sympathy


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

sym·pa·thy

 (sĭm′pə-thē)
n. pl. sym·pa·thies
1.
a. A feeling of pity or sorrow for the distress of another; commiseration. See Synonyms at pity.
b. often sympathies An expression of such feeling: offered her sympathies to the mourning family.
2.
a. Mutual understanding or feeling between people: "Like two frightened children, we sought at the same time to comfort one another, so quick was the sympathy between us" (Nicholas Meyer).
b. Agreement with or support for an opinion or position: The mayor is in sympathy with the proposal.
c. often sympathies A tendency to support a position or opinion: a politician of conservative sympathies.
3.
a. A relationship or affinity between things in which whatever affects one correspondingly affects the other: "Continuous measurements of ionospheric densities ... showed a variation of noon ionization in sympathy with sunspot activity" (E.V. Appelton).
b. Physics A relation between bodies such that vibrations in one body cause sympathetic vibrations in another.
c. Physiology A relation between parts or organs by which a disease or disorder in one induces an effect in the other.

[Latin sympathīa, natural affinity, fellow feeling, from Greek sumpatheia, from sumpathēs, affected by like feelings : sun-, syn- + pathos, emotion; see kwent(h)- in Indo-European roots.]

sympathy

(ˈsɪmpəθɪ)
n, pl -thies
1. the sharing of another's emotions, esp of sorrow or anguish; pity; compassion
2. an affinity or harmony, usually of feelings or interests, between persons or things: to be in sympathy with someone.
3. mutual affection or understanding arising from such a relationship; congeniality
4. (General Physics) the condition of a physical system or body when its behaviour is similar or corresponds to that of a different system that influences it, such as the vibration of sympathetic strings
5. (sometimes plural) a feeling of loyalty, support, or accord, as for an idea, cause, etc
6. (Physiology) physiol the mutual relationship between two organs or parts whereby a change in one has an effect on the other
[C16: from Latin sympathīa, from Greek sumpatheia, from sumpathēs, from syn- + pathos suffering]

sym•pa•thy

(ˈsɪm pə θi)

n., pl. -thies,
adj. n.
1. harmony of or agreement in feeling, as between persons or on the part of one person with respect to another.
2. the harmony of feeling existing between persons of like tastes or opinion or of congenial dispositions.
3. the ability to share the feelings of another, esp. in sorrow or trouble; compassion; commiseration.
4. sympathies, feelings or impulses of compassion or support.
5. favorable or approving accord; favor or approval.
6. agreement, consonance, or accord.
7. Physiol. the relation between parts or organs whereby a condition or disorder of one part induces some effect in another.
adj.
8. acting out of or expressing sympathy: a sympathy vote.
[1560–70; < Latin sympathīa < Greek sympátheia=sympathe-, s. of sympathḗs sympathetic (sym- sym- + -pathēs, adj. derivative of páthos suffering, sensation) + -ia -y3]
syn: sympathy, compassion, pity, empathy denote the tendency or capacity to share the feelings of others. sympathy signifies a general kinship with another's feelings, no matter of what kind: sympathy with their yearning for freedom; sympathy for the bereaved. compassion implies a deep sympathy for the sorrows or troubles of another, and a powerful urge to alleviate distress: compassion for homeless refugees. pity suggests a kindly, but sometimes condescending, sorrow aroused by the suffering or misfortune of others: Mere pity for the flood victims is no help. empathy refers to a vicarious participation in the emotions of another, or to the ability to imagine oneself in someone else's predicament: to feel empathy with a character in a play.
empathy, sympathy - Empathy denotes a deep emotional understanding of another's feelings or problems, while sympathy is more general and can apply to small annoyances or setbacks.
See also related terms for problems.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sympathy - an inclination to support or be loyal to or to agree with an opinionsympathy - an inclination to support or be loyal to or to agree with an opinion; "his sympathies were always with the underdog"; "I knew I could count on his understanding"
inclination, tendency, disposition - an attitude of mind especially one that favors one alternative over others; "he had an inclination to give up too easily"; "a tendency to be too strict"
2.sympathy - sharing the feelings of others (especially feelings of sorrow or anguish)
feeling - the experiencing of affective and emotional states; "she had a feeling of euphoria"; "he had terrible feelings of guilt"; "I disliked him and the feeling was mutual"
concern - a feeling of sympathy for someone or something; "She felt strong concern for those less fortunate"
kindheartedness, kind-heartedness - sympathy arising from a kind heart
compassion, compassionateness - a deep awareness of and sympathy for another's suffering
commiseration, pity, pathos, ruth - a feeling of sympathy and sorrow for the misfortunes of others; "the blind are too often objects of pity"
compatibility - a feeling of sympathetic understanding
empathy - understanding and entering into another's feelings
3.sympathy - a relation of affinity or harmony between people; whatever affects one correspondingly affects the other; "the two of them were in close sympathy"
kinship, affinity - a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character; "found a natural affinity with the immigrants"; "felt a deep kinship with the other students"; "anthropology's kinship with the humanities"
mutual affection, mutual understanding - sympathy of each person for the other

sympathy

noun
1. compassion, understanding, pity, empathy, tenderness, condolence(s), thoughtfulness, commiseration We expressed our sympathy for her loss.
compassion indifference, scorn, disdain, insensitivity, coldness, callousness, hard-heartedness, pitilessness, lack of feeling or understanding or sympathy
3. agreement, support, favour, approval, encouragement, affiliation, partiality, approbation Several hundred workers struck in sympathy with their colleagues.
Quotations
"A fellow-feeling makes one wond'rous kind" [David Garrick An Occasional Prologue on Quitting the Theatre]

sympathy

noun
1. A very close understanding between persons:
2. Sympathetic, sad concern for someone in misfortune:
Translations
تَعَاطُفتَعاطُف مَععَطْف
soucitsoustrastsympatiesouhlas
sympatiforståelsemedfølelse
sympatiamyötätuntoosanotto
simpatija
részvét
samkenndsamúî
同情交感共感共鳴
동정
simpatizuojantisužjaučiantis
līdzjūtībasapratnesolidaritāte
naklonjenostsočutje
saosećaj
sympati
ความเห็นใจ
anlayışduygularını paylaşmahalden anlamasempati
sự thông cảm

sympathy

[ˈsɪmpəθɪ]
A. N
1. (= compassion) → compasión f
have you no sympathy?¿no tiene compasión?
his sympathy for the underdogsu compasión por los desvalidos
you have my deepest sympathyte compadezco
you won't get any sympathy from me!¡no me das ninguna pena!
a letter of sympathyun pésame
I have no sympathy for himno siento ninguna compasión or pena por él
to express one's sympathy (on the death of)dar el pésame (por la muerte de)
2. (= agreement) → solidaridad f
they came out in sympathy with their colleaguesse declararon en huelga por solidaridad con sus colegas
I have some sympathy with this point of viewcomparto en parte este punto de vista
the sympathies of the crowd were with himla multitud estaba de su lado or lo apoyaba
the sky clouded over, in sympathy with her moodel cielo se nubló, poniéndose así a tono con su estado de ánimo
3. sympathies (Pol) → simpatías fpl
she has expressed Republican sympathiesha expresado sus simpatías por los republicanos
4. (= affinity) → comprensión f, afinidad f (between entre)
B. CPD sympathy strike Nhuelga f de solidaridad
sympathy vote Nvoto m de solidaridad

sympathy

[ˈsɪmpəθi]
n
(= compassion) → compassion f
with our deepest sympathy → avec nos sincères condoléances
(= support) → sympathie f
I have some sympathy with this point of view
BUT Je ne suis pas loin de partager ce point de vue.J'ai une certaine sympathie pour ce point de vue.
to be in sympathy with [+ proposals, aims] → être en accord avec
to come out in sympathy with sb (= strike) → se solidariser avec qn sympathies
npl (= political inclinations) → sympathies fpl
His sympathies lie with the Liberals → Ses sympathies vont aux libéraux.

sympathy

n
(= pity, compassion)Mitgefühl nt, → Mitleid nt(for mit); (at death) → Beileid nt; to feel or have sympathy for somebodyMitgefühl or Mitleid mit jdm haben; a letter of sympathyein mitfühlender Brief, ein Beileidsbrief m; you have our deepest or heartfelt sympathy or sympathieswir fühlen mit Ihnen, (unser) aufrichtiges or herzliches Beileid; you have my sympathy! (hum)herzliches Beileid (hum); my sympathies are with her familymir tut ihre Familie leid; to express one’s sympathysein Mitgefühl aussprechen, sein Beileid aussprechen; you won’t get any sympathy from meerwarte kein Mitleid von mir
(= understanding)Verständnis nt; (= fellow-feeling, agreement)Sympathie f; to be in/out of sympathy with somebody/somethingmit jdm/etw einhergehen/nicht einhergehen; the sympathies of the crowd were with him (in match, discussion) → die Zuschauer waren auf seiner Seite; he has Democratic sympathieser sympathisiert mit den Demokraten; politically there was a lack of sympathy between themsie verstanden sich politisch nicht gut; to come out or strike in sympathy (Ind) → in Sympathiestreik treten; the dollar fell and the pound fell in sympathyder Dollar fiel und das Pfund fiel mit; to resonate/vibrate in sympathymitklingen/-schwingen

sympathy

[ˈsɪmpəθɪ] n
a. (pity, compassion) → compassione f
you have my deepest sympathy or sympathies → hai tutta la mia comprensione
you won't get any sympathy from me! → non venire a piangere da me!
with our deepest sympathy → con le nostre più sincere condoglianze
a letter of sympathy → una lettera di cordoglio
b. (understanding) → comprensione f; (fellow-feeling, agreement) → solidarietà
I am in sympathy with your suggestions → mi trovo d'accordo con i tuoi suggerimenti
to strike in sympathy with sb → scioperare per solidarietà con qn

sympathy

(ˈsimpəði) noun
1. a feeling of pity or sorrow for a person in trouble. When her husband died, she received many letters of sympathy.
2. the state or feeling of being in agreement with, or of being able to understand, the attitude or feelings of another person. I have no sympathy with such a stupid attitude; Are you in sympathy with the strikers?
ˌsympaˈthetic (-ˈθetik) adjective
(negative unsympathetic) showing or feeling sympathy. She was very sympathetic when I failed my exam; a sympathetic smile.
sympaˈthetically adverb
ˈsympathize, ˈsympathise verb
to show or feel sympathy to. I find it difficult to sympathize with him when he complains so much.

sympathy

تَعَاطُف soucit sympati Mitgefühl συμπόνια lástima sympatia compassion simpatija comprensione 同情 동정 sympathie sympati sympatia compaixão сочувствие sympati ความเห็นใจ halden anlama sự thông cảm 同情心

sym·pa·thy

n. simpatía, asociación, relación.
1. afinidad;
2. relación entre dos órganos afines por la cual una anomalía en uno afecta al otro;
3. afinidad entre la mente y el cuerpo que causa que se afecten entre sí.

sympathy

n compasión f
References in classic literature ?
I am not sorry you lost them, for you broke the rules, and deserved some punishment for disobedience," was the severe reply, which rather disappointed the young lady, who expected nothing but sympathy.
Between Elizabeth and her one son George there was a deep unexpressed bond of sympathy, based on a girlhood dream that had long ago died.
But she died between summers; then Robert posed as an inconsolable, prostrating himself at the feet of Madame Ratignolle for whatever crumbs of sympathy and comfort she might be pleased to vouchsafe.
The open sympathy of the listeners stirred the spirit of the votary of music, whose voice regained its richness and volume, without losing that touching softness which proved its secret charm.
For the woman he felt a thrill of sympathy, but at once saw that it was superfluous.
Several English gentlemen there, being sensible of my adverse fortune, and touched with human sympathy, generously offered a friendly supply for my wants, which I refused, with many thanks for their kindness; adding, that I never expected it would be in my power to recompense such unmerited generosity.
In her present mood, she could readily spare their company; indeed she was not sorry that no other being should interrupt that sympathy with the free woods which was beginning to possess her.
Doubtless, however, the whole story of human existence may be latent in each of them, but with no picturesqueness, externally, that can attract the imagination or sympathy to seek it there.
In part, therefore, the attachment which I speak of is the mere sensuous sympathy of dust for dust.
True, he had the manifest sympathy of the house but he had the house's silence, too, which was even worse than its sympathy.
I see a repose that neither earth nor hell can break, and I feel an assurance of the endless and shadowless hereafter - the Eternity they have entered - where life is boundless in its duration, and love in its sympathy, and joy in its fulness.
The feeling implied in the errand of inquiry that had brought him to the house was the one betrayal of human sympathy which escaped the rugged, impenetrable old man.