system


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Related to system: computer system, information system, System Analysis and Design

sys·tem

 (sĭs′təm)
n.
1. A group of interacting, interrelated, or interdependent elements forming a complex whole, especially:
a. An organism as a whole, especially with regard to its vital processes or functions: The animal's entire system seems to be affected by the disease.
b. A group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts: the excretory system; a root system.
c. A group of interacting mechanical or electrical components: the building's heating system.
d. A network of structures and channels, as for communication, travel, or distribution: a highway system.
e. A network of related computer software, hardware, and data transmission devices.
2.
a. An organized set of interrelated ideas or principles: Kant's philosophical system.
b. A social, economic, or political organizational form: the feudal system.
3.
a. An arrangement or configuration of classification or measurement: the taxonomic system; the metric system.
b. An organized and coordinated method; a procedure: We have an efficient system for processing returned merchandise. See Synonyms at method.
4.
a. A naturally occurring group of objects or phenomena: a cave system; a weather system.
b. Geology A set of rock strata grouped by geologic time period and divided into series.
5. Harmonious interaction or order: a restaurant kitchen that was completely without system.
6. The prevailing social order; the establishment. Used with the: You can't beat the system.

[Late Latin systēma, systēmat-, from Greek sustēma, from sunistanai, to combine : sun-, syn- + histanai, set up, establish; see stā- in Indo-European roots.]

system

(ˈsɪstəm)
n
1. a group or combination of interrelated, interdependent, or interacting elements forming a collective entity; a methodical or coordinated assemblage of parts, facts, concepts, etc: a system of currency; the Copernican system.
2. any scheme of classification or arrangement: a chronological system.
3. a network of communications, transportation, or distribution
4. a method or complex of methods: he has a perfect system at roulette.
5. orderliness; an ordered manner
6. (Sociology) the system (often capital) society seen as an environment exploiting, restricting, and repressing individuals
7. (Physiology) an organism considered as a functioning entity
8. (Physiology) any of various bodily parts or structures that are anatomically or physiologically related: the digestive system.
9. one's physiological or psychological constitution: get it out of your system.
10. (Electronics) any assembly of electronic, electrical, or mechanical components with interdependent functions, usually forming a self-contained unit: a brake system.
11. (Astronomy) a group of celestial bodies that are associated as a result of natural laws, esp gravitational attraction: the solar system.
12. (Chemistry) chem a sample of matter in which there are one or more substances in one or more phases. See also phase rule
13. a point of view or doctrine used to interpret a branch of knowledge
14. (Minerals) mineralogy one of a group of divisions into which crystals may be placed on the basis of the lengths and inclinations of their axes. Also called: crystal system
15. (Geological Science) geology a stratigraphical unit for the rock strata formed during a period of geological time. It can be subdivided into series
[C17: from French système, from Late Latin systēma, from Greek sustēma, from syn- + histanai to cause to stand]
ˈsystemless adj

sys•tem

(ˈsɪs təm)

n.
1. an assemblage or combination of things or parts forming a complex or unitary whole.
2. any assemblage or set of correlated members.
3. an ordered and comprehensive assemblage of facts, principles, doctrines, or the like in a particular field.
4. a coordinated body of methods or a scheme or plan of procedure; organizational scheme: a system of government.
5. any formulated, regular, or special method or plan of procedure.
6.
a. an assemblage of organs or related tissues concerned with the same function: the digestive system.
b. the entire human or animal body considered as a functioning unit: an ingredient toxic to the system.
7.
a. a number of heavenly bodies associated and acting together according to certain natural laws, as the solar system.
b. a hypothesis or theory of the characteristics of heavenly bodies by which their phenomena, motions, changes, etc., are explained: the Copernican system.
8. one's psychological makeup, esp. with reference to desires or preoccupations: to get something out of one's system.
9. a method or scheme of classification: the Linnaean system.
10. (sometimes cap.) the prevailing structure or organization of society, business, or politics or of society in general; establishment (usu. prec. by the): to work within the system.
11. a major division of rocks comprising sedimentary deposits and igneous masses formed during a single geologic period.
12. Physical Chem. a combination of two or more phases, each of which consists of one or more substances, that is attaining or is in equilibrium.
13. a working combination of computer hardware, software, and data communications devices.
[1610–20; < Late Latin systēma < Greek sýstēma=systē-, variant s. of synistánai to combine, organize (syn- syn- + histánai to stand) + -ma, n. suffix of result]

sys·tem

(sĭs′təm)
A group of elements or parts that function together to form a complex whole. For example, the bones, joints, and other structures making up the skeleton of an animal form its skeletal system. A weather system is made up of the different masses of warmer and cooler air that are present in a region, along with any winds, clouds, and rain or snow that they produce.

System

 an assembly of things arranged in a series that conforms to a plan.
Examples: system of beacons, 1868; of botany; of communications; of deceit, 1781; of iniquity, 1663; of logic, 1699; of philosophy; of railways; of rocks, 1830; of truths, 1845; of telegraph wires, 1855.

system

1. The rocks formed during a geological period.
2. A group of organs that function together to perform specific functions, e.g. the digestive system.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.system - instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity; "he bought a new stereo system"; "the system consists of a motor and a small computer"
audio system, sound system - a system of electronic equipment for recording or reproducing sound
communication system - a system for communicating
ADP system, ADPS, automatic data processing system, computer system, computing system - a system of one or more computers and associated software with common storage
containment - (physics) a system designed to prevent the accidental release of radioactive material from a reactor
control system - a system for controlling the operation of another system
data system, information system - system consisting of the network of all communication channels used within an organization
drainage system - a system of watercourses or drains for carrying off excess water
exhaust system, exhaust - system consisting of the parts of an engine through which burned gases or steam are discharged
EDS, explosive detection system - a rapid automatic system to detect plastic explosives in passengers' luggage using X-ray technology and computers; designed for use in airports
ETD, explosive trace detection - a system for screening luggage in airports; an agent passes a swab around or inside luggage and then runs the swab through a machine that can detect trace amounts of explosives
guidance device, guidance system - a system of equipment for automatically guiding the path of a vehicle (especially a missile)
assemblage, hookup - a system of components assembled together for a particular purpose
inertial guidance system, inertial navigation system - a system to control a plane or spacecraft; uses inertial forces
infrastructure, substructure - the basic structure or features of a system or organization
instrumentation, instrumentality - an artifact (or system of artifacts) that is instrumental in accomplishing some end
lockage - a system of locks in a canal or waterway
labyrinth, maze - complex system of paths or tunnels in which it is easy to get lost
mechanical system - a system of elements that interact on mechanical principles
module - a self-contained component (unit or item) that is used in combination with other components
navigational system - a system that provides information useful in determining the position and course of a ship or aircraft
electronic network, network - (electronics) a system of interconnected electronic components or circuits
network - a system of intersecting lines or channels; "a railroad network"; "a network of canals"
propulsion system - a system that provides a propelling or driving force
resonator - any system that resonates
scaffolding, staging - a system of scaffolds
security system - (computing) a system that enforces boundaries between computer networks
selsyn, synchro - a system consisting of a generator and a motor so connected that the motor will assume the same relative position as the generator; the generator and the motor are synchronized
shipboard system - a system designed to work as a coherent entity on board a naval ship
solar thermal system - a system that converts sunlight into heat
sprinkler system - a system for extinguishing fires; water from a network of overhead pipes is released through nozzles that open automatically with the rise in temperature
synchromesh - an automotive system for shifting gears in which the gears revolve at the same speed and so shift smoothly
2.system - a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified wholesystem - a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole; "a vast system of production and distribution and consumption keep the country going"
group, grouping - any number of entities (members) considered as a unit
language system - a system of linguistic units or elements used in a particular language
judicatory, judicial system, judiciary, judicature - the system of law courts that administer justice and constitute the judicial branch of government
economic system, economy - the system of production and distribution and consumption
ecosystem - a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment
hierarchy - a series of ordered groupings of people or things within a system; "put honesty first in her hierarchy of values"
social organisation, social organization, social structure, social system, structure - the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships; "the social organization of England and America is very different"; "sociologists have studied the changing structure of the family"
dragnet - a system of coordinated measures for apprehending (criminals or other individuals); "caught in the police dragnet"
machinery - a system of means and activities whereby a social institution functions; "the complex machinery of negotiation"; "the machinery of command labored and brought forth an order"
network, web - an interconnected system of things or people; "he owned a network of shops"; "retirement meant dropping out of a whole network of people who had been part of my life"; "tangled in a web of cloth"
nonlinear system - a system whose performance cannot be described by equations of the first degree
subsystem - a system that is part of some larger system
organism - a system considered analogous in structure or function to a living body; "the social organism"
syntax - a systematic orderly arrangement
body - a collection of particulars considered as a system; "a body of law"; "a body of doctrine"; "a body of precedents"
shebang - an entire system; used in the phrase `the whole shebang'
solar system - the sun with the celestial bodies that revolve around it in its gravitational field
water system - a river and all of its tributaries
root system, rootage - a developed system of roots
3.system - (physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances in different phases are in equilibrium; "in a static system oil cannot be replaced by water on a surface"; "a system generating hydrogen peroxide"
matter - that which has mass and occupies space; "physicists study both the nature of matter and the forces which govern it"
physical chemistry - the branch of chemistry dealing with the physical properties of chemical substances
4.system - a complex of methods or rules governing behavior; "they have to operate under a system they oppose"; "that language has a complex system for indicating gender"
method - a way of doing something, especially a systematic way; implies an orderly logical arrangement (usually in steps)
accounting - a system that provides quantitative information about finances
discipline - a system of rules of conduct or method of practice; "he quickly learned the discipline of prison routine"; "for such a plan to work requires discipline";
frame of reference, frame - a system of assumptions and standards that sanction behavior and give it meaning
gambling system - a system of rules for placing bets that is believed to lead to winning; "he has a perfect gambling system at roulette"
government - (government) the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed; "tyrannical government"
honor system - a system of conduct in which participants are trusted not to take unfair advantage of others; "the students are on the honor system"
logical system, system of logic, logic - a system of reasoning
merit system - the system of employing and promoting civil servants on the basis of ability
point system - a system of evaluation based on awarding points according to rules
spoils system - the system of employing and promoting civil servants who are friends and supporters of the group in power
organon - a system of principles for philosophic or scientific investigations; an instrument for acquiring knowledge
program, programme - a system of projects or services intended to meet a public need; "he proposed an elaborate program of public works"; "working mothers rely on the day care program"
theosophy - a system of belief based on mystical insight into the nature of God and the soul
anthroposophy - a system of beliefs and practices based on the philosophy of Rudolf Steiner; it claims to integrate the practical and psychological in child-centered education
logic - the system of operations performed by a computer that underlies the machine's representation of logical operations
theological system, theology - a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings; "Jewish theology"; "Roman Catholic theology"
ethical code, ethic - a system of principles governing morality and acceptable conduct
5.system - an organized structure for arranging or classifying; "he changed the arrangement of the topics"; "the facts were familiar but it was in the organization of them that he was original"; "he tried to understand their system of classification"
structure - the complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations; "his lectures have no structure"
classification system - a system for classifying things
contrivance - an artificial or unnatural or obviously contrived arrangement of details or parts etc.; "the plot contained too many improbable contrivances to be believable"
coordinate system, frame of reference, reference frame, reference system - a system that uses coordinates to establish position
data structure - (computer science) the organization of data (and its storage allocations in a computer)
design, plan - an arrangement scheme; "the awkward design of the keyboard made operation difficult"; "it was an excellent design for living"; "a plan for seating guests"
distribution, statistical distribution - (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
genetic map - graphical representation of the arrangement of genes on a chromosome
kinship system - (anthropology) the system of social relationships that constitute kinship in a particular culture, including the terminology that is used and the reciprocal obligations that are entailed
lattice - an arrangement of points or particles or objects in a regular periodic pattern in 2 or 3 dimensions
living arrangement - an arrangement to allow people (or ideas) to coexist
ontology - (computer science) a rigorous and exhaustive organization of some knowledge domain that is usually hierarchical and contains all the relevant entities and their relations
calendar - a system of timekeeping that defines the beginning and length and divisions of the year
6.system - a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts; "the body has a system of organs for digestion"
body part - any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity
articulatory system - the system of joints in the body
digestive system, gastrointestinal system, systema alimentarium, systema digestorium - the system that makes food absorbable into the body
endocrine system - the system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to control bodily metabolic activity
venous blood system, venation - (zoology) the system of venous blood vessels in an animal
immune system - a system (including the thymus and bone marrow and lymphoid tissues) that protects the body from foreign substances and pathogenic organisms by producing the immune response
integumentary system - the skin and its appendages
RES, reticuloendothelial system - a widely distributed system consisting of all the cells able to ingest bacteria or colloidal particles etc, except for certain white blood cells
mononuclear phagocyte system, MPS, system of macrophages - a widely distributed system of free and fixed macrophages derived from bone marrow
muscle system, muscular structure, musculature - the muscular system of an organism
musculoskeletal system - the system of muscles and tendons and ligaments and bones and joints and associated tissues that move the body and maintain its form
nervous system, systema nervosum - the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
central nervous system, CNS, systema nervosum centrale - the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
peripheral nervous system, systema nervosum periphericum - the section of the nervous system lying outside the brain and spinal cord
genital system, reproductive system - organs and tissues involved in the production and maturation of gametes and in their union and subsequent development as offspring
apparatus urogenitalis, genitourinary apparatus, genitourinary system, systema urogenitale, urinary apparatus, urinary system, urogenital apparatus, urogenital system - the system that includes all organs involved in reproduction and in the formation and voidance of urine
respiratory system, systema respiratorium - the system for taking in oxygen and giving off carbon dioxide; in terrestrial animals this is accomplished by breathing
sensory system - the body's system of sense organs
tract - a system of body parts that together serve some particular purpose
vascular system - the vessels and tissue that carry or circulate fluids such as blood or lymph or sap through the body of an animal or plant
skeletal system, systema skeletale, skeleton, frame - the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a frame for the body of an animal
7.system - a procedure or process for obtaining an objective; "they had to devise a system that did not depend on cooperation"
plan of action - a plan for actively doing something
credit system - a system for allowing people to purchase things on credit
legal system - a system for interpreting and enforcing the laws
pricing system - a system for setting prices on goods or services
promotion system - a system for advancing participants to higher-status positions
8.system - the living body considered as made up of interdependent components forming a unified whole; "exercise helped him get the alcohol out of his system"
live body - the body of a living animal or person
9.system - an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized; "his compulsive organization was not an endearing quality"; "we can't do it unless we establish some system around here"
methodicalness, orderliness - the quality of appreciating method and system

system

noun
1. arrangement, structure, organization, scheme, combination, classification, coordination, setup (informal) a multi-party system of government
2. network, organization, web, grid, set of channels a news channel on a local cable system
3. method, practice, technique, procedure, routine, theory, usage, methodology, frame of reference, modus operandi, fixed order the decimal system of metric weights and measures
4. establishment, the authorities, established order, the system, ruling class, the powers that be, institutionalized authority He wants to be a tough rebel who bucks the system.

system

noun
1. An organized array of individual elements and parts forming and working as a unit:
2. A usually large entity composed of interconnected parts:
3. Systematic arrangement and design:
4. The approach used to do something:
Translations
خُطَّه، أسْلوب، طَريقَهمَنْهَج، أسْلوبنِظَامنِظام الجِسِمنِظام، تَنْظيم، مَنْهَج
система
systémmetodaorganismussoustava
systemsytemkroppenmetodenet
sistemo
menetlussüsteem
سامانه
järjestelmäsysteemielimistö
sistemsustav
rendszer
sistem
aîferîkerfilíffærakerfiskipulag, kerfiskipuleg vinnubrögî
制度組織的な方法
시스템
sistemasistemingaisistemingassisteminissistemiškai
sistēmatīklsmetodeorganismspaņēmiens
sistem
systém
sistemmetoda
sustav
system
kawaida
ระบบ
sistemusulvücutyöntemyöntemler düzeni
система
hệ thống

system

[ˈsɪstəm]
A. N
1. (= method) → sistema m
new teaching systemsnuevos sistemas or métodos de enseñanza
2. (Pol, Sociol) (= organization) → sistema m
a political/economic/social systemun sistema político/económico/social
3. (Math, Sci) (= principles) → sistema m
binary/decimal/metric systemsistema m binario/decimal/métrico
4. (Elec, Comput, Mech) → sistema m
the system's down againel sistema no funciona otra vez
5. (= network) → sistema m, red f
transport systemsistema m or red f de transportes
6. (= order) → método m
he lacks systemcarece de método
7. (Med) (= organism) → organismo m, cuerpo m
the nervous/immune systemel sistema nervioso/inmunitario
the digestive systemel aparato digestivo
it was quite a shock to the system (fig) → fue un buen golpe para el organismo
to get sth out of one's systemquitarse algo de encima
8. the system (= the establishment) → el sistema
to beat the systemburlar el sistema
9. (= classification) → sistema m
a chronological systemun sistema cronológico
10. (Astron) → sistema m
solar systemsistema m solar
B. CPD system disk Ndisco m del sistema
systems analysis Nanálisis m inv de sistemas
systems analyst N (Comput) → analista mf de sistemas
systems engineer N (Comput) → ingeniero/a m/f de sistemas
systems engineering Ningeniería f de sistemas
systems programmer Nprogramador(a) m/f de sistemas
systems software Nsoftware m del sistema

system

[ˈsɪstəm]
n
(= way of organizing sth) → système m
(= electrical or mechanical device) → système m
a computer system → un système informatique
an alarm system → un système d'alarme
central heating system → chauffage central
(= network) → système m
road system → système routier
rail system → système ferroviaire
(ANATOMY) (= part of body) → système m
the digestive system → le système digestif
the immune system → le système immunitaire
the vascular system → le système vasculaire
(= body) → organisme m
The strenuous exercise made great demands on her system → Les exercices pénibles mettaient son organisme à rude épreuve.
to be a shock to one's system, to be a shock to the system → être un choc pour qn
It was a shock to his system → Ça a été un choc pour lui.
to get sth out of one's system (fig)se sortir qch de la tête
(= establishment) the system → le système
modif (COMPUTING) [file] → système system requirements

system

n
System nt; new teaching systemsneue Lehrmethoden pl; the democratic system of governmentdas demokratische (Regierungs)system; the Pitman system of shorthanddie Kurzschriftmethode nach Pitman; system of referencesBezugs- or Referenzsystem nt
(= working whole)System nt; digestive systemVerdauungsapparat m; respiratory systemAtmungsapparat m; it’s good for the systemdas ist gesund; to pass through the systemden Körper auf natürlichem Wege verlassen; to be absorbed into the systemaufgenommen werden; it was a shock to his systemer hatte schwer damit zu schaffen; to get something out of one’s system (fig inf)sich (dat)etw von der Seele schaffen, etw loswerden (inf); it’s all systems go! (inf)jetzt heißt es: volle Kraft voraus!
(= established authority) the systemdas System; you can’t beat or buck the systemgegen das System kommst du or kommt man einfach nicht an
(Comput: = machine, operating system) → System nt; system diskSystemdiskette f; system softwareSystemsoftware f

system

:
system building
n (Archit) → Systembauweise f
system control
n (Comput etc) → Systemsteuerung f
system crash
n (Comput) → Systemabsturz m
system error
n (Comput) → Systemfehler m
system failure
nSystemausfall m
system fault
n (Comput) → Systemfehler m
system file
n (Comput) → Systemdatei f

system

:
system information
n (Comput) → Systeminformationen pl
system menu
n (Comput) → Systemmenü nt
system policies
n (Comput) → Systemrichtlinien pl
system program
n (Comput) → Systemprogramm nt
system prompt
n (Comput) → Eingabeaufforderung f

system

[ˈsɪstəm] n (method) → sistema m; (network) → rete f (Anat) → apparato
it was quite a shock to his system → è stato uno shock per il suo organismo
to get sth out of one's system (fig) → sfogarsi

system

(ˈsistəm) noun
1. an arrangement of many parts that work together. a railway system; the solar system; the digestive system.
2. a person's body. Take a walk every day – it's good for the system!
3. a way of organizing something according to certain ideas, principles etc. a system of government/education.
4. a plan or method. What is your system for washing the dishes?
5. the quality of being efficient and methodical. Your work lacks system.
ˌsysteˈmatic (-ˈmӕtik) adjective
ˌsysteˈmatically adverb

system

نِظَام systém system System σύστημα sistema järjestelmä système sistem sistema 組織的な方法 시스템 systeem system system sistema система system ระบบ sistem hệ thống 系统

sys·tem

n. sistema, grupo de partes u órganos combinados que constituyen un conjunto que desempeña una o más funciones vitales en el organismo;
cardiovascular ______cardiovascular;
digestive ______ digestivo;
endocrine ______ endocrino;
genitourinary ______ genitourinario;
hematopoietic ______ hematopoyético;
immune ______ de inmunidad;
lymphatic ______ linfático;
nervous ______ nervioso;
osseous ______ óseo;
portal ______ portal;
reproductive ______ reproductivo;
respiratory ______ respiratorio;
reticuloendothelial ______ reticuloendotelial.
V. cuadro en la página 240.

system

n sistema m; autonomic nervous — sistema nervioso autónomo; cardiovascular — sistema cardiovascular; central nervous — (CNS) sistema nervioso central (SNC); digestive — sistema digestivo; endocrine — sistema endocrino; immune — sistema inmunológico; metric — sistema métrico; musculoskeletal — sistema locomotor or musculoesquelético; parasympathetic nervous — sistema nervioso parasimpático; peripheral nervous — sistema nervioso periférico; reproductive — sistema reproductor or reproductivo; respiratory — sistema respiratorio; skeletal — sistema óseo or esquelético; sympathetic nervous — sistema nervioso simpático
References in classic literature ?
March, who had a good deal of humor, resolved to finish off the trial in an appropriate manner, so she gave Hannah a holiday and let the girls enjoy the full effect of the play system.
The Mayas had a peculiar civilization of their own, thousands of years ago, and their calendar system was so involved "
Robert had pursued a system of lessons almost daily; and he was nearly at the point of discouragement in realizing the futility of his efforts.
In this manner does the mother country absorb even the fame, under that system of rule.
Modern psychology, it may be, will endeavor to reduce these alleged necromancies within a system, instead of rejecting them as altogether fabulous.
He might truly be termed a legitimate son of the revenue system, dyed in the wool, or rather born in the purple; since his sire, a Revolutionary colonel, and formerly collector of the port, had created an office for him, and appointed him to fill it, at a period of the early ages which few living men can now remember.
In connexion with this appellative of Whalebone whales , it is of great importance to mention, that however such a nomenclature may be convenient in facilitating allusions to some kind of whales, yet it is in vain to attempt a clear classification of the Leviathan, founded upon either his baleen, or hump, or fin, or teeth; notwithstanding that those marked parts or features very obviously seem better adapted to afford the basis for a regular system of Cetology than any other detached bodily distinctions, which the whale, in his kinds, presents.
It was vouchsafed to me in me youthful days to be acquainted with shperrits" and so Tommy Finnegan went on, expounding a system of philosophy, while the perspiration came out on Jurgis' forehead, so great was his agitation and embarrassment.
Now, there was Tom Loker, my old partner, down in Natchez; he was a clever fellow, Tom was, only the very devil with niggers,--on principle 't was, you see, for a better hearted feller never broke bread; 't was his system, sir.
I do not know whether hotel servants in New York get any wages or not, but I do know that in some of the hotels there the feeing system in vogue is a heavy burden.
Between you and me, it does gravel me, the cool way people from those monster worlds outside our system snub our little world, and even our system.
And he writes to me here, that he will be glad to show me, in operation, the only true system of prison discipline; the only unchallengeable way of making sincere and lasting converts and penitents - which, you know, is by solitary confinement.