tax


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

tax

 (tăks)
n.
1. A contribution for the support of a government required of persons, groups, or businesses within the domain of that government.
2. A fee or dues levied on the members of an organization to meet its expenses.
3. A burdensome or excessive demand; a strain.
tr.v. taxed, tax·ing, tax·es
1. To place a tax on (income, property, or goods).
2. To exact a tax from: taxed the people.
3. Law To assess (court costs, for example).
4. To make difficult or excessive demands upon: a boss who taxed everyone's patience.
5.
a. To accuse; confront: taxed him with ingratitude.
b. To hold accountable: The contractor was taxed with the mistake of the subcontractor.

[Middle English, from taxen, to tax, from Old French taxer, from Medieval Latin taxāre, from Latin, to touch, reproach, reckon, frequentative of tangere, to touch; see tag- in Indo-European roots.]

tax′a·ble (tăk′sə-bəl) adj.
tax′a·bly adv.
tax′er n.

tax

(tæks)
n
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a compulsory financial contribution imposed by a government to raise revenue, levied on the income or property of persons or organizations, on the production costs or sales prices of goods and services, etc
2. a heavy demand on something; strain: a tax on our resources.
vb (tr)
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) to levy a tax on (persons, companies, etc, or their incomes, etc)
4. to make heavy demands on; strain: to tax one's intellect.
5. to accuse, charge, or blame: he was taxed with the crime.
6. (Law) to determine (the amount legally chargeable or allowable to a party to a legal action), as by examining the solicitor's bill of costs: to tax costs.
7. slang to steal
[C13: from Old French taxer, from Latin taxāre to appraise, from tangere to touch]
ˈtaxer n
ˈtaxless adj

tax

(tæks)

n.
1. a sum of money levied on incomes, property, sales, etc., by a government for its support or for specific services.
2. a burdensome charge, obligation, or demand.
v.t.
3. (of a government)
a. to impose a tax on (a person or business).
b. to levy a tax on (income, goods, etc.), usu. in proportion to the value of money involved.
4. to make serious demands on or of; burden; strain: to tax one's resources.
5. to reprove or accuse; censure or charge: to tax a person with laziness.
6. Archaic. to estimate or determine the value of.
[1250–1300; (v.) Middle English < Latin taxāre to handle]
tax′er, n.

tax

  • excise - As in tax, it is from Middle Dutch excijs, from Latin accensum, "to tax."
  • tax - From Latin taxare, "censure, charge, or compute."
  • toll - Traces back to Greek telos, "tax."
  • disposable income, surplus income - Disposable income or surplus income is what you have left after taxes and other government obligations—i.e. what you have left to live on.

tax


Past participle: taxed
Gerund: taxing

Imperative
tax
tax
Present
I tax
you tax
he/she/it taxes
we tax
you tax
they tax
Preterite
I taxed
you taxed
he/she/it taxed
we taxed
you taxed
they taxed
Present Continuous
I am taxing
you are taxing
he/she/it is taxing
we are taxing
you are taxing
they are taxing
Present Perfect
I have taxed
you have taxed
he/she/it has taxed
we have taxed
you have taxed
they have taxed
Past Continuous
I was taxing
you were taxing
he/she/it was taxing
we were taxing
you were taxing
they were taxing
Past Perfect
I had taxed
you had taxed
he/she/it had taxed
we had taxed
you had taxed
they had taxed
Future
I will tax
you will tax
he/she/it will tax
we will tax
you will tax
they will tax
Future Perfect
I will have taxed
you will have taxed
he/she/it will have taxed
we will have taxed
you will have taxed
they will have taxed
Future Continuous
I will be taxing
you will be taxing
he/she/it will be taxing
we will be taxing
you will be taxing
they will be taxing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been taxing
you have been taxing
he/she/it has been taxing
we have been taxing
you have been taxing
they have been taxing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been taxing
you will have been taxing
he/she/it will have been taxing
we will have been taxing
you will have been taxing
they will have been taxing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been taxing
you had been taxing
he/she/it had been taxing
we had been taxing
you had been taxing
they had been taxing
Conditional
I would tax
you would tax
he/she/it would tax
we would tax
you would tax
they would tax
Past Conditional
I would have taxed
you would have taxed
he/she/it would have taxed
we would have taxed
you would have taxed
they would have taxed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tax - charge against a citizen's person or property or activity for the support of governmenttax - charge against a citizen's person or property or activity for the support of government
withholding - the act of deducting from an employee's salary
imposition, infliction - the act of imposing something (as a tax or an embargo)
accumulator, collector, gatherer - a person who is employed to collect payments (as for rent or taxes)
net estate - the estate remaining after debts and funeral expenses and administrative expenses have been deducted from the gross estate; the estate then left to be distributed (and subject to federal and state inheritance taxes)
disposable income - income (after taxes) that is available to you for saving or spending
unearned income, unearned revenue - personal income that you did not earn (e.g., dividends or interest or rent income)
deductible - (taxes) an amount that can be deducted (especially for the purposes of calculating income tax)
budget items, operating cost, operating expense, overhead - the expense of maintaining property (e.g., paying property taxes and utilities and insurance); it does not include depreciation or the cost of financing or income taxes
levy - a charge imposed and collected
single tax - a system of taxation in which a tax is levied on a single commodity (usually land)
income tax - a personal tax levied on annual income
capital gains tax - a tax on capital gains; "he avoided the capital gains tax by short selling"
capital levy - a tax on capital or property
departure tax - a tax that is levied when you are departing a country by land or sea or air
franchise tax - a tax that is imposed by states on corporations; it depends both on the net worth of the corporation and on its net income attributable to activities within the state
gift tax - a tax imposed on transfers of property by gift during the lifetime of the giver
direct tax - a tax paid directly by the person or organization on whom it is levied
indirect tax - a tax levied on goods or services rather than on persons or organizations
hidden tax - a tax paid unwittingly by the consumer (such as ad valorem taxes)
capitation - a tax levied on the basis of a fixed amount per person
graduated tax, progressive tax - any tax in which the rate increases as the amount subject to taxation increases
proportional tax - any tax in which the rate is constant as the amount subject to taxation increases
degressive tax - any tax in which the rate decreases as the amount subject to taxation increases
rates - a local tax on property (usually used in the plural)
stamp duty, stamp tax - a tax collected by requiring a stamp to be purchased and attached (usually on documents or publications)
pavage - a tax toward paving streets
transfer tax - any tax levied on the passing of title to property
special assessment - an additional tax levied on private property for public improvements that enhance the value of the property
charge - financial liabilities (such as a tax); "the charges against the estate"
deductible - acceptable as a deduction (especially as a tax deduction)
progressive - (of taxes) adjusted so that the rate increases as the amount of income increases
regressive - (of taxes) adjusted so that the rate decreases as the amount of income increases
Verb1.tax - levy a tax on; "The State taxes alcohol heavily"; "Clothing is not taxed in our state"
levy, impose - impose and collect; "levy a fine"
excise - levy an excise tax on
tariff - charge a tariff; "tariff imported goods"
surtax - levy an extra tax on; "surtax luxury items that cost more than $1,000"
overtax - tax excessively; "Don't overtax my constituents!"
2.tax - set or determine the amount of (a payment such as a fine)tax - set or determine the amount of (a payment such as a fine)
set, determine - fix conclusively or authoritatively; "set the rules"
assess - charge (a person or a property) with a payment, such as a tax or a fine
3.tax - use to the limit; "you are taxing my patience"
strain, extend - use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity; "He really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro"; "Don't strain your mind too much"
4.tax - make a charge against or accuse; "They taxed him failure to appear in court"
charge - make an accusatory claim; "The defense attorney charged that the jurors were biased"

tax

noun
2. strain, demand, burden, pressure, weight, load, drain less of a tax on her bodily resources
verb
1. charge, impose a tax on, levy a tax on, rate, demand, assess, extract, exact, tithe The government taxes profits of corporations at a high rate.
2. strain, push, stretch, try, test, task, load, burden, drain, exhaust, weaken, weary, put pressure on, sap, wear out, weigh heavily on, overburden, make heavy demands on, enervate Overcrowding has taxed the city's ability to deal with waste.
3. accuse, charge, blame, confront, impeach, incriminate, arraign, impugn, lay at your door Writers to the letters column taxed me with shallowness.
accuse clear, acquit, vindicate, exonerate, exculpate
Quotations
"In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes" [Benjamin Franklin letter to Jean Baptiste Le Roy]
"The Chancellor of the Exchequer is a man whose duties make him more or less of a taxing machine. He is intrusted with a certain amount of misery which it is his duty to distribute as fairly as he can" [Robert Lowe, Viscount Sherbrooke speech]
"To tax and to please, no more than to love and to be wise, is not given to men" [Edmund Burke On American Taxation]
"If you tax too high, the revenue will yield nothing" [Ralph Waldo Emerson]
"Only the little people pay taxes" [Leona Helmsley]
"Read my lips: no new taxes" [George Bush speech during election campaign - later, he raised taxes]
"Taxation without representation is tyranny" [James Otis]
"What is the difference between a taxidermist and a tax collector? The taxidermist takes only your skin" [Mark Twain]

tax

noun
1. A compulsory contribution, usually of money, that is required for the support of a government:
2. A duty or responsibility that is a source of anxiety, worry, or hardship:
Informal: headache.
verb
1. To place a burden or heavy load on:
2. To force to work:
3. To make an accusation against:
4. To criticize for a fault or an offense:
Informal: bawl out, lambaste.
Slang: chew out.
Idioms: bring to task, call on the carpet, haul over the coals, let someone have it.
Translations
إجْهاد، إرهاق، عِبء، حِمْلضَرِيبَةضَريبَهيُجْهِد، يُرْهِقيَدْفَع الضَّريبَه
daňdanitpřetěžovatzátěžzdanit
skatbeskattebyrdetære på
maks
veroverottaa
porezoporezivati
adóadóztatmegadóztat
álagreyna áskattleggjaskattur
税金
세금
apmokestinamasapmokestinimasapmokestintibe mokesčiųišbandymas
aplikt ar nodoklinastanodoklisslodzespriedze
impozittaxă
preťažovaťzáťaž
davekobdavčiti
skatt
ภาษี
vergivergi al makvergiye tâbi tut makyükzorlamak
thuế

tax

[tæks]
A. N
1. (Fin) (= contribution) → impuesto m, tributo m (frm)
half of it goes in taxla mitad se me va en impuestos
petrol tax; tax on petrolimpuesto m sobre la gasolina
profits after taxbeneficios después de impuestos
profits before taxbeneficios antes de impuestos
free of taxexento or libre de impuestos
to impose or levy or put a tax on sthgravar algo con un impuesto
to pay tax on sthpagar impuestos por algo
to pay one's taxespagar los impuestos
how much tax do you pay?¿cuánto paga de impuestos?
I paid £3,000 in tax last yearel año pasado pagué 3.000 libras de impuestos
for tax purposesa efectos fiscales
see also capital C
see also council B
see also income B
see also value-added tax
2. (= strain) the extra administrative work was a tax on the resources of schoolsel trabajo adicional de administración supuso una carga pesada para los recursos de las escuelas
it was a tax on his strength/patiencepuso a prueba sus fuerzas/su paciencia
B. VT
1. (Fin) [+ income, profit] → gravar; [+ person] → cobrar impuestos a, imponer cargas fiscales a
household goods are taxed at the rate of 15%los artículos del hogar se gravan con el 15% or llevan un impuesto del 15%
the wife is separately taxedla esposa paga impuestos por separado
2. (Brit) (Aut) I haven't got my car taxed yetaún no he pagado el impuesto de circulación
3. (= place a burden on) → poner a prueba
these dilemmas would tax the best of statesmenestos dilemas pondrían a prueba al mejor de los estadistas
4. (frm) (= accuse) to tax sb with sthacusar a algn de algo
5. (Jur) [+ costs] → tasar
C. CPD tax allowance Ndesgravación f fiscal
tax avoidance Nevasión f legal de impuestos
tax base Nbase f imponible
tax bracket Ngrupo m impositivo
tax code, tax coding Ncódigo m impositivo
tax collecting Nrecaudación f de impuestos
tax collector Nrecaudador(a) m/f de impuestos
tax cuts NPLreducciones fpl en los impuestos
tax disc N (Brit) → pegatina f del impuesto de circulación
tax dodge Nevasión f de impuestos
tax evasion Nevasión f fiscal
tax exemption Nexención f de impuestos, exención f tributaria
tax exile N (= person) persona autoexiliada para evitar los impuestos; (= state) → exilio m voluntario para evitar los impuestos
tax haven Nparaíso m fiscal
tax incentive Naliciente m fiscal
tax inspector Ninspector(a) m/f fiscal, inspector(a) m/f de Hacienda
tax law Nderecho m tributario
tax liability Nobligación f fiscal, obligación f tributaria
tax rate Ntasa f impositiva
tax rebate Ndevolución f de impuestos
tax relief Ndesgravación f fiscal
tax return Ndeclaración f fiscal or de la renta
to fill in or out one's tax returnhacer la declaración fiscal or de la renta
tax revenue Ningresos mpl tributarios
tax shelter Nrefugio m fiscal
tax system Nsistema m tributario, sistema m fiscal
tax year Naño m fiscal, ejercicio m fiscal

tax

[ˈtæks]
n (on goods, services)taxe f; (on income)impôts mpl
before tax → avant impôt
after tax → après impôt
free of tax → exonéré(e) d'impôt
modif [adviser, affairs, assessment, bill, burden, fraud] → fiscal(e); [bracket, rate] → d'imposition; [deduction] → d'impôts; [code, office, rise] → des impôts tax form
vt
[+ goods, profits] → taxer; [+ income, person, company] → imposer
(= strain) [+ patience, courage, strength, endurance] → mettre à l'épreuve

tax

n
(Fin, Econ) → Steuer f; (on a company’s profit) → Abgabe f; (= import tax)Gebühr f; before taxbrutto, vor Abzug der Steuern; after taxnetto, nach Abzug der Steuern; profits before/after taxBrutto-/Nettoverdienst m; that’s done for tax purposesdas wird aus steuerlichen Gründen getan; free of taxsteuer-/abgaben-/gebührenfrei; to put a tax on somebody/somethingjdn/etw besteuern, jdn/etw mit einer Steuer belegen; the heavy tax on the richdie hohe Besteuerung der Reichen; the tax on alcohol/cars etcdie Getränke-/Kraftfahrzeugsteuer etc
(fig)Belastung f (→ on sth +gen, → on sb für jdn)
vt
(Fin, Econ) → besteuern; countrymit Steuern belegen; this government is going to tax us all out of existencediese Regierung zieht uns den letzten Cent aus der Tasche (inf)
(fig) brain, imagination, nerves, patience etcstrapazieren; strengthstark beanspruchen; savings, resourcesangreifen, schmälern
(liter, = accuse) to tax somebody with somethingjdn einer Sache (gen)beschuldigen or bezichtigen or zeihen (liter)

tax

:
tax advantage
nSteuervorteil m
tax adviser
nSteuerberater(in) m(f)
tax allowance
nSteuervergünstigung f; (= tax-free income)Steuerfreibetrag m

tax

:
tax avoidance
nSteuerumgehung f
tax bill
n (Brit inf) → Steuerbescheid m
tax bracket
nSteuergruppe for -klasse f
tax burden
nSteuernlast f
tax code, tax coding
nSteuerkennziffer f
tax collecting
nSteuereinziehung f
tax collector
nFinanz- or Steuerbeamte(r) m/-beamtin f; (Bibl, Hist) → Zöllner m
tax competition
nSteuerwettbewerb m
tax credit
n(auf Steuerschuld) anrechenbarer Betrag (aus Verlusten bei Aktienverkauf etc)
tax cut
tax-deductible
adj(steuerlich or von der Steuer) absetzbar; mortgagesteuerbegünstigt
tax demand
tax disc
n (Brit: on vehicle) → Steuermarke for -plakette f
tax dodge
nTrick mum Steuern zu umgehen
tax dodger, tax evader
nSteuerhinterzieher(in) m(f); (who goes abroad) → Steuerflüchtling m
tax evasion
nSteuerhinterziehung f; (by going abroad) → Steuerflucht f
tax-exempt
adj (US) personsteuerbefreit; businessabgabenfrei; income, statussteuerfrei
tax exile
nSteuerexil nt; (= person)Steuerflüchtling m
tax fairness
nSteuergerechtigkeit f
tax form
nSteuerformular nt
tax-free
adj, advsteuerfrei
tax harmonization
nSteuerharmonisierung f
tax haven

tax

:
tax loophole
nSteuerschlupfloch nt
tax loss
nSteuerausfall m
taxman
nSteuer- or Finanzbeamte(r) m; the tax gets 35%das Finanzamt bekommt 35%

tax

:
taxpayer
nSteuerzahler(in) m(f)
tax policy
tax privilege
nSteuervorteil m
tax rebate
nSteuervergütung for -rückzahlung f
tax receipts
tax reform
nSteuerreform f
tax refund
nSteuer(rück)erstattung f
tax regime
nSteuersystem nt
tax relief
nSteuervergünstigung f, → Steuererleichterung (→ en pl) f; tax of 5%ein Steuernachlass mvon 5%; it qualifies for taxdas ist steuerbegünstigt
tax return
tax revenue
tax shelter
n
(= tax avoidance)steuersparende Maßnahme
(minimalized tax) → Steuerbegünstigung f
tax structure
nSteuersystem nt
tax system
nSteuerwesen nt, → Steuer- or Besteuerungssystem nt
tax write-off
nSteuerabschreibung f
tax year
nSteuerjahr nt

tax

[tæks]
1. n (on income) → imposta, tasse fpl (fam); (on goods, services) → tassa
before/after tax → al lordo/netto delle imposte (or delle tasse)
free of tax → esente da imposte, esentasse inv
a third of my wages goes in tax → un terzo del mio stipendio se ne va in tasse
how much tax do you pay? → quanto paghi di tasse?
to put a tax on sth → mettere una tassa su qc
2. vt
a. (Fin) (people, salary, goods) → tassare
tobacco and petrol are heavily taxed → le tasse sul tabacco e sulla benzina sono altissime
b. (fig) (resources) → gravare su
to tax sb's patience → mettere alla prova la pazienza di qn
c. (fig) (accuse) to tax sb with sth/with doing sthaccusare qn di qc/di aver fatto qc
3. adjfiscale, delle tasse
for tax purposes → per motivi fiscali

tax

(tӕks) noun
1. money, eg a percentage of a person's income or of the price of goods etc taken by the government to help pay for the running of the state. income tax; a tax on tobacco.
2. a strain or burden. The continual noise was a tax on her nerves.
verb
1. to make (a person) pay (a) tax; to put a tax on (goods etc). He is taxed on his income; Alcohol is taxed.
2. to put a strain on. Don't tax your strength!
ˈtaxable adjective
liable to be taxed. taxable income/goods.
taxˈation noun
the act or system of taxing.
ˈtaxing adjective
mentally or physically difficult. a taxing job.
ˌtax-ˈfree adjective, adverb
without payment of tax. tax-free income.
ˈtaxpayer noun
a citizen who pays taxes.
ˈtax (someone) with
to accuse (a person) of. I taxed him with dishonesty.

tax

ضَرِيبَة daň skat Steuer φόρος impuesto vero impôt porez tassa 税金 세금 belasting skatt podatek imposto налог skatt ภาษี vergi thuế

tax

n. impuesto, contribución;
v. imponer; cargar, abrumar;
a.
___ -exemptexento de impuesto
References in classic literature ?
I did not mean to tax your time without a recompense.
It would tax his invention, certainly, and I felt, this time, over his real embarrassment, a curious thrill of triumph.
They would have to renew the insurance every year; they would have to pay the taxes, about ten dollars a year; they would have to pay the water tax, about six dollars a year--(Jurgis silently resolved to shut off the hydrant).
If a thousand men were not to pay their tax bills this year, that would not be a violent and bloody measure, as it would be to pay them, and enable the State to commit violence and shed innocent blood.
First you wrap a layer or two of blanket around your body, for a sort of cushion and to keep off the cold iron; then you put on your sleeves and shirt of chain mail -- these are made of small steel links woven together, and they form a fabric so flexible that if you toss your shirt onto the floor, it slumps into a pile like a peck of wet fish-net; it is very heavy and is nearly the uncomfortablest material in the world for a night shirt, yet plenty used it for that -- tax collectors, and reformers, and one-horse kings with a defective title, and those sorts of people; then you put on your shoes -- flat-boats roofed over with interleaving bands of steel -- and screw your clumsy spurs into the heels.
I wonder why these young things always choose subjects that would tax the powers of a great essayist
Knightley remained with them, Emma's fever continued; but when he was gone, she began to be a little tranquillised and subduedand in the course of the sleepless night, which was the tax for such an evening, she found one or two such very serious points to consider, as made her feel, that even her happiness must have some alloy.
Expressive sips of what made them poor, were not wanting; the tax for the state, the tax for the church, the tax for the lord, tax local and tax general, were to be paid here and to be paid there, according to solemn inscription in the little village, until the wonder was, that there was any village left unswallowed.
If it were only for the sake of those quaint old women for whom life would be entirely robbed of interest were it not for other people's weddings and funerals, one feels the public ceremony of marriage a sort of public duty, the happiness tax, so to say, due to the somewhat impoverished revenues of public happiness.
or rather I will tax it so far as to require of you the latest news from Palestine, a theme more agreeable to our English ears than the compliments which your French breeding teaches.
The first affirmed, "the justest method would be, to lay a certain tax upon vices and folly; and the sum fixed upon every man to be rated, after the fairest manner, by a jury of his neighbours.
But forgetting all the warnings of preceding ages--forgetting the lessons written in the blood of her own children, through centuries of departed time--she undertook to tax the people of the colonies without their consent.