There is still a controversial discussion concerning the ICV of patients with isolated sagittal synostosis
and scaphocephaly as it has been reported by different authors to be greater, less, or equal to the general population (Heller et al.
Other complications like deep infection, synostosis
, plate fracture, compartment syndrome, or iatrogenic neurological or vascular damage were not found.
2-4) Although open reduction and plate fixation ensures a more immediate fixation, it is associated with higher rates of complications, such as infection, synostosis
, and re-fracture.
Matthew was born with a rare cranial birth defect called metopic synostosis
, a condition that affects one in 15,000 babies, according to data from Boston Children's Hospital.
A tibiofibular synostosis
(yellow arrows) is seen at the level of the proximal syndesmosis.
A common condition, DP has been referred to by many names, such as deformational posterior plagiocephaly, positional plagiocephaly, posterior plagiocephaly, occipital plagiocephaly, nonsynostosis plagiocephaly, or plagiocephaly without synostosis
(Flannery, Looman, & Kemper, 2012; Laughlin, Luerssen, & Dias, for the Committee on Practice and Ambulatory Medicine Section on Neurological Surgery, 2011; Looman & Flannery, 2012; Shweikeh, Nuno, Danielpour, Krieger, & Drazin, 2013).
2007) indicated that syndesmosis fixation through four cortices results in a greater risk of tibiofibular synostosis
and motion restriction, when compared to three-cortex fixation .
Observations on a recent increase in plagiocephaly without synostosis
CT scans of the ankle and subtalar joint showing a synostosis
between the talus and the calcaneus.
An anechoic cartilaginous area between the midline of the frontal bone and the nasal bones can be recognized and identifies the nasal bridge, the hyperechogenic nasal bone synostosis
can therefore accurately be measured.
In most cases, anomalies including hypertelorism, epicantus, upward-slanting palpebral fissures, clinodactyly in the fifth finger, short nail folds, pes planus, joint laxity, dental problems and radioulnar synostosis
have been identified (4, 7).
Signs of osteomyelitis (bone lucency, irregular fracture margins, periosteal reactions), occurrence of synostosis
, loosening of screws, or additional fractures were noted.