have faith or confidence in; "you can count on me to help you any time"; "Look to your friends for support"; "You can bet on that!"; "Depend on your family in times of crisis"

swear

verb
1. curse, cuss (informal), blaspheme, turn the air blue (informal), be foul-mouthed, take the Lord's name in vain, utter profanities, imprecate It is wrong to swear and shout.
2. vow, promise, take an oath, warrant, testify, depose, attest, avow, give your word, state under oath, pledge yourself Alan swore that he would do everything in his power to help us.
3. declare, assert, affirm, swear blind, asseverate I swear I've told you all I know.
swear by something believe in, trust, depend on, rely on, have confidence in, have faith in, put your faith in, set store by, rate Many people swear by vitamin C's ability to ward off colds.
swear someone in install, inaugurate, establish, adopt, invest, ordain, consecrate, induct, enthrone She has been formally sworn in as Ireland's first woman president.
Quotations
"Swear not by the moon, the inconstant moon" [William Shakespeare Romeo and Juliet]
"As he knew not what to say, he swore" [Lord Byron The Island]

swear

verb
1. To guarantee by a solemn promise:
Idiom: give one's word of honor.
2. To use profane or obscene language:
Informal: cuss.
3. To give evidence or testimony under oath:
Law: depone, depose.
Idioms: bear witness, take the stand.
phrasal verb
swear off
Informal. To cease trying to accomplish or continue:
Slang: lay off.
Translations
يَحْلِف، يُقْسِميَشْتُميَشْتِمُ
псувам
klítnadávatpřísahat
sværgebande
kiroillavannoa
psovati
esküszikkáromkodikszitkozódik
sverjablóta
ののしる
맹세하다
duotas priesaikos būduprisaikdintiprisiektišventai tikėti
lādētieslamātieszvērēt
preklinjatipriseči
svära
สบถ
küfretmeksövüp saymakyemin etmek
chửi thề

swear

[swɛəʳ] (swore (pt) (sworn (pp)))
A. VTjurar
I swear it!¡lo juro!
I swear (that) I did not steal itjuro que no lo robé
to swear to do sthjurar hacer algo
I could have sworn that it was Janetjuraría que fue Janet
to swear sb to secrecyhacer que algn jure guardar el secreto
to swear allegiance tojurar lealtad a
they swore an oath of allegiance to himle prestaron juramento de fidelidad
they swore an oath not to fight againjuraron no volver a pelear
B. VI
1. (solemnly) → jurar
to swear on the Biblejurar sobre la Biblia
I could swear to itjuraría que fue así
I can't swear to itno lo juraría
2. (= use swearwords) → decir palabrotas, soltar tacos; (blasphemously) → blasfemar
don't swear in front of the childrenno digas palabrotas estando los niños delante
to swear at sbinsultar a algn, mentar la madre a algn (Mex)
to swear like a trooperjurar como un carretero
swear by VI + PREPtener plena confianza en, creer ciegamente en
swear in VT + ADV [+ witness, president] → tomar juramento a, juramentar a
to be sworn inprestar juramento
swear off VI + PREP to swear off alcohol(jurar) renunciar al alcohol

swear

[ˈswɛər] [swore] (pt) [sworn] (pp)
vi
(= use bad language) → jurer
to swear at sb → jurer après qn
(= say definitely) to swear to sth → jurer de qch
I think he is in Rome but I wouldn't swear to it → Je crois qu'il est à Rome mais je n'en jurerais pas.
vt
(= promise) [+ allegiance, revenge] → jurer
to swear an oath → prêter serment
to swear (that) ... → jurer que ...
(= make promise) to swear sb to secrecy → faire promettre le secret à qn
to swear sb to silence → faire promettre à qn de garder le silence
swear in
vt sep (LAW)assermenterswear word swearword [ˈswɛərwɜːrd] ngros mot m, juron m

swear

vb: pret <swore>, ptp <sworn>
vt
allegiance, love, revengeschwören; oathleisten, schwören; I swear it!ich kann das beschwören!
(Jur) witness, juryvereidigen; to swear somebody to secrecyjdn schwören lassen, dass er nichts verrät; I’ve been sworn to secrecyich habe schwören müssen, dass ich nichts sage
vi
(= use solemn oath)schwören; to swear on the Bibleauf die Bibel schwören; to swear by all one holds dearschwören bei allem, was einem lieb ist; to swear to somethingetw beschwören; to swear blind or (US) up and down that … (inf)Stein und Bein schwören, dass … (inf)
(= use swearwords)fluchen (→ about über +acc); to swear at somebody/somethingjdn/etw beschimpfen
n to have a (good) swear(tüchtig) fluchen

swear

[swɛəʳ] (swore (pt) (sworn (pp)))
1. vt (gen) → giurare
to swear an oath → prestare giuramento
I swear it! → lo giuro!
I swear (that) I did not steal it → giuro che non l'ho rubato, giuro di non averlo rubato
to swear to do sth → promettere di fare qc
I could have sworn that was Louise → avrei giurato che fosse Louise
to swear sb to secrecy → far giurare a qn di mantenere il segreto
2. vi
a. (solemnly, witness) → giurare
to swear on the Bible → giurare sulla Bibbia
to swear to the truth of sth → giurare che qc è vero
I can't swear to it → non posso giurarlo
b. (use swearwords) to swear (at sb)bestemmiare or imprecare (contro qn), dire parolacce (a qn)
to swear like a trooper → bestemmiare come uno scaricatore di porto
swear by vi + prep (fam) my mother swears by hot baths for backachemia madre dice che non c'è rimedio migliore di un bagno caldo contro il mal di schiena
swear in vt + adv (jury, witness, president) → prestare giuramento

swear

(sweə) past tense swore (swoː) : past participle sworn (swoːn) verb
1. to state, declare, or promise solemnly with an oath, or very definitely and positively. The witness must swear to tell the truth; He swore an oath of loyalty; Swear never to reveal the secret; I could have sworn (= I'm sure) she was here a minute ago.
2. to use the name of God and other sacred words, or obscene words, for emphasis or abuse; to curse. Don't swear in front of the children!
sworn (swoːn) adjective
1. (of friends, enemies etc) (determined, as if) having taken an oath always to remain so. They are sworn enemies.
2. (of evidence, statements etc) given by a person who has sworn to tell the truth. The prisoner made a sworn statement.
ˈswear-word noun
a word used in cursing. `Damn' is a mild swear-word.
swear by
1. to appeal to (eg God) as a witness of one's words. I swear by Heaven that I'm innocent.
2. to put complete trust in (a remedy etc). She swears by aspirin for all the children's illnesses.
swear in
to introduce (a person) into a post or office formally, by making him swear an oath. The new Governor is being sworn in next week.
swear to
to make a solemn statement, with an oath, in support of. I'll swear to the truth of what he said; I think he was here this morning, but I wouldn't like to swear to it.

swear

يَشْتِمُ nadávat sværge fluchen ορκίζομαι jurar kiroilla jurer psovati giurare ののしる 맹세하다 vloeken banne przysiąc dizer palavrões, xingar клясться svära สบถ küfretmek chửi thề 宣誓
References in classic literature ?
I couldn't help laughing, which made Poll swear, and Aunt woke up and scolded us both.
He looked so used up, that the agent asked him what had happened to him since ten o'clock the night before; whereat Cutter began to swear at him and said he would have him discharged for incivility.
The light eyes can go back to the Horican, and tell the old chief what has been done, if the dark-haired woman will swear by the Great Spirit of her fathers to tell no lie.
So craftily had he arranged the circumstances, that, at Clifford's trial, his cousin hardly found it necessary to swear to anything false, but only to withhold the one decisive explanation, by refraining to state what he had himself done and witnessed.
There were times of our being together when I would have been ready to swear that, literally, in my presence, but with my direct sense of it closed, they had visitors who were known and were welcome.
He never used to swear, though, at his men, they said; but somehow he got an inordinate quantity of cruel, unmitigated hard work out of them.
But a day or two after, you look about you, and prick your ears in this self-same ship; and were it not for the tell-tale boats and try-works, you would all but swear you trod some silent merchant vessel, with a most scrupulously neat commander.
Still, even then, he did nothing more than swear a little, and wrapped his foot in old rags, and hobbled out to take the car.
Well, I've got just as much conscience as any man in business can afford to keep,--just a little, you know, to swear by, as 't were," said the trader, jocularly; "and, then, I'm ready to do anything in reason to 'blige friends; but this yer, you see, is a leetle too hard on a fellow--a leetle too hard.
We went to a clump of bushes, and Tom made everybody swear to keep the secret, and then showed them a hole in the hill, right in the thickest part of the bushes.
He slept on doorsteps in fine weather and in empty hogsheads in wet; he did not have to go to school or to church, or call any being master or obey anybody; he could go fishing or swimming when and where he chose, and stay as long as it suited him; nobody forbade him to fight; he could sit up as late as he pleased; he was always the first boy that went barefoot in the spring and the last to resume leather in the fall; he never had to wash, nor put on clean clothes; he could swear wonderfully.
I'd just as soon tell you who I am, though, if you'll swear to keep mum, for I ain't no Phillips, either.