Any consideration of Wright's poetry and its place in African American (as well as American) literary tradition must begin with what by now are the traditional literary historical readings of the symbolist movement
from the 1840s and 1850s.
Marinetti's experience is in this respect particularly revealing, as the founder of Futurism arrives to the avant-garde, and in fact contributes in a fundamental way to the parad igm shift that the avant-garde marks, after a decade of militancy in the ranks of the Symbolist movement
, the culmination of literary aestheticism.
Arthur Symons defends the value of symbolism in The Symbolist Movement
in Literature, which appeared that same year.
For the musician in all of us, the symbolist movement
is equated with Debussy's Prelude a l'apres-midi d'un faune as well as the desire of poets such as Verlaine and Mallarme to create music through their use of words and sounds.
This emphasis on an individual writer's personal struggle (rather unusual in the context of Bourdieu's overall sociological approach) seems to lead Bourdieu to downplay the significance of an artistic movement which was surely more important in the development of the ideology of the restricted field: the Symbolist movement
4: 491-492) that his reading of Symons' The Symbolist Movement
in Literature (1908 edition) led Eliot to read poems by Symons, Wilde, and others from the nineties.
As Robert Upstone suggests in his catalogue essay, Waterhouse's work can best be understood as a part of the European Symbolist Movement
Using a combination of printing processes that required a high-degree of hand manipulation, Steichen creates a mysterious nude that is reminiscent of the work of Whistler or the Symbolist movement
In the 2005 exhibition at The Hermitage Foundation, "Impressions of the North: Scandinavian Painting, 1800-1915," the foundation's Web site would agree to the symbolic nature of Jansson's works, stating, "Swedish artist Eugene Jansson's powerfully expressive swirling nightscapes incarnate the Symbolist movement
In his public pronouncements and his artistic activities, Peladan embodied the idealist, occult, Satanic, and reactionary tendencies of the Symbolist movement
in the best and worse ways.
During several trips to Paris he became aware of Degas, Impressionism, the Symbolist movement
and Gauguin, whose decorative patterning and free use of color for expressive effect especially influenced him.
But following years of neglect by literary critics, Der Nister was now crushed by a negative review by Dovid Hofshteyn (June 1928), which sharply criticized the symbolist movement
in general and Der Nister in particular.