tear


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Related to tear: tear gas, meniscus tear

tear 1

 (târ)
v. tore (tôr), torn (tôrn), tear·ing, tears
v.tr.
1.
a. To pull apart or into pieces by force; rend.
b. To cause to be pulled apart unintentionally, as by accident: tore my pants on the barbed wire.
c. To lacerate (the skin, for example).
2. To make (an opening) in something by pulling it apart or by accident: I tore a hole in my stocking.
3. To separate forcefully; wrench: tore the pipe from the wall.
4. To divide or disrupt: was torn between opposing choices; a country that was torn by strife.
v.intr.
1. To become torn: The fabric does not tear easily.
2. To move with heedless speed; rush headlong: tore off down the road; tore along the avenue.
n.
1. The act of tearing.
2. The result of tearing; a rip or rent: The shirt has a small tear.
3. A great rush; a hurry.
4. Slang A carousal; a spree.
Phrasal Verbs:
tear around Informal
1. To move about in excited, often angry haste.
2. To lead a wild life.
tear at
1. To pull at or attack violently: The dog tore at the meat.
2. To distress greatly: Their plight tore at his heart.
tear away
To remove (oneself, for example) unwillingly or reluctantly.
tear down
1. To demolish: tear down old tenements.
2. To take apart; disassemble: tear down an engine.
3. To vilify or denigrate.
tear into
1. To attack with great energy: tore into his opponent.
2. To begin to do or eat something with great energy: tore into the meal.
tear off Informal
To produce hurriedly and casually: tearing off article after news article.
tear up
1. To tear to pieces.
2. To make an opening in: tore up the sidewalk to add a drain.
Idiom:
tear (one's) hair
To be greatly upset or distressed.

[Middle English teren, from Old English teran; see der- in Indo-European roots.]

tear′er n.
Synonyms: tear1, rip1, rend, split, cleave1
These verbs mean to separate or pull apart by force. Tear involves pulling something apart or into pieces: "She tore the letter in shreds" (Edith Wharton).
Rip implies rough or forcible tearing: Carpenters ripped up the old floorboards. Rend usually refers to violent tearing or wrenching apart and often appears in figurative contexts: The air was rent by thunder. The party was rent by factionalism. To split is to cut or break something into parts or layers, especially along its entire length or along a natural line of division: "They [wood stumps] warmed me twice—once while I was splitting them, and again when they were on the fire" (Henry David Thoreau).
Cleave most often refers to splitting with a sharp instrument: The butcher cleft the side of beef into smaller portions.

tear 2

 (tîr)
n.
1.
a. A drop of the clear salty liquid that is secreted by the lachrymal gland of the eye to lubricate the surface between the eyeball and eyelid and to wash away irritants.
b. tears A profusion of this liquid spilling from the eyes and wetting the cheeks, especially as an expression of emotion.
c. tears The act of weeping: criticism that left me in tears.
2. A drop of a liquid or hardened fluid.
intr.v. teared, tear·ing, tears
To become filled with tears: The strong wind caused my eyes to tear.
Phrasal Verb:
tear up
1. To have tears well in the eyes: At the funeral, the mourners began to tear up.
2. To cause to have tears well in the eyes: By the movie's end, the whole audience was teared up.

[Middle English ter, from Old English tēar; see dakru- in Indo-European roots.]

tear

(tɪə)
n
1. (Physiology) a drop of the secretion of the lacrimal glands. See tears
2. something shaped like a hanging drop: a tear of amber.
Also called (esp Brit): teardrop
[Old English tēar, related to Old Frisian, Old Norse tār, Old High German zahar, Greek dakri]
ˈtearless adj

tear

(tɛə)
vb, tears, tearing, tore or torn
1. to cause (material, paper, etc) to come apart or (of material, etc) to come apart; rip
2. (tr) to make (a hole or split) in (something): to tear a hole in a dress.
3. (often foll by: along) to hurry or rush: to tear along the street.
4. (tr; usually foll by away or from) to remove or take by force
5. (when: intr, often foll by at) to cause pain, distress, or anguish (to): it tore at my heartstrings to see the starving child.
6. tear one's hair informal to be angry, frustrated, very worried, etc
n
7. a hole, cut, or split
8. the act of tearing
9. a great hurry; rush
10. on a tear slang showing a sudden burst of energy
[Old English teran; related to Old Saxon terian, Gothic gatairan to destroy, Old High German zeran to destroy]
ˈtearable adj
ˈtearer n

tear1

(tɪər)

n.
1. a drop of the saline, watery fluid continually secreted by the lacrimal glands between the surface of the eye and the eyelid.
2. a drop of this fluid appearing in or flowing from the eye as the result of emotion, esp. grief.
3. something resembling a tear, as a drop of a liquid or a tearlike mass of a solid substance.
4. tears,
a. grief; sorrow.
b. an act of weeping: bored to tears.
v.i.
5. (of the eyes) to fill up and overflow with tears.
Idioms:
in tears, weeping.
[before 900; (n.) Middle English teer, Old English tēar, tæher]

tear2

(tɛər)

v. tore, torn, tear•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to pull apart or in pieces by force; rend.
2. to pull or snatch violently; wrench away with force: to tear a book from someone's hands.
3. to divide or disrupt: a country torn by civil war.
4. to produce by rending: to tear a hole in one's coat.
5. to wound or injure by or as if by rending; lacerate: grief that tears the heart.
6. to remove by force or effort (often fol. by away): It was such an exciting lecture, I couldn't tear myself away.
v.i.
7. to become torn: The fabric tears easily.
8. to move or behave with force, violent haste, or energy: The wind tore through the trees; cars tearing up and down the highway.
9. tear at,
a. to pluck violently at.
b. to distress; afflict.
10. tear down,
a. to pull down; demolish.
b. to disparage or discredit.
11. tear into, to attack impulsively or viciously.
12. tear up,
a. to tear into small shreds.
b. to cancel or annul: to tear up a contract.
n.
13. the act of tearing.
14. a rent or fissure.
15. a rage or passionate outburst.
16. Informal. a spree.
Idioms:
tear it, Slang. to ruin all chances for a successful outcome.
[before 900; Middle English teren (v.), Old English teran, c. Old Frisian tera, Old Saxon terian, Old High German zeran, Greek dérein to flay]
tear′er, n.

tear

(tîr)
A drop of the clear salty liquid secreted by glands (lacrimal glands) in the eyes. Tears wet the membrane covering the eye and help rid the eye of substances that cause irritation.

tear

  • discerp - To shred or tear something apart.
  • avulse - To tear or pull away or pluck off.
  • deracinate - "To pluck or tear up by the roots," from Latin racine, "root."
  • dilacerate, dilaniate - To tear or rip something or someone to shreds is to dilacerate or dilaniate.

tear


Past participle: torn
Gerund: tearing

Imperative
tear
tear
Present
I tear
you tear
he/she/it tears
we tear
you tear
they tear
Preterite
I tore
you tore
he/she/it tore
we tore
you tore
they tore
Present Continuous
I am tearing
you are tearing
he/she/it is tearing
we are tearing
you are tearing
they are tearing
Present Perfect
I have torn
you have torn
he/she/it has torn
we have torn
you have torn
they have torn
Past Continuous
I was tearing
you were tearing
he/she/it was tearing
we were tearing
you were tearing
they were tearing
Past Perfect
I had torn
you had torn
he/she/it had torn
we had torn
you had torn
they had torn
Future
I will tear
you will tear
he/she/it will tear
we will tear
you will tear
they will tear
Future Perfect
I will have torn
you will have torn
he/she/it will have torn
we will have torn
you will have torn
they will have torn
Future Continuous
I will be tearing
you will be tearing
he/she/it will be tearing
we will be tearing
you will be tearing
they will be tearing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been tearing
you have been tearing
he/she/it has been tearing
we have been tearing
you have been tearing
they have been tearing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been tearing
you will have been tearing
he/she/it will have been tearing
we will have been tearing
you will have been tearing
they will have been tearing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been tearing
you had been tearing
he/she/it had been tearing
we had been tearing
you had been tearing
they had been tearing
Conditional
I would tear
you would tear
he/she/it would tear
we would tear
you would tear
they would tear
Past Conditional
I would have torn
you would have torn
he/she/it would have torn
we would have torn
you would have torn
they would have torn
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.tear - a drop of the clear salty saline solution secreted by the lacrimal glandstear - a drop of the clear salty saline solution secreted by the lacrimal glands; "his story brought tears to her eyes"
lachrymal secretion, lacrimal secretion - saline fluid secreted by lacrimal glands; lubricates the surface of the eyeball
drib, driblet, drop - a small indefinite quantity (especially of a liquid); "he had a drop too much to drink"; "a drop of each sample was analyzed"; "there is not a drop of pity in that man"; "years afterward, they would pay the blood-money, driblet by driblet"--Kipling
H2O, water - binary compound that occurs at room temperature as a clear colorless odorless tasteless liquid; freezes into ice below 0 degrees centigrade and boils above 100 degrees centigrade; widely used as a solvent
2.tear - an opening made forcibly as by pulling apart; "there was a rip in his pants"; "she had snags in her stockings"
opening, gap - an open or empty space in or between things; "there was a small opening between the trees"; "the explosion made a gap in the wall"
3.tear - an occasion for excessive eating or drinkingtear - an occasion for excessive eating or drinking; "they went on a bust that lasted three days"
revel, revelry - unrestrained merrymaking
piss-up - vulgar expression for a bout of heavy drinking
4.tear - the act of tearing; "he took the manuscript in both hands and gave it a mighty tear"
separation - the act of dividing or disconnecting
laceration - the act of lacerating
rent, rip, split - the act of rending or ripping or splitting something; "he gave the envelope a vigorous rip"
Verb1.tear - separate or cause to separate abruptly; "The rope snapped"; "tear the paper"
disunite, separate, part, divide - force, take, or pull apart; "He separated the fighting children"; "Moses parted the Red Sea"
lacerate - cut or tear irregularly
rend, rip, rive, pull - tear or be torn violently; "The curtain ripped from top to bottom"; "pull the cooked chicken into strips"
rip up, shred, tear up - tear into shreds
tear apart, trash, pan - express a totally negative opinion of; "The critics panned the performance"
rip up, shred, tear up - tear into shreds
pull down, rase, raze, dismantle, tear down, level, take down - tear down so as to make flat with the ground; "The building was levelled"
2.tear - to separate or be separated by force; "planks were in danger of being torn from the crossbars"
cleave, rive, split - separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument; "cleave the bone"
disunite, separate, part, divide - force, take, or pull apart; "He separated the fighting children"; "Moses parted the Red Sea"
3.tear - move quickly and violently; "The car tore down the street"; "He came charging into my office"
hie, hotfoot, pelt along, race, rush, rush along, speed, step on it, belt along, bucket along, cannonball along, hasten - move fast; "He rushed down the hall to receive his guests"; "The cars raced down the street"
dash, scoot, scud, dart, flash, shoot - run or move very quickly or hastily; "She dashed into the yard"
rip - move precipitously or violently; "The tornado ripped along the coast"
4.tear - strip of feathers; "pull a chicken"; "pluck the capon"
strip - remove the surface from; "strip wood"
5.tear - fill with tears or shed tears; "Her eyes were tearing"
weep, cry - shed tears because of sadness, rage, or pain; "She cried bitterly when she heard the news of his death"; "The girl in the wheelchair wept with frustration when she could not get up the stairs"

tear

verb
1. rip, split, rend, shred, rupture, sunder She very nearly tore my overcoat.
2. run, rip, ladder, snag Too fine a material may tear.
3. scratch, cut (open), gash, lacerate, injure, mangle, cut to pieces, cut to ribbons He'd torn his skin trying to do it barehanded.
4. pull apart, claw, lacerate, sever, mutilate, mangle Canine teeth are for tearing flesh.
5. rush, run, charge, race, shoot, fly, career, speed, belt (slang), dash, hurry, barrel (along) (informal, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), sprint, bolt, dart, gallop, zoom, burn rubber (informal) The door flew open and she tore into the room.
6. pull, seize, rip, grab, snatch, pluck, yank, wrench, wrest She tore the windscreen wipers from his car.
7. (often with apart) divide, split, break apart, rupture, split down the middle, disunite a country that has been torn by civil war
8. torment, torture, rack, wring Torn by guilt, they gave a mandate to protect civilians.
noun
1. hole, split, rip, run, rent, snag, rupture I peered through a tear in the van's curtains.
tear something down demolish, knock down, pull down, level, dismantle, flatten, take down, bulldoze, raze, raze to the ground, disassemble They'll be tearing down those buildings sooner or later.

tear 1

verb
1. To separate or pull apart by force:
2. To remove from a fixed position:
phrasal verb
tear down
1. To pull down or break up so that reconstruction is impossible:
Aerospace: destruct.
2. To make defamatory statements about:
Law: libel.
noun
1. A hole made by tearing:
2. Slang. A drinking bout:
Slang: bat, bender, booze, jag.

tear 2

noun
1. A drop of the clear liquid secreted by the glands of the eyes:
2. A fit of crying.Used in plural:
verb
To fill with tears:
Translations
تـَمَزُّقدمعدَمْعَةدَمْعَهدموع
slzatrhattrhlinavytrhnoutdíra
tåreflængehulilerive
larmo
pisar
kyynelrepiärepeämä
suzapoderatipoderotina
könnyszakíttép
táròjóta, brunarifa, gatrífa, tætarifna
破る破れ目
구멍눈물찢다
lacrima
ašara
asaradrāztiesizplēstjoņotpārplēst
lacrimă
slzaroztrhať
solzastrgatitrgatitrgati seporušiti
rivatårreva
ฉีกน้ำตารอยฉีก
chỗ ráchlàm ráchnước mắt

tear

1 [tɛəʳ] (tore (vb: pt) (torn (pp)))
A. N
1. (= rip) (in fabric, paper) → roto m, rasgón m, desgarrón m
your shirt has a tear in itllevas la camisa rota, tu camisa está rota, tienes un roto or rasgón or desgarrón en la camisa
see also wear A2
2. (Med) (= injury) (in muscle) → desgarro m; (in ligament) → rotura f; [of tissue] (in childbirth) → desgarro m
B. VT
1. (= rip) [+ fabric, paper] → romper, rasgar
you've torn your trouserste has roto or rasgado el pantalón
Jane tore my dressJane me rompió or rasgó el vestido
to tear a hole in sthhacer un agujero en algo
she tore open the envelopeabrió el sobre rápidamente
to tear sth to pieces or bits (lit) [+ letter, photograph] → hacer pedazos algo, destrozar algo; [+ animal] → descuartizar algo (fig) [+ argument, essay, idea] → echar algo por tierra
the antelope was torn to pieces by the lionslos leones descuartizaron el antílope
to tear sb to pieces or bits (lit) → descuartizar a algn (fig) → poner a algn por los suelos
that's torn it!¡ya la hemos fastidiado!, ¡buena la hemos hecho!
see also hair A1
see also limb
2. (= injure) [+ muscle] → desgarrarse; [+ ligament] → romperse
he tore a muscle in his thighse desgarró un músculo del muslo
torn ligamentsrotura f de ligamentos
3. (= pull, remove)
he tore the shelf away from the wall with his bare handsarrancó el estante de la pared con sus propias manos
to tear o.s. free or loosesoltarse
to tear sth from/off stharrancar algo de algo
he tore a page from or out of his notebookarrancó una hoja del bloc de notas
she tried to tear the book from my handsintentó arrancarme el libro de las manos
the wind tore the roof off a buildingel viento arrancó (de cuajo) el tejado de un edificio
to tear sb off a strip (Brit) → poner a algn de vuelta y media
4. (fig) having to make a decision like that can tear you in twotomar una decisión así puede ser una experiencia desgarradora
he was torn by his emotionsestaba desgarrado por las emociones
a country torn by warun país desgarrado por la guerra
she is torn between her job and her familyse debate entre su trabajo y su familia
she was torn between the two men in her lifeno se decidía entre los dos hombres que formaban parte de su vida
see also tear apart 3
C. VI
1. (= get torn) [fabric, paper] → rasgarse, romperse (Med) [muscle, tissue] → desgarrarse; [ligament] → romperse
2. (= pull)
tear along the dotted linerasgar por la línea de puntos
to tear at sth he tore at the wrapping papertiró del papel de regalo
the eagles tore at its flesh with their beakslas águilas le arrancaban la carne con los picos
the brambles tore at his facelas zarzas le arañaron la cara
she managed to tear free or looselogró soltarse
3. (= rush) to tear along/out/downir/salir/bajar embalado, ir/salir/bajar a toda velocidad
she tore out of the room/up the stairssalió de la habitación/subió las escaleras embalada, salió de la habitación/subió las escaleras a toda velocidad
we were tearing along the motorwayíbamos embalados por la autopista, íbamos por la autopista a toda velocidad or a toda pastilla
to tear pastpasar como un rayo
an explosion tore through the buildinguna explosión sacudió el edificio
D. CPD tear sheet Nhoja f separable, página f recortable
tear along
B. VI + PREP = tear 1 C2, C3
tear apart VT + ADV
1. (= rip to pieces) [+ object] → hacer pedazos, hacer trizas; [+ prey] → descuartizar
2. (in search) [+ room, house] → destrozar
they tore the room apart, searching for drugsdestrozaron la habitación en busca de drogas
3. (= damage) [+ family, organization, person] → desgarrar
the family had been torn apart by the divorceel divorcio había desgarrado a la familia
it tears me apart to know you're unhappyme desgarra el corazón saber que no eres feliz
4. (= criticize) [+ idea, theory] → echar por tierra
tear away
A. VT + ADV (fig) the exhibition was so interesting I could hardly tear myself awayera una exposición tan interesante que me costaba horrores marcharme
eventually we tore him away from the partypor fin conseguimos arrancarlo de la fiesta, por fin conseguimos que se marchara de la fiesta
I couldn't tear my eyes away from himno le podía quitar los ojos de encima
if you can tear yourself away from that book/the televisionsi puedes dejar ese libro/despegarte del televisor un momento
B. VI + ADV (at speed) → salir embalado, salir a toda velocidad
tear down VT + ADV [+ building, statue] → derribar; [+ poster, flag] → arrancar
tear off
A. VT + ADV
1. (= remove) [+ sheet of paper, label, wrapping] → arrancar
he tore off his clothes and fell into bedse quitó la ropa a tirones y cayó sobre la cama
he tried to tear off her burning dressintentó quitarle a tirones el vestido en llamas
the hurricane/explosion tore off the roofel huracán/la explosión arrancó el techo de cuajo
2. (= write hurriedly) [+ letter] → escribir deprisa y corriendo, garrapatear
B. VI + ADV
1. (at speed) → salir embalado, salir a toda velocidad
she tore off on her motorbikesalió embalada or a toda velocidad en la moto
2. (= be removable) the label tears offla etiqueta se puede arrancar
C. VT + PREP
see tear 1 B3
tear out
A. VT + ADV [+ cheque, page] → arrancar; [+ plant, stake, tree] → arrancar, arrancar de cuajo
to tear sb's eyes outsacar los ojos a algn
to tear one's hair (out) (lit) → arrancarse el pelo a manojos; (in exasperation, worry) → tirarse de los pelos
B. VI + ADV (= rush)
see tear 1 C3
tear up VT + ADV
1. (= rip to pieces) (lit) [+ letter, photo] → romper, hacer pedazos (fig) [+ contract, agreement] → romper, anular
2. (= pull up) [+ plant, stake, tree] → arrancar, arrancar de cuajo; [+ forest, woodland] → talar, despoblar; [+ road] → levantar
3. (= damage) [+ pitch, surface] → destrozar

tear

1 [ˈtɛər]
n (in garment)accroc m; (in muscle, tissue)déchirure f
There was a tear in his trousers → Il y avait un accroc à son pantalon.
vb [tore] [ˈtɔːr] (pt) [torn] [ˈtɔːrn] (pp)
vt
(= rip) [+ paper, cloth, clothes] → déchirer; [+ flesh, skin] → déchirer
Be careful or you'll tear the page → Fais attention, tu vas déchirer la page.
to tear sth to pieces [+ letter, document] → déchirer qch en mille morceaux; [+ shirt, prey] → mettre qch en pièces
to tear sth to pieces (= savagely criticize) [+ play, book, performance, argument] → tailler qch en pièces
to tear sb to pieces (= savagely criticize) → tailler qn en pièces
We shouldn't be tearing one another to pieces
BUT Nous ne devrions pas nous entre-déchirer.
(= injure) [+ muscle, ligament] → déchirer
(= remove roughly) → arracher
She tore the windscreen wipers from the car → Elle arracha les essuie-glaces de la voiture.
vi
[paper, cloth, clothes] → se déchirer
It won't tear, it's very strong → Ça ne se déchire pas, c'est très solide.
(= rush) → se ruer
The door flew open and Miranda tore into the room → La porte s'ouvrit à la volée et Miranda se rua dans la pièce.
tear along
vi (= rush) → aller à toute vitesse
tear apart
vt
(= pull to pieces) [+ prey, paper] → tailler en pièces
(= cause to fight) [+ family, party] → déchirer
The quarrel tore the party apart → La querelle déchira le parti.
(= torment) → déchirer
She is torn apart by conflicting pressures → Elle est déchirée par des pressions contraires.
(= criticize) [+ person, film, book] → tailler en pièces
tear at
[ˈtɛərət] vt [+ prey, meat, clothes] → arracher des lambeaux de
tear away
vt
to tear o.s. away from sth → s'arracher de qch, s'arracher à qch
tear down
vt [+ building] → raser; [+ statue] → abattre
tear off
vt [+ clothes] → arracher vt [+ page] → arracher; [+ cheque] → détacher
to tear out a page from sth → arracher une page de qch
tear up
vt [+ piece of paper, letter, ticket] → déchirer
He tore up the letter → Il a déchiré la lettre.

tear

2 [ˈtɪər] nlarme f
to be in tears → être en larmes
She was in tears → Elle était en larmes.
to burst into tears → fondre en larmes

tear

:
tear-jerker
n (inf)Schmachtfetzen m (inf); to be a tearein Schmachtfetzen sein (inf), → auf die Tränendrüsen drücken (inf)
tear-jerking
adj (inf) to be tear (film etc)auf die Tränendrüsen drücken (inf)

tear

1 vb: pret <tore>, ptp <torn>
vt
material, paper, dresszerreißen; fleshverletzen, aufreißen; holereißen; I’ve torn a muscleich habe mir einen Muskel gezerrt; the nail tore a gash in his armer hat sich (dat)an dem Nagel eine tiefe Wunde am Arm beigebracht; to tear something in twoetw (in zwei Stücke or Hälften) zerreißen, etw in der Mitte durchreißen; to tear something to piecesetw in Stücke reißen; the critics tore the play to piecesdie Kritiker haben das Stück total verrissen; to tear something openetw aufreißen; that’s torn it! (Brit fig inf) → das hat alles verdorben!
(= pull away)reißen; the wind tore the tent from the poleder Wind riss das Zelt von der Stange; her child was torn from her/from her armsdas Kind wurde ihr entrissen/ihr aus den Armen gerissen; he tore it out of my hander riss es mir aus der Hand; to tear one’s hair (out)sich (dat)die Haare raufen
(fig, usu pass) a country torn by warein vom Krieg zerrissenes Land; a heart torn with remorseein von Reue gequältes Herz; to be torn between two things/peoplezwischen zwei Dingen/Menschen hin und her gerissen sein; she was completely tornsie war innerlich zerrissen
vi
(material etc)(zer)reißen; her coat tore on a nailsie zerriss sich (dat)den Mantel an einem Nagel; tear along the dotted linean der gestrichelten Linie abtrennen
(= move quickly)rasen; to tear pastvorbeirasen
n (in material etc) → Riss m

tear

2
nTräne f; in tearsin Tränen aufgelöst; wet with tearstränenfeucht; there were tears in her eyesihr standen Tränen in den Augen; the news brought tears to her eyesals sie das hörte, stiegen ihr die Tränen in die Augen; you are bringing tears to my eyes (iro)mir kommen die Tränen (iro); the tears were running down her cheeksihr Gesicht war tränenüberströmt; smiling bravely through her tearsunter Tränen tapfer lächelnd; to laugh till the tears comeTränen lachen; to weep tears of joyFreudentränen weinen or vergießen ? shed1, burst

tear

1 [tɛəʳ] (tore (vb: pt) (torn (pp)))
1. n (rip, hole) → strappo
your shirt has a tear in it → hai uno strappo nella camicia, hai la camicia strappata
2. vt (gen) → strappare
torn by remorse → tormentato/a dal rimorso
torn by war (fig) → devastato/a dalla guerra
torn by his emotions → combattuto/a
he was torn between going and staying → era combattuto tra andare e restare
to tear to pieces or to bits or to shreds (also) (fig) → fare a pezzi or a brandelli
to tear a muscle → strapparsi un muscolo
to tear a hole in (shirt) → fare un buco in (argument) → dimostrare che fa acqua
to tear a letter or an envelope open → aprire una busta strappandola
that's torn it! (Brit) (fam) → sono fregato! (or siamo fregati! )
3. vi (be ripped) → strapparsi; (subj, person, animal) to tear at sthstrappare qc
tear along
1. vi + adv (rush) → correre all'impazzata
2. vi + prepcorrere per
tear apart vt + adv (also) (fig) → distruggere
tear away vt + adv to tear o.s. away (from sth) (fig) → staccarsi (da qc)
tear down vt + adv (flag, poster) → tirare giù; (building) → demolire
tear into vi + prep (fam) to tear into sbcriticare ferocemente qn
tear loose
1. vt + adv
a. to tear o.s. looseliberarsi (con uno strattone)
b. to tear sth loosestrappare via qc
2. vi + advliberarsi (con uno strattone)
tear off
1. vt + adv (wrapping) → strappare; (perforated section) → staccare; (roof) → portare via
2. vt + prep (piece of material) → strappare da
tear out
1. vt + adv (sheet of paper, cheque) → staccare
to tear one's hair out → strapparsi i capell
2. vi + advcorrere fuori
tear up vt + adv
a. (also fig) → strappare; (agreement) → annullare
b. (plant, stake) → sradicare; (sheet of paper) → strappare

tear

2 [tɪəʳ]
1. nlacrima
to be close to tears → stare per piangere
to burst into tears → scoppiare in lacrime
to bring tears to sb's eyes → far venire le lacrime agli occhi a qn

tear1

(tiə) noun
a drop of liquid coming from the eye, as a result of emotion (especially sadness) or because something (eg smoke) has irritated it. tears of joy/laughter/rage.
ˈtearful adjective
1. inclined to cry or weep; with much crying or weeping. She was very tearful; a tearful farewell.
2. covered with tears. tearful faces.
ˈtearfully adverb
ˈtearfulness noun
tear gas
a kind of gas causing blinding tears, used against eg rioters.
ˈtear-stained adjective
marked with tears. a tear-stained face.
in tears
crying or weeping. She was in tears over the broken doll.

tear2

(teə) past tense tore (toːn) : past participle torn (toː) verb
1. (sometimes with off etc) to make a split or hole in (something), intentionally or unintentionally, with a sudden or violent pulling action, or to remove (something) from its position by such an action or movement. He tore the photograph into pieces; You've torn a hole in your jacket; I tore the picture out of a magazine.
2. to become torn. Newspapers tear easily.
3. to rush. He tore along the road.
noun
a hole or split made by tearing. There's a tear in my dress.
be torn between (one thing and another)
to have a very difficult choice to make between (two things). He was torn between obedience to his parents and loyalty to his friends.
tear (oneself) away
to leave a place, activity etc unwillingly. I couldn't tear myself away from the television.
tear one's hair
to be in despair with impatience and frustration. Their inefficiency makes me tear my hair.
tear up
1. to remove from a fixed position by violence; The wind tore up several trees.
2. to tear into pieces. She tore up the letter.

tear

تـَمَزُّق, دَمْعَة, يـُمَزِّقُ slza, trhat, trhlina flænge, tåre Riss, Träne, zerreißen δάκρυ, σκίζω, σκίσιμο desgarrón, lágrima, rasgar kyynel, repeämä, repiä accroc, déchirer, larme poderati, poderotina, suza lacrima, strappare, strappo, 破る, 破れ目 구멍, 눈물, 찢다 scheur, scheuren, traan revne, rive, tåre łza, podrzeć się, rozdarcie lágrima, rasgar, rasgo разрыв, рвать, слеза reva, riva, tår ฉีก, น้ำตา, รอยฉีก gözyaşı, yırtık, yırtmak chỗ rách, làm rách, nước mắt , 眼泪, 破处

tear

n. lágrima; desgarramiento, desgarro;
___ filmpelícula del ojo;
___ gasgas lacrimógeno;
vt. rasgar, desgarrar, romper;
to shed ___ -slagrimear, llorar;
to ___ offarrancar.

tear

n (muscle, etc.) desgarro, desgarre m (esp. Mex), rotura; bucket handle — rotura en asa de cubo; meniscal — rotura de menisco, rotura meniscal (esp. Esp); vt, vi (pret tore; pp torn) desgarrar( se), sufrir un desgarro; I tore my calf muscle..Me desgarré la pantorrilla.

tear

n (from crying) lágrima; artificial tears lágrimas artificiales
References in classic literature ?
Jo wasn't ashamed of the great tear that dropped off the end of her nose, and Amy never minded the rumpling of her curls as she hid her face on her mother's shoulder and sobbed out, "I am a selfish girl
Occasionally one of the horses would tear off with his teeth a plant full of blossoms, and walk along munching it, the flowers nodding in time to his bites as he ate down toward them.
She eluded the grasp of the savage, and reckless of her own safety, threw herself on the bosom of Alice, striving with convulsed and ill-directed fingers, to tear asunder the twigs which confined the person of her sister.
If a tear--a maiden's sunshiny tear over imaginary woe--dropped upon some melancholy page, Clifford either took it as a token of actual calamity, or else grew peevish, and angrily motioned her to close the volume.
Then, gasping for breath, did Hester Prynne clutch the fatal token, instinctively endeavouring to tear it away, so infinite was the torture inflicted by the intelligent touch of Pearl's baby-hand.
As for Peleg himself, he took it more like a philosopher; but for all his philosophy, there was a tear twinkling in his eye, when the lantern came too near.
It is very fat and tender, and apt to tear in pieces in hoisting it on deck.
Well, no," she said, "you must not say that; but though I am an old horse, and have seen and heard a great deal, I never yet could make out why men are so fond of this sport; they often hurt themselves, often spoil good horses, and tear up the fields, and all for a hare or a fox, or a stag, that they could get more easily some other way; but we are only horses, and don't know.
There are boisterous couples, who tear wildly about the room, knocking every one out of their way.
I have cared for them, instructed them, watched over them, and know all their little cares and joys, for years; and how can I ever hold up my head again among them, if, for the sake of a little paltry gain, we sell such a faithful, excellent, confiding creature as poor Tom, and tear from him in a moment all we have taught him to love and value?
Now what does this man do but fall back a couple of hundred yards and then come rushing at me as hard as he could tear, with his nail-keg bent down nearly to his horse's neck and his long spear pointed straight ahead.
Marse Tom, I just grabbed her up to my breast and says, 'Oh, you po' dear little motherless thing, you ain't got a fault in the world, and you can do anything you want to, and tear the house down, and yo' old black mammy won't say a word