Sugars released by processing switchgrass
can be turned into fuel.
Researchers have experimented with a number of crops, including corn, canola, switchgrass
, sunflowers and willow.
Based on seasonal availability, plants could include: Wild Geranium, Large Beard-tongue, Foxglove Beardtongue, Fall Phlox, Sweet William, Creeping Phlox, Turk's Cap Lily, Swamp Milkweed (to host Monarch butterflies), New England aster, Switchgrass
, Big Bluestem grass, Black-eyed Susan, Jewelweed, Woolly Ragwort, Blue Waxweed, Purple Tridens grass, spearmint, peppermint, oregano, and sage.
Agricultural biomass such as reed canary grass, timothy hay and switchgrass
was selected and acquired from agricultural farm in New Brunswick (NB).
The technology has been successfully used on wood chips, corn stover, switchgrass
, bamboo, sage, and other important biofuel feedstocks with moisture levels ranging from less than 10% to more than 80%.
This study was conducted to investigate temporal variations in rill erodibility of concentrated flow erosion, and to quantify the potential effects of root density on seasonal changes in rill erodibility using undisturbed soil samples taken from switchgrass
(Panicum virgatum L.
For instance, one recent research focus has been on determining how switchgrass
plant maturity at harvest affects ethanol yields.
A lone bacterium, genetically tweaked, can demolish switchgrass
and ferment the sugary rubble to ethanol in one fell swoop.
Among the topics are the use of endophytes and mycorrhizae in switchgrass
biomass production, classic genetics and breeding of bioenergy related traits in switchgrass
, microRNAs and their potential application in switchgrass
improvements, biological and biosystems engineering for processing switchgrass
feedstocks and producing biofuel, and the economics of switchgrass
feedstock production for the emerging cellulosic biofuel industry.
Scientists bred it specifically as an "energy crop," a genre that includes the giant reed Arundo donax, napier grass, switchgrass
, and hybrid poplar.
The new hybrid cell, developed by researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology, can use a wide variety of biomass sources, including starch, cellulose, lignin- and even switchgrass
, powdered wood, algae and waste from poultry processing.
The primary focus of BFA will be on guiding the responsible selection and harvesting of feedstocks such as sugar cane, corn, bulrush and switchgrass
used to make plastics from agricultural materials.