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A clear, viscid lubricating fluid secreted by membranes in joint cavities, sheaths of tendons, and bursae.

[New Latin, coined by Paracelsus.]

syn·o′vi·al adj.


(saɪˈnəʊvɪəl; sɪ-)
1. (Physiology) of or relating to the synovia
2. (Physiology) (of a joint) surrounded by a synovia-secreting membrane
synˈovially adv
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.synovial - relating to or secreting synovia


[saɪˈnəʊvɪəl] ADJsinovial


a. sinovial, rel. a la membrana sinovial;
___ bursabursa ___;
___ cystquiste ___.


adj sinovial
References in periodicals archive ?
Loss of this fluid, called synovial fluid, results in a gradual decrease in cartilage thickness and increase in friction, which is related to the degradation and joint pain of osteoarthritis.
As a major ingredient of synovial fluid and cartilage matrix, sodium hyaluronate can lubricate the joint, protect cartilage of the joint, improve joint contracture and pathological articular fluid.
2) It has been considered to be a reactive process of the synovial tissue; however, the etiology is still unclear.
TNF-[alpha]-stimulated rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial fibroblasts were used to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of action.
The inner layer of the joint capsule, which produces synovial fluid, may thicken and make extra fluid so your joint swells.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease resulting in destruction of cartilage and bone within joints by inflammatory cells that migrate to the synovial and periarticular tissue.
At operation, both patients were discovered to have a synovial cyst within the posterior aspect of the elbow, specifically within the olecranon fossa causing their painful symptoms of locking.
US synovial thickening, effusion, and power Doppler signal (PDS) were scored on a validated 3-point scale, with 3 being severe.
Additionally, crystals in synovial fluids may cause a falsely increased count and may need to be confirmed with the manual count.
Miscellaneous arthropathies including synovial tumors and foreign body synovitis and nephrogenic systemic fibrosis.
NYSE MKT: AMPE) today announced preliminary biochemical analysis of samples of synovial fluid drawn from the index knee (treated knee) of a subset of patients who participated in the SPRING study.
2) This autoimmune reaction activates CD4+ helper T cells, lymphocytes, inflammatory cytokines and mediators that are key in synovial joint damage and destruction.