sweat


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Related to sweat: Sweat glands, sweet, cold sweat, Night sweat, Excessive sweating

sweat

 (swĕt)
v. sweat·ed or sweat, sweat·ing, sweats
v.intr.
1. To excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin; perspire.
2. To exude in droplets, as moisture from certain cheeses or sap from a tree.
3. To collect moisture in small drops from the air, as a cold water pipe.
4.
a. To release moisture, as hay in the swath.
b. To ferment, as tobacco during curing.
5. Informal To work long and hard: sweated over his term paper.
6. Informal To fret or worry: Don't sweat over the bills.
v.tr.
1.
a. To excrete (moisture) through a porous surface, such as the skin.
b. To excrete (wastes) in perspiration: sweated out the toxins in the steam room.
2. To have (moisture) condense in small drops on a surface.
3. To cause to perspire, as by drugs, heat, or strenuous exercise: Running for the train got me sweated up.
4. To make damp or wet with perspiration: His shirt was sweated.
5.
a. To cause to work excessively; overwork.
b. To overwork and underpay (employees).
6. Slang
a. To interrogate (someone) under duress: sweated the suspected spy for hours.
b. To extract (information) from someone under duress: The police sweated the information out of the suspect.
7. Metallurgy To join (metal parts) by interposing cold solder and then heating.
8. To steam (vegetables or other food).
9. Informal To fret or worry about: Don't sweat the details.
n.
1. The colorless saline moisture excreted by the sweat glands; perspiration.
2. Condensation of moisture in the form of droplets on a surface.
3.
a. The process of sweating.
b. A condition or instance of sweating: worked up a sweat raking leaves.
4. Strenuous labor or exertion: It took a lot of sweat to move the piano.
5. A run given to a horse as exercise before a race.
6. Informal An anxious, fretful condition: got myself in a sweat over the deadline.
7. sweats Informal
a. A sweatsuit.
b. Sweatpants.
Phrasal Verb:
sweat out Slang
1. To endure anxiously: sweat out an exam.
2. To await (something) anxiously: sweat out one's final grades.
Idioms:
no sweat Slang
1. Easily done or handled.
2. Used to acknowledge an expression of gratitude.
sweat blood Informal
1. To work diligently or strenuously.
2. To worry intensely.
sweat bullets Slang
1. To sweat profusely.
2. To worry intensely.
sweat of (one's) brow
Hard work: landscaped the yard by the sweat of my brow.

[Middle English sweten, from Old English swǣtan; see sweid- in Indo-European roots.]

sweat

(swɛt)
n
1. (Physiology) the secretion from the sweat glands, esp when profuse and visible, as during strenuous activity, from excessive heat, etc; commonly also called perspiration.
2. (Physiology) the act or process of secreting this fluid
3. the act of inducing the exudation of moisture
4. drops of moisture given forth or gathered on the surface of something
5. informal a state or condition of worry or eagerness (esp in the phrase in a sweat)
6. slang drudgery or hard labour: mowing lawns is a real sweat!.
7. (Horse Racing) chiefly US an exercise gallop given to a horse, esp on the day of a race
8. (Military) slang chiefly Brit a soldier, esp one who is old and experienced
9. no sweat! (interjection) slang an expression suggesting that something can be done without problems or difficulty
vb, sweats, sweating, sweat or sweated
10. (Physiology) to secrete (sweat) through the pores of the skin, esp profusely
11. (Physiology) (tr) to make wet or stain with sweat
12. to give forth or cause to give forth (moisture) in droplets: a sweating cheese; the maple sweats sap.
13. (intr) to collect and condense moisture on an outer surface: a glass of beer sweating in the sun.
14. (intr) (of a liquid) to pass through a porous surface in droplets
15. (Biochemistry) (of tobacco leaves, cut and dried hay, etc) to exude moisture and, sometimes, begin to ferment or to cause (tobacco leaves, etc) to exude moisture
16. (Cookery) (tr) to heat (food, esp vegetables) slowly in butter in a tightly closed saucepan
17. (Metallurgy) (tr) to join (pieces of metal) by pressing together and heating
18. (Metallurgy) (tr) to heat (solder) until it melts
19. (Metallurgy) (tr) to heat (a partially fused metal) to extract an easily fusible constituent
20. to shake together (coins, esp gold coins) so as to remove particles for illegal use
21. informal to suffer anxiety, impatience, or distress
22. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) informal to overwork or be overworked
23. (Industrial Relations & HR Terms) (tr) informal to employ at very low wages and under bad conditions
24. (tr) informal to extort, esp by torture: to sweat information out of a captive.
25. (intr) informal to suffer punishment: you'll sweat for this!.
26. sweat blood informal
a. to work very hard
b. to be filled with anxiety or impatience
[Old English swætan to sweat, from swāt sweat; related to Old Saxon swēt, Old Norse sveiti, Old High German sweiz, Latin sūdor, Sanskrit svedas]
ˈsweatless adj

sweat

(swɛt)

v. sweat sweat•ed, sweat•ing, v.i.
1. to perspire, esp. freely.
2. to exude moisture, as green plants.
3. to gather moisture from the surrounding air by condensation.
4. (of moisture or liquid) to ooze or be exuded.
5. Informal.
a. to work hard.
b. to be anxious or distressed.
v.t.
6. to excrete (moisture) through the pores of the skin.
7. to exude in drops or small particles.
8. to wet or stain with perspiration.
9. to cause (a person, a horse, etc.) to perspire.
10. to earn or obtain by hard work.
11. to cause to exude moisture, esp. as a step in an industrial drying process: to sweat wood.
12. to force (a person, an animal, etc.) to work hard; overwork.
13. Slang. to subject to severe questioning; give the third degree to.
14.
a. to heat (an alloy) in order to remove a constituent that melts at a lower temperature than the alloy as a whole.
b. to heat (solder or the like) to melting.
c. to join (metal objects) by heating and pressing together, usu. with solder.
15. sweat off, to get rid of (weight) by or as if by sweating.
16. sweat out, Informal.
a. to await anxiously the outcome of.
b. to work arduously at.
n.
17. that which is secreted from sweat glands; perspiration.
18. a state or a period of sweating.
19. hard work.
20. Informal. a state of anxiety or impatience.
21. moisture exuded from something or gathered on a surface.
22. an exuding of moisture, as by a substance.
23. a run given to a horse for exercise, as before a race.
24. sweats, sweatpants, sweatshirts, sweat suits, or the like.
Idioms:
1. sweat blood, Informal.
a. to be under a strain; work strenuously.
b. to wait anxiously; worry.
2. sweat it, Informal. to wait anxiously; worry.
[before 900; Middle English sweten, Old English swǣtan to sweat, derivative of swāt (n.), c. Old Frisian, Old Saxon swēt, Old High German sweiz; akin to Old Norse sveiti, Latin sūdor, Greek hidrṓs]
syn: See perspiration.

sweat

(swĕt)
The salty liquid given off by glands in the skin of mammals. As sweat evaporates, the skin cools, resulting in a reduction of body heat. ♦ The glands in the skin that secrete sweat are called sweat glands.

Sweat

 

See Also: SMELLS

  1. Beads of perspiration, like seed pearls —Dorothea Straus
  2. Beads of sweat gathered on his brow like tiny blisters —William Styron
  3. Beads of sweat … popped on his forehead like tiny, glistening prairie dogs —Joan Hess
  4. Beads of sweat, tiny as dewdrops —Leigh Allison Wilson
  5. (My forehead) bubbled sweat like a burning plastic bag —Ira Wood
  6. Cold sweat burst from his pores, trickling down his back like ice water —Dorothy Canfield Fisher
  7. A drop of it [sweat] hung like a Christmas tree ornament from the tip of his nose —Jonathan Valin
  8. Feel the sweat like needles at my hair-roots —Randall Jarrell
  9. Fine beads of sweat glistened [on a man’s mustache] like little brilliants —Jessamyn West
  10. Glistening with sweat like a circus seal —Ralph Ellison
  11. Little pears of sweat had popped out like a corona around his shiny skull —Harvey Swados
  12. Looked as if it would cost a thousand dollars to shake hands with him —Raymond Chandler
  13. Small beads of sweat adorn his bald head like pearls on a bright dress —Erich Maria Remarque

    See Also: BALDNESS

  14. Sweat clings like a crystal fixture to his receding brow —Mary Morris
  15. Sweat collects in pores like ink does on fingerprints —Noel Behn
  16. The sweat coming out on his face like somebody had squeezed it —Ernest Hemingway
  17. Sweat crawling, like a procession of spiders and ants —George Garrett
  18. Sweated like a coolie —Richard Wilbur
  19. Sweated with self-consciousness and the effort to be suave, like a teenager dancing with a haughty girl —Derek Lambert
  20. Sweating freely … like a squeezed sponge —Ben Ames Williams
  21. Sweating like a swamp rat —Norman Mailer
  22. Sweating like a very fat man in a Turkish bath —Kingsley Amis
  23. Sweating like Judas —Samuel Beckett
  24. Sweat like black plates under his arms —Ian Kennedy Martin
  25. Sweat poured out … like a sprinkler —Andrew Kaplan
  26. Sweat poured like rain —Ken Stabler, football quarterback and Berry Stainback, writer
  27. Sweat ran down like water down a hill —American negro ballad “John Henry”

    In the original of this famous ballad ‘water’ was spelled ‘watah.’

  28. The sweat ran over my back and down my arms and legs, branching, like an upside-down tree —Eudora Welty
  29. Sweats like a mother of six, preparing lunch —Ira Wood
  30. Sweat was pouring from his body like water coming out of a showerhead —Ann Petry
  31. Sweat was running down behind his ears and under his collar like cold, restless worms —Margaret Millar
  32. Under each arm of his striped shirt there was a dark semicircle like a stain of secret guilt —Margaret Millar

sweat


Past participle: sweated
Gerund: sweating

Imperative
sweat
sweat
Present
I sweat
you sweat
he/she/it sweats
we sweat
you sweat
they sweat
Preterite
I sweated
you sweated
he/she/it sweated
we sweated
you sweated
they sweated
Present Continuous
I am sweating
you are sweating
he/she/it is sweating
we are sweating
you are sweating
they are sweating
Present Perfect
I have sweated
you have sweated
he/she/it has sweated
we have sweated
you have sweated
they have sweated
Past Continuous
I was sweating
you were sweating
he/she/it was sweating
we were sweating
you were sweating
they were sweating
Past Perfect
I had sweated
you had sweated
he/she/it had sweated
we had sweated
you had sweated
they had sweated
Future
I will sweat
you will sweat
he/she/it will sweat
we will sweat
you will sweat
they will sweat
Future Perfect
I will have sweated
you will have sweated
he/she/it will have sweated
we will have sweated
you will have sweated
they will have sweated
Future Continuous
I will be sweating
you will be sweating
he/she/it will be sweating
we will be sweating
you will be sweating
they will be sweating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been sweating
you have been sweating
he/she/it has been sweating
we have been sweating
you have been sweating
they have been sweating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been sweating
you will have been sweating
he/she/it will have been sweating
we will have been sweating
you will have been sweating
they will have been sweating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been sweating
you had been sweating
he/she/it had been sweating
we had been sweating
you had been sweating
they had been sweating
Conditional
I would sweat
you would sweat
he/she/it would sweat
we would sweat
you would sweat
they would sweat
Past Conditional
I would have sweated
you would have sweated
he/she/it would have sweated
we would have sweated
you would have sweated
they would have sweated

sweat

To cook vegetables very slowly in butter or oil.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sweat - salty fluid secreted by sweat glandssweat - salty fluid secreted by sweat glands; "sweat poured off his brow"
secretion - a functionally specialized substance (especially one that is not a waste) released from a gland or cell
H2O, water - binary compound that occurs at room temperature as a clear colorless odorless tasteless liquid; freezes into ice below 0 degrees centigrade and boils above 100 degrees centigrade; widely used as a solvent
2.sweat - agitation resulting from active worrysweat - agitation resulting from active worry; "don't get in a stew"; "he's in a sweat about exams"
agitation - a mental state of extreme emotional disturbance
3.sweat - condensation of moisture on a cold surface; "the cold glasses were streaked with sweat"
condensate, condensation - atmospheric moisture that has condensed because of cold
4.sweat - use of physical or mental energysweat - use of physical or mental energy; hard work; "he got an A for effort"; "they managed only with great exertion"
toil, labor, labour - productive work (especially physical work done for wages); "his labor did not require a great deal of skill"
struggle - strenuous effort; "the struggle to get through the crowd exhausted her"
difficulty, trouble - an effort that is inconvenient; "I went to a lot of trouble"; "he won without any trouble"; "had difficulty walking"; "finished the test only with great difficulty"
least effort, least resistance - the least effortful way to do something
straining, strain - an intense or violent exertion
exercise, exercising, physical exercise, physical exertion, workout - the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit; "the doctor recommended regular exercise"; "he did some exercising"; "the physical exertion required by his work kept him fit"
pull - a sustained effort; "it was a long pull but we made it"
diligence, application - a diligent effort; "it is a job requiring serious application"
overkill - any effort that seems to go farther than would be necessary to achieve its goal
supererogation - an effort above and beyond the call of duty
overexertion - excessive exertion; so much exertion that discomfort or injury results
detrition, friction, rubbing - effort expended in moving one object over another with pressure
Verb1.sweat - excrete perspiration through the pores in the skin; "Exercise makes one sweat"
swelter - suffer from intense heat; "we were sweltering at the beach"
egest, excrete, eliminate, pass - eliminate from the body; "Pass a kidney stone"
sweat off - lose weight by sweating; "I sweated off 3 pounds in the sauna"

sweat

noun
1. perspiration, moisture, dampness, exudation, diaphoresis (Medical), sudor (Medical) He wiped the sweat off his face and looked around.
2. (Informal) panic, anxiety, state (informal), worry, distress, flap (informal), frenzy, agitation, fluster, lather (informal), tizzy (informal), state of anxiety She was in a sweat about the exam.
verb
1. perspire, swelter, sweat like a pig (informal), sweat buckets (informal), break out in a sweat, exude moisture, be pouring with sweat, glow Already they were sweating as the sun beat down upon them.
2. (Informal) worry, fret, agonize, lose sleep over, be on tenterhooks, torture yourself, be on pins and needles (informal) It gives sales chiefs something to sweat about.
no sweat (Informal) no problem (informal), it's nothing, you're welcome, it's a pleasure `Many thanks.' 'No sweat.'
sweat something out (Informal) endure, see (something) through, stick it out (informal), stay the course I just had to sweat it out and hope.
Related words
adjective sudorific

sweat

verb
1. To excrete moisture through the pores of the skin:
2. To exert one's mental or physical powers, usually under difficulty and to the point of exhaustion:
phrasal verb
sweat out
Slang. To carry on through despite hardships:
Slang: tough out.
noun
1. Moisture excreted through the pores of the skin:
2. Informal. Physical exertion that is usually difficult and exhausting:
Chiefly British: fag.
Idiom: sweat of one's brow.
3. Informal. A condition of excited distress:
Informal: snit, state, swivet.
Slang: tizzy.
Translations
عَرَقعَرَق الجِسْميُبَلِّلُ بالعَرَقيَعْرَقُيَكْدَح، يَعْمَلُ عَملا شاقّا
potpotit sedřít
svedsvede
ŝviti
hikihikoillaraataa
זיעהלהזיע
znojznojiti se
keményen dolgozik
svitisvitnasveitast, òræla
汗をかく
땀을 흘리다
sudor
prakaituotasšaltas prakaitas
pūlētiessmagi strādātsviedrisvīst
znojznojiti se
potznoj
svettsvettas
เหงื่อเหงื่อออก
mồ hôitoát mồ hôi

sweat

[swet]
A. N
1.sudor m
to be in a sweatestar sudando, estar todo sudoroso (fig) → estar en un apuro
to be in a sweat about sthestar muy preocupado por algo
to get into a sweatempezar a sudar
to get into a sweat about sthapurarse por algo
by the sweat of one's browcon el sudor de su frente
see also cold
2. (= piece of work) → trabajo m difícil, trabajo m pesado
what a sweat that was!eso ¡cómo nos hizo sudar!
we had such a sweat to do itnos costó hacerlo
no sweat!¡ningún problema!
3. old sweatveterano m
4. sweats (US) = sweatsuit, sweatpants
B. VIsudar, transpirar (= work hard) → sudar la gota gorda (over sth por algo) they will lose everything they have sweated forvan a perder todo lo que tanto sudor les ha costado conseguir
he was sweating buckets or like a pigestaba sudando tinta or como un pollo
C. VT
1. (Anat) → sudar
to sweat bloodsudar tinta
2. (Culin) [+ vegetables] → rehogar
D. CPD sweat gland Nglándula f sudorípara
sweat off VT + ADV I sweated off half a kilome quité medio kilo sudando
sweat out VT + ADV to sweat a cold/fever outquitarse un resfriado/la fiebre sudando
to sweat it outaguantar, aguantarse
we'll let him sweat it out for a couple of weekslo vamos a dejar que sufra un par de semanas, vamos a dejarlo sufrir un par de semanas
they left him to sweat it outno hicieron nada para ayudarlo

sweat

[ˈswɛt]
nsueur f
to be in a sweat (= be sweating) → être en sueur
to be in a sweat about sth (= anxious) → se faire du mauvais sang à propos de qch
no sweat (= no problem) → pas de souci
visuer

sweat

n
Schweiß m no pl; (on walls) → (Kondens)wasser nt; drops/beads of sweatSchweißtropfen pl/-perlen pl; his face was running with sweatder Schweiß rann ihm von der Stirn; by the sweat of one’s brow (fig)im Schweiße seines Angesichts (liter); to be in a sweat (lit, fig)schwitzen; to get into a sweat about something (fig)wegen etw ins Schwitzen geraten or kommen; no sweat (inf)kein Problem
(inf: = work) what a sweat that was!das war eine Heidenarbeit! (inf); that’s too much sweat for medas ist mir zu anstrengend
vi (person, animal, wall)schwitzen (→ with vor +dat); (fig inf: = work hard) → sich abrackern (inf)(over mit); (= worry)zittern, schwitzen (inf) (→ with vor +dat); to sweat like a pig (inf)wie ein Affe schwitzen (inf)
vt horse, athleteschwitzen lassen; (pej) workerfür einen Hungerlohn arbeiten lassen; recruitschleifen (inf); to sweat buckets (inf)wie ein Affe schwitzen (inf); to sweat blood (with worry) → Blut und Wasser schwitzen; (with effort, work) → sich abrackern (inf); don’t sweat him (US inf) → mach dir wegen dem keinen Kopf (inf)

sweat

:
sweat lodge
nSchwitzhütte f
sweat pants
pl (esp US) → Jogginghose f
sweatshirt
nSweatshirt nt; (Sport) → Trainingspullover m
sweatshop
n (pej, hum inf)Ausbeuterbetrieb m (pej)
sweatsuit
n (Sport) → Trainingsanzug m

sweat

[swɛt]
1. nsudore m
by the sweat of one's brow → con il sudore della fronte
to get in or into a sweat about sth (fam) → farsi prendere dal panico per qc
in a sweat → in un bagno di sudore
to be in a cold sweat (also) (fig) → avere i sudori freddi
it was a real sweat! → è stata una faticaccia!
no sweat! (fam) → non ci sono problemi!
2. vi (person) → sudare; (walls) → trasudare (fam) (work hard) to sweat (over sth)sudare (su qc)
to sweat like a pig → essere in un bagno di sudore, sudare sette camicie
3. vt to sweat blood (fig) (work hard) → sudare sangue; (be anxious) → sudare freddo
to sweat it out (fig) (fam) → armarsi di pazienza

sweat

(swet) noun
the moisture given out through the skin. He was dripping with sweat after running so far in the heat.
verb
1. to give out sweat. Vigorous exercise makes you sweat.
2. to work hard. I was sweating (away) at my work from morning till night.
ˈsweater noun
any kind of knitted pullover or jersey.
ˈsweaty adjective
wet or stained with, or smelling of, sweat. sweaty clothes/bodies.
ˈsweatiness noun
a cold sweat
(coldness and dampness of the skin when a person is in) a state of shock, fear etc.

sweat

عَرَق, يَعْرَقُ pot, potit se sved, svede Schweiß, schwitzen ιδρώνω, ιδρώτας sudar, sudor hiki, hikoilla suer, sueur znoj, znojiti se sudare, sudore, 汗をかく, 땀을 흘리다 zweet, zweten svette pot, spocić się suar, suor пот, потеть svett, svettas เหงื่อ, เหงื่อออก ter, terlemek mồ hôi, toát mồ hôi 出汗, 汗水

sweat

n. sudor, secreción de las glándulas sudoríparas;
cold ______ -es fríos;
night ___ -s___ -es nocturnos;
v. sudar; hacer sudar.

sweat

n sudor m; night sweats sudoración nocturna, sudores nocturnos; vi (pret & pp sweat o sweated) sudar
References in classic literature ?
But Madame only set her teeth hard into her under lip, and Edna saw the sweat gather in beads on her white forehead.
It was like fighting with a demon for a human soul, and when I had fairly so appraised it I saw how the human soul--held out, in the tremor of my hands, at arm's length-- had a perfect dew of sweat on a lovely childish forehead.
Their tawny features, now all begrimed with smoke and sweat, their matted beards, and the contrasting barbaric brilliancy of their teeth, all these were strangely revealed in the capricious emblazonings of the works.
There were the two horses straining and struggling with all their might to drag the cart out, but they could not move it; the sweat streamed from their legs and flanks, their sides heaved, and every muscle was strained, while the man, fiercely pulling at the head of the fore horse, swore and lashed most brutally.
The sweat starts out on his forehead, and he bends over like a cyclist on the last lap of a race.
At last, about twelve o'clock, Sam appeared triumphant, mounted on Jerry, with Haley's horse by his side, reeking with sweat, but with flashing eyes and dilated nostrils, showing that the spirit of freedom had not yet entirely subsided.
The truth was, the nation as a body was in the world for one object, and one only: to grovel before king and Church and noble; to slave for them, sweat blood for them, starve that they might be fed, work that they might play, drink misery to the dregs that they might be happy, go naked that they might wear silks and jewels, pay taxes that they might be spared from pay- ing them, be familiar all their lives with the degrading language and postures of adulation that they might walk in pride and think themselves the gods of this world.
Now he wipes the sweat from his brow, strokes his limbs, and then marches aimlessly off, in as violently a hurry as ever.
She put me in them new clothes again, and I couldn't do nothing but sweat and sweat, and feel all cramped up.
But what is you in sich a sweat 'bout it for, Mammy?
Tom conned the thing a moment longer, and then added: "All right, though; she'd like to see me in just such a fix -- let her sweat it out
He didn't sleep much, he was in such a sweat to get in there and find out the mystery about Phillips; and moreover he done a lot of guessing about it all night, which warn't no use, for if you are going to find out the facts of a thing, what's the sense in guessing out what ain't the facts and wasting ammunition?