sympodium

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Related to sympodially: monopodial

sym·po·di·um

 (sĭm-pō′dē-əm)
n. pl. sym·po·di·a (-dē-ə)
An apparent axis that develops when growth occurs by means of lateral branches rather than continuing along the principal stem, often having a zigzag or irregular form. Also called pseudaxis.

[New Latin : syn- + Greek podion, base (from pous, pod-, foot; see ped- in Indo-European roots).]

sym·po′di·al (-dē-əl) adj.
sym·po′di·al·ly adv.

sympodium

(sɪmˈpəʊdɪəm)
n, pl -dia (-dɪə)
(Botany) the main axis of growth in the grapevine and similar plants: a lateral branch that arises from just behind the apex of the main stem, which ceases to grow, and continues growing in the same direction as the main stem. Compare monopodium
[C19: from New Latin, from syn- + Greek podion a little foot, from pous foot]
symˈpodial adj
symˈpodially adv

sym•po•di•um

(sɪmˈpoʊ di əm)

n., pl. -di•a (-di ə)
a stem that is made up of the bases of a number of other stems that grow in succession, as in the grapevine.
[1860–65; < New Latin < Greek sym- sym- + pódion small foot, base; see podium]
sym•po′di•al, adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
In botanical terms, the overall stem is not really a stem but a "pseudostem" formed by modules that grow sympodially from one another by intravaginal tillering (illustrated in Figure 8).
Our analyses suggest that ancestral Gunnera was a small, sympodially branching, cauline herb, producing axes in the axils of its leaves, lacking stolons, and with isophyllous, opposite leaves.
Stolonal forms, up to 6 mm high, arising from a creeping hydrorhiza; erect forms branching sympodially up to 13 mm high, but usually 10 mm.